Clifton, New Jersey
|Clifton, New Jersey|
|City of Clifton|
|Nickname(s): "The City that Cares"|
Map of Clifton in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Clifton, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 26, 1917|
|• Type||1923 Municipal Manager Law|
|• Body||City Council|
|• Mayor||James A. Anzaldi (term ends December 31, 2018)|
|• Manager||Dominick Villano|
|• Clerk||Nancy Ferrigno|
|• Total||11.397 sq mi (29.518 km2)|
|• Land||11.260 sq mi (29.164 km2)|
|• Water||0.137 sq mi (0.355 km2) 1.20%|
|Area rank||198th of 566 in state
4th of 16 in county
|Elevation||131 ft (40 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||86,334|
|• Rank||11th of 566 in state
2nd of 16 in county
|• Density||7,472.0/sq mi (2,885.0/km2)|
|• Density rank||52nd of 566 in state
4th of 16 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC−4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885188|
Clifton is a city in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 84,136, retaining its position as the state's 11th-largest municipality, as the population increased by 5,464 (+6.9%) from the 78,672 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 6,930 (+9.7%) from the 71,742 counted in the 1990 Census.
Clifton was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 26, 1917, replacing Acquackanonk Township, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier. Clifton is listed under five different ZIP Codes (07011 Main Avenue, 07012 Allwood, 07013, 07014 Delawanna and 07015).
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Economy
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Emergency services
- 7 Transportation
- 8 In popular culture
- 9 Notable people
- 10 References
- 11 External links
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 11.397 square miles (29.518 km2), including 11.260 square miles (29.164 km2) of land and 0.137 square miles (0.355 km2) of water (1.20%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Albion Place, Allwood, Athenia, Botany Village, Delawanna, Dutch Hill, Lakeview, Main Mall, Montclair Heights, Richfield, Rosemawr, Styertowne, West Clifton and Yanticaw Pond.
The city borders the municipalities of Little Falls, Passaic, Paterson and Woodland Park in Passaic County; Elmwood Park, Garfield, Lyndhurst and Rutherford in Bergen County; and Bloomfield, Montclair and Nutley in Essex County.
1930–1990 2000 2010
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 84,136 people, 30,661 households, and 21,125 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,472.0 per square mile (2,885.0/km2). There were 31,946 housing units at an average density of 2,837.1 per square mile (1,095.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.63% (58,588) White, 4.92% (4,137) Black or African American, 0.50% (419) Native American, 8.90% (7,488) Asian, 0.03% (22) Pacific Islander, 12.44% (10,464) from other races, and 3.59% (3,018) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.92% (26,854) of the population.
There were 30,661 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the city, the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.4 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 90.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $62,271 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,208) and the median family income was $76,070 (+/- $2,883). Males had a median income of $49,780 (+/- $2,391) versus $40,149 (+/- $2,057) for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,812 (+/- $1,255). About 7.2% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 78,672 people, 30,244 households, and 20,354 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,965.2 people per square mile (2,688.1/km2). There were 31,060 housing units at an average density of 2,749.9 per square mile (1,061.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.22% White, 2.89% African American, 0.24% Native American, 6.44% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.60% from other races, and 4.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.84% of the population.
There were 30,244 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the city the population was 21.6% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $50,619, and the median income for a family was $60,688. Males had a median income of $40,143 versus $32,090 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,638. About 4.3% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
The most common ancestry groups in Clifton as of 2000 were Italian American (17%), Polish American (13%), Irish American (9%) and German American (8%). Many Turkish, Albanian, and Ukrainian immigrants also live in Clifton. There are significant populations of Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, Arabs, Filipinos, Chinese, and Indians as well.
Businesses in Clifton include:
- Rutt's Hut, a hot dog restaurant, is located at the east end of Delawana Avenue. Established in 1928, it was described by Peter Applebome of The New York Times as being "on the long shortlist of the state's esteemed hot dog palaces".
