Clement A. Evans

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Brigadier-General
Clement A. Evans
Clement A Evans, Confederate General.jpg
Birth name Clement Anselm Evans
Born (1833-02-25)February 25, 1833
Stewart County, Georgia
Died July 2, 1911(1911-07-02) (aged 78)
Atlanta, Georgia
Allegiance  Confederate States
Service/branch  Confederate States Army
Years of service 1861-1865
Rank Confederate States of America General.png Brigadier-General
Unit 31st Georgia Infantry Regiment
Commands held Gordon's Division, Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
Battles/wars

American Civil War

Other work Politician, judge, Methodist minister, historian, author, veterans affairs

Clement A. Evans (born Clement Anselm Evans; February 25, 1833 – July 2, 1911) was a Confederate army infantry general in the American Civil War. He was also a politician, preacher, historian and author. He edited a twelve-volume work on Confederate military history, so named, in 1899.[1]

Early life[edit]

Evans was born in Stewart County, Georgia, near the city of Lumpkin. In 1854 Evans married Mary Allen "Allie" Walton whose marriage brought eight children, three of whom died in infancy. He studied at the Augusta Law School and was admitted to the bar at the age of 18. By the age of 21, he was a county judge, and a state senator at the age of 25. With the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, Evans organized a company of militia.[2]

American Civil War[edit]

Evans was commissioned as major of the 31st Georgia Infantry on November 19, 1861, and was promoted to colonel on May 13, 1862, fighting in the Seven Days Battles, Second Manassas, and Antietam. He had temporary command of Alexander Lawton's Georgia brigade from September until November 1862, seeing additional action at Fredericksburg. During the Gettysburg Campaign and the 1864 fighting at the Wilderness and Spotsylvania, Evans again commanded the 31st Georgia while John B. Gordon commanded the brigade.

Evans was promoted to brigadier general in May 1864 (replacing Gordon who ascended to division command) and was wounded at Monocacy. He commanded Gordon's Division/Second Corps from Petersburg to Appomattox. Evans survived five wounds during the war.

Post war life[edit]

After the war ended, he became an influential Methodist minister, advancing the “holiness movement,” a controversial doctrine that eventually split the denomination. He pastored churches in the Atlanta area, some with memberships as large as 1,000, until his retirement in 1892. Three years later, Evans authored the Military History of Georgia, heavily based upon his Civil War memoirs. He then edited and co-wrote the Confederate Military History, a 12-volume compendium, first published in 1899. Finally, he co-authored the four-volume Cyclopedia of Georgia. Regarding the war, Evans said:

If we cannot justify the South in the act of Secession, we will go down in History solely as a brave, impulsive but rash people who attempted in an illegal manner to overthrow the Union of our Country.[3]

Evans was very active in establishing and administering fraternal veterans organizations following the war. He helped organize the Confederate Survivors Association (a regional group based in Augusta, Georgia) in 1878 and served as its first president. He was a founder of the first national Confederate veterans group, the United Confederate Veterans, in 1889 and commander of the UCV's Georgia division for twelve years.[2]

Later life and death[edit]

Evans died in Atlanta on July 2, 1911: his body lay in state in the central rotunda of the capitol building while the state legislature adjourned for a day to attend his funeral. Evans was buried in Atlanta's Oakland Cemetery, just a few feet away from the grave of John Gordon. The state legislature created Evans County in the southeastern part of Georgia in 1914 in honor of his memory. [2]

Legacy[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Evans, Clement A., edited by Robert Grier Stephens, Jr., Intrepid warrior: Clement Anselm Evans, Confederate general from Georgia; life, letters, and diaries of the war years. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside Press, 1992. ISBN 0-89029-540-9.
  2. ^ a b c Giagantino, Essay, 2007
  3. ^ Gallagher, 2000, pp. 13-14.

Sources[edit]

  • Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1.
  • Evans, Clement A., edited by Robert Grier Stephens, Jr., Intrepid warrior: Clement Anselm Evans, Confederate general from Georgia; life, letters, and diaries of the war years. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside Press, 1992. ISBN 0-89029-540-9.
  • Gallagher, Gary W. ;  Nolan, Alan T., eds. (2000). The Myth of the Lost Cause and Civil War History.  Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-33822-8. 
  • Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4.
  • Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9.
  • Gigantino, Jim. "Clement Evans (1833-1911)". New Georgia Encyclopedia: Georgia Humanities Council and the University of Georgia Press. Retrieved October 7, 2017. 

External links[edit]