Clermont, Queensland

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Clermont
Queensland
Clermont-flood-memorial-outback-queensland-australia.jpg
Memorial marking the 1916 flood
Clermont is located in Queensland
Clermont
Clermont
Coordinates22°49′23″S 147°38′18″E / 22.8230°S 147.6383°E / -22.8230; 147.6383Coordinates: 22°49′23″S 147°38′18″E / 22.8230°S 147.6383°E / -22.8230; 147.6383
Population3,031 (2016 census)[1]
Established1864
Postcode(s)4721
Elevation267.0 m (876 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Isaac
State electorate(s)Burdekin
Federal Division(s)Capricornia
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
29.6 °C
85 °F
15.0 °C
59 °F
663.7 mm
26.1 in
Localities around Clermont:
Frankfield Kilcummin Kilcummin
Mistake Creek Clermont Wolfang
Peak Vale Theresa Creek Cheeseborough

Clermont is a town and a locality in the Isaac Region, Queensland, Australia.[2][3] Clermont is a major hub for the large coal mines in the region as well as serving agricultural holdings. In the 2016 census, Clermont had a population of 3,031 people,[4] but its boundaries have subsequently changed.

Geography[edit]

Clermont is 274 kilometres (170 mi) south-west of Mackay on the junction of the Gregory and Peak Downs highways.

History[edit]

Clermont State School, ~1905
Flood damaged, two-storey house, 1916
Leo Hotel moving along Lime Street after the flood, 1917

Ludwig Leichhardt was the first European to pass through the Clermont area in 1845, but it was the discovery of gold in 1861 that was responsible for the establishment of the town, close to what was Babbinburra clan land. The town reserve was proclaimed on 25 March 1864, although a gold field was declared in the area in 1862.[5] Clermont is named after Clermont-Ferrand in France; Clermont-Ferrand was the ancestral home of Oscar de Satge, one of the first European graziers who owned the Wolfang Downs pastoral run.[6]

Theresa Creek Post Office opened by 1863, was replaced by Coppermines Post Office at the end of 1863 and Clermont Post Office in 1864.[7]

Clermont State School opened on 27 August 1867.[8][9][10]

Copper was discovered soon after. In the 1880s up to 4000 Chinese people were resident in Clermont, mining for gold and copper. This led to racial riots and the Chinese were removed from the region in 1888. The decorated soldier Billy Sing was born in Clermont in 1886 of a Chinese father and English mother.

The railway was extended north from Emerald to Clermont in February 1884. However, no passenger trains are available to or from Clermont.

The town was originally established on low-lying ground next to a lagoon or billabong, but flooding was always a problem, with four substantial floods occurring between 1864 and 1896. The greatest flood, in 1916, killed 65 people out of a town population of 1,500 and remains one of Australia's worst natural disasters in terms of life lost. Following the 1916 flood, many of the wooden buildings of the town were moved using steam traction engines to a new townsite on higher ground. A local amateur photographer, Gordon Pullar took numerous photographs of the moving buildings, published in the 1980s as "A Shifting Town".[11]

The Clermont public library was opened in 1962.[12]

On 27 January 1959 a secondary department was added, Clermont State School providing secondary education (8-12). That arrangement ceased with the opening of Clermont State High School on 29 January 1990.[8][9][10][13]

Mistake Creek State School opened in the former locality of Mistake Creek in 24 January 1983.[14]

At the 2011 census, Clermont had a population of 2,177.[15]

On 17 May 2019, it was decided to discontinue the locality of Mistake Creek and absorb its land into the neighbouring localities of Clermont, Laglan, Frankfield and Peak Vale.[16][17][18]

Heritage listings[edit]

Clermont has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Coal mining[edit]

Glencore is currently operating the Clermont Mine, located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) north west of Clermont.[22] When the mine reaches full capacity it will produce up to 12.2 million tonnes of thermal coal for international markets. Clermont Mine delivered its first conveyor of coal in April 2010.[23]

Clermont also hosted another larger coal mine; Blair Athol coal mine, located 20 kilometres (12 mi) north west of Clermont. The mine supplied customers in Asia and Europe with up to 12 million tonnes of thermal coal per annum. The coal deposit was originally discovered on the site in 1864[24] and was first mined in 1890. Between 1920 and 1945 coal was mined with an underground method, which is still visible today. The most recent open cut operation started in 1984. Blair Athol Mine was closed on 26 November 2012 after it completely mined out.[24] Its stockpile and train facilities will be used by the Clermont Mine.[24]