- Clifton Commons, a shopping center located near Route 3, features numerous stores, restaurants and a 16-screen AMC movie theater, with a gross leasable area of 448,848 square feet (41,699.3 m2).
- Promenade Shops at Clifton is an upscale mall located on Route 3 West.
- The now defunct Linens 'n Things, bedding and home furnishings retailer, was headquartered in Clifton before its 2009 bankruptcy.
- Many low-rise office buildings, containing professional tenants such as law and accounting firms and medical practices, are found on the stretch of Clifton Avenue between City Hall (at Van Houten) and Allwood Road.
The city of Clifton is governed under the 1923 Municipal Manager Law. The government consists of a City Council comprising seven council members, with all positions elected at large in nonpartisan elections to four-terms of office on a concurrent basis. The mayor is chosen by the City Council, with the position usually given to the top vote getter in the previous election. Clifton's municipal elections are held in even numbered years, and had been held in May as required for municipalities conducting nonpartisan elections. Following the passage of a state law in 2010 allowing nonpartisan elections to be shifted to November, Clifton voters were overwhelmingly in favor of the move in a non-binding referendum held in November 2013. On December 13, 2013, the Clifton City Council voted 6-0, with one abstention, to make the move to a November election binding, which had the effect of extending the terms of all sitting council members by six months, from June 30 to December 31. Officials cited increased voter participation and reduced costs as the justifications behind supporting the shift.
As of 2016[update], Clifton's mayor is James Anzaldi, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Anzaldi had been a member of the City Council since 1978 and was first selected to be Mayor in 1990, succeeding two-term Mayor Gloria Kolodziej. Anzaldi is the first mayor in Clifton's history to be elected to six terms. Members of the City Council are Peter C. Eagler, William "Bill" Gibson, Raymond Grabowski (elected to serve an unexpired term), Steven Hatala Jr., Joseph C. Kolodziej and Lauren E. Murphy, all of whom are serving concurrent terms of office that end on December 31, 2018.
In March 2015, the City Council appointed Joseph Cupoli, the eighth-place finisher in the 2014 election, to fill the vacant seat of Matthew Grabowski, who had died in office the previous month. In the November 2015 General Election, Raymond Grabowski was elected to serve the balance of his brother's unexpired term of office, and was sworn into office after the election results were certified.
If a vacancy occurs at any time in the term, a special election is held in November of the year the seat became vacant unless it is a council election year. Since 1990, Clifton has called special elections to fill council seats three times. In 1992, councilman George Bayeux died and Richard Stockinger was elected to replace him. The next special election came in 1996 when Stockinger himself died of lung cancer, with Edward M. Welsh elected to fill his seat. In 2006, just before the new council was to be sworn in, Antonio Latona was disqualified from taking his seat due to a conflict of interest involving his work for the Clifton Fire Department and eighth-place vote getter Matt Ward was temporarily appointed to the council in Latona's place. Ward ran for his seat in the subsequent special election called for November 2007 and won the balance of the term.
