|Birth name||Clementine Dinah Bullock|
|Born||28 October 1927|
Uxbridge, Middlesex, England
|Spouse(s)||Sir John Dankworth (m. 1958)|
George Langridge (m. 1946-1957; divorced)
Dame Cleo Laine, Lady Dankworth née Clementine Dinah Bullock; 28 October 1927) is an English jazz and pop singer and an actress, known for her scat singing and for her vocal range. Though her natural range is that of a contralto, she is able to produce a G above high C, giving her an overall compass of well over three octaves. Laine is the only female performer to have received Grammy nominations in the jazz, popular and classical music categories. She is the widow of jazz composer and musician Sir John Dankworth.(
Laine was born Clementine Dinah Bullock in Southall, London to Alexander Sylvan Campbell, a black Jamaican who worked as a building labourer and regularly busked, and Minnie Bullock, a white English farmer's daughter from Swindon, Wiltshire, whose maiden name was reportedly Hitching.
The family moved constantly, but most of Laine's childhood was spent in Southall. She attended the Board School there on Featherstone Road (later known as Featherstone Primary School) and was sent by her mother for singing and dancing lessons at an early age. She went on to attend Mellow Lane Senior School in Hayes before going to work as an apprentice hairdresser, a hat-trimmer, a librarian, and in a pawnbroker's shop.
In 1946, under the name Clementina Dinah Campbell, Laine married George Langridge, a roof tiler, with whom she had a son, Stuart. The couple divorced in 1957. It was not until 1953, when she was 26 and applying for a passport for a forthcoming tour of Germany, that Laine found out her real birth name, owing to her parents not being married at the time and her mother registering her under her own name (Hitching).
Laine auditioned successfully, at the age of 24, for John Dankworth's small group, the Dankworth Seven, and later his orchestra, with which she performed until 1958. Dankworth and Laine married that year. She played the lead in a new play at London's Royal Court Theatre, home of the new wave of playwrights of the 1950s such as John Osborne and Harold Pinter. This led to other stage performances, such as the musical Valmouth in 1959, the play A Time to Laugh (with Robert Morley and Ruth Gordon) in 1962, Boots With Strawberry Jam (with John Neville) in 1968, and eventually to her role as Julie in Wendy Toye's production of Show Boat at the Adelphi Theatre in London in 1971. Show Boat had its longest run to date in that London season with 910 performances staged.
During this period, she had two major recording successes. "You'll Answer to Me" reached the British Top 10 while Laine was "prima donna" in the 1961 Edinburgh Festival production of Kurt Weill's opera/ballet The Seven Deadly Sins, directed and choreographed by Kenneth MacMillan. In 1964 her Shakespeare and All that Jazz album with Dankworth was well received. Dankworth and Laine founded the Stables theatre in 1970 in what was the old stables block in the grounds of their home. It eventually hosted over 350 concerts per year.
Laine's international activities began in 1972, with a successful first tour of Australia, where she released six top-100 albums throughout the 1970s. Shortly afterwards, her career in the United States was launched with a concert at New York's Lincoln Center, followed in 1973 by the first of many Carnegie Hall appearances. Coast-to-coast tours of the US and Canada soon followed, and with them a succession of record albums and television appearances, including The Muppet Show in 1977. This led, after several nominations, to her first Grammy award, in recognition of the live recording of her 1983 Carnegie concert. She has continued to tour periodically, including in Australia in 2005.
She has collaborated with James Galway, Nigel Kennedy, Julian Lloyd Webber and John Williams. Other important recordings during that time were duet albums with Ray Charles (Porgy and Bess) as well as Arnold Schoenberg's Pierrot Lunaire, for which she received a Grammy Award nomination.
Laine's relationship with the musical theatre started in Britain and continued in the United States with starring performances in Sondheim's A Little Night Music and Franz Lehár's The Merry Widow (Michigan Opera). In 1980 she starred in Colette, a musical by Dankworth. The show began at the Stables theatre, Wavendon, in 1979 and transferred to the Comedy Theatre, London, in September 1980. In 1985 she originated the role of Princess Puffer in the Broadway musical The Mystery of Edwin Drood, for which she received a Tony nomination. In 1989, she received the Los Angeles critics' acclaim for her portrayal of the Witch in Sondheim's Into the Woods. In May 1992, Laine appeared with Frank Sinatra for a week of concerts at the Royal Albert Hall in London.
Laine is famed for not only her interpretative style, but also her almost-four-octave range and vocal adaptability. As well as hitting deep soulful notes, Laine's scatting and top notes have become her signature. Though her natural range is that of a contralto, she is able to produce a G above high C. Derek Jewel of the Sunday Times dubbed her "quite simply the best singer in the world."
Awards and honours
- Officer of the Order of the British Empire, 1979
- Grammy Award nomination, Best Female Jazz Vocalist, Smilin' Through with Dudley Moore, 1983
- Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female, 1986
- Lifetime Achievement Award, U.S. recording industry, 1991
- Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire, 1997
- Lifetime Achievement Award, Worshipful Company of Musicians, 2002
- Gold Award, BBC Jazz Awards, 2008
- BASCA Gold Badge Award, 2016
- Honorary Fellow, Hughes Hall, University of Cambridge
- A street in Adelaide, South Australia, was named after her.