Education[edit]

Clermont State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at Hetherington Street (22°50′11″S 147°37′56″E / 22.8365°S 147.6321°E / -22.8365; 147.6321 (Clermont State School)).[25][26] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 237 students with 20 teachers (18 full-time equivalent) and 12 non-teaching staff (9 full-time equivalent).[27]

Clermont State High School is a government secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at 1 Kitchener Street (22°49′40″S 147°38′20″E / 22.8277°S 147.6389°E / -22.8277; 147.6389 (Clermont State High School)).[25][28] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 182 students with 20 teachers and 15 non-teaching staff (11 full-time equivalent).[27]

St Joseph's Catholic Primary School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 50 Box Street (22°49′19″S 147°38′21″E / 22.8220°S 147.6391°E / -22.8220; 147.6391 (St Joseph's Catholic Primary School)).[25][29] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 106 students with 10 teachers (9 full-time equivalent) and 6 non-teaching staff (3 full-time equivalent).[27]

Mistake Creek State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 6652 Alpha Road (22°59′20″S 147°05′00″E / 22.9889°S 147.0833°E / -22.9889; 147.0833 (Mistake Creek State School)).[30][31] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 14 students with 2 teachers and 2 non-teaching staff (1 full-time equivalent).[32] This school is within the former locality of Mistake Creek, which was discontinued and absorbed into neighbouring localities in May 2019; the school is now within the enlarged boundaries of the locality of Clermont.[33]

Amenities[edit]

The Isaac Regional Council operates a public library at the corner of Karmoo and Herschel Street.[34]

The Clermont branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the QCWA Rooms at 28 Sirus Street.[35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Clermont (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 January 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Clermont - town in Isaac Region (entry 7403)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Clermont - locality in Isaac Region (entry 49648)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  4. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Clermont (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  5. ^ "Clermont". Isaac Regional Council. Archived from the original on 27 November 2012. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
  6. ^ "Clermont". Did you know ... Isaac Regional Council. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  7. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  8. ^ a b "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  9. ^ a b Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  10. ^ a b "Agency ID5099, Clermont State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  11. ^ Stringer, Marguerite; Stringer, Richard (1 January 1986), A shifting town : glass plate images of Clermont and its people by G. C. Pullar, University of Queensland Press
  12. ^ "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 13. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  13. ^ "Agency ID8836, Clermont State High School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  14. ^ "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  15. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Clermont (Urban Centre)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 July 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  16. ^ "Recent place name decisions". Queensland Government. 14 June 2019. Archived from the original on 7 July 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  17. ^ "Proposed Locality Boundaries and Names of Isaac Regional Council: Clermont, Laglan, Frankfield and Peak Vale, Central Highlands Regional Council: Argyll and Peak Vale" (PDF). Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy. Queensland Government. 23 November 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  18. ^ "Locality Boundaries and Names of Isaac Regional Council: Clermont, Laglan, Frankfield and Peak Vale, Central Highlands Regional Council: Argyll and Peak Vale" (PDF). Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy. Queensland Government. 17 May 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 July 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  19. ^ "Clermont Cemetery (entry 602756)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  20. ^ "Stone Farm Building (entry 602555)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  21. ^ "Irlam's Ant Bed Building (former) (entry 602010)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  22. ^ Chambers, Matt (26 October 2013). "Glencore buys Rio's Clermont for $1bn". The Australian. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  23. ^ MacDonald, C 2010. Clermont mine delivers first conveyor of coal Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. The Australian Bulk Handling Review. Retrieved on 11 April 2012.
  24. ^ a b c Melissa Maddison; Paul Robinson (26 November 2012). "Sun goes down on Blair Athol mine". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 26 November 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  25. ^ a b c "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  26. ^ "Clermont State School". Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  27. ^ a b c "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  28. ^ "Clermont State High School". Archived from the original on 22 February 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  29. ^ "St Joseph's Catholic Primary School". Archived from the original on 8 February 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  30. ^ "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  31. ^ "Mistake Creek State School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  32. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  33. ^ "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  34. ^ "Clermont Library". Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. 21 June 2017. Archived from the original on 15 January 2018. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  35. ^ "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Pullar, G. C. (Gordon Cumming); Stringer, Marguerite, 1942-; Stringer, Richard, 1936- (1986), A shifting town : glass-plate images of Clermont and its people by G.C. Pullar, University of Queensland Press, ISBN 978-0-7022-2012-8CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) — full text available online

External links[edit]