Federal, state and county representation
Clifton is located in the 9th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 34th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Clifton had been part of the 8th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 34th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill (D, Montclair) and in the General Assembly by Thomas P. Giblin (D, Montclair) and Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Passaic County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large to staggered three-year terms office on a partisan basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At a reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members to serve for a one-year term. As of 2015[update], Passaic County's Freeholders are John W. Bartlett (D, 2015; Wayne), Theodore O. Best, Jr. (D, 2017; Paterson), Ronda Cotroneo (D, 2015; Ringwood), Terry Duffy (D, 2016; West Milford), and Pat Lepore (D, 2016; Woodland Park). The last seat, vacated by Hector Lora who resigned to become mayor of Passaic, is still up for discussion as of December 2016. Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Kristin M. Corrado (R, 2019), Sheriff Richard H. Berdnik (2016) and Surrogate Bernice Toledo (2016).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 44,550 registered voters in Clifton, of which 14,138 (31.7% vs. 31.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 7,542 (16.9% vs. 18.7%) were registered as Republicans and 22,851 (51.3% vs. 50.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 19 voters registered to other parties. Among the city's 2010 Census population, 52.9% (vs. 53.2% in Passaic County) were registered to vote, including 67.9% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.8% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 62.6% of the vote (18,761 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 36.3% (10,885 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (305 votes), among the 30,261 ballots cast by the city's 47,933 registered voters (310 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 63.1%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 18,260 votes (56.5% vs. 58.8% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 12,848 votes (39.8% vs. 37.7%) and other candidates with 334 votes (1.0% vs. 0.8%), among the 32,317 ballots cast by the city's 44,903 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.0% (vs. 70.4% in Passaic County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 15,597 votes (52.0% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 13,120 votes (43.8% vs. 42.7%) and other candidates with 228 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 29,971 ballots cast by the city's 41,220 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.7% (vs. 69.3% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 56.0% of the vote (9,304 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 42.8% (7,106 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (199 votes), among the 16,970 ballots cast by the city's 49,231 registered voters (361 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 34.5%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 9,080 ballots cast (49.1% vs. 50.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 8,221 votes (44.5% vs. 43.2%), Independent Chris Daggett with 786 votes (4.3% vs. 3.8%) and other candidates with 243 votes (1.3% vs. 0.9%), among the 18,483 ballots cast by the city's 43,808 registered voters, yielding a 42.2% turnout (vs. 42.7% in the county).
The Clifton Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011–12 school year, the district's 17 schools had an enrollment of 10,992 students and 790.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.91:1. Schools in the district (with 2011–12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are 14 elementary schools serving grades K-5 — School One (304 students), School Two (434), School Three (295), School Four (161), School Five (370), School Eight (219), School Nine (333), School Eleven (454), School 12 / Annex (602), School Thirteen (464), School Fourteen (331), School Fifteen (344), School Sixteen (195) and School Seventeen (553) — Christopher Columbus Middle School (1,209 students; grades 6-8), Woodrow Wilson Middle School (1,360; 6-8) and Clifton High School / Annex (3,364; 9-12).
With more than 3,300 students enrolled, Clifton High School is the largest single-facility high school in New Jersey; Elizabeth High School had more students, but they were spread over multiple campuses before the school was split into separate academies. An additional overflow site, the Clifton High School Annex, was constructed at a cost of $17 million and opened in September 2009 to accommodate 540 of the school year's 850 incoming Freshman to alleviate overcrowding.
Classical Academy Charter School of Clifton, a charter school for Clifton residents that provides an education based on the classics to students in sixth through eighth grades, was recognized in 2008 by the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program.
Private schools in Clifton include Saint Andrew the Apostle School, Saint Brendan Catholic School and Saint Philip Preparatory School, all of which are K-8 elementary schools that operate under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson.
The Clifton Police Department is a full-service department and employs 159 sworn officers, 20 public safety telecommunicators, 12 civilians and 25 part-time special officers. The department is led by Chief Mark Centurione, who was sworn into the position in May 2016.
The Clifton Fire Department operates a fleet of five engines, two ladders and two basic life support ambulances 24/7, plus a haz-mat unit; the department is led by Chief Kevin McCarthy.
Hatzolah of Passaic/Clifton EMS is a volunteer service that primarily covers the Passaic Park neighborhood of Passaic and parts of Clifton, in addition to assisting local police and EMS when requested in other parts of the city. Hatzolah operates two ambulances strategically parked throughout the community with a third on standby and available to assist neighboring chapters such as Union City and Elizabeth.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 199.94 miles (321.77 km) of roadways, of which 145.43 miles (234.05 km) were maintained by the municipality, 35.95 miles (57.86 km) by Passaic County, 14.06 miles (22.63 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 4.50 miles (7.24 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Major roadways in the city include Route 3 (which crosses from east to west along the southern portion of the city), Route 21 (along the Passaic River), Route 19 in the city's northwest and U.S. Route 46. The Garden State Parkway crosses the city, connecting Bloomfield in Essex County to the south to Elmwood Park in Bergen County in the north. Parkway interchanges 153 (signed for Route 3 and Route 46 West) / 153A (for Route 3 East) / 153B (for Route 3 and Route 46 West), 154 (for Route 46), 155 (for Clifton) / 155P (for Clifton / Paterson) and 156 (to Route 46).
