Cleveland County, Arkansas

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Cleveland County
Cleveland County courthouse in Rison
Cleveland County courthouse in Rison
Map of Arkansas highlighting Cleveland County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°53′50″N 92°10′12″W / 33.897222222222°N 92.17°W / 33.897222222222; -92.17
Country United States
State Arkansas
FoundedApril 17, 1873
Named forGrover Cleveland
SeatRison
Largest cityRison
Area
 • Total599 sq mi (1,550 km2)
 • Land598 sq mi (1,550 km2)
 • Water1.0 sq mi (3 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total8,689
 • Estimate 
(2019)
7,956
 • Density15/sq mi (5.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
Websiteclevelandcounty.arkansas.gov

Cleveland County (formerly Dorsey County) is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. Its population was 8,689 at the 2010 U.S. census.[1] The county seat and largest city is Rison.[2]

Cleveland County is included in the Pine Bluff, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The Arkansas legislature established Dorsey County as Arkansas's 71st county on April 17, 1873, naming it for Stephen W. Dorsey, the U.S. Senator from Arkansas. When he was indicted for defrauding the Post Office, they renamed it on March 5, 1885, for Grover Cleveland, the newly elected President of the United States.[3]

The Battle of Mark's Mills, the pivotal engagement in the Union Army's ill-fated Camden Expedition during the U.S. Civil War, took place in what is now Cleveland County. This engagement resulted in a crushing victory for Confederate forces, though the victory ultimately proved to be hollow when Federal General Frederick Steele and the rest of his army managed to escape from Camden to Little Rock.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 599 square miles (1,550 km2), of which 598 square miles (1,550 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
189011,362
190011,6202.3%
191013,48116.0%
192012,260−9.1%
193012,7443.9%
194012,570−1.4%
19508,956−28.8%
19606,944−22.5%
19706,605−4.9%
19807,86819.1%
19907,781−1.1%
20008,57110.2%
20108,6891.4%
2019 (est.)7,956[5]−8.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2016[1]
Age pyramid Cleveland County[10]

2020 census[edit]

Cleveland County racial composition[11]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 6,429 85.15%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 675 8.94%
Native American 21 0.28%
Asian 7 0.09%
Pacific Islander 1 0.01%
Other/Mixed 235 3.11%
Hispanic or Latino 182 2.41%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 7,550 people, 3,217 households, and 2,254 families residing in the county.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[12] there were 8,571 people, 3,273 households, and 2,513 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 3,834 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.79% White, 13.22% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. 1.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,273 households, out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.20% were non-families. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 24.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,405, and the median income for a family was $38,164. Males had a median income of $31,282 versus $21,172 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,362. About 11.40% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.50% of those under age 18 and 15.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Cleveland County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Cleveland County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [13][14]

Government[edit]

Cleveland County has trended heavily towards the Republican Party in recent presidential elections. As of 2020 the last Democrat to carry the county was Bill Clinton, an Arkansas native, in 1996.

United States presidential election results for Cleveland County, Arkansas[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,867 79.64% 651 18.08% 82 2.28%
2016 2,462 73.40% 723 21.56% 169 5.04%
2012 2,313 70.82% 845 25.87% 108 3.31%
2008 2,451 69.93% 911 25.99% 143 4.08%
2004 2,009 57.47% 1,450 41.48% 37 1.06%
2000 1,678 52.75% 1,414 44.45% 89 2.80%
1996 990 32.74% 1,741 57.57% 293 9.69%
1992 1,127 33.36% 1,893 56.04% 358 10.60%
1988 1,462 50.75% 1,404 48.73% 15 0.52%
1984 1,773 56.02% 1,378 43.54% 14 0.44%
1980 1,124 36.76% 1,856 60.69% 78 2.55%
1976 646 21.78% 2,320 78.22% 0 0.00%
1972 1,837 71.45% 734 28.55% 0 0.00%
1968 312 12.63% 407 16.48% 1,751 70.89%
1964 1,026 47.39% 1,121 51.78% 18 0.83%
1960 290 16.91% 1,216 70.90% 209 12.19%
1956 423 26.57% 1,149 72.17% 20 1.26%
1952 477 27.60% 1,248 72.22% 3 0.17%
1948 79 7.85% 679 67.50% 248 24.65%
1944 150 13.51% 960 86.49% 0 0.00%
1940 58 5.53% 989 94.37% 1 0.10%
1936 45 3.96% 1,088 95.77% 3 0.26%
1932 92 6.00% 1,440 93.87% 2 0.13%
1928 476 40.79% 690 59.13% 1 0.09%
1924 174 21.27% 613 74.94% 31 3.79%
1920 475 36.57% 809 62.28% 15 1.15%
1916 230 16.94% 1,128 83.06% 0 0.00%
1912 275 25.21% 685 62.79% 131 12.01%
1908 426 33.97% 771 61.48% 57 4.55%
1904 330 27.30% 704 58.23% 175 14.47%
1900 286 24.42% 876 74.81% 9 0.77%
1896 231 15.24% 1,269 83.71% 16 1.06%


Education[edit]

School districts serving portions of the county:[16]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Cleveland County". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  10. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Cleveland County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
  14. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  15. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  16. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Cleveland County, AR." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 15, 2017.
  17. ^ "Arkansas Governor Harvey Parnell". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 21, 2012.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°53′50″N 92°10′12″W / 33.89722°N 92.17000°W / 33.89722; -92.17000