Cleveland Hopkins International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Cleveland Hopkins Airport)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cleveland Hopkins International Airport
Cleveland Hopkins International Airport.svg
Cleveland Hopkins International Airport Terminal.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Cleveland
Operator Cleveland Airport System
Serves Cleveland
Location Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 791 ft / 241 m
Coordinates 41°24′42″N 081°50′59″W / 41.41167°N 81.84972°W / 41.41167; -81.84972Coordinates: 41°24′42″N 081°50′59″W / 41.41167°N 81.84972°W / 41.41167; -81.84972
Website www.clevelandairport.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
CLE is located in Ohio
CLE
CLE
Location of airport in Ohio / United States
CLE is located in the US
CLE
CLE
CLE (the US)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
6L/24R 9,000 2,743 Concrete
6R/24L 9,956 3,034 Concrete
10/28 6,018 1,834 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Aircraft operations 119,268
Total passengers 9,140,445 Increase[3]
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[4] and CLE airport.[5]

Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (IATA: CLE, ICAO: KCLE, FAA LID: CLE) is a public airport located in Cleveland, Ohio, nine miles (14 km) southwest of the downtown area and adjacent to the Glenn Research Center, one of NASA's ten major field centers.[4] It is the primary airport serving Greater Cleveland and Northeast Ohio, the largest and busiest airport in Ohio, and the 43rd busiest airport in the United States by passenger number. Hopkins has been a focus city for both Frontier Airlines and United Airlines since 2014. It offers non-stop passenger service to 53 destinations with 170 peak daily departures, and is the only airport in Ohio that offers non-stop transatlantic flights to Europe. Cleveland Hopkins is operated by the Cleveland Department of Port Control, which also includes Burke Lakefront Airport located downtown.

In 2018, Airports Council International ranked Cleveland Hopkins the most improved North American airport in the 2017 Airport Service Quality Survey.[6]

History[edit]

Cleveland Hopkins is of particular importance to the history of commercial air travel due to a number of first-in-the-world innovations that would eventually become the global standard. Founded in 1925, it was the first municipality-owned facility of its kind in the United States.[7] It was the site of the first air traffic control tower, the first ground-to-air radio control system, and the first airfield lighting system, all in 1930; and it was the first U.S. airport to be directly connected to a local or regional rail transit system, in 1968. It was also the first airport to employ a two-level terminal design separating arrivals from departures. The airport was named after its founder, former city manager William R. Hopkins, on his 82nd birthday in 1951.

First closure of United hub and establishment of Continental hub[edit]

United Airlines established its eastern-most domestic hub in Cleveland after World War II, which it maintained until the mid-1980s, when it closed its Cleveland hub and moved capacity to a new hub at Washington–Dulles. Following the closure of the United hub, Continental Airlines (which at the time was a separate carrier and lacked a Midwest hub) responded by adding capacity to Cleveland, as did USAir, which was the dominant carrier at the airport from 1987 until the early 1990s.[8] While USAir soon reduced its schedule from Cleveland, Continental substantially increased its hub capacity, becoming the airport's largest tenant and eventually accounting for upwards of 60 percent of passenger traffic. Continental and the airport both made substantial operational and capital investments in the airport's infrastructure. In 1992, the airport completed a $50 million renovation of Concourse C, which housed all of Continental's flights. The renovation included the installation of a continuous skylight, a Continental President's Club lounge, and a new Baggage Claim area.[9] In 1999, the airport completed an $80 million expansion that included the construction of the new Concourse D (now closed), which was built to accommodate Continental Express and Continental Connection flights.

Continental—United merger and second closure of United hub[edit]

In 2010, Continental and United Airlines announced that they would merge operations.[10] The merger prompted concerns that a post-merger United would reduce or close its hub in Cleveland and instead route passengers through the new United's nearby hubs at O'Hare Airport in Chicago and Dulles Airport in Washington.[11][12] On November 10, 2010, Continental CEO Jeff Smisek stated in a speech in Cleveland that "Cleveland needs to earn its hub status every day" and added that overall profitability would be the determining factor in whether the new United kept or closed the Cleveland hub.[13]

