Cleveland, England

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Coordinates: 54°31′30″N 1°11′20″W / 54.525°N 1.189°W / 54.525; -1.189 Cleveland /ˈklvlənd/ or Lower Teesdale is low-lying land north of the North York Moors and around the River Tees, of England. The vale is a continuation of the Vale of Mowbray to the south west. The name Cleveland comes from a variant of "cliff-land", referring to the view to and from the Hills of Cleveland. These hills rises to nearly 1,500 ft (460 m) and are a part of the North York Moors.

The natural sub-regions of Yorkshire

Cleveland is a synonym for Lower/ Eastern Teesdale (the land around the Tees) with western lands being Upper Teesdale.

The largest town in Cleveland was, for a long time, Guisborough, until the rise of Middlesbrough in the 19th century. Burgh, spelt as borough traditionally outside of the area and now in the area itself, is traditionally a term used for a place and its division of land, which was evident in the use of the former Langbaurgh Wapentake in the area.

Tees Valley and Teesside have gained a standing, in recent years, as terms for the conurbation and city region, respectfully, within the urban areas of Lower Teesdale. The use of Tees Valley and Teesside in this manner is somewhat misleading as it excludes the parts governed by County Durham, specifically Upper Teesdale) and Hambleton district.

The southern parts of Redcar and Cleveland borough (including Skelton-in-Cleveland, Loftus and Brotton) are the only areas consistently represented as Cleveland in parliament.

Heritage[edit]

Cleveland has centuries-long association with the area, with the Dukedom of Cleveland first created in the 17th Century.

The Cleveland Hills, in the southern part of the district, were key suppliers of the ironstone that was essential to the running of the blast furnaces alongside the River Tees. Cleveland’s rich ore has created a significant industrial heritage arising from its central role in the 19th century iron boom that led to Middlesbrough growing from a hamlet into a major industrial town in only a matter of decades. Teesport is one of the United Kingdom's main ports, initially due to the iron boom, with between Middlesbrough and Redcar having other heavy industrial plants.

Name‘s local cultural usage[edit]

Geography[edit]

Map of the North York Moors area with Cleveland and Cleveland Hills labelled

The area is extremely varied geographically. The Tees estuary is highly industrialised and urbanised. Much of the remainder of the lowland parts of Cleveland is farmland. East Cleveland marks the northern end of the chain of cliffs that runs along the North Yorkshire Heritage Coast. South Cleveland is extremely hilly, forming the escarpment of the North York Moors. One of the best known symbols of Cleveland is the distinctive hill of Roseberry Topping, which overlooks Newton under Roseberry on the Great Ayton to Guisborough road. Its original roughly conical form was undercut by extensive mining, giving it a jagged appearance that many have thought reminiscent of the Matterhorn mountain.

Geographical features[edit]

Roseberry Topping, one of the most enduring symbols of ancient Cleveland.

Towns and villages[edit]

Kirkleatham Free School of 1709, now Kirkleatham Old Hall Museum

Town twinning[edit]

Cleveland is twinned with:

Unlike many towns and cities in North America, Cleveland in Ohio is not named after its English namesake.

Emergency services[edit]

Local services are ran for the geographical Cleveland area; these include the:

Police

Fire

Mountain Rescue

Ambulance

Hospitals

University Hospital of North Tees

They are a number of NHS trust foundations and hospitals in the Cleveland area:

Independent hospitals include:

Titles[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Royal Mail, Address Management Guide Edition 4, (2004)
  2. ^ "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on 5 October 2019. Retrieved 5 October 2019.

External links[edit]