July 11, 1943 |
|Listed height||6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)|
|Listed weight||195 lb (88 kg)|
|High school||Taylor County
|College||Western Kentucky (1964–1967)|
|NBA draft||1967 / Round: 1 / Pick: 3rd overall|
|Selected by the Chicago Bulls|
|1977–1980||Western Kentucky (assistant)|
|1995–1996||United States (assistant)|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NBA statistics|
|Points||8,743 (12.8 ppg)|
|Rebounds||2,087 (3.1 rpg)|
|Assists||2,382 (3.5 apg)|
|Stats at Basketball-Reference.com|
Clem Smith Haskins (born August 11, 1943) is a retired American college and professional basketball player and college basketball coach. He and star player Dwight Smith became the first black athletes to integrate the Western Kentucky University (WKU) basketball program in the fall of 1963. This put Western Kentucky at the forefront to integrate college basketball in the South. He served 13 years (1986–1999) as head coach of the University of Minnesota's men's basketball team, but was forced to resign due to one of the worst academic fraud scandals in the history of NCAA sports. He was effectively blackballed from coaching college basketball for seven years, one of the most severe penalties handed down by the NCAA to an individual.
Haskins was born in Campbellsville, Kentucky, the fifth of eleven children of Charles Columbus and Lucy Edna Haskins, who were sharecroppers. He spent his freshman and sophomore seasons at the all-black Durham High School, and in 1961 Haskins attended Taylor County High School, the first African American to do so.
Haskins and teammate Dwight Smith were heavily recruited by Western Kentucky Hilltoppers coach Edgar Diddle. They became the first African-American athletes to play for Western Kentucky. They won the Ohio Valley Conference two years in a row under the direction of the popular WKU head coach John Oldham, who succeeded Diddle their sophomore year. Haskins was the Ohio Valley Conference Player of the Year in 1966. In the 1966 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament, the Hilltoppers were 2 points away from defeating Michigan and meeting the University of Kentucky Wildcats in the Mideast regional final. A controversial foul called against Smith during a jump ball put Cazzie Russell on the free throw line for Michigan, where he scored the tying and winning baskets. In 1967, Haskins had broken his wrist in a game against Murray State on February 6. The team still won the Ohio Valley Conference again. In the 1967 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament, the #3 ranked Hilltoppers lost to eventual national runner-up Dayton in overtime in the Mideast quarterfinals.
After a successful college career, Haskins was selected by the Chicago Bulls in the first round of the 1967 NBA Draft and by the Kentucky Colonels in the American Basketball Association draft. Haskins went on to play nine years in the NBA with three teams (the Bulls, the Phoenix Suns, and the Washington Bullets). He retired in 1976 due to knee injuries, having tallied 8,743 career points.
After his NBA career, Haskins returned to Western Kentucky University, first as an assistant coach in 1977 and then as head coach in 1980. As head coach he led Western Kentucky to two NCAA appearances and one NIT appearance. In 1986, Haskins was hired by the University of Minnesota to rebuild the school's men's basketball program. He led the Gophers to a school-record 31 wins and the Final Four in 1997, winning the Clair Bee Coach of the Year Award in the same year. He also led Minnesota to National Invitation Tournament titles in 1993 and 1998. He joined Lenny Wilkens' staff to coach the United States men's basketball team to the gold medal in the 1996 Summer Olympics.
Haskins was known for sitting on a four-legged bar stool at Minnesota home games. Williams Arena has a raised floor which was hard on Haskins' knees, and ordinarily the team sits off the floor.
Minnesota academic scandal
On the day before the 1999 NCAA Tournament, the St. Paul Pioneer Press reported allegations by Jan Gangelhoff, the manager of the school's academic counseling office, that she had written more than 400 pieces of coursework (including theme papers, homework assignments and take-home tests) for 18 Golden Gophers players from 1994 to 1998, including the Gophers' run to the Final Four. The Gophers suspended four then-current players, including two starters, for the school's first-round game against Gonzaga (which the Gophers lost). At the time, it was not known whether Haskins was involved, and the Pioneer Press was harshly criticized for the story's timing. However, Haskins was forced to resign after the season. Minnesota also withdrew from postseason consideration for the 1999-2000 season, docked itself 11 scholarships from 2000 to 2004, and imposed other sanctions on the basketball program. Initially, the university bought out Haskins's contract for $1.5 million, but in 2002, a state judge ordered Haskins to return $815,000 of the buyout money. The decision followed an arbitrator's recommendation and the university's conclusion that Haskins lied to NCAA investigators and committed fraud by accepting the buyout.
During a school investigation, it emerged that Haskins paid Gangelhoff $3,000 to write papers for the players. Haskins had initially denied making the payment during his interview in June 1999, only to admit it a month later. In October 2000, the Golden Gophers program was placed on four years' probation by the NCAA, and stripped of its wins in the 1994, 1995 and 1997 NCAA tournaments, as well as its NIT wins in 1996 and 1998. The Gophers were also docked an additional five scholarships over three seasons. A few days later, the Big Ten Conference stripped Minnesota of the 1997 conference title and forced it to vacate every regular season game it played from 1993-94 to 1998-99. Officially, Minnesota's record for those years is 0-0. If not for these vacated games, Haskins' 242 wins would place him second on the Golden Gophers' wins list.