United continued to reduce its capacity in Cleveland following the merger, which already had been substantially reduced in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis.[14] On February 1, 2014, United announced that the airline would shut down its Cleveland hub, stating as justification that the airline's hub at Cleveland "hasn't been profitable for over a decade." [15] By June 5, 2014, United Airlines effectively terminated its hub operation at the airport, reducing its daily departures by more than 60%.[16] United also closed Concourse D and consolidated all of its remaining operations in Concourse C, although it is required to continue to pay the airport $1,112,482 a month in rent for the facility until 2027.[17]

Post-hub history[edit]

The airport initially experienced a sharp decline in passenger counts following the closure of United's hub in 2014. Several other airlines, however, increased their service to Cleveland in subsequent years. Frontier Airlines significantly increased its service to the airport and declared Cleveland a focus city.[1] Other low-cost airlines such as Spirit Airlines and Allegiant Air began new service to the airport as well, and existing airlines such as American, Delta, and Southwest also increased their number of daily flights and destinations. As a result, by 2017 the airport's passenger count exceeded levels achieved during the last full year that United maintained a hub in Cleveland.

Despite the closure of its hub, as of 2017 United still maintained roughly 1,200 employees in Greater Cleveland, including a flight attendant base and maintenance facilities.[18] Regional airline CommutAir, which flies exclusively on behalf of United Express, is headquartered in nearby North Olmsted.[19]

Operational history[edit]

In 2016, Cleveland Hopkins had 120,687 total aircraft operations, averaging 330 per day. 65% of aircraft operations were scheduled commercial, 27% were air taxi, 8% were general aviation and less than 1% were military. 52 aircraft are based at the airport, including 32 jet, 3 single engine, 7 multi-engine, and 10 military aircraft.[4]

North American international service[edit]

Intercontinental service[edit]

Additionally, Airport Director Robert Kennedy stated in 2018 that Cleveland is on a very short list for a flight to mainland Europe, although he declined to name the carrier.[21]

Former intercontinental service from Cleveland includes:

Largest Aircraft[edit]

The largest passenger aircraft that currently fly into Cleveland Hopkins include the following:

  • Dynamic Airways (Swift Air): B767 (seasonal charter)
  • Frontier: A321
  • Icelandair: B737 MAX 8
  • United: B737-900
  • WOW air: A321

Numerous widebody cargo aircraft currently operate in Cleveland Hopkins, including:

  • FedEx Express: A300, A310
  • UPS Airlines: A300, 767, MD-11

Airfield, facilities, and terminal[edit]

Satellite view of the airport.
A former American Eagle counter at gate A3 in concourse A.
Hopkins airport is known for its fanciful giant "paper" airplane sculptures located in the underground walkway between Concourses C and D (now closed to the public).

Runways[edit]

Cleveland Hopkins covers an area of 1,717 acres (695 ha) and has three runways:[4]

  • 6R/24L: 9,956 x 150 ft. (3,034 x 46 m) concrete
  • 6L/24R: 9,000 x 150 ft. (2,743 x 46 m) concrete
  • 10/28: 6,018 x 150 ft. (1,834 x 46 m) asphalt/concrete

The older parallel runway, Runway 6C/24C, was 7,096 x 150 ft. (2163 x 46 m). It has been decommissioned as a runway, its width narrowed, and it is now designated Taxiway C. The word "TAXI" is written in large yellow letters on each end of the taxiway to discourage approaching aircraft from using it as a runway.

Facilities[edit]

Cleveland Hopkins is home to both crew and maintenance bases for United Airlines.[28] It also hosts crew and maintenance bases for ExpressJet, the latter of which services the Embraer ERJ 145 family of jets flown on behalf of United Express.[29]

The airport is also home to one of five kitchens operated by airline catering company Chelsea Food Services, a subsidiary of United Airlines.

Cleveland Airmall, a unit of Fraport USA, manages the retail and dining locations at the airport. Tenants include Johnston & Murphy, Great Lakes Brewing Company, Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Museum Store, Bar Symon, and Sunglass Hut.[30]

The airport has two lounges: a United Club in Concourse C and an Airspace Lounge near the entrance to Concourse B in the Main Terminal.

