Clematis montana

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Not to be confused with Clematis montana D. Don, a synonym of Clematis napaulensis
Clematis montana
Clematis Montana 02.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Tribe: Anemoneae
Genus: Clematis
Species: C. montana
Binomial name
Clematis montana
Buch.-Ham. ex DC.
Synonyms[1]
  • Anemone curta Wall.
  • C. anemoniflora D.Don nom. illeg.
  • C. chrysocoma var. glabrescens H.F.Comber
  • C. insularialpina Hayata
  • C. kuntziana H.Lév. & Vaniot
  • C. punduana Wall. nom. inval.
  • C. spooneri var. subglabra S.Y.Hu

Clematis montana (mountain clematis[2] also Himalayan Clematis[3] or anemone clematis) is an early flowering plant of the genus Clematis. A vigorous deciduous climber, in late Spring it is covered with a mass of small blooms for a period of about four weeks. The flowers are white, four-petalled, with prominent yellow anthers. It is native to mountain areas of Asia from Afghanistan to Taiwan.[4]

Cultivation[edit]

Clematis montana is a popular garden plant in temperate regions, with the ability to scramble up and over unsightly features such as sheds and fences. Left unchecked it can grow to 12 m (39 ft). Numerous varieties and cultivars have been bred for horticultural use, including:-

  • C. montana 'Alexander'
  • C. montana var. grandiflora AGM[5] with larger flowers than the species
  • C. montana var. rubens
    • 'Broughton Star' AGM[6] - double, deep pink flowers
    • 'Elizabeth'[7] - with pale pink flowers
    • 'Freda'
    • 'Pink Perfection'
    • 'Tetrarose' AGM[8] has deep pink flowers.
  • C. montana var. wilsonii[9] - later flowering, chocolate scented

Those cultivars marked AGM have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". 
  2. ^ "Clematis montana". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-27. 
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  4. ^ Wang Wencai, Bruce Bartholomew. "Clematis montana". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "Clematis montana var. grandiflora AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-27. 
  6. ^ "Clematis montana 'Broughton Star' AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-27. 
  7. ^ "Clematis montana 'Elizabeth' AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-27. 
  8. ^ "Clematis montana var. rubens 'Tetrarose' AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-27. 
  9. ^ "Clematis montana var. wilsonii". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-27.