October 12, 1890|
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
|Died||September 29, 1968
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1912-1952|
|Commands held||1st Infantry Division|
World War I
|Awards||Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star (2)
Legion of Merit (2)
Bronze Star Medal (2)
Clift Andrus (October 12, 1890 – September 29, 1968) was a highly decorated American United States Army general with the rank of major general. He is most noted for his service as a commander of 1st Infantry Division at the end of World War II.
Clift Andrus was born on October 12, 1890 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas as a son of army colonel, Edwin Proctor Andrus and his wife Marie Josephine (néé Birdwell). After attending a Shattuck-Saint Mary's in Faribault, Minnesota, Andrus began to study Civil Engineering at Cornell University as a member of the class of 1912. He left college before graduating, and entered the army in spring of 1912 with a commission as a second lieutenant in the 4th Field Artillery Regiment.
In 1914 and 1915, Andrus was assigned to the U.S.-Mexico border as part of the patrolling and security activities that preceded the Pancho Villa Expedition.
His post-war assignments included service in Trier with the Army of Occupation stationed in Germany following the Armistice, staff duty with the office of the Chief of Field Artillery, and observer and instructor with several units of the National Guard.
Andrus graduated from the Field Artillery Advanced Course in 1928, the United States Army Command and General Staff College in 1930, the United States Army War College in 1934, and the Naval War College in 1935.
Second World War
At the beginning of the World War II, Colonel Andrus was commander of the 24th Infantry Division Artillery at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii. In May 1942 he was promoted to brigadier general. Subsequently, he was transferred to the 1st Infantry Division under command of Terry de la Mesa Allen, Sr., as commander of the Division Artillery.
Life after War
In June 1946, Andrus was transferred to Fort Sill, Oklahoma, where he was appointed commander of the Field Artillery School. Andrus served until April 1949, when he was transferred to the General Staff in Washington, D.C., where he became Director of the Organization & Training Division.
Summary of Military Career
Major General Clift Andrus received numerous military decorations for bravery or distinguished service. Here is his ribbon bar:
|1st Row||Distinguished Service Cross|
|2nd Row||Army Distinguished Service Medal||Silver Star with Oak Leaf Cluster||Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster||Soldier's Medal|
|3rd Row||Bronze Star Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster||World War I Victory Medal||Army of Occupation of Germany Medal||American Defense Service Medal with Base Clasp|
|4th Row||American Campaign Medal||Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one service star||European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with eight service stars and Arrowhead device||World War II Victory Medal|
|5th Row||Army of Occupation Medal||National Defense Service Medal||Chevalier of the Legion of Honor (France)||French Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with Palm|
|6th Row||Belgian Croix de Guerre with Palm||Czechoslovak Order of the White Lion, 3rd Class||Czechoslovak War Cross 1939-1945||Soviet Order of the Patriotic War|
Dates of rank
|Second lieutenant, Regular Army: April 24, 1912|
|First lieutenant, Regular Army: July 1, 1916|
|Captain, Regular Army: May 15, 1917|
|Major, National Army: July 3, 1918|
|Lieutenant colonel, National Army: October 24, 1918|
|Major, Regular Army: July 1, 1920|
|Lieutenant colonel, Regular Army: August 1, 1935|
|Colonel, National Army: October 16, 1940|
|Colonel, Regular Army: September 1, 1941|
|Brigadier general, Army of the United States: May 22, 1942|
|Major general, Army of the United States: March 17, 1945|
|Major general, Regular Army: January 24, 1948|
- "Biography of Major-general Clift Andrus (1890 -1968), USA". generals.dk. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-09.
- Marquis Who's Who, Inc. Who Was Who in American History, the Military. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1975. P. 13 ISBN 0837932017 OCLC 657162692
- "Valor Awards for Clift Andrus". militarytimes.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-09.
- "Clift Andrus (1890–1968) – Find a Grave Memorial". findagrave.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-09.