Cleveland, Georgia

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Cleveland, Georgia
City
Downtown Cleveland
Downtown Cleveland
Location in White County, Georgia
Coordinates: 34°35′47″N 83°45′50″W / 34.59639°N 83.76389°W / 34.59639; -83.76389Coordinates: 34°35′47″N 83°45′50″W / 34.59639°N 83.76389°W / 34.59639; -83.76389
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyWhite
Area
 • Total3.2 sq mi (8.2 km2)
 • Land3.2 sq mi (8.2 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation1,575 ft (480 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total3,410
 • Estimate (2016)[1]3,851
 • Density602/sq mi (232.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code30528
Area code(s)706
FIPS code13-16824[2]
GNIS feature ID0355189[3]
Websitewww.cityofclevelandga.org

Cleveland is a city in White County, Georgia, United States, located ninety miles northeast of Atlanta. Its population was 3,410 at the 2010 census (up from 1,907 in 2000). It is the county seat of White County.[4]

Cleveland is home to the North Georgia Zoo and Petting Farm.[5]

History[edit]

Cleveland was founded in 1857 as the seat of newly formed White County. It was incorporated as a town in 1870 and as a city in 1949.[6] It was named for General Benjamin Cleveland, a War of 1812 figure and grandson of Colonel Benjamin Cleveland, a Revolutionary War figure.[7]

Geography[edit]

Cleveland is located at 34°35′47″N 83°45′50″W / 34.59639°N 83.76389°W / 34.59639; -83.76389 (34.596309, -83.763893).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, it has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870145
188019735.9%
1920339
193049846.9%
1940471−5.4%
195058925.1%
196065711.5%
19701,353105.9%
19801,57816.6%
19901,6534.8%
20001,90715.4%
20103,41078.8%
Est. 20163,851[1]12.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

At the 2010 census,[2] the population was 3,410.

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,907 people, 729 households, and 468 families residing in the city. The population density was 602.7 people per square mile (233.0/km²). There were 808 housing units at an average density of 255.4 per square mile (98.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.58% White, 10.70% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.99% of the population.

There were 729 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city, the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 21.8% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,949, and the median income for a family was $37,417. Males had a median income of $27,500 versus $21,676 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,801. About 12.4% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

White County School District[edit]

The White County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of four elementary schools, a middle school, and a high school.[10] The district has 233 full-time teachers and over 3,758 students.[11]

Truett McConnell University[edit]

Truett McConnell University is a private, Christian, coeducational liberal arts college in Cleveland. It is operated under the auspices of the Georgia Baptist Convention, and controlled by a Board of Trustees elected by the Convention. The college was named to honor George W. Truett and Fernando C. McConnell.

Culture[edit]

The town is home to two Jewish summer camps, Camp Barney Medintz (under the auspices of the Marcus Jewish Community Center of Atlanta) and URJ Camp Coleman (under the auspices of the Union for Reform Judaism, which are essentially back-to-back.

The town is also home to two Christian summer camps, Strong Rock Camp and Retreat and Woodlands Camp.

Cleveland is known for its Babyland General Hospital where the Cabbage Patch Kids dolls, the creation of native Xavier Roberts, are made. Travelers also pass through the town on their way to other destinations just a few miles away, such as the Bavarian-themed town of Helen, Unicoi State Park, the Smithgall Woods-Dukes Creek Conservation Area, and the Chattahoochee National Forest, including Anna Ruby Falls.

Since the turn of the 21st century, Cleveland has been known for its thriving LGBTQ community, leading to the nickname "The San Francisco of Appalachia". However, this has led to internal strife within the community; in 2015 a group of Truett McConell University students broke into a sex toy shop and stole all the dildos.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ http://www.northgeorgiazoo.com
  6. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 224. ISBN 1135948593. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  7. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 45. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 30, 2010.
  11. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 30, 2010.