Passenger Terminal[edit]

Cleveland Hopkins consists of one passenger terminal, which is divided into four concourses:

  • Concourse A (gates A1–A12, A14) houses Allegiant Air, Frontier Airlines, Icelandair, Spirit Airlines, WOW air, charters, and all international arrivals. It also houses the airport's Federal Inspection Services (FIS) customs and border protection facility. Originally known as "North Concourse", it was opened in 1962 and rebuilt in 1978.
  • Concourse B (gates B1–B11) houses Delta Air Lines and Southwest Airlines. It was built in 1966 as the first extension pier to the airport, and was rebuilt and expanded from 1982 until January 1983.
  • Concourse C (gates C1–C12, C14, and C16–C29) houses Air Canada Express, American Airlines, JetBlue and all United Airlines services, except for international arrivals which are handled in Concourse A. Originally known as "South Concourse", it opened in 1968 and was renovated in 1992.
  • Concourse D (gates D2–D12, D14, D17, D21, D25, and D28) has been vacant since June 5, 2014, when United closed its gates and consolidated all operations to Concourse C.[31] Built in 1999, it is a separate terminal connected to Concourse C by an underground walkway. Although capable of handling larger jets such as the Boeing 737,[32] it exclusively handled smaller regional aircraft during its operation. Concourse D contains 12 jet bridge gates and 24 ramp loading positions.[32]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Air Canada Express Toronto–Pearson [33]
Allegiant Air Orlando/Sanford, Punta Gorda (FL), Savannah, St. Petersburg/Clearwater
Seasonal: Austin, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Walton Beach, Jacksonville (FL), Myrtle Beach
[34]
American Airlines Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Philadelphia [35]
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Miami, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National [35]
Apple Vacations Charter: Punta Cana
Seasonal charter: Cancún
[36]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City [37]
Delta Connection Detroit, Hartford, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Raleigh/Durham
Seasonal: Orlando
[37]
Frontier Airlines Cancún, Denver, Fort Myers, Las Vegas, Orlando, San Diego, Tampa
Seasonal: Austin, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Punta Cana (begins January 6, 2019),[38] Raleigh/Durham, San Antonio, Sarasota (begins December 10, 2018),[39] Seattle/Tacoma, West Palm Beach (begins November 15, 2018)
[40]
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík [41]
JetBlue Airways Boston, Fort Lauderdale [42]
Southwest Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Denver, Las Vegas, Milwaukee, Nashville, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, St. Louis
Seasonal: Fort Myers, New Orleans, Orlando
[43]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, New Orleans, Orlando
Seasonal: Boston, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Myers, Myrtle Beach, Tampa
[44]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, Orlando, San Francisco
Seasonal: Cancún, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, San Juan, Washington–Dulles
[45]
United Express Boston, Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, New York–LaGuardia, Newark, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National
Seasonal: Charleston (SC)
[45]
Vacation Express Seasonal charter: Montego Bay, Punta Cana [46]
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík [47]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Castle Aviation Akron/Canton, Hamilton
FedEx Express Columbus–Rickenbacker, Indianapolis, Memphis, Newark
Seasonal: Buffalo, Flint
FedEx Feeder Erie
UPS Airlines Chicago/Rockford, Louisville

Statistics[edit]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from CLE (May 2017 – April 2018)[48]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Atlanta, Georgia 449,460 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit
2 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 432,670 American, United
3 Denver, Colorado 223,280 Frontier, Southwest, United
4 Orlando, Florida 215,240 Delta, Frontier, Spirit, Southwest, United
5 Charlotte, North Carolina 203,250 American, Frontier
6 Las Vegas, Nevada 188,610 Frontier, Southwest, Spirit
7 Chicago–Midway, Illinois 187,850 Southwest
8 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 172,840 American, Spirit
9 New York–LaGuardia, New York 162,820 American, Delta, United
10 Boston, Massachusetts 149,610 JetBlue, Spirit, United
Busiest international routes from CLE
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Toronto–Pearson, Canada 79,883 (2017) [49] Air Canada Express
2 Cancún, Mexico 39,947 (2016) [50] Frontier, United
3 Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 20,969 (2016)[51] Frontier, Dynamic International Airways

