In Greek mythology, Cleocharia (//; Kleokhareia) was a Naiad, a river nymph, and queen consort. She was married to the King Lelex of Laconia. Cleocharia was the ancestress of the Spartan royal family and gave birth to two children: Myles and Polycaon. Her son, Myles, had a son named Eurotas (presumably named after his great-grandfather). Eurotas had a daughter named Sparta, who married Lacedaemon. Lacedaemon named the city of Sparta after his wife. However, the city's name would also be his own, as it was called either Lacedaemon or Sparta interchangeably.
- Bolles, William, ed. (1845). An Explanatory and Phonographic Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language. New London: Bolles & Williams. p. 859.
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 10. 3
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website