|Cleveland Metroparks System|
The Chagrin River as viewed from The South Chagrin Reservation
|Type||Public park district|
|Location||Greater Cleveland, Ohio, United States|
|Area||21,000 acres (8,500 ha)|
|Operated by||Cleveland Metroparks Board of Park Commissioners|
Cleveland Metroparks is an extensive system of nature preserves in Greater Cleveland, Ohio. The various reservations, which largely encircle the city of Cleveland, tend to follow the rivers and creeks that flow through the region. Referred to unofficially as the 'Emerald Necklace', the network of parks spans over 21,000 acres (8,500 ha) and includes hundreds of miles of walking, bicycle, and horse trails as well as numerous picnic areas, nature education centers, golf courses, and countless fishing spots. In addition, the district includes the zoo in Cleveland. Several of the reservations are adjacent to Cuyahoga Valley National Park.
While the majority of the reservations are in the suburbs of Cuyahoga County, Brookside Reservation is located within the city of Cleveland. Additionally, three of the reservations are either partially or entirely situated outside Cuyahoga County: a portion of North Chagrin Reservation is in Lake County; a small portion of Bradley Woods Reservation is in Lorain County; the Hinckley Reservation is in Hinckley Township in Medina County.
The genesis of the Cleveland Metropolitan Park System began with a vision by William Albert Stinchcomb in the early 20th century. A self-taught engineer working as a surveyor for the City of Cleveland in 1895, Stinchcomb was appointed chief engineer of the City Parks Department by Mayor Tom Johnson in 1902, and shortly thereafter began to conceptualize an Emerald Necklace for the city. Stinchcomb lobbied the Ohio legislature to amend the state constitution so as to permit the authorization of natural resource conservation at the county level in 1913. However, the Ohio Supreme Court overturned Cuyahoga County's new park law unconstitutional. Unflappable in his pursuit, Stinchcomb then went back to Columbus lobbying for new legislation allowing for the establishment of what was to become the Metropolitan Park District, which is today the oldest metropolitan park district in Ohio.
In 1915, Stinchcomb received the break that would finally launch his ambitious goal. While serving as Cuyahoga County engineer, he was approached by city council and offered an appointment to be a consulting engineer on what was eventually to become the Cleveland Metropolitan Park District board—the same board he'd lobbied for two years prior. Stinchcomb accepted and, at the urging of city council, immediately hired the renowned landscape architectural firm, the Olmsted Brothers. The group immediately went to work drawing up plans for a system of connecting parks as well as the acquisition of land and resources. The proposed Cuyahoga County Park and Boulevard System, which included a parkway encircling the Cleveland area, following various creeks and rivers in the area, was the framework of what would become the Metroparks system today.
Stinchcomb returned to the Statehouse in 1917, this time as an officer of the newly formed Metropolitan Park District board, and proposed a bill that would authorize the Metropolitan Park District board to levy a .1 mill tax to fund the district's operations. This was followed shortly after by the authorization of a second .1 mill tax to fund of property acquisition By 1921, the fledgling Park District had acquired the land that would become the Rocky River and Big Creek reservations, most of which was donated. Between 1920 and 1930, the system grew through the investment of capital from its tax levies. Purchased at the cost of approximately $4 million, land for the Hinckley, Brecksville, Bedford, South Chagrin, North Chagrin and Euclid Creek reservations increased the district's holdings from just over 100 acres to more than 9,000 within the span of a decade.
The Metroparks today
With free admission and virtually unlimited access during daylight hours, the Metroparks 21,000+ acres are a widely popular destination for runners, hikers, cyclists, boaters, and fishermen and nature enthusiasts. A major source of outdoor recreation in the region, official attendance figures recorded 16,855,908 recreational visitors to the system's 16 reservations and the zoo in 2010, making the system one of the most visited attractions in the state of Ohio. The eight Metroparks golf courses, one of the few amenities that do incur a fee, attract over 400,000 golfers annually. With varying amenities, terrains and geographical features, each park is unique. Some amenities, such as the toboggan chutes at Mill Stream Run reservation's Chalet, are found nowhere else in the entire State of Ohio.