Annual passenger traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at CLE, 1999 through 2018[52]
Year Passengers Change (%) Notes
1999 13,020,285 Steady Concourse D opens; Continental increases flights and destinations from Cleveland
2000 13,288,059 Increase 2.1%
2001 11,864,411 Decrease 10.7% September 11th terrorist attacks
2002 10,795,270 Decrease 9.0%
2003 10,555,387 Decrease 2.2%
2004 11,264,937 Increase 6.7%
2005 11,463,391 Increase 1.8%
2006 11,321,050 Decrease 1.2% Continental announces multi-billion dollar expansion in Cleveland
2007 11,459,390 Increase 1.2% Great Recession begins
2008 11,106,196 Decrease 3.1% Continental discontinues Paris route and several domestic destinations
2009 9,715,604 Decrease 12.5% Continental discontinues London route; Great Recession ends
2010 9,492,455 Decrease 2.3% Continental and United announce merger
2011 9,176,824 Decrease 3.3%
2012 9,004,983 Decrease 1.9% Continental and United merger completes
2013 9,072,126 Increase 0.7% First year of passenger growth since the Great Recession
2014 7,609,404 Decrease 16.1% United dehubs Cleveland; Concourse D closes; Frontier names Cleveland a focus city
2015 8,100,073 Increase 6.4% JetBlue and Spirit enter Cleveland market
2016 8,422,676 Increase 4.0%
2017 9,140,445 Increase 8.5% Allegiant enters Cleveland market; passenger traffic exceeds last full year of United hub
2018[53] 4,671,689 (Through June 30, 2018) Increase 7.7% WOW Air and Icelandair enter Cleveland market

Ground transportation[edit]

Public transit[edit]

Cleveland RTA at the airport station
Airport welcome sign

The airport is connected to the Cleveland Rapid Transit system. Passengers can board Red Line trains at the airport's Rapid Transit station beneath the terminal. The one-way fare to any station on the line is $2.50. During late night and early morning hours, service is provided by the #22 Lorain bus from the airport to Downtown Cleveland. The airport also offers a dedicated taxi service of 110 vehicles.[54]

Rental cars[edit]

Rental car operations are located at a consolidated rental car facility off the airport property. Shuttle services are provided between the airport and the facility.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On May 24, 1938, a United Air Lines twin-engined prop flying from Newark to Chicago via Cleveland crashed on approach to Hopkins killing all seven passengers and three crew members on board.[55]
  • On November 3, 1970, Jane Fonda was arrested by police at the airport after getting into a scuffle with law enforcement officers. U.S. Customs agents busted her at the time having over a hundred vials of pills in her possession. Charges were later dropped after it was found the pills were vitamins and prescription pills.
  • On September 14, 1972, hundreds of thousands of earthworms crawled onto the airport's longest runway. After several pilots complained that the worms caused poor braking, the airport closed the runway in order to sweep the worms away. Officials said heavy rains brought the worms to the surface on ground surrounding the runway.[56]
  • On January 4, 1985, an armed 42-year-old Cleveland woman named Oranette Mays hijacked Pan Am flight 558, a Boeing 727 scheduled to fly from Cleveland to New York City's John F. Kennedy International Airport. During the boarding process for the flight in Cleveland, Mays shot her way onto the plane, shooting and injuring a USAir employee who tried to stop her in the process. Mays then commandeered the plane, took 7 hostages (including an 8-month-old baby), and demanded to be taken to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. After a 6-hour stand-off, a SWAT team made up of Cleveland police and FBI agents stormed the plane. Mays and an officer were shot before police were able to arrest Mays.[57]
  • On January 6, 2003, a Continental Express Embraer ERJ-145LR overran the runway upon landing from Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, CT. The airplane continued beyond the departure end, on extended runway centerline, and struck the ILS runway 6 localizer antenna. It came to rest with the nose about 600 feet (180 m) beyond the end of the runway. The nose landing gear had collapsed rearward and deformed the forward pressure bulkhead.[58]
  • On April 27, 2006, police confronted a man with a handgun at the United Airlines ticket counter. The man shot and critically wounded an police officer before being shot and killed by another officer.
  • On February 18, 2007, at 3:14 pm, a Shuttle America Embraer 170 operating as Delta Connection flight 6448 from Atlanta skidded off snow-covered runway 28 and crashed through a fence. None of the 70 passengers and four crew on board were injured.
  • On January 10, 2010, the airport lost power for more than seven hours after a transformer exploded at about 6:50 am. All power inside the terminal was lost and air traffic was halted; however the control tower, runways, and taxiways remained lit, powered by backup generators. About 800 people were affected by the loss of power, and most flights didn't resume until 3:00 pm. According to a spokesperson, the transformer exploded due to a buildup of road salt, causing corrosion.[59]
  • On December 9, 2012, a shooting occurred at approximately 11:28 am in the Riveredge employee parking lot. A male was pronounced dead at the scene while a female was pronounced dead at MetroHealth hospital.[60][61]
  • On February 22, 2013, a Boeing 737 operating as United Airlines flight 1639, skidded off the taxiway after landing due to poor conditions on the runway. None of the 103 passengers and crew were injured.[62]
  • On May 2, 2018, a Boeing 737 operating as Southwest Airlines flight 957 from Chicago to Newark made a diversion to Cleveland Hopkins after the outer layer of a cabin window fractured mid-air. None of the 76 passengers or crew on board were injured.

