Cliff Shaw

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For the Canadian football player, see Cliff Shaw (Canadian football).

John Clifford Shaw (1922–9 February 1991)[1] was a systems programmer at the RAND Corporation. He is a coauthor of the first artificial intelligence program, the Logic Theorist, and was one of the developers of Information Processing Language, a programming language of the 1950s. It is considered the true "father" of the JOSS language.[2] One of the most significant events that occurred in the programming was the development of the concept of list processing by Allen Newell, Herbert A. Simon and Cliff Shaw during the development of the language IPL-V.[3] He invented the linked list, on which almost all of computer technology now depends.


  1. ^ John Clifford Shaw Papers accessed March 14, 2012
  2. ^ Wexelblat, Richard L., ed. (1981). History of Programming Languages. New York: Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-745040-8. 
  3. ^ Sammet, Jean E. (1969). Programming Languages: History and Fundamentals. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-729988-5. 

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