Clematis montana

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Clematis montana
Clematis Montana 02.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Clematis
Species:
C. montana
Binomial name
Clematis montana
Synonyms[1]
  • Anemone curta Wall.
  • C. anemoniflora D.Don nom. illeg.
  • C. chrysocoma var. glabrescens H.F.Comber
  • C. insularialpina Hayata
  • C. kuntziana H.Lév. & Vaniot
  • C. punduana Wall. nom. inval.
  • C. spooneri var. subglabra S.Y.Hu

Clematis montana (mountain clematis[2] also Himalayan clematis[3] or anemone clematis) is an early flowering plant of the genus Clematis. A vigorous deciduous climber, in late Spring it is covered with a mass of small blooms for a period of about four weeks. The flowers are white, four-petalled, with prominent yellow anthers. It is native to mountain areas of Asia from Afghanistan to Taiwan.[4]

Cultivation[edit]

Clematis montana is a popular garden plant in temperate regions, with the ability to scramble up and over unsightly features such as sheds and fences. Left unchecked it can grow to 12 m (39 ft). Numerous varieties and cultivars have been bred for horticultural use, including:-

  • C. montana 'Alexander'
  • C. montana var. grandiflora AGM[5] with larger flowers than the species
  • C. montana var. rubens
    • 'Broughton Star' AGM[6] - double, deep pink flowers
    • 'Elizabeth'[7] - with pale pink flowers
    • 'Freda'
    • 'Pink Perfection'
    • 'Tetrarose' AGM[8] has deep pink flowers.
  • C. montana var. wilsonii[9] - later flowering, chocolate scented

Those cultivars marked AGM have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Etymology[edit]

'Clematis’ is the Greek name for several climbing plants, and is a diminutive of ‘klema’, which means ‘vine shoot’.[10]

The Latin specific epithet montana refers to mountains or coming from mountains.[10][11]

Collections[edit]

The UK national collection of clematis montana is held at By The Way, at Woodfalls, near Salisbury, in Hampshire, within the New Forest National Park. Hundreds of clematis are integrated within the garden, many grown from British Clematis Society seed.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".
  2. ^ "Clematis montana". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  4. ^ Wang Wencai, Bruce Bartholomew. "Clematis montana". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
  5. ^ "Clematis montana var. grandiflora AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
  6. ^ "Clematis montana 'Broughton Star' AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
  7. ^ "Clematis montana 'Elizabeth' AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
  8. ^ "Clematis montana var. rubens 'Tetrarose' AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
  9. ^ "Clematis montana var. wilsonii". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
  10. ^ a b Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). pp 111, 263
  11. ^ Archibald William Smith A Gardener's Handbook of Plant Names: Their Meanings and Origins, p. 239, at Google Books
  12. ^ [1]