The Cleveland Metroparks are patrolled by the Ranger Department. The departments primary goal is to provide a safe environment for the millions of visitors to the park system. The Ranger Department is a full service law enforcement agency with state-certified police officers. Rangers patrol Metroparks reservations 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, enforcing both traffic and criminal laws including wildlife violations. The department was founded in 1917. Today the Cleveland Metroparks Rangers utilize several specialized police units including; K-9 Unit, Mounted Unit, Dive Team, Detective Bureau, Bicycle unit, Traffic Unit, Special Operations, and a Subject Control team. 
|Reservation||Acreage (Hectares)||Notes||Park Amenities||Park Map|
|Acacia||115 acres (47 ha)||Located in Lyndhurst, the west branch of Euclid Creek flows northwest through Acacia Reservation to join the main creek branch in Euclid Creek Reservation.||Trails, Event hosting.||map|
|Bedford||2,206 acres (893 ha)||Located in Bedford and Valley View, along Tinker's Creek. Features include Shawnee Hills Golf Course and Tinker's Gorge, which has been named a National Natural Landmark.||Trails, cross country skiing, and National Audubon Society's Bird Area Program.||map|
|Big Creek||781 acres (316 ha)||Located in five Cleveland suburbs, running from Brookpark Road, near Hauserman Road and I-480, south to Whitney Road, below the Ohio Turnpike/I-80. Highlights include Lake Isaac, Beyer's Pond wildlife sanctuary, and the Lake to Lake Trail, all three in Middleburg Heights.||Trails, cross country skiing, sledding.||map|
|Bradley Woods||795 acres (322 ha)||Located in North Olmsted and Westlake, Bradley Woods is situated on what was originally a quarry for Berea Sandstone. Today, the area has become a forest of red maples, sour gums[disambiguation needed], tulip trees, yellow birches and pin oaks.||Trails, cross country skiing, fishing.||map|
|Brecksville||3,494 acres (1,414 ha)||Located in Brecksville, the reservation includes the Sleepy Hollow Golf Course and seven distinct gorges, of which the Chippewa Creek Gorge is the most notable. The Squire Rich Historical Museum is located on the western edge of the park, managed by the Brecksville Historical Society.||Golf, Hiking and cross country skiing trails, outdoor education facility, sledding, stables, and a National Audubon Society Bird Area Program.||map|
|Brookside||145 acres (59 ha)||Originally a neighborhood park in the City of Cleveland, it became part of the Metroparks in 1993. It is immediately adjacent to fellow Metropark installation, the Cleveland Metroparks Zoo. Brookside hosts numerous baseball and football fields and a wildlife area. Big Creek, the largest tributary of the Cuyahoga River, flows through the northern border of the park.||Trails, cross country skiing.||map|
|Cleveland Metroparks Zoo||165 acres (67 ha)||
Main article: Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
|Over a million visitors annually, it is Ohio's largest Zoo.||map|
|Euclid Creek||345 acres (140 ha)||Located in Euclid, South Euclid and Richmond Heights, was originally the site of a massive Bluestone quarry. Today, the original reservation is a sanctuary for wildlife and provides a wooded passage from the Heights area down into Euclid. As of a June, 2013 transfer of management from the state to the Park District of properties formerly part of the Cleveland Lakefront State Park, the reservation was expanded to include Euclid Beach Park and the Wildwood-Villa Angela properties with their associated marina and yacht club.||Trails for hiking, horseback riding, cross country skiing and sledding hills.||map|
|Garfield Park||213 acres (86 ha)||Located in Garfield Heights it was originally named Newburg Park dating back to 1895. In 1986, it was leased to the Metroparks system and was renamed Garfield Park. Its main feature is Mill Creek.||Trails for hiking and cross country skiing, as well as an outdoor education facility.||map|
