Cleveland railway line

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Cleveland line
Cleveland-railway-line-map.png
Overview
Website queenslandrail.com.au
Technical
Line length 0 km (0 mi)
Track length 37.3 km (23.2 mi)
Track gauge 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
Operating speed 0 km/h (0 mph)

The Cleveland railway line is a suburban railway line extending 37.3 kilometres (23.2 mi) east-southeast from Brisbane, the state capital of Queensland, Australia. It is part of the QR Citytrain network.

History[edit]

150hp Winton rail motor for Manly - Cleveland service, Cleveland station 1930
For more details on this topic, see Rail transport in Queensland.

Following the opening of the Wooloongabba Branch railway line from Corinda to Stanley Street in South Brisbane in 1884, calls were made for extending the line to Cleveland to serve the developing farming area. A line was surveyed, and took an indirect route to avoid hilly country and to serve Fort Lytton, a gun emplacement at the south entrance to the Brisbane River, then the major defence installation for the city.[1]

The line was opened to Manly in 1888 and extended to the first Cleveland station in 1889. An extension to the second Cleveland station opened in 1897, at which time the first Cleveland station was renamed West Cleveland (later Cleveland Central).[2]

The initial constricted terminus at Stanley St was replaced by a dual track line to South Brisbane in 1891, and the Cleveland line connection to it was realigned to junction at Park Road railway station at that time.

An extension to Redland Bay and Mount Cotton was surveyed in 1889.[3] The extension to Redland Bay was recommended by the Royal Commission into Public Works in 1922[4] but was never built.

The line from Park Road to Murarrie was duplicated on 17 June 1912, and extended to Manly in 1913.[5]

In 1960, the line from Lota to Cleveland was closed.[6] The Redland Shire Council opposed the closure, and preserved the corridor.

The opening of the Merivale Bridge in 1978 connected the Cleveland (and Beenleigh) line to the Brisbane CBD, and the line was electrified in 1982.

The line beyond Lota was rebuilt to contemporary standards (50 kg/m rail, maximum 1 in 50 (2%) grades and minimum 430m radius curves) and reopened on the original alignment to Thorneside in 1982 and the line was electrified in 1983.

The line was extended to third Cleveland station (formerly Raby Bay) in 1987, reputedly to facilitate potential extension of the line to Redland Bay in the future, being electrified upon opening. The travel time of 46 minutes compares to the steam era time of 82–86 minutes.

A third line was laid between Park Road and Lindum railway station in the 1990s as part of the Fisherman Islands line to provide a dedicated freight track to the Port of Brisbane, being dual gauge to connect to the Acacia Ridge freight Terminal and the Australian standard gauge rail network.

Line guide and services[edit]

Most services stop at all stations to Bowen Hills railway station. The typical travel time between Cleveland and Brisbane City is approximately 56 minutes (to Central). During weekday peak times, a few services run express between Morningside and Manly stations, for faster travel times for commuters working in the Brisbane central business district. Prior to 2014, an afternoon service on school days only operated express between Cleveland and Buranda stations, stopping only at Thorneside, Manly and Lota.

Cleveland line services typically continue as Shorncliffe line services.

Passengers for/from the Beenleigh and Gold Coast lines can change at Park Road; Ipswich, Springfield and Rosewood lines at Roma Street; and Airport, Doomben and Northern lines (see list below) at Central.

Cleveland railway line
showing distance from Central and ticket zone
Airtrain, Caboolture, Doomben, Ferny Grove, Nambour and Gympie North, Shorncliffe lines
2.7 km Bowen Hills(1)
Exhibition line
1.3 km Fortitude Valley(1)
0.0 km Central(1)
0.8 km Roma Street(1)
Exhibition line
Ipswich and Rosewood railway line
Pacific Motorway
Brisbane River
2.6 km South Brisbane(1)
3.6 km South Bank(1)
Gloucester Street (closed)
5.1 km Park Road(1/2)
Flyover from New South Wales North Coast line (standard gauge)
Beenleigh, Gold Coast, Tennyson lines
( Wooloongabba Branch (closed) )
Pacific Motorway
6.2 km Buranda(2)
Norman Creek
7.9 km Coorparoo(2)
9.1 km Norman Park(2)
Belmont Tramway (closed)
10.5 km Morningside(2)
12.6 km Cannon Hill(2/3)
14.3 km Murarrie(3)
Gateway Motorway
Incitec Pivot freight branch
Doboy (closed)
Bulimba (Doboy) Creek
17.4 km Hemmant(3)
19.2 km Lindum(3)
Port of Brisbane standard gauge freight line
20.8 km Wynnum North(3/4)
21.7 km Wynnum(4)
22.4 km Wynnum Central(4)

{{BS|HSTACC|24.1 km|Manly|(4)}

25.9 km Lota(4/5)
Tingalpa Creek
27.8 km Thorneside(5)
30.6 km Birkdale(5)
31.7 km Badgen (closed)
32.9 km Wellington Point(5/6)
35.6 km Ormiston(6)
36.7 km Barinia (closed)
37.3 km Cleveland (3rd, formerly Raby Bay)(6)
Ross Creek
38.6 km Cleveland Central (formerly Cleveland/West Cleveland, closed 1960)
39.8 km Cleveland (2nd, closed 1960)


References[edit]

  1. ^ Armstrong, J. & Kerr, J. 'Destination South Brisbane' ARHS 1978
  2. ^ Kerr, J. 'Triumph of Narrow Gauge' Boolarong Publications 1990
  3. ^ Plans and sections of various Queensland Railway Lines. (AA21 - YB24). Cleveland to Redland Bay and Mt. Cotton. RB 21 SHEET 2. 1889. Series 4611, Item 805633. Queensland State Archives.
  4. ^ "Redland Railway - Commission's Report - Cleveland Route Favoured". The Brisbane Courier. 29 September 1922. 
  5. ^ "The Cleveland Railway.". The Brisbane Courier. 18 June 1912. p. 4. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  6. ^ Ludlow, Peter (26 March 2007). "Moreton Bay Database". Retrieved 14 December 2007. 

External links[edit]