Clermont County, Ohio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Clermont County, Ohio
Clermont County, Ohio Courthouse.JPG
Clermont County Courthouse
Seal of Clermont County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Clermont County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded 6 December 1800[1]
Seat Batavia
Largest city Milford
Area
 • Total 460 sq mi (1,191 km2)
 • Land 452 sq mi (1,171 km2)
 • Water 7.7 sq mi (20 km2), 1.7%
Population
 • (2010) 197,363
 • Density 437/sq mi (169/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website Clermont County, Ohio

Clermont County, popularly called Clermont (/ˈklɛər ˈmɒnt/CLAIR-mawnt),[2][3][4][5][6][7] is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 197,363.[8] Ordinanced in 1800, Clermont is Ohio's eighth oldest county, the furthest county west in Appalachian Ohio, and the eleventh oldest county of the former Northwest Territory.[9] The county is named for the Clermont Province of France, the home of Vercingetorix, and literally translates "Clear Mount."[10]

Clermont County is part of the Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Clermont’s current officeholders[edit]

All of Clermont’s elected officeholders, including judges, are members of the Republican Party.

United States House of Representatives[edit]

Clermont’s congressional seat is occupied by Brad Wenstrup, last elected 2016, who resides in Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio.

Elected Commission[edit]

The three seats of the Clermont Commission are occupied by Edwin Humphrey, last elected 2016; David Painter, last elected 2016; and David Uible, last elected 2014. The commission employs an administrator, presently Steve Rabolt, to run day-to-day operations of Clermont.

Ohio Legislature[edit]

Encompassing all of Clermont, the 14th Ohio Senate seat is occupied by Joe Uecker, last elected 2016.

Covering northern Clermont, the 65th statehouse seat is occupied by John Becker, last elected 2016.

Covering southern Clermont, the 66th statehouse seat is occupied by Doug Green, last elected 2016.

Elected Officers[edit]

Clermont’s elected officers include Debbie Clepper, Recorder; Vince Faris, Prosecutor; Linda Fraley, Auditor; Robert S. Leahy, Sheriff; Pat Manger, Engineer; Tim Rudd, Municipal Clerk of Courts;[11] Brian Treon, Coroner; Robert True, Treasurer; and Barbara Wiedenbein, Clerk of Courts.

Elected Judges[edit]

The elected Common Pleas Court is occupied by Judge Richard Ferenc, Judge Victor Haddad, Judge Tom Herman, and Judge Jerry McBride.

The elected Domestic Relations Court is occupied by Judge Kathleen M. Rodenberg.

The elected Municipal Court is occupied by Judge Anthony W. Brock, Judge Kevin T. Miles, and Judge Jason E. Nagel.

The elected Probate/Juvenile Court is occupied by Judge James A. Shriver.

Geographics[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 460 square miles (1,200 km2), of which 452 square miles (1,170 km2) is land and 7.7 square miles (20 km2) (1.7%) is water.[12]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Economy[edit]

Aviation is served by the Clermont County Airport. Clermont’s newspapers are the Clermont Sun, positing historical stories and statistics, and the Community Press papers. According to the County's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[13] the top employers in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees Location
1 Clermont County 1,409 Batavia
2 Total Quality Logistics 1,302 Union Township
3 American Modern Insurance Group 1,200 Batavia Township
4 Mercy Health Clermont Hospital 825 Batavia Township
5 Milford Exempted Village School District 725 Milford
6 Siemens PLM Software 660 Miami Township
7 West Clermont Local School District 600 Union Township
8 L-3 Fuzing & Ordnance Systems 600 Withamsville
9 Tata Consultancy Services 600 Miami Township
10 Milacron 550 Williamsburg Township

Reserves and libraries[edit]

Clermont has the Cincinnati Nature Center at Rowe Woods[14] and Valley View Nature Preserve in Milford,[15] and oversees five parks, three nature preserves, a hiking/biking trail, and several green spaces, encompassing over six-hundred acres.[16]

Clermont is the location of East Fork State Park and Stonelick State Park, and also benefits from the Clermont Public Libraries.

