Location in White County and the state of Georgia
|• Total||3.2 sq mi (8.2 km2)|
|• Land||3.2 sq mi (8.2 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,575 ft (480 m)|
|• Density||595.9/sq mi (232.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0355189|
Cleveland was founded in 1857 as the seat of newly formed White County. Cleveland was incorporated as a town in 1870 and as a city in 1949. The community is named for General Benjamin Cleveland, a War of 1812 figure and grandson of Colonel Benjamin Cleveland, a Revolutionary War figure.
Cleveland is located at (34.596309, -83.763893).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,907 people, 729 households, and 468 families residing in the city. The population density was 602.7 people per square mile (233.0/km²). There were 808 housing units at an average density of 255.4 per square mile (98.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.58% White, 10.70% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.99% of the population.
There were 729 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the city the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 21.8% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,949, and the median income for a family was $37,417. Males had a median income of $27,500 versus $21,676 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,801. About 12.4% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.
White County School District
The White County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of four elementary schools, a middle school, and a high school. The district has 233 full-time teachers and over 3,758 students.
Truett-McConnell College is a private, Christian, coeducational liberal arts college in Cleveland. It is operated under the auspices of the Georgia Baptist Convention, and controlled by a Board of Trustees elected by the Convention. The college was named to honor George W. Truett and Fernando C. McConnell.
The town is home to two Jewish summer camps, Camp Barney Medintz (under the auspices of the Marcus Jewish Community Center of Atlanta) and URJ Camp Coleman (under the auspices of the Union for Reform Judaism, which are essentially back-to-back.
Cleveland is known for its Babyland General Hospital where the Cabbage Patch Kids dolls, the creation of native Xavier Roberts, are made. Travelers also pass through the town on their way to other destinations just a few miles away, such as the Bavarian-themed town of Helen, Unicoi State Park, the Smithgall Woods-Dukes Creek Conservation Area, and the Chattahoochee National Forest, including Anna Ruby Falls.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 224. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 30, 2010.
- School Stats, Retrieved June 30, 2010.