The NCAA also slapped Haskins with a seven-year "show-cause" order, meaning that Haskins would have to accept sanctions from the NCAA if he ever wanted to coach again, unless his new employer could convince the NCAA that he'd served his punishment. The penalty, the harshest that can be imposed on a coach, came because Haskins had not only lied about the $3,500 payment, but—more seriously—told several of the players involved to lie to the NCAA. Since most schools will not even consider hiring a coach with an outstanding "show-cause" on his record, Haskins was effectively blacklisted from coaching until 2007.
Haskins did not return to coaching when his show-cause expired. He has a 750-acre (3.0 km2) ranch near Campbellsville, Kentucky where he raises cattle. He has also worked as a color commentator for Western Kentucky basketball home games.
- High School Scholastic All-American, 1963
- Ohio Valley Conference Player of the Year, 1966
- Ohio Valley Conference Player of the Year, 1967
- First team All-American, 1967
- Ohio Valley Conference Coach of the Year, 1982
- Associated Press Coach of the Year, 1997
Head coaching record
|Western Kentucky (OVC) (1980–1982)|
|1980–81||Western Kentucky||21–8||12–2||1st||NCAA 1st Round|
|1981–82||Western Kentucky||19–10||13–3||T–1st||NIT 1st Round|
|Western Kentucky (Sun Belt) (1982–1986)|
|1985–86||Western Kentucky||23–8||10–4||2nd||NCAA 2nd Round|
|Western Kentucky:||101–73 (.580)||49–37 (.570)|
|Minnesota (Big Ten) (1986–1999)|
|1988–89||Minnesota||19–12||9–9||5th||NCAA Sweet 16|
|1989–90||Minnesota||23–9||11–7||4th||NCAA Elite Eight|
|1991–92||Minnesota||16–16||8–10||6th||NIT 1st Round|
|1993–94||Minnesota||21–12 (22–13)[Note A]||10–8||4th||NCAA 2nd Round|
|1994–95||Minnesota||20–11 (19–13)[Note A]||10–8||4th||NCAA 1st Round|
|1995–96||Minnesota||20–10 (19–13)[Note A]||10–8||4th||NIT 2nd Round|
|1996–97||Minnesota||31–4 (35–5)[Note A]||16–2||1st||NCAA Final Four|
|1997–98||Minnesota||15–15 (20–15)[Note A]||6–10||8th||NIT Champions|
|1998–99||Minnesota||20–15||10–8||6th||NCAA 1st Round|
National champion Postseason invitational champion
- ^A . Tournament appearances from 1994 to 1998 were vacated by the NCAA. Minnesota also gained 1 win each in the 1994–95 and 1995–96 seasons via forfeits by opponents. Minnesota's original records before the vacations: 22–13 in 1993–94, 19–13 in both 1994–95 and 1995–96, 35–5 in 1996–97, and 20–15 in 1997–98. The University of Minnesota has erased all season records from the 1993–94 to 1998–99 seasons, reflecting a conference order to vacate all regular season games from those seasons.
- Hilltopper Legend Dwight Smith Hilltopper Haven
- Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem - My thoughts on UCLA in the Final Four at the Wayback Machine (archived March 4, 2008) Los Angeles Times, March 31, 2008. Western Kentucky was the forefront of the fight to integrate college basketball in the 1960s and early 1970s.
- Thamal, Pete - Catching Up With Clem New York Times, March 27, 2008.
- PLUS: COLLEGE BASKETBALL; N.C.A.A. Upholds Haskins Penalties. The New York Times, April 7, 2001.
- O'Donnell, Chuck - Cazzie Russell: converting two free throws with no time left advanced Michigan in the 1966 NCAA Tournament - The Game I'll Never Forget - University of Michigan versus Western Kentucky University. Basketball Digest, January/February 2004 issue
- BasketballReference.com Clem Haskins page
- "Clem Haskins". Minnesota Golden Gophers. Archived from the original on January 28, 1998.
- Weiner, Jay - COLLEGE BASKETBALL '87: CLEM HASKINS; FRESH START FOR HASKINS AND MINNESOTA. New York Times, February 1, 1987
- Dohrmann, George (March 10, 1999). "U basketball program accused of academic fraud". St. Paul Pioneer Press. Archived from the original on December 30, 2001. Retrieved May 13, 2007.
- Robertson, Lori - Body Slam - American Journalism Review, May 1999
- "PLUS: COLLEGE BASKETBALL; Haskins Ordered To Return Money". New York Times. May 14, 2002. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
- "University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Public Infractions Report". NCAA. October 24, 2000. Archived from the original on August 28, 2006. Retrieved June 21, 2014.
- Chicago magazine | Former Chicago Athletes: Where Are They Now?
- "Vacated and forfeited games" (PDF). National Collegiate Athletic Association. p. 48. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- "Year–by–Year Records" (PDF). Gopher Basketball 2008–09. Minnesota Golden Gophers. 2008. p. 178.
- NBA Stats @ basketball-reference.com