Cleveland Night Express

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Cleveland Night Express
Overview
Service typeInter-city rail
StatusDiscontinued
LocaleMid-West/Mid-Atlantic
First service1915
Last service1962
Former operator(s)Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
Route
TerminiBaltimore, Maryland
Cleveland, Ohio
Distance travelled194.2 miles (312.5 km) (1960)
Service frequencyDaily
Train number(s)17 (westbound)
18 (eastbound)
On-board services
Seating arrangementsReclining seat coach
Sleeping arrangementsRoomettes, double bedrooms (1960)
Catering facilitiesLounge car
The route of the Cleveland Night Express (in orange)

The Cleveland Night Express was an American named train of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) on its route between Baltimore, Maryland and Cleveland, Ohio with major station stops in Washington, D.C. and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The B&O inaugurated the Cleveland Night Express in 1915. Its discontinuation in 1962 marked the end of B&O passenger service to Cleveland.

History[edit]

The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was chartered in 1827 and grew to be one of the largest passenger railways in the United States, often by acquiring other, smaller railroads. In Cleveland the B&O purchased two local companies, the Cleveland Lorain & Wheeling Railroad and the Cleveland, Terminal & Valley Railway in 1915.[1]

From 1915 until 1962 the B&O provided overnight sleeping car service between Baltimore and Cleveland on the Cleveland Night Express. After June 1934, the Cleveland Night Express used Cleveland's Union Terminal as its passenger station. At times in this period, the train was called the Baltimore-Washington-Cleveland Express westbound and Cleveland-Washington-Baltimore Express.[2]

On February 7, 1956 the train had four passenger cars overturn in a sudden rockslide near McKeesport, Pennsylvania, no deaths occurred with only one injured.[3]

Decline and end of the train[edit]

In 1962, as railroad passenger traffic was declining nationwide, the B&O discontinued the Cleveland Night Express on December 7, 1962, which ended all B&O passenger service to Ohio's largest city, Cleveland.[1]

Stations[edit]

Station State
Washington (Union Station) District of Columbia
Harpers Ferry (B&O station) West Virginia
Martinsburg
Cumberland Maryland
Connellsville Pennsylvania
Pittsburgh (P&L.E. Station)
New Castle
Youngstown (B&O Station) Ohio
Akron (Union Station)
Cleveland (Cleveland Union Terminal)

Schedule and equipment[edit]

In 1961, the westbound Cleveland Night Express departed Union Station (Washington, D.C.) at 9:20 p.m. daily as train # 17, arriving in Cleveland the following morning at 8:45 a.m., equipped with a Pullman sleeping car, coaches, and a lounge car having a snack bar serving what B&O described in its timetable as a "light breakfast" prior to arrival.[4]

The westbound Cleveland Night Express train # 17 made the following principal station stops, with a connecting Budd Rail Diesel Car departing at 8:10 p.m. from Baltimore, Maryland:

City Departure time
      Washington, D.C. (Union Station)        9:20 p.m.
      Silver Spring, Maryland (B&O station)        9:35 p.m.
      Harpers Ferry, West Virginia          10:29 p.m.
      Martinsburg, West Virginia      11:20 p.m.
      Cumberland, Maryland        1:05 a.m.
      Connellsville, Pennsylvania        3:35 a.m.
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (P&L.E. Station)        5:15 a.m.
      New Castle, Pa.        6:28 a.m.
      Youngstown, Ohio (B&O Station)        6:43 a.m.
      Akron, Ohio (Union Station)        7:45 a.m.
      Cleveland, Ohio (Cleveland Union Terminal)        8:45 a.m.
source: B&O timetable, October 29, 1961[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Vantassel, David D.; John J. Grabowski. "The BALTIMORE & OHIO RAILROAD". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Archived from the original on 2006-09-08. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
  2. ^ Official Guide of the Railways, May 1946, Baltimore & Ohio section
  3. ^ Place, John (Feb 7, 1981). "It Happened Feb. 7". The Pittsburgh Press. p. A-2.
  4. ^ a b Baltimore & Ohio Railroad — Passenger Train Schedules, October 29, 1961.