Clifton, Nevada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Clifton, Nevada
Clifton is located in Nevada
Clifton
Clifton
Clifton is located in the United States
Clifton
Clifton
Coordinates: 39°29′54″N 117°04′46″W / 39.49833°N 117.07944°W / 39.49833; -117.07944Coordinates: 39°29′54″N 117°04′46″W / 39.49833°N 117.07944°W / 39.49833; -117.07944
Elevation
1,932 m (6,339 ft)

Clifton[1] is a ghost town[2] located in Lander County, Nevada, just west of Austin. Clifton, named for the nearby cliffs, was established in 1862 when silver ore was found at the mouth of the Pony Canyon.[3]

The Clifton post office was in operation from March 1863 to February 1864.[4] In 1863, Clifton had about 500 inhabitants and many places of business including a Wells, Fargo & Co. Express Office. In 1863 a graded road to Austin was completed resulting in many of Clifton's residents and businesses moving to Austin. In January 1864, a petition was created to combine Clifton, Austin and Upper Austin into the "City of Austin." The Governor signed the bill in February 1864. [5]

On July 18, 1863, William Cornell wounded several people in Austin with an axe and then killed 3 people in Clifton.[5][6]

In 1880, the Austin City Railway was built. The 2.80 mile narrow gauge (3 foot) railway ran from Clifton to Austin. Previously, Clifton was the terminus of the Nevada Central Railroad and freight was moved via wagon to Austin. Initially, the railway used 11 mules to pull one car. In 1881, a engine was ordered from Baldwin Locomotive Works and named "Mules' Relief". In 1882, the engine derailed, killing one of the engineers. Sixteen mules were required to pull the engine back to the tracks.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Clifton (historical)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 1990-10-01. Retrieved 2019-02-09.
  2. ^ "Clifton, Lander County". Retrieved 2019-02-09. (includes photos from 2013)
  3. ^ Carlson, Helen S. (1974-01-01). Nevada Place Names: A Geographical Dictionary. University of Nevada Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-87417-094-8. Retrieved 2019-02-09.
  4. ^ "Clifton Post Office (historical)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 1990-10-01. Retrieved 2019-02-09.
  5. ^ a b Angel, Myron (1881). History of Lander County. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14.
  6. ^ Particulars of a terrible tragedy, Daily Alta California (July 24, 1863)
    Terrible tragedy in California, Chicago Tribune (August 20, 1863)
    Frightful occurrence – A maniac runs a muck, The Daily True Delta (September 17, 1863)}}
  7. ^ Myrick, David F. (1992). Railroads of Nevada and Eastern California: The northern roads. University of Nevada Press. ISBN 9780874171938. Retrieved 2019-02-09.
  8. ^ "Austin City Railway". Retrieved 2019-02-09.