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Cleistes libonii.jpg
Cleistes libonii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Vanilloideae
Tribe: Pogoniinae
Genus: Cleistes
Rich. ex Lindl. (1840)
Type species
Cleistes lutea

Cleistes is a genus of orchids (family Orchidaceae). It contains approximately 40-50 species, most of them native to South America, with a few species extending north into Costa Rica and Trinidad.[1] Two North American species were formerly included in this group,[2][3] but are now regarded as a separate genus, Cleistesiopsis.[4]


  1. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Cleistes
  2. ^ Flora of North America, v 26 p 510, Cleistes
  3. ^ Catling, P. M. and K. B. Gregg. 1992. Systematics of the genus Cleistes in North America. Lindleyana 7: 57–73.
  4. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Species, Cleistesiopsis
  • Richard, L.C.M. (1840) The Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants 409.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2003) Genera Orchidacearum 3: 286 ff. Oxford University Press.

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