Clifton, New Jersey
|Clifton, New Jersey|
|City of Clifton|
Map of Clifton in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Clifton, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 26, 1917|
|• Type||1923 Municipal Manager Law|
|• Body||City Council|
|• Mayor||James A. Anzaldi (term ends December 31, 2018)|
|• Manager||Matthew U. Watkins|
|• Clerk||Nancy Ferrigno|
|• Total||11.397 sq mi (29.518 km2)|
|• Land||11.260 sq mi (29.164 km2)|
|• Water||0.137 sq mi (0.355 km2) 1.20%|
|Area rank||198th of 566 in state
4th of 16 in county
|Elevation||131 ft (40 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2014)||85,927|
|• Rank||11th of 566 in state
2nd of 16 in county
|• Density||7,472.0/sq mi (2,885.0/km2)|
|• Density rank||52nd of 566 in state
4th of 16 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885188|
Clifton is a city in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 84,136, retaining its position as the state's 11th-largest municipality, as the population increased by 5,464 (+6.9%) from the 78,672 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 6,930 (+9.7%) from the 71,742 counted in the 1990 Census.
Clifton was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 26, 1917, replacing Acquackanonk Township, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier. Clifton is listed under five different ZIP Codes (07011 Main Avenue, 07012 Allwood, 07013, 07014 Delawanna and 07015).
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Economy
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 In popular culture
- 8 Notable people
- 9 References
- 10 External links
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 11.397 square miles (29.518 km2), including 11.260 square miles (29.164 km2) of land and 0.137 square miles (0.355 km2) of water (1.20%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Albion Place, Allwood, Athenia, Botany Village, Delawanna, Dutch Hill, Lakeview, Main Mall, Richfield, Rosemawr, Styertowne, West Clifton and Yanticaw Pond.
The city borders Little Falls, Passaic, Paterson and Woodland Park in Passaic County; Elmwood Park, Garfield, Lyndhurst and Rutherford in Bergen County; and Bloomfield, Montclair, Nutley and Nutley in Essex County.
1930-1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 84,136 people, 30,661 households, and 21,125 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,472.0 per square mile (2,885.0/km2). There were 31,946 housing units at an average density of 2,837.1 per square mile (1,095.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.63% (58,588) White, 4.92% (4,137) Black or African American, 0.50% (419) Native American, 8.90% (7,488) Asian, 0.03% (22) Pacific Islander, 12.44% (10,464) from other races, and 3.59% (3,018) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 31.92% (26,854) of the population.
There were 30,661 households, of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the city, 22.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.4 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $62,271 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,208) and the median family income was $76,070 (+/- $2,883). Males had a median income of $49,780 (+/- $2,391) versus $40,149 (+/- $2,057) for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,812 (+/- $1,255). About 7.2% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 78,672 people, 30,244 households, and 20,354 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,965.2 people per square mile (2,688.1/km2). There were 31,060 housing units at an average density of 2,749.9 per square mile (1,061.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.22% White, 2.89% African American, 0.24% Native American, 6.44% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.60% from other races, and 4.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.84% of the population.
There were 30,244 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the city the population was 21.6% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $50,619, and the median income for a family was $60,688. Males had a median income of $40,143 versus $32,090 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,638. About 4.3% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
The largest ancestry groups in Clifton as of 2000 were Italian American (17%), Polish American (13%), Irish American (9%) and German American (8%). Many Turkish, Albanian, and Ukrainian immigrants also live in Clifton. There are significant populations of Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, Arabs, Filipinos, Chinese, and Indians as well.
Businesses in Clifton include:
- Rutt's Hut, a hot dog restaurant, is located at the east end of Delawana Avenue. Established in 1928, it was described by Peter Applebome of The New York Times as being "on the long shortlist of the state's esteemed hot dog palaces".
- Clifton Commons, a shopping center located near Route 3, features numerous stores, restaurants and a 16-screen AMC movie theater, with a gross leasable area of 448,848 square feet (41,699.3 m2).
- Promenade Shops at Clifton is an upscale mall located on Route 3 West.
- The now defunct Linens 'n Things, bedding and home furnishings retailer, was headquartered in Clifton before its 2009 bankruptcy.