|Hinckley||2,682 acres (1,085 ha)||Located in Hinckley Township in Medina County, the reservation is known for the famous 'Annual Return of the Buzzards' as well as Hinckley Lake and its network of glacial ledges, some of which exceed elevations of 350 feet.||Hiking and cross country skiing trails, boating, swimming, fishing, sledding hills, and National Audubon Society's Bird Area Program.||map|
|Huntington||103 acres (42 ha)||Located in Bay Village on Lake Erie, Huntington is one of two Metroparks with lakefront access (the other being Rocky River). It is also the location for three Metroparks affiliates: The Lake Erie Nature & Science Center and Schuele Planetarium, the Huntington Playhouse and the BAYarts community art campus.||Hiking and cross country skiing trails, fishing, outdoor education facility, sledding, swimming, and National Audubon Society's Bird Area Program.||map|
|Lakefront||419 acres (170 ha)||Composed of several previously state-run parks along the Lake Erie shoreline that the Metroparks assumed supervision of in 2013. Features include numerous beaches, boat ramps, fitness trails, fishing piers, and swimming areas.||Boat ramps, trails, fishing.||map|
|Mill Stream Run||3,189 acres (1,291 ha)||Added to the system in 1976, this is the largest reservation in the Emerald Necklace. Mill Stream Run is situated along the east branch of the Rocky River and spanning Berea, Middleburg Heights, North Royalton and Strongsville, .||Hiking trails, cross country skiing, fishing, outdoor education facility, sledding, toboggan chutes and National Audubon Society's Bird Area Program.||map|
|North Chagrin||2,140 acres (870 ha)||Located in Mayfield Village, Gates Mills and Willoughby Hills, the North Chagrin Reservation straddles Cuyahoga and Lake Counties and like its smaller neighbor to the south, follows a part of the Chagrin River. While it is the home to the historic Manakiki Golf Course, the reservation's arguably most notable man-made attraction is Squire's Castle.||Golf, trails, cross country skiing, fishing, golf course, outdoor education facility, sledding, and National Audubon Society's Bird Area Program.||map|
|Ohio & Erie Canal||312 acres (126 ha)||Opened in 1999 and stretching through Cuyahoga Heights and Valley View, the reservation follows a portion of the historic 309-mile Ohio and Erie Canal, as well as a section of the Cuyahoga River. Observation decks provide a view of myriad wildlife.||Trails, boating, cross country skiing, outdoor education facility, and National Audubon Society's Bird Area Program.||map|
|Rocky River||2,572 acres (1,041 ha)||Located in Rocky River, Berea, Brook Park, Cleveland, Fairview Park, Lakewood, North Olmsted and Olmsted Township, the reservation contains the first parcel of land secured for the establishment of the Metroparks by William A. Stinchcomb—one of the points of interest in the park, in fact, is the Stinchcomb-Grohl memorial. Rocky River reservation boasts three golf courses: Big Met, Little Met and Mastick Woods.||Golf, hiking and cross country skiing trails, boating, fishing, sledding hills, horse stables, an outdoor education facility, and a National Audubon Society Bird Area Program.||map|
|South Chagrin||1,521 acres (616 ha)||Spanning sections of Bentleyville, Solon and Moreland Hills, the reservation follows a portion of the scenic Chagrin River and features an Arboretum, a Polo Field, as well as many trails to hike and bike. Henry Church's 1885 sculpture, Squaw Rock, is one of the park's most striking man-made features as it is carved into a large slab of sandstone adjacent the river.||Trails, cross country skiing, fishing, outdoor education facility, sledding.||map|
|Washington||59 acres (24 ha)||Opened in 2003, this is smallest addition to the Metroparks system. Located in Newburgh Heights, the Washington Golf Learning Center is the most notable feature of the park.||Golf, the Horticultural Center and School, athletic fields, hiking trails and fishing.||map|
|West Creek||278 acres (113 ha)||Opened in 2006, the West Creek Reservation is the one of the newest addition to the Emerald Necklace. The park recently underwent a $12 million renovation, it is now home to the Watershed Stewardship Center.  The park, which is home to a wide variety of wildlife, meanders along its namesake, West Creek and is located in Parma.||Trails, Picnic Areas, Watershed Stweardship Center.||map|