NJ Transit trains at the Clifton station and Delawanna station follow the NJ Transit Main Line to Suffern and Hoboken Terminal. Until 1966, the Newark Branch of the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad served several stations in the town, Athenia (Colfax Avenue) and Allwood.
NJ Transit provides bus service on the 190, 191, 192 and 195 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, to Newark on the 13, 27 and 72 routes, and local service on the 74, 702, 703, 705, 707, 709, 744 routes.
In popular culture
- The character of Rupert Pupkin in Martin Scorsese's film The King of Comedy comes from Clifton.
- The movie Donnie Brasco, which starred Johnny Depp and Al Pacino, was filmed partially in Clifton in 1996.
- Many scenes from The Sopranos were filmed in town, including the parking lot of the Valley Regency on Valley Road, Main Memorial Park and Clifton High School. The golf scenes were filmed at the Upper Montclair Country Club.
- New York Yankee Hall of Famers Yogi Berra and Phil Rizzuto owned a bowling alley in Clifton called "Rizzuto-Berra Bowling Lanes." The alley, later known as Astro Bowl, was located in the Styertowne Shopping Center in the Allwood section of town and remained open until 1999.
- The Upper Montclair Country Club was home to the NFL Golf Classic and the Thunderbird Classic. The Sybase Classic golf tournament was held there annually until 2009.
- Baseball Hall of Famer Honus Wagner played his last two seasons (1896–1897) of minor league baseball for the Paterson Silk Sox. While the team was named Paterson, the team played their games at Doherty Field, located off of Main Avenue behind the Doherty Silk Mill.
- Clifton has an old sewerage system, accessible to intrepid urban explorers and evidently not actively maintained by any municipal authority or utility, known to some as the "Gates Of Hell." The walls are full of graffiti. The Clifton "Gates of Hell" are featured in Weird New Jersey.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Clifton include:
- Jay Alford (born 1983), defensive lineman and long snapper for the Super Bowl XLII champion New York Giants.
- Nina Arianda (born c. 1984), film and theatrical actress.
- William J. Bate (1934–2011), politician who served as a state senator, assemblyman, and judge.
- Jonathan Borrajo (born 1987), soccer wingback / defensive midfielder who played for the New York Red Bulls and the Norwegian team Mjøndalen IF.
- Rubin Carter (1937–2014), professional boxer, author, motivational speaker and activist who was the subject of the Bob Dylan song "Hurricane".
- David Chase (born 1945), creator of The Sopranos.
- Bartolo Colón (born 1973), pitcher for the New York Mets.
- Dow H. Drukker (1872–1963), represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district from 1914–1919.
- Vera Farmiga (born 1973), actress and director.
- Hector Fonseca (born 1980), deejay and music producer.
- Dan Garrett, head football coach for Kean University Cougars football team.
- Tommy James (born 1947), musician, singer / songwriter and record producer, best known as leader of the 1960s rock band Tommy James and the Shondells.
- Father Mychal F. Judge (1933–2001), FDNY Chaplain, who was the first official death of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center.
- Ernest Mario (born 1938), pharmaceutical executive.
- Ronald F. Maxwell (born 1949), movie director.
- Matt Miazga (born 1995), defender for Chelsea F.C. in Premier League.
- David Najem (born 1992), soccer player who plays as a midfielder for the New York Red Bulls II in the USL.
- Chris Opperman (born 1978), modern composer who performed on Steve Vai's Grammy-nominated composition "Lotus Feet" grew up in Clifton and attended CHS.