- Many low-rise office buildings, containing professional tenants such as law and accounting firms and medical practices, are found on the stretch of Clifton Avenue between City Hall (at Van Houten) and Allwood Road.
The city of Clifton is governed under the 1923 Municipal Manager Law. The government consists of a City Council comprising seven council members, with all positions elected at large in nonpartisan elections to four-terms of office on a concurrent basis. The mayor is chosen by the City Council, with the position usually given to the top vote getter in the previous election. Clifton's municipal elections are held in even numbered years, and had been held in May as required for municipalities conducting nonpartisan elections. Following the passage of a state law in 2010 allowing nonpartisan elections to be shifted to November, Clifton voters were overwhelmingly in favor of the move in a non-binding referendum held in November 2013. On December 13, 2013, the Clifton City Council voted 6-0, with one abstention, to make the move to a November election binding, which had the effect of extending the terms of all sitting council members by six months, from June 30 to December 31. Officials cited increased voter participation and reduced costs as the justifications behind supporting the shift.
As of 2015[update], Clifton's mayor is James Anzaldi, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Anzaldi had been a member of the City Council since 1978 and was first selected to be Mayor in 1990, succeeding two-term Mayor Gloria Kolodziej. Anzaldi is the first mayor in Clifton's history to be elected to six terms. Members of the City Council are Joseph Cupoli (appointed to serve an unexpired term), Peter C. Eagler, William "Bill" Gibson, Steven Hatala, Jr., Joseph C. Kolodziej and Lauren E. Murphy, all of whom are serving concurrent terms of office that end on December 31, 2018.
In March 2015, the City Council appointed Joseph Cupoli, the eighth-place finisher in the 2014 election, to fill the vacant seat of Matt Grabowski, who had died in office the previous month.
If a vacancy occurs at any time in the term, a special election is held in November of the year the seat became vacant unless it is a council election year. Since 1990, Clifton has called special elections to fill council seats three times. In 1992, councilman George Bayeux died and Richard Stockinger was elected to replace him. The next special election came in 1996 when Stockinger himself died of lung cancer, with Edward M. Welsh elected to fill his seat. In 2006, just before the new council was to be sworn in, Antonio Latona was disqualified from taking his seat due to a conflict of interest involving his work for the Clifton Fire Department and eighth-place vote getter Matt Ward was temporarily appointed to the council in Latona's place. Ward ran for his seat in the subsequent special election called for November 2007 and won the balance of the term.
Federal, state and county representation
Clifton is located in the 9th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 34th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Clifton had been part of the 8th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
The 34th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill (D, Montclair) and in the General Assembly by Thomas P. Giblin (D, Montclair) and Sheila Y. Oliver (D, East Orange). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Passaic County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large to staggered three-year terms office on a partisan basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At a reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members to serve for a one-year term. As of 2015[update], Passaic County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Hector C. Lora (D, term ends December 31, 2015; Passaic), Freeholder Deputy Director Bruce James (D, 2017; Clifton), John W. Bartlett (D, 2015; Wayne), Theodore O. Best, Jr. (D, 2017; Paterson), Ronda Cotroneo (D, 2015; Ringwood), Terry Duffy (D, 2016; West Milford), and Pat Lepore (D, 2016; Woodland Park). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Kristin M. Corrado (R, 2019), Sheriff Richard H. Berdnik (2016) and Surrogate Bernice Toledo (2016).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 44,550 registered voters in Clifton, of which 14,138 (31.7% vs. 31.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 7,542 (16.9% vs. 18.7%) were registered as Republicans and 22,851 (51.3% vs. 50.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 19 voters registered to other parties. Among the city's 2010 Census population, 52.9% (vs. 53.2% in Passaic County) were registered to vote, including 67.9% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.8% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 62.6% of the vote (18,761 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 36.3% (10,885 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (305 votes), among the 30,261 ballots cast by the city's 47,933 registered voters (310 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 63.1%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 18,260 votes (56.5% vs. 58.8% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 12,848 votes (39.8% vs. 37.7%) and other candidates with 334 votes (1.0% vs. 0.8%), among the 32,317 ballots cast by the city's 44,903 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.0% (vs. 70.4% in Passaic County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 15,597 votes (52.0% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 13,120 votes (43.8% vs. 42.7%) and other candidates with 228 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 29,971 ballots cast by the city's 41,220 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.7% (vs. 69.3% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 56.0% of the vote (9,304 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 42.8% (7,106 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (199 votes), among the 16,970 ballots cast by the city's 49,231 registered voters (361 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 34.5%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 9,080 ballots cast (49.1% vs. 50.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 8,221 votes (44.5% vs. 43.2%), Independent Chris Daggett with 786 votes (4.3% vs. 3.8%) and other candidates with 243 votes (1.3% vs. 0.9%), among the 18,483 ballots cast by the city's 43,808 registered voters, yielding a 42.2% turnout (vs. 42.7% in the county).
