Cleveland Night Express

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The route of the Cleveland Night Express (in orange)

The Cleveland Night Express was an American named train of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) on its route between Baltimore, Maryland and Cleveland, Ohio with major station stops in Washington, D.C. and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The B&O inaugurated the Cleveland Night Express in 1915. Its discontinuation in 1962 marked the end of B&O passenger service to Cleveland.

History[edit]

The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was chartered in 1827 and grew to be one of the largest passenger railways in the United States, often by acquiring other, smaller railroads. In Cleveland the B&O purchased two local companies, the Cleveland Lorain & Wheeling Railroad and the Cleveland, Terminal & Valley Railway in 1915.[1]

From 1915 until 1962 the B&O provided overnight sleeping car service between Baltimore and Cleveland on the Cleveland Night Express. After June 1934, the Cleveland Night Express used Cleveland's Terminal Tower as its passenger station.

On February 7, 1956 the train had four passenger cars overturn in a sudden rockslide near McKeesport, Pennsylvania, no deaths occurred with only one injured.[2]

Decline and end of the train[edit]

In 1962, as railroad passenger traffic was declining nationwide, the B&O discontinued the Cleveland Night Express on December 7, 1962, which ended all B&O passenger service to Ohio's largest city, Cleveland.[1]

Schedule and equipment[edit]

In 1961, the westbound Cleveland Night Express departed Union Station (Washington, D.C.) at 9:20 p.m. daily as train # 17, arriving in Cleveland the following morning at 8:45 a.m., equipped with a Pullman sleeping car, coaches, and a lounge car having a snack bar serving what B&O described in its timetable as a "light breakfast" prior to arrival.[3]

The westbound Cleveland Night Express train # 17 made the following principal station stops, with a connecting Budd Rail Diesel Car departing at 8:10 p.m. from Baltimore, Maryland:

City Departure time
      Washington, D.C.        9:20 p.m.
      Silver Spring, Maryland        9:35 p.m.
      Harpers Ferry, West Virginia          10:29 p.m.
      Martinsburg, West Virginia      11:20 a.m.
      Cumberland, Maryland        1:05 a.m.
      Connellsville, Pennsylvania        3:35 a.m.
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania        5:15 a.m.
      Youngstown, Ohio        6:43 a.m.
      Akron, Ohio        7:45 a.m.
      Cleveland, Ohio        8:45 a.m.
source: B&O timetable, October 29, 1961[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Vantassel, David D.; John J. Grabowski. "The BALTIMORE & OHIO RAILROAD". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  2. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=lcUdAAAAIBAJ&sjid=51wEAAAAIBAJ&pg=1858%2C2593136
  3. ^ a b Baltimore & Ohio Railroad — Passenger Train Schedules, October 29, 1961.