- Morris Pashman (1912–1999), New Jersey Supreme Court Justice.
- Angelo Paternoster (1919–2012), offensive tackle for the Washington Redskins who went on to practice dentistry in Clifton.
- Norman M. Robertson, local Republican Party politician who served on the Passaic County Board of Chosen Freeholders and later in the New Jersey State Senate from 1997 until 2001.
- Giuseppe Rossi (born 1987), Italian American soccer player.
- Miriam Sandler, singer and dancer who was a prolific backup singer during the 1990s for Latin pop artists such as Jon Secada and Gloria Estefan.
- Jon Seda (born 1970), actor best known for his roles in NBC's Homicide: Life on the Street and the movie Selena.
- Steve Smith (born 1985), wide receiver for the Philadelphia Eagles.
- Jimmy Snuka (born 1943), semi-retired professional wrestler.
- William Staub (1915–2012), inventor of the home treadmill.
- Walt Szot (1920–1981), football tackle who played five seasons in the National Football League with the Chicago Cardinals and Pittsburgh Steelers.
- Dave Szott (born 1967), former NFL offensive lineman who played for the New York Jets.
- Patricia Travers (1927–2010), classical violinist
- Joe Lynn Turner (born 1951), singer.
- Lawrence Tynes (born 1978), kicker for the New York Giants.
- Dave White (born 1979), Derringer Award-winning mystery author and educator.
- Ivan Wilzig (born 1956), techno musician.
- Gerald H. Zecker (born 1942), member of the New Jersey General Assembly who served as mayor of Clifton from 1978–1982.
- Kuperinsky, Amy. "'The Jewel of the Meadowlands'?: N.J.'s best, worst and weirdest town slogans", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, January 22, 2015. Accessed July 12, 2016. "Clifton, in Passaic County, is 'The City That Cares.' The first version of the slogan was 'A City That Cares,' says Mayor Jim Anzaldi, but why not go for gold?"
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- City Council, City of Clifton. Accessed July 28, 2016.
- 2016 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed June 14, 2016. As of date accessed, Anzaldi is listed as having a term-end date of June 30, 2018, which does not reflect the shift of municipal elections from May to November or the 2014 general election results.
- City Manager's Corner, City of Clifton. Accessed July 28, 2016.
- City Clerk, City of Clifton. Accessed July 28, 2016.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2006, p. 165.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Clifton, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Clifton city, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 1, 2016.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011–2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 14. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Clifton city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Clifton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Clifton, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 14, 2012.
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- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 209. Accessed March 16, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed November 18, 2016.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Areas touching Clifton, MapIt. Accessed August 13, 2015.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Compendium of censuses 1726–1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 – Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930–1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Clifton city, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 – Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Clifton city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 13, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Clifton city, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 16, 2012.
- Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 3, 2013. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Clifton, NJ Ancestry & Family History, EPodunk. Accessed April 21, 2007.
- Applebome, Peter. "Does Mutt's Infringe on Rutt's? Hot Dog Status Is at Stake", The New York Times, March 30, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2012. "Rutt's Hut, as most New Jersey gourmands know, is on the long shortlist of the state's esteemed hot dog palaces. It dates from 1928."
- Clifton Commons , Malls and Outlets. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Tangel, Andrew. "Old Linens 'n Things HQ sold; Paramus group pays $6M in cash", The Record (Bergen County), August 21, 2010. Accessed June 14, 2012. "A real estate investment fund that has been snapping up distressed commercial properties at steep discounts has made another purchase: the former Clifton headquarters of bankrupt housewares company Linens 'n Things."
- Gicas, Tony. "Clifton elections officially changed to November", Clifton Journal, December 13, 2013. Accessed February 10, 2014. "After months of passionate debate and an overwhelming vote of confidence from City voters on a non-binding referendum last month, the municipal council officially moved its election date from May to November.... After months of passionate debate and an overwhelming vote of confidence from City voters on a non-binding referendum last month, the municipal council officially moved its election date from May to November."