The Clifton Public Schools serve students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 17 schools had an enrollment of 10,992 students and 790.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.91:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are 14 elementary schools serving grades K-5 — School One (304 students), School Two (434), School Three (295), School Four (161), School Five (370), School Eight (219), School Nine (333), School Eleven (454), School 12 / Annex (602), School Thirteen (464), School Fourteen (331), School Fifteen (344), School Sixteen (195) and School Seventeen (553) — Christopher Columbus Middle School (1,209 students; grades 6-8), Woodrow Wilson Middle School (1,360; 6-8) and Clifton High School / Annex (3,364; 9-12).
With more than 3,300 students enrolled, Clifton High School is the largest single-facility high school in New Jersey; Elizabeth High School had more students, but they were spread over multiple campuses before the school was split into separate academies. An additional overflow site, the Clifton High School Annex, was constructed at a cost of $17 million and opened in September 2009 to accommodate 540 of the school year's 850 incoming Freshman to alleviate overcrowding.
Classical Academy Charter School of Clifton, a charter school for Clifton residents that provides an education based on the classics to students in sixth through eighth grades, was recognized in 2008 by the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program.
Private schools in Clifton include Saint Andrew the Apostle School, Saint Brendan Catholic School and Saint Philip Preparatory School, all of which are elementary schools that operate under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 199.94 miles (321.77 km) of roadways, of which 145.43 miles (234.05 km) were maintained by the municipality, 35.95 miles (57.86 km) by Passaic County, 14.06 miles (22.63 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 4.50 miles (7.24 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Major roadways in the city include Route 3 (which crosses from east to west along the southern portion of the city), Route 21 (along the Passaic River), Route 19 in the city's northwest and U.S. Route 46. The Garden State Parkway crosses the city, connecting Bloomfield in Essex County to the south to Elmwood Park in Bergen County in the north. Parkway interchanges 153 (signed for Route 3 and Route 46 West) / 153A (for Route 3 East) / 153B (for Route 3 and Route 46 West), 154 (for Route 46), 155 (for Clifton) / 155P (for Clifton / Paterson) and 156 (to Route 46).
New Jersey Transit trains at the Clifton station and Delawanna station follow the New Jersey Transit Main Line to Suffern and Hoboken Terminal. Until 1966, the Newark Branch of the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad served several stations in the town, Athenia (Colfax Avenue) and Allwood.
New Jersey Transit provides bus service on the 190, 191, 192 and 195 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, to Newark on the 13, 27 and 72 routes, and local service on the 74, 702, 703, 705, 707, 709, 744 routes.
In popular culture
- The character of Rupert Pupkin in Martin Scorsese's film The King of Comedy comes from Clifton.
- The movie Donnie Brasco, which starred Johnny Depp and Al Pacino, was filmed partially in Clifton in 1996.
- Many scenes from The Sopranos were filmed in town, including the parking lot of the Valley Regency on Valley Road, Main Memorial Park and Clifton High School. The golf scenes were filmed at the Upper Montclair Country Club.
- New York Yankee Hall of Famers Yogi Berra and Phil Rizzuto owned a bowling alley in Clifton called "Rizzuto-Berra Bowling Lanes." The alley, later known as Astro Bowl, was located in the Styertowne Shopping Center in the Allwood section of town and remained open until 1999.
- The Upper Montclair Country Club was home to the NFL Golf Classic. The Sybase Classic golf tournament was held there annually until 2009.