Controversies[edit]

Ground Transportation Center[edit]

In May 2015, the airport moved the pick-up and drop off location for most shuttles to the former limo lot, requiring most passengers to take two escalators underneath the former shuttle parking in the arrivals lane at the airport. Originally meant to be a temporary fix, the airport made the Ground Transportation Center a permanent fixture in May 2017. This angered many travelers, who complained on various social media platforms, as well as local media outlets, garnering negative publicity for the airport's plans.[63]

Parking[edit]

In May 2013, the airport demolished its aging, 2,600-space Long Term Garage, replacing it with a 1,000 space surface lot for $24M.[64] This in turn created a parking shortage, and daily lot closings when parking lots would become full. The airport's Twitter account became a daily update of parking closures at the airport. The airport converted the Short Term Garage to a so-called Smart Garage, and valet parking garage. The airport eliminated its free half-hour courtesy parking perk, and began to charge $3 for a half-hour.[65]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ a b Ben Mutzabaugh, USA TODAY (March 21, 2014). "Frontier Airlines tabs Cleveland as newest focus city". USA TODAY. 
  2. ^ "With Frontier And Spirit Launching Focus City Operations In Cleveland How Long Will United's Focus City Operations Last? - DansDeals.com". September 24, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Cleveland Hopkins airport passenger traffic grows 8.5 percent in 2017, surpasses United hub years". 
  4. ^ a b c d FAA Airport Master Record for CLE (Form 5010 PDF), effective July 5, 2007
  5. ^ "History". CLE Going Places - Cleveland Hopkins Airport. 
  6. ^ https://plus.google.com/+travelandleisure/posts. "This Midwestern Airport Was Just Named 'Most Improved'". Travel + Leisure. Retrieved 2018-03-09. 
  7. ^ Airport History Archived November 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "US Air Wants Mini-Hub in Cleveland". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. February 23, 1987. Retrieved July 5, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Continental Airlines Concourse C". Robert P. Madison International. Archived from the original on July 8, 2004. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  10. ^ Smisek, Jeffrey A. (October 1, 2010). "What Does the Merger Mean for You". Continental Airlines. Archived from the original on October 3, 2010. Retrieved October 1, 2010. 
  11. ^ O'Donnell, Paul (June 19, 2008). "Continental, United Agree to Link Airline Networks". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved June 19, 2008. 
  12. ^ Koenig, David (April 7, 2009). "DOT Plans to OK Continental Joining Star Alliance". USA Today. Retrieved April 30, 2010. 
  13. ^ Miller, Jay (November 10, 2010). "United Airlines CEO Smisek Says Cleveland Must 'Earn Its Hub Status Every Day'". Crain's Cleveland Business. Retrieved July 5, 2012. 
  14. ^ Ramsey, Mike (September 28, 2011). "Airline Mergers Leave Airports Off the Radar". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 28, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Excite News - United Airlines drops Cleveland as hub airport". 
  16. ^ "Frontier Airlines continues push from Cleveland as Dulles fires up. Now for?: US ULCCs Part 2". 
  17. ^ "What will become of Concourse D after United Airlines cuts regional flights at Cleveland Hopkins International Airport?". cleveland.com. 
  18. ^ "United Airlines commemorates 90 years of ups and downs in Cleveland (photos)". 
  19. ^ "Regional airline adding new headquarters to existing North Olmsted operation". 
  20. ^ "Icelandair Connects Cleveland to Europe - Icelandair". www.icelandair.us. 
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 5, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2018. 
  22. ^ Bennett, Marcia (June 24, 1982). "Button-Box Band Tours Slovenia". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 5, 2012. 
  23. ^ "1985/86: JAT Yugoslav Airlines Long-haul Network". Routes Online. Retrieved July 5, 2012. 
  24. ^ "From Aeroput to JAT Airways". JAT Airlines. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved July 5, 2012. 
  25. ^ "Continental Airlines Launches First Ever Non-Stop Transatlantic Service Between Cleveland and London" (Press release). Continental Airlines. June 29, 1999. 
