May 12, 1894|
February 15, 1981 (aged 86)|
|Buried||Camerlona War Cemetery, Italy|
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Italy, Italy|
|Service/||Regio Esercito, Italian Co-Belligerent Army|
|Years of service||1915-1957|
|Rank||Generale di Corpo d'Armata (Lieutenant General)|
|Unit||4 Mountain Infantry Division Livorno; 44 Infantry Division Cremona; Gruppo di Combattimento "Cremona"|
|Commands held||28 th Artillery Regiment; 44 Infantry Division Cremona; Gruppo di Combattimento "Cremona"; 4th Alpine Army Corps; Allied Land Forces Southern Europe, Verona|
|Battles/wars||First World War, Second Italo-Abyssinian War, Italian Campaign|
|Awards||Military Order of Italy, Order of Merit of the Italian Republic|
Clemente Primieri (12 May 1894 – 15 February 1981) was an Italian general, best known for being the leader of Gruppo di Combattimento Cremona, one of the units of the Italian Co-Belligerent Army which fought alongside the Allies in the latter part of World War II.
He entered the Modena Military Academy at age 18 and at the end of his course he was assigned to 2nd Mountain Artillery Regiment; at the start of the First World War the unit was sent to the frontline and in 1916 Primieri was promoted to Capitano (Captain) for war merit.
In 1936, as a Tenente Colonnello (Lieutenant Colonel) he took part to the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. In 1937 he became the commander of the 28° Artillery Regiment of the "Livorno" Division.
During the Second World War he was appointed Chief of Staff of the 2nd Army High Command. After the Armistice of Cassibile on 8 September 1943 he took over the 44 Infantry Division Cremona which expelled the Germans from Corsica after heavy fighting. The Division was reformed on 23 July 1944 and became Gruppo di Combattimento Cremona (one of the units of the Italian Co-Belligerent Army), which was positioned on the right flank of the British Eighth Army. Under Primieri's command, the Group followed the northward drive of the Allied Armies and contributed to the liberation of several cities including Portomaggiore, Codigoro, Rovigo, Padua and finally Venice on 2 May 1945.
At the end of the war he remained the commander of the new "Cremona" Division, stationed at Turin.
He was then transferred to the 4th Mountain Army Corps, of which he was commander from July 1952 up till 1954, and later on served in the Verona Allied Land Forces Southern Europe Command.
Honors and awards
Grand Officer of the Military Order of Italy
30 December 1952
Luigi Giorgi, a fellow member of Gruppo di Combattimento "Cremona".