|Golf Course||Holes||Par||Total Yardage||Summary||Features||Course Map|
|Big Met||18 Holes||Par 72||6524 Yards||Big Met Golf Course (originally named Course #1), believed to be Ohio's most played golf course, has hosted over 6,000,000 rounds of golf since it opened in 1926. .||Pro shop, snack bar, power and hand cart rental, golf club rental, practice putting greens, watered greens, continuous cart paths, tees and fairways.||map|
|Little Met||9 Holes||Par 34||2527 Yards||The first Cleveland Metroparks golf course, Little Met (originally named Course #2), was built as a temporary golf course in 1924. ||Pro shop, snack bar, power and hand cart rental, practice putting greens, watered greens, tees and fairways.||map|
|Manakiki||18 Holes||Par 72||6641 Yards||Located 17 miles east of downtown Cleveland, Manakiki Golf Course a public course. ||pro shop, golf lessons, snack bar, power and hand cart rental, golf club rental, practice putting green, short game practice area, party rooms, shower service, continuous cart paths, watered greens, tees and fairways.||map|
|Mastick Woods||9 Holes||Par 31||1900 Yards||The course layout was completed by Harry Burkhardt, the first superintendent of golf for Cleveland Metroparks, and was constructed by Park District staff in 1964.||Pro shop, snack bar, power and hand cart rental, club rental, watered greens, tees and fairways.||map|
|Seneca||18 Holes||Par 72||6524 Yards||Built by the city of Cleveland, using WPA funds, Seneca Golf Course opened on August 1, 1940. ||Pro shop, snack bar, power and hand cart rental, golf club rental, practice putting greens, watered greens, tees and fairways.||map|
|Shawnee Hills||18 Holes||Par 71||6366 Yards||27 holes, including an 18-hole regulation course and a 9-hole Par 3 course. ||pro shop, snack bar, power and hand cart rental, club rental, practice putting greens, driving range, professional golf lessons, watered greens, continuous golf cart paths, tees and fairways.||map|
|Sleepy Hollow||18 Holes||Par 71||6723 Yards||18 holes. ||pro shop, professional golf lessons, snack bar, power and hand cart rental, club rental, practice putting green, driving range, party rooms, shower service, continuous cart paths, watered greens, tees and fairways.||map|
|Washington||9 Holes||Par 29||1248 Yards||Washington Golf Course comprises majority of the of Washington Reservation. A 9-hole, par 29 golf course and 30-station driving range.||Pro shop, driving range, snack bar, power and hand cart rental, golf club rental, practice putting greens,practice chipping area, continuous cart paths, watered greens, tees and fairways.||map|
Shale cliffs along the Rocky River in the Rocky River Reservation.
- Cleveland Metroparks (2010). "Visitors Guide", Accessed: July 6, 2011.
- "Case Western Reserve University". College Town Profile. Retrieved 2011-07-06.
- American Academy for Park and Recreation Administration (2010). "William Albert Stinchcomb Cornelius Amory Pugsley Bronze Medal Award, 1940 ", Accessed: July 6, 2011.
- "Encyclopedia of Cleveland History: Stinchcomb, William Albert". Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved 2011-07-06.
- "Cleveland Metroparks". neo Naturalist.com. Retrieved 2011-07-06.
- Cleveland Metroparks (2010). "History", Accessed: July 6, 2011.
- "Cleveland Metroparks 2010 Park District Visitation: Statistics on Visitors Entering Reservations and Program & Facility Attendance" (PDF). Cleveland Metroparks. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
- "Akron Ohio News - Take an icy plunge down Chalet Toboggan Chutes". Akron.com. 2009-01-01. Retrieved 2013-04-20.
- Pathfinder; A Guide to Cleveland Metroparks; Cleveland Metroparks; Cleveland, Ohio; Sept 2006
- "Cleveland Metroparks Zoo - Virtual Tour". Clemetzoo.com. Retrieved 2013-04-20.
- Ewinger, James (June 6, 2013). "Cleveland Metroparks, State of Ohio deal means new management, new vision for lakefront parks (videos, photo gallery)". The Plain Dealer. cleveland.com - Cleveland Live LLC. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- "Squaw Rock | Solon Ohio Hikes". Trails.com. Retrieved 2013-04-20.
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