Clematis viticella, the Italian leather flower, purple clematis, or "Virgin's bower", is a species of flowering plant in the buttercup family; it is native to Europe. The climber was the first clematis imported into English gardens, where it was already being grown in 1569 by Hugh Morgan, apothecary to Elizabeth I of England. By 1597, when it was already being called "Virgin's Bower", there were two varieties in English gardens, a blue (actually a purple-blue) and a red.
- "Clematis viticella". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
- Alice M. Coats, Garden Shrubs and their Histories (1964) 1992, s.v. "Clematis".
- Centuries later, the red C. viticella was a parent of the best-known hybrid clematis, Clematis × jackmanii (Coats  1992).
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-06-25. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
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