- Honorary doctorates: Berklee College of Music, University of Cambridge, University of York, Open University, University of Luton
- She's the Tops! (MGM, 1957)
- Jazz Date with Tubby Hayes (Wing, 1961)
- All About Me (Fontana, 1962)
- Shakespeare and All That Jazz (Fontana, 1964)
- Woman to Woman (Fontana, 1966)
- Sir William Walton's Facade with Annie Ross (Fontana, 1967)
- If We Lived on the Top of a Mountain (Fontana, 1968)
- The Unbelievable (Fontana, 1968)
- Soliloquy (Fontana, 1968)
- Portrait (Philips, 1971)
- Feel the Warm (Columbia, 1972)
- An Evening with Cleo Laine & the John Dankworth Quartet (Philips, 1972)
- I Am a Song (RCA Victor, 1973)
- Day by Day (Stanyan, 1973)
- Cleo Laine Live!!! at Carnegie Hall (RCA Victor, 1974)
- A Beautiful Thing (RCA Victor, 1974)
- Sings Pierrot Lunaire (RCA Red Seal, 1974)
- Cleo Close Up (RCA Victor, 1974)
- Spotlight On Cleo Laine (Philips, 1974)
- Easy Livin (Stanyan, 1975)
- Cleo Laine (MGM, 1975)
- Best Friends with John Williams (RCA Victor, 1976)
- Born on a Friday (RCA Victor, 1976)
- Porgy & Bess with Ray Charles (RCA Victor, 1976)
- At the Wavendon Festival (Black Lion, 1976)
- A Lover and His Lass with Johnny Dankworth (Esquire, 1976)
- Return to Carnegie (RCA Victor, 1977)
- Cleo's Greatest Show Hits (RCA Victor, 1978)
- Gonna Get Through (RCA Victor, 1978)
- Cleo Laine Sings Word Songs (RCA Victor, 1978)
- Cleo Laine in Australia with Johnny Dankworth (World Record Club, 1978)
- Cleo's Choice (Marble Arch, 1974)
- Sometimes When We Touch with James Galway (RCA Red Seal, 1980)
- Cleo Laine in Concert (RCA Victor, 1980)
- One More Day (Sepia, 1981)
- Smilin' Through with Dudley Moore (CBS, 1982)
- Let the Music Take You with John Williams (CBS, 1983)
- That Old Feeling (K West, 1984)
- Cleo at Carnegie: The 10th Anniversary Concert (RCA Victor, 1984)
- At the Carnegie: Cleo Laine in Concert (Sierra, 1986)
- The Unforgettable Cleo Laine (PRT, 1987)
- Cleo Sings Sondheim with Jonathan Tunick (RCA Victor, 1988)
- Woman to Woman (RCA Victor, 1989)
- Jazz (RCA Victor, 1991)
- Nothing without You with Mel Torme (Concord Jazz, 1992)
- On the Town with Michael Tilson Thomas (Deutsche Grammophon, 1993)
- Blue and Sentimental (RCA Victor, 1994)
- Solitude with the Duke Ellington Orchestra (RCA Victor, 1995)
- Quality Time (Sepia, 2002)
- Loesser Genius with Laurie Holloway (Qnote, 2003)
- Cleo Laine birth registry in Uxbridge via Free UK Genealogy CIO, a charity registered in England and Wales, Number 1167484, under the auspices of the General Register Office of England and Wales. Accessed 22 November 2022.
- Pleasants, H. (1985) The Great American Popular Singers, Simon and Schuster
- "Cleo Laine - National Portrait Gallery". Retrieved 22 November 2022.
- Interview Jonathan Sale, "Passed/Failed CLEO LAINE", The Independent, 10 June 1998.
- Wendt, Jana (17 April 2005). "Cleo Laine: First lady of song". ninemsn. Archived from the original on 13 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Michael Church, "Caribbean Cleo? The amazing Cleo Laine", Caribbean Beat, Issue 13, Spring 1995.
- "Clementina Campbell" in Birth, Marriage, Death & Parish Records.
- Sunday Independent, 20 July 2008.
- Cleo Laine, Cleo (Simon and Schuster, 1997, ISBN 978-0684837628).
- Cleo Laine Biography, Quarternotes.
- William Ruhlmann, AllMusic Review, allmusic.com. Accessed 22 November 2022.
- "History of the Stables Theatre". Retrieved 22 November 2022.
- "Sir John Dankworth & Dame Cleo Laine: Founders of The…". stables.org. 23 June 2022. Retrieved 22 November 2022.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 172. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- Garlen, Jennifer C.; Graham, Anissa M. (2009). Kermit Culture: Critical Perspectives on Jim Henson's Muppets. McFarland & Company. p. 218. ISBN 978-0786442591.
- Nicholas, Jessica (21 March 2005), "Cleo Laine | Hamer Hall, March 18" (review), The Age.
- "Cleo Laine". Grammy Awards. Recording Academy. Retrieved 1 July 2022.. See under 18th Annual GRAMMY Awards.
- Dan Sullivan. "Stage Review: Happily Ever After... The Sequel", Los Angeles Times, 13 January 1989.
- Dyer, Richard (13 June 1997), The Boston Globe, "Cleo Laine Takes Readers Through Her Full Life", Chicago Tribune.
- Kernis, Mark (6 October 1978), "Two Strong Voices, Two Kinds of Songs", The Washington Post. Accessed 22 November 2022.
- Gumble, Daniel (4 October 2016). "BASCA Gold Badge Award winners revealed". www.musicweek.com.
- "Don Lane set to join strange lanes of Adelaide". ABC News. 13 April 2010.
- Official website
- Cleo Laine at IMDb
- Cleo Laine at the Internet Broadway Database
- Cleo Laine at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- on YouTube
- Radio interview with Nathan Morley from April 2010. Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation
- Daily Telegraph profile, 2 August 2007
- John Fordham, Beethoven with a Bass Guitar? Fine! (interview with Cleo Laine and Johnny Dankworth), The Guardian, 15 November 2007