- Greenberg, Adam. "Anzaldi wins historic sixth term as mayor in Clifton", The Record (Bergen County), May 11, 2010. Accessed January 13, 2013. "James Anzaldi, the city's longest-serving mayor, finished strong in Tuesday's election, taking both a ninth City Council term and an unprecedented sixth term as mayor, as the election's top vote-getter."
- 2016 Municipal User Friendly Budget, City of Clifton. Accessed July 28, 2016.
- Passaic County 2016 Directory, Passaic County, New Jersey, March 2016. Accessed July 28, 2016.
- November 3, 2015 Summary Report Passaic County Official Results, Passaic County, New Jersey, updated November 12, 2015. Accessed July 28, 2016.
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- Gicas, Tony. "Joe Cupoli appointed to Clifton Council", Clifton Journal, March 27, 2015. Accessed August 13, 2015. "The City's municipal government unanimously voted to return a former Council member to the dais and fill the empty seat left after last month's death of Councilman Matt Grabowski. On Saturday, during a public budget meeting, officials voted 6-0 to appoint former Councilman Joe Cupoli, who finished eighth in last November's general election, to the Council. In the event of a Clifton Council member's death, the empty seat is traditionally filled by the eighth-place finisher of the previous election.
- Green, Jeff. "New Clifton council member carries on for his late brother", The Record (Bergen County), November 13, 2015. Accessed March 29, 2016. "Newly elected Ray Grabowski was sworn into office after a decisive victory in last week's municipal election, carrying on in that seat in the wake of his brother Matt's death early this year. Grabowski takes over for Joe Cupoli, who was appointed to the seat in March following the former councilman's death."
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- Gicas, Tony. "Clifton High annex nearly ready", The Record (Bergen County), July 14, 2009. Accessed August 21, 2014. "The Clifton High School annex building, a lightning rod for controversy since its approval in 2004, is complete and almost ready to be occupied.... The $17 million school at 290 Brighton Road, in the renovated former Mayer Textile building, will hold about 540 of the total 850 freshmen expected to be enrolled for classes in September."
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- Gicas, Tony. "Sybase golf classic is back on, it just won't be in Clifton", Clifton Journal, January 28, 2010. Accessed December 18, 2011. "The Sybase Classic, the premier women's professional golf tournament in the metropolitan area will return in time for the LPGA's 2010 season after it was pulled from the schedule in November, but not to Clifton where it was held the past three years. On Tuesday, Octagon and Sybase, Inc. announced the Sybase Match Play Championship will be held at Hamilton Farm Golf Club in Gladstone, from May 20 to 23."
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- Cowen, Richard. "Judge William Bate dies", The Record (Bergen County), January 30, 2011. Accessed September 16, 2015. "Mr. Bate, a lifelong Clifton resident who previously served in the state Legislature and on the Passaic County Board of Chosen Freeholders, was in the midst of his fifth term as surrogate."
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- DeCaro, Frank. "No Longer the Punch-Line State; Lauryn Hill, the Sopranos and others are unapologetic New Jerseyans.", The New York Times, April 4, 1999. Accessed March 16, 2012. "Growing up in Clifton and North Caldwell, Mr. Chase said, New Jersey seemed very exciting and very mysterious, not dull and predictable as many New Yorkers like to believe."
- Barry, Dan. "Defying Time and Space; At 42, and 100 pounds heavier than when he began pitching in the major leagues 213 wins ago, Bartolo Colón continues to confound.", The New York Times, July 9, 2015. Accessed July 9, 2015. "With game time just minutes away, Colon throws his last warm-up pitch.... He is an American now, a naturalized citizen who lives with his wife, Rosanna, and their four sons in a brick house in Clifton, N.J."
