Clifford Pier

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Clifford Pier
Clifford Pier, Dec 05.JPG
Clifford Pier in December 2005
Typepier
LocaleCollyer Quay, Singapore
OwnerMaritime and Port Authority of Singapore (former)
The Fullerton Heritage (restaurant)
Maintained byMaritime and Port Authority of Singapore (former)
Characteristics
ConstructionWoh Hup[1]
History
DesignerFrank Dorrington Ward, Public Works Department
Opening date3 June 1933
ListedOperation Ceased
Closure date1 April 2006
CoordinatesCoordinates: 1°17′02.10″N 103°51′12.85″E / 1.2839167°N 103.8535694°E / 1.2839167; 103.8535694

Clifford Pier was a former pier located beside Collyer Quay at Marina Bay within the Downtown Core of the Central Area, Singapore. The pier, which opened in 1933, ceased operations in 2006.

In 2008 the site was converted into a restaurant, One on the Bund, with Chinese cuisine. This restaurant closed in 2014 and was replaced by another restaurant, The Clifford Pier, which offers a selection of local, Asian, and Western dishes under the operations of the Fullerton Bay Hotel.[2]

Etymology and history[edit]

The Hokkiens called the pier ang theng beh thow(Chinese: 红灯码头) meaning "red lamp harbour", and to the Malays as lampu merah (meaning “red lamp”), both referring to the red oil lamp beacon which shone over the pier at night as a warning to ships.

Before the Tanjong Pagar wharves were built in the 1850s, Johnston's Pier was the chief landing place. By the 1920s, the pier was worn out and Governor of the Straits Settlements Sir Cecil Clementi decided to build a new pier. In 1929, the plans to build Clifford pier was approved.[3]

The new pier was named Clifford Pier in memory of Sir Hugh Clifford, former Governor of the Straits Settlements. The decision to name the newly constructed pier after Sir Hugh Clifford sparked contention.[4] The Straits Settlements Association of Singapore had several correspondences with the current governor Sir Cecil Clementi appealing to retain the name of Johnston for the new pier. Persuasion failed due to the governor refusing to reverse his decision on grounds that Clifford's name was prominent in the region.[5] Several members of the public also showed displeasure at the renaming, believing that the memory of Johnston's Pier would go along with its demolition. Despite the loss of the original name, locals continued to refer to the new pier in its Hokkien and Malay names.

Clifford Pier was a landing point for immigrants and other sea passengers. The pier was later used as a terminal for tourists and day trippers who boarded small boats and ferries heading for the Southern Islands. During the annual pilgrimage season to Kusu Island, regular ferries departed from Clifford Pier to the island.

With the construction of the Marina Barrage, a dam across the Marina Channel which will convert the existing Marina Bay into a reservoir, the existing Clifford Pier has ceased operations on 1 April 2006. The Marina South Pier has been constructed at Marina South and was opened in April 2006 to replace the existing Clifford Pier. The existing 26,000 square metre Clifford Pier site including its adjacent former Customs Harbour Branch building has been safeguarded for conservation, and its surrounding land parcels are currently being developed into a retail, leisure, entertainment and hotel centre.

Architecture[edit]

Clifford Pier, Singapore
Clifford Pier's roof structure

Clifford Pier was designed by the Public Works Department, where Frank Dorrington Ward was then the Chief Architect in the 1930s. The pier has a simple but unique architecture with a roof structure comprising concrete arched trusses in a riband form. Details, such as brackets and even the fire hose cabinets, were evidently designed with much consideration.

Redevelopment[edit]

The facade of Clifford Pier, now part of the Fullerton Bay Hotel, Singapore

After 18 months of renovation costing S$6 million, the premises was leased to Calvin Yeung, a famed Hong Kong restaurateur,[6] his upscale Chinese restaurant One On The Bund was opened on the former pier on 11 December 2008. Yeung's restaurant was closed in early 2014 when its lease ended.[7]

The Clifford Pier, Fullerton Bay Hotel, Singapore

In May 2014, a new restaurant was reopened on the former pier under the same namesake The Clifford Pier, as part of the Fullerton Bay Hotel, offering a wide selection of local, Asian, and Western dishes.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Clifford Pier". Woh Hup. Retrieved 31 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Clifford Pier | Heritage | Waterfront View | Marina Bay | Event Venues | Singapore". Fullerton Bay Singapore.
  3. ^ "MODERN PIER FOR SINGAPORE". eresources.nlb.gov.sg. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  4. ^ "JOHNSTON'S PIER". eresources.nlb.gov.sg. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  5. ^ "PROTEST AGAINST RENAMING PIER". eresources.nlb.gov.sg. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  6. ^ Koh, Joan (11 June 2009). "Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 31 December 2021.
  7. ^ "One On The Bund at Clifford Pier to close". AsiaOne. 16 November 2013.

Further reading[edit]

  • National Heritage Board (2002), Singapore's 100 Historic Places, Archipelago Press, ISBN 981-4068-23-3
  • Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), Toponymics – A Study of Singapore Street Names, Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1
  • Norman Edwards, Peter Keys (1996), Singapore – A Guide to Buildings, Streets, Places, Times Books International, ISBN 9971-65-231-5
  • Lianhe Zaobao, Marina South New Clifford Pier to start operations in Apr 2006, 3 January 2006