  26. ^ Grant, Alison (December 3, 2009). "Continental Airlines Cancels Non-Stop Seasonal Flights From Cleveland to London". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved April 30, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Continental: Cleveland-London nonstop is gone for good". USA Today. December 4, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2010. 
  28. ^ "United Technical Operations". www.unitedtechops.com. 
  29. ^ "Fact sheet". expressjet.com. 
  30. ^ "CLE Going Places - Cleveland Hopkins Airport". CLE Going Places - Cleveland Hopkins Airport. 
  31. ^ "United vacating Cleveland airport concourse". The Washingtion Times. 
  32. ^ a b "Continental Airlines Unveils State-of-the-Art Aviation Facility in Cleveland" (Press release). Continental Airlines. May 13, 1999. Retrieved July 5, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Flight Schedules". Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  34. ^ "Allegiant Air". Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  35. ^ a b "Flight schedules and notifications". Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  36. ^ "Cleveland, OH Flight Schedule". Apple Vacations. Retrieved June 14, 2016. 
  37. ^ a b "FLIGHT SCHEDULES". Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  38. ^ https://www.cleveland.com/travel/index.ssf/2018/08/frontier_airlines_adding_cleve.html
  39. ^ "Frontier adds two Florida airports in 11-route expansion". Retrieved 15 August 2018. 
  40. ^ "Frontier". Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  41. ^ "Flight Schedule". Retrieved 9 January 2018. 
  42. ^ "JetBlue Airlines Timetable". Retrieved January 29, 2017. 
  43. ^ "Check Flight Schedules". Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  44. ^ "Where We Fly". Retrieved January 29, 2017. 
  45. ^ a b "Timetable". Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  46. ^ "Flight Schedule". Retrieved March 29, 2017. 
  47. ^ "WOW Air, known for $99 Europe fares, adds four new U.S. cities". USA Today. Retrieved August 23, 2017. 
  48. ^ "Cleveland, OH: Cleveland-Hopkins International (CLE)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved July 16, 2018. 
  49. ^ http://www.cleveland.com/travel/index.ssf/2018/04/cleveland_hopkins_numbers_sinc.html
  50. ^ "Air carrier operational statistics". Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. January 2017. Archived from the original on October 16, 2016. Retrieved February 16, 2017. 
  51. ^ (PDF) http://www.jac.gob.do/transparencia/images/docs/estadisticas/Informe%20Estad%C3%ADstico%20sobre%20el%20Transporte%20A%C3%A9reo%20en%20Rep%C3%BAblica%20Dominicana%202016.pdf.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  52. ^ "History". CLE Going Places - Cleveland Hopkins Airport. 
  53. ^ http://www.crainscleveland.com/article/20180720/news/169086/cleveland-hopkins-international-airport-passenger-volume-keeps-rising.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  54. ^ "Taxis". Cleveland Airport System. Retrieved June 28, 2018. 
  55. ^ "Ship Crashes to Earth in Sight of Cleveland Airport". Evening Independent. May 25, 1938. Retrieved July 5, 2012. 
  56. ^ "Earthworms Stop Air Traffic in Cleveland". Milwaukee Journal. Cleveland. September 16, 1972. Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  57. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1985-01-05/news/mn-11484_1_swat-team-officer
  58. ^ "N16571 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  59. ^ "Power Back on at Cleveland Airport". CNN. January 10, 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2010. 
  60. ^ Richards, Leah (December 9, 2012). "Cleveland Hopkins International Airport employee parking lot shooting under investigation". News Net 5. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012. Retrieved December 9, 2012. 
  61. ^ "Police: Airport security officer killed in Ohio". Associated Press. December 10, 2012. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  62. ^ Nist, Cassandra (February 22, 2013). "No injuries reported after United plane slides off taxiway at Cleveland Hopkins Airport". WEWS-TV. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  63. ^ "Travelers are unhappy with new Cleveland Hopkins International Airport shuttle stops". 
  64. ^ "Cleveland Hopkins alters parking plans to keep option of expanding garage (photos)". 
  65. ^ "Cleveland Hopkins airport opens new overflow parking lot with garage nearing capacity". 

External links[edit]