- Baseball Hall of Famer Honus Wagner played his last two seasons (1896–1897) of minor league baseball for the Paterson Silk Sox. While the team was named Paterson, the team played their games at Doherty Field, located off of Main Avenue behind the Doherty Silk Mill.
- Clifton has an old sewerage system, accessible to intrepid urban explorers and evidently not actively maintained by any municipal authority or utility, known to some as the "Gates Of Hell." The walls are full of graffiti. The Clifton "Gates of Hell" are featured in Weird New Jersey.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Clifton include:
- Jay Alford (born 1983), defensive lineman and long snapper for the Super Bowl XLII champion New York Giants.
- Nina Arianda (born c. 1984), film and theatrical actress.
- William J. Bate (1934-2011), politician who served as a state senator, assemblyman, and judge.
- Jonathan Borrajo (born 1987), soccer wingback / defensive midfielder who played for the New York Red Bulls and the Norwegian team Mjøndalen IF.
- Rubin Carter (1937-2014), professional boxer, author, motivational speaker and activist who was the subject of the Bob Dylan song "Hurricane".
- David Chase (born 1945), creator of The Sopranos.
- Bartolo Colon (born 1973), pitcher for the New York Mets.
- Dow H. Drukker (1872–1963), represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district from 1914-1919.
- Vera Farmiga (born 1973), actress and director.
- Hector Fonseca (born 1980), deejay and music producer.
- Dan Garrett, head football coach for Kean University Cougars football team.
- Father Mychal F. Judge (1933–2001), FDNY Chaplain, who was the first official death of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center.
- Chris Karcz (born 1983), professional soccer player with the New York Red Bulls.
- Ernest Mario (born 1938), pharmaceutical executive.
- Ronald F. Maxwell (born 1949), movie director.
- Matt Miazga (born 1995), defender for the New York Red Bulls in Major League Soccer.
- Chris Opperman (born 1978), modern composer who performed on Steve Vai's Grammy-nominated composition "Lotus Feet" grew up in Clifton and attended CHS.
- Morris Pashman (1912–1999), New Jersey Supreme Court Justice.
- Angelo Paternoster (1919-2012), offensive tackle for the Washington Redskins who went on to practice dentistry in Clifton.
- Norman M. Robertson, local Republican Party politician who served on the Passaic County Board of Chosen Freeholders and later in the New Jersey State Senate from 1997 until 2001.
- Giuseppe Rossi (born 1987), Italian American soccer player.
- Jon Seda (born 1970), actor best known for his roles in NBC's Homicide: Life on the Street and the movie Selena.
- Steve Smith (born 1985), wide receiver for the Philadelphia Eagles.
- Jimmy Snuka (born 1943), semi-retired professional wrestler.
- William Staub (1915-2012), inventor of the home treadmill.
- Walt Szot (1920–1981), American football player
- Dave Szott (born 1967), former NFL offensive lineman who played for the New York Jets.
- Lawrence Tynes (born 1978), kicker for the New York Giants.
- Dave White (born 1979), Derringer Award-winning mystery author and educator.
- Ivan Wilzig (born 1956), Techno musician.
- Gerald H. Zecker (born 1942), member of the New Jersey General Assembly who also served as mayor of Clifton.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- City Council, City of Clifton. Accessed August 13, 2015.
- 2015 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of October 20, 2015. Accessed November 16, 2015. As of date accessed, Anzaldi is listed as having a term-end date of June 30, 2016, which does not reflect the shift of municipal elections from May to November or the 2014 general election results.
- City Manager's Corner, City of Clifton. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- City Clerk, City of Clifton. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2006, p. 165.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Clifton, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Clifton city, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 15, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 14. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Clifton city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Clifton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Clifton, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 14, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 13, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 209. Accessed March 16, 2012.
- About New Jersey: Zip Codes at the Wayback Machine (archived October 20, 2007), State of New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of October 20, 2007. Accessed July 19, 2011.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Areas touching Clifton, MapIt. Accessed August 13, 2015.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Clifton city, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Clifton city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 13, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Clifton city, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 16, 2012.
- Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 3, 2013. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Clifton, NJ Ancestry & Family History, EPodunk, accessed April 21, 2007.