Politology[edit]

Clermont’s peopling is one of Ohio's most distinct and storied. Clermont’s name is taken from a prefecture in France notable as the home of Celtic leader Vercingetorix who led the unified Gallic resistance to Roman invasion, as well as philosopher Blaise Pascal. Clermont connotes "clear mountain," which described the area when it was first viewed through the thick Ohio River fog by French explorers in the 1600s. Clermont’s peoplification dates to the Paleoindian, Adena, Hopewell, and Fort Ancient cultures. The Gatch Site and other sites provide glimpses into what life was like for these otherwise mysterious people. The Shawondasee, Miami, Lenape, Mingo, Odawa, Cherokee, and Wyandot each have or had a presence in Clermont.

Early modern polity[edit]

At its ordinance in 1800 by the Commonwealth of Virginia to reward Virginian military veterans with land bounties, Clermont encompassed twenty-three current Ohio counties and over 4.2 million acres of dense oldgrowth forest. The first deed was issued on 20 February 1796. George Washington owned three parcels of land in Clermont County, whose first capital was Williamsburg, founded by William Lytle, and like Milford, was founded in 1796. A stone dairy house, constructed in 1800, is thought to be the oldest standing building in Clermont. The edifice is located beside Harmony Hill on South Third Street in Williamsburg. Harmony Hill, one of the area’s first farms, was built by William Lytle.

The last American Indian village was located two miles south of Marathon in Jackson Township, along the mouth of Grassy Run on the East Fork of the Little Miami River. The site saw the largest frontier battle in Clermont, the Battle of Grassy Run, during which pioneer Simon Kenton clashed with chief Tecumseh on April 10, 1792. The Wyandot lived at this site until 1811. The Bullskin Trail, once a major American Indian trail, runs north and south through Clermont along Ohio Route 133, and was used by frontiersmen Kenton and Daniel Boone on hunting and warfare expeditions.

In 1823, New Richmond became the capital, and in 1824, it moved to Batavia, the current capital. Clermont's Moscow became the exiled home of French royalty during the early 1800s, including future King of France Louis-Philippe in 1815 and the Marquis de Lafayette in 1825.[17] Point Pleasant was birthplace and boyhood home of military hero, Union general, and President Ulysses S. Grant, born on 27 April 1822.

During the 1800s, antislavery sentiment remained strong. Bethel was the residence of Democratic United States Senator Thomas Morris who also served three terms in the Ohio House of Representatives, as Ohio Supreme Court Justice, and four terms in the Ohio Senate. His U.S. Senate career lasted from 1833 to 1839, and in 1844, Morris was the vice presidential candidate for a third party with the goal of abolishing slavery—approximately sixteen years before the first antislavery Republican president. Also in 1844, Clermont became the site of Utopia, an egalitarian haven of Puritans who espoused the doctrines of François Marie Charles Fourier.[18] In 1847, future Ohio Governor John M. Pattison was born near Owensville. Grant became commander-in-chief of the U.S. Army in the Civil War, during which John Hunt Morgan and his Confederate raiders invaded Clermont in 1863. Grant was elected the eighteenth president in 1868.

Clermont’s last-standing covered bridge was built in 1878 on Stonelick Williams Corner Road, near US Route 50; it was renovated in 2014.[19] The Grant birthplace, originally a one-room cabin, continues to welcome visitors and in 1890 was removed from its original location, travelling by boat to be viewed by citizens along various waterways. It was also taken to the 1893 Chicago World’s Fair before returning to Clermont.

Around 1900 clerics from numerous congregations gathered to create a list of ten places on Earth where the Garden of Eden could have been located. Among the locations was Clermont County, Ohio, listed for its many fruiting trees and the early influence of American Indians who built earthen mounds in the form of serpents. Subsequently, prominent men from Hamilton County dedicated Eden Park to honor the distinction.

Pattison became the first Clermont Countian elected Governor of Ohio in 1905, Ohio's first Democratic governor of the twentieth century. Pattison lived in Milford, and at a time before the influence of Columbus, governed from his home called Promont, which was used as the official governor's residence. The mansion, completed in 1865, today is a museum that houses a library and other historical memorabilia. It is located at 906 Main Street, Milford.

Democrat Hugh Llewellyn Nichols of Batavia served as 32nd Lieutenant Governor of Ohio and became the first Chief Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court in 1914. Orpha Errans Gatch of Milford locally organized women’s suffrage, and is the namesake for the Clermont County League of Women Voters award given annually at its suffragist brunch to recognize the recipient’s volunteerism and leadership qualities.[20] Clermont's progressivism created a climate of political independence. Despite recent Republican prevalence in its offices, heavy nonpartisan and union influences exist. Clermont’s growing population as well as environmentalism have contributed to this climate.

National outcomes[edit]

Clermont has been visited by recent national ticket candidates from both predominant parties.[21][22][23][24][25]

Presidential Elections Results[26]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 67.5% 67,518 26.7% 26,715 5.7% 5,739
2012 66.5% 64,208 31.6% 30,458 1.9% 1,859
2008 65.4% 62,559 33.0% 31,611 1.6% 1,564
2004 70.7% 62,949 29.1% 25,887 0.3% 243
2000 67.5% 47,129 30.0% 20,927 2.6% 1,821
1996 56.8% 36,457 33.2% 21,329 10.0% 6,388
1992 50.0% 32,065 27.4% 17,558 22.6% 14,519
1988 70.5% 37,417 28.9% 15,352 0.6% 316
1984 74.6% 35,316 24.8% 11,713 0.6% 290
1980 63.4% 26,674 31.4% 13,199 5.3% 2,218
1976 56.0% 19,616 42.4% 14,850 1.6% 571
1972 71.7% 22,936 25.9% 8,276 2.4% 777
1968 48.0% 15,299 27.8% 8,859 24.2% 7,691
1964 44.7% 13,367 55.3% 16,523
1960 61.6% 18,802 38.4% 11,723
1956 62.3% 14,914 37.7% 9,026
1952 57.7% 13,221 42.3% 9,702
1948 50.9% 8,592 48.7% 8,224 0.4% 71
1944 53.5% 9,125 46.5% 7,937
1940 51.2% 9,367 48.8% 8,942
1936 44.1% 7,608 53.3% 9,204 2.7% 458
1932 46.1% 7,684 52.0% 8,662 1.9% 321
1928 69.6% 9,732 30.0% 4,194 0.4% 57
1924 55.2% 6,867 36.5% 4,544 8.3% 1,034
1920 51.9% 6,857 47.3% 6,245 0.8% 108
1916 44.8% 3,549 53.6% 4,247 1.7% 133
1912 33.5% 2,543 47.5% 3,610 19.0% 1,444
1908 48.9% 4,137 49.1% 4,150 2.0% 171
1904 53.8% 4,207 42.7% 3,339 3.6% 278
1900 47.4% 3,990 50.4% 4,244 2.1% 179
1896 47.4% 4,272 51.8% 4,672 0.8% 76
1892 45.9% 3,715 50.3% 4,069 3.8% 307
1888 48.2% 4,097 49.2% 4,180 2.7% 228
1884 49.3% 4,242 48.7% 4,193 2.1% 177
1880 46.3% 4,028 50.8% 4,417 2.9% 252
1876 47.1% 3,848 52.8% 4,315 0.2% 14
1872 48.2% 3,408 51.7% 3,658 0.1% 5

Census data[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 9,965
1820 15,820 58.8%
1830 20,466 29.4%
1840 23,106 12.9%
1850 30,455 31.8%
1860 33,034 8.5%
1870 34,268 3.7%
1880 36,713 7.1%
1890 33,553 −8.6%
1900 31,610 −5.8%
1910 29,551 −6.5%
1920 28,291 −4.3%
1930 29,786 5.3%
1940 34,109 14.5%
1950 42,182 23.7%
1960 80,530 90.9%
1970 95,725 18.9%
1980 128,483 34.2%
1990 150,187 16.9%
2000 177,977 18.5%
2010 197,363 10.9%
Est. 2016 203,022 [27] 2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[28]
1790-1960[29] 1900-1990[30]
1990-2000[31] 2010-2013[8]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 197,363 people, 74,828 households, and 53,800 families residing in the county.[32] The population density was 436.5 inhabitants per square mile (168.5/km2). There were 80,656 housing units at an average density of 178.4 per square mile (68.9/km2).[33] The racial makeup of the county was 95.9% white, 1.2% black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population.[32] In terms of ancestry, 34.0% were German, 18.1% were Irish, 12.0% were American, and 11.1% were English.[34]

Of the 74,828 households, 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.1% were non-families, and 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.06. The median age was 38.5 years.[32]

The median income for a household in the county was $58,472 and the median income for a family was $68,485. Males had a median income of $50,204 versus $36,746 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,900. About 6.9% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.6% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.[35]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[36] of 2000, there were 177,977 people, 66,013 households, and 49,047 families residing in the county. The population density was 394 people per square mile (152/km²). There were 69,226 housing units at an average density of 153 per square mile (59/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.13% White, 0.91% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 0.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.7% were of German, 16.7% American, 12.0% Irish and 11.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 66,013 households out of which 38.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.40% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.70% were non-families. 21.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 31.70% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,386, and the median income for a family was $57,032. Males had a median income of $40,739 versus $27,613 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,370. About 5.30% of families and 7.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.70% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.

Locales[edit]

Clermont locales are not publicated necessarily along historical or perceived collectivity, hence Goshen Township and unincorporated Goshen. To review each locale’s unique designs and bodies, click their links.

Map of Clermont County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Municipalities[edit]

Each municipality has an elected-nonpartisan council where the highest vote-getter is designated mayor. Mayors preside during mayor’s court, among various other roles. These mayor-council arrangements pass municipal ordinances and affect municipal taxes, such as the municipal income tax[37][38] where most of the revenue comes from.

Cities

Both of Clermont’s cities, Loveland and Milford (largest municipality), have municipal departments that operate services, and both cities presently have appointed managers instead of a true mayoralty. Both city areas are small, relative to nearby cities Fairfield, Hamilton, and Mason.[39]

Villages

Townships[edit]

Each township has three elected trustees, one elected fiscal officer, and one appointed administrator. Trustees can introduce levies for, and vote to regulate, the township services, zoning boards, parks, and upkeep, but do not have municipal taxes. These vast locales currently surround Clermont’s municipalities:

Census-designated places[edit]

These formerly autonomous historic locales are ensconced within Clermont’s townships, but not within its cities or villages:

Unincorporated settings[edit]

These locales are ensconced within Clermont’s cities or townships, but not within its villages:

Colleges and high schools physically in Clermont[edit]

These buildings may not have been high schools when they were first constructed, but have since become high schools. The building years listed connotate the current buildings’ initial openings and do not include renovations or additions.

Alphabetized gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Clermont County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-21. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ "Clermont Chorale". Clermont Chorale. 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "Clermont Chamber". Clermont Chamber of Commerce. 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  4. ^ "West Clermont Local School District". West Clermont School District. 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Clermont Northeastern Schools". Clermont Northeastern Schools. 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "Clermont College". UC Clermont. 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  7. ^ "Clermont Seniors". Clermont Senior Services. 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-05-10. 
  10. ^ "Clermont County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  11. ^ "Conrad challenges Rudd for court clerk". The Clermont Sun. October 15, 2009. Retrieved June 12, 2017. 
  12. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  13. ^ Clermont County, Ohio Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, for the Year ended December 31, 2013
  14. ^ "Cincinnati Nature Center at Rowe Woods". Cincinnati Nature Center. Retrieved 2017-02-22. }
  15. ^ "Valley View". Valley View. Retrieved 2017-02-22. }
  16. ^ "Clermont Parks". Clermont Parks. Retrieved 2017-02-22. }
  17. ^ Spate House of Moscow, Ohio. Retrieved 18 April 2012. http://www.forgottenoh.com/Counties/Clermont/spate.html
  18. ^ The Ohio Politics Almanac, Second Edition. Michael F. Curtin. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  19. ^ "Clermont covered bridge to reopen soon". The Cincinnati Enquirer. December 11, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2017. 
  20. ^ "Gatch: A Milford First United Methodist Church and music maven". The Cincinnati Enquirer. January 16, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Join Buckeye Firearm Endorsee Sarah Palin For Four Rallies Sunday". Cincinnati Nature Center. Retrieved 2017-02-22. }
  22. ^ "See Vice President Joe Biden in Milford." Obama For America, www.barackobama.com
  23. ^ "VP Joe Biden to make campaign stop in Milford." Fox19, Digital Media Staff. September 6, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  24. ^ "Vice President Joe Biden headed to Milford to campaign." WKRC Local12, September 6, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  25. ^ "Milford prepares for Joe Biden's visit: VP to speak at Milford High School." WLWT NBC News5. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  26. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  27. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  28. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  29. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  30. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  31. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  32. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  33. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  34. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  35. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  36. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  37. ^ "Regional Income Tax Agency Municipalities Member List". Regional Income Tax Agency (RITA). Retrieved 2017-02-22. }
  38. ^ "Municipal Income Tax Forms". Ohio Department of Taxation. Retrieved 2017-02-22. }
  39. ^ [www.citydata.com "City Data"] Check |url= value (help). City-Data.com. Retrieved 2017-02-22. }

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°03′N 84°09′W / 39.05°N 84.15°W / 39.05; -84.15