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- "New on DVD this week", The Record (Bergen County), January 13, 2012. Accessed March 30, 2012. "Clifton native and former Irvington resident Vera Farmiga makes an astonishingly assured directorial debut with this engrossing study of Corinne (first played by Vera's sister Taissa Farmiga, and then by Vera), a woman who turns to Christianity after she and her family nearly die in a car accident."
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- Woolis, Chris. "Clifton's Garrett leads Kean football to Division III postseason", Clifton Journal, November 25, 2011. Accessed July 9, 2015. "Kean University head coach Dan Garrett is a 1992 graduate of Clifton High School.... 'I felt much more comfortable at linebacker than on the line,' said Garrett who grew up in Clifton's Athenia Section and attended School #13."
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- Spiewak, Anna. "Convenience, location make Clifton the right spot", The Record (Bergen County), January 6, 2008. Accessed May 28, 2008. "Several personalities also hail from Clifton, including psychologist and author of numerous works on cognitive behavior therapy Michael Adams, Italian-American soccer player Giuseppe Rossi, former New York Jets lineman Dave Szott, movie director Ronald F. Maxwell and David Chase, creator of The Sopranos."
- Stanmyre, Matthew. "NJ's Matt Miazga, Red Bulls rookie, living dream from mom and dad's at 19", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, August 28, 2014. Accessed March 23, 2015. "Miazga, 19, is half-teenager, half-pro athlete. He lives at home in Clifton with his parents, surrounded by lifelong friends who are starting college, and he also juggles a budding pro career with the Red Bulls — one heaped with enormous responsibilities for the 6-3, 185-pound defensive back."
- "New York Red Bulls II Sign David Najem", New York Red Bulls, May 19, 2016. Accessed May 20, 2016. "Najem, a native of Clifton, N.J., joins the club after spending two seasons in Regionalliga Bayern, Germany's Fourth Division, with FC Eintracht Bamberg 2010."
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- Gold, David. "Female Latin Pop Star To Frum Star – Miriam Sandler Left It All To Find It All", Vos Iz Neias?, June 29, 2009. Accessed August 19, 2016. "In 2001, the next major change occurred in Miriam's life when she met her husband and became Miriam Sandler, Jewish wife, homemaker and eventually, mother of three. The Sandlers settled down in Clifton, New Jersey, part of greater Passaic's Orthodox community, and Miriam threw herself into full-time Jewish life. Music was simply less important."
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- Yardley, William. "William Staub, Engineer Who Built an Affordable Treadmill, Dies at 96", The New York Times, July 28, 2012. Accessed August 21, 2014. "Mr. Staub died on July 19 at his home in Clifton. He was 96. His sons say he was walking on one of his treadmills as recently as two months ago."
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- Aberback, Brian. "Hackensack native Joe Lynn Turner credits Bergen upbringing for his international music career", The Record, February 24, 2016. Accessed May 17, 2016. "Hackensack native Joe Lynn Turner says his prolific career as a solo artist, singer with the legendary English rock bands Deep Purple and Rainbow, and backing vocalist on albums by high-profile artists like Billy Joel can be traced to his Bergen County upbringing.... ' was drawn to rock-and-roll by melody, by the Beatles and Elvis Presley,' said Turner, who now lives in Clifton."
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- Jacobs, Andrew. "A Caped Crusader For Peace (and Fun); Rich and Famous for His Fame, He's Shooting for Techno Stardom", The New York Times, October 9, 2004. Accessed October 16, 2011. "As a child growing up in Clifton, N.J., Ivan was often encouraged by both parents to sing impromptu renditions of 'Moon River' in hotel lobbies."
- Pertkiewicz, T. Julian. "Clifton's mayors speak", Clifton Journal, June 19, 2015. Accessed July 28, 2016. "The mayors are Gerald H. Zecker, (1978–1982), Gloria Kolodziej (1982–1990) and current Mayor James Anzaldi, whose term of office ends Dec. 31, 2018.... Mayor Zecker, you became mayor of Clifton at the age of 36, what were your goals at that time?"
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