- Applebome, Peter. "Does Mutt's Infringe on Rutt's? Hot Dog Status Is at Stake", The New York Times, March 30, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2012. "Rutt’s Hut, as most New Jersey gourmands know, is on the long shortlist of the state’s esteemed hot dog palaces. It dates from 1928."
- Clifton Commons , Malls and Outlets. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Tangel, Andrew. "Old Linens 'n Things HQ sold; Paramus group pays $6M in cash", The Record (Bergen County), August 21, 2010. Accessed June 14, 2012. "A real estate investment fund that has been snapping up distressed commercial properties at steep discounts has made another purchase: the former Clifton headquarters of bankrupt housewares company Linens 'n Things."
- Gicas, Tony. "Clifton elections officially changed to November", Clifton Journal, December 13, 2013. Accessed February 10, 2014. "After months of passionate debate and an overwhelming vote of confidence from City voters on a non-binding referendum last month, the municipal council officially moved its election date from May to November.... After months of passionate debate and an overwhelming vote of confidence from City voters on a non-binding referendum last month, the municipal council officially moved its election date from May to November."
- Greenberg, Adam. "Anzaldi wins historic sixth term as mayor in Clifton", The Record (Bergen County), May 11, 2010. Accessed January 13, 2013. "James Anzaldi, the city’s longest-serving mayor, finished strong in Tuesday’s election, taking both a ninth City Council term and an unprecedented sixth term as mayor, as the election’s top vote-getter."
- 2015 Municipal Data Sheet, City of Clifton. Accessed August 13, 2015.
- Passaic County 2015 Directory, p. 62. Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed August 13, 2015.
- November 4, 2014 Summary Report Passaic County Official Results, Passaic County, New Jersey, updated November 12, 2014. Accessed August 13, 2015.
- Gicas, Tony. "Election 2014: Mayor James Anzaldi top vote-getter in Clifton City Council - again", Clifton Journal, November 4, 2014. Accessed January 15, 2015. "Clifton voters have elected the following seven candidates to serve on the Clifton City Council for the next four years: *James Anzaldi- 8,245 *William "Bill" Gibson - 5,945 *Joseph C. Kolodziej -5,671 *Steven Hatala Jr. - 5,424 *Matthew Grabowski - 5,288 *Peter C. Eagler - 5,111 *Lauren E. Murphy - 4,679"
- Gicas, Tony. "Joe Cupoli appointed to Clifton Council", Clifton Journal, March 27, 2015. Accessed August 13, 2015. "The City's municipal government unanimously voted to return a former Council member to the dais and fill the empty seat left after last month's death of Councilman Matt Grabowski. On Saturday, during a public budget meeting, officials voted 6-0 to appoint former Councilman Joe Cupoli, who finished eighth in last November's general election, to the Council. In the event of a Clifton Council member's death, the empty seat is traditionally filled by the eighth-place finisher of the previous election.
- Kolodziej, Gloria. "Letter to the Editor: Facts about moving Clifton's elections", Clifton Journal, November 1, 2013. Accessed August 21, 2014. "Special November elections were held to fill vacancies created by the death of Councilman George Bayeux, Councilman Richard Stockinger, and by the vacancy created by the resignation of Councilman Anthony Latona."
- Tedeschi, Bruno. "RICHARD STOCKINGER, LONGTIME CLIFTON GOP STALWART", The Record (Bergen County), March 25, 1996. Accessed August 21, 2014. "Mr. Stockinger won his City Council seat in a special election in November 1992 after the death of Councilman George Bayeaux."
- McGrath, Mary. "MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS AT A GLANCE", The Record (Bergen County), November 6, 1996. Accessed August 21, 2014. "Democrat Edward Welsh, vice chairman of the Planning Board, won a landslide victory Tuesday in the race for the City Council seat left vacant after the death of Richard Stockinger in March."
- Kindergan, Ashley. "Clifton Council fills vacant seat", The Record (Bergen County), November 14, 2006. Accessed August 21, 2014. "The City Council tapped Matthew Ward, the runner-up in May's municipal elections, to fill a vacant seat on Monday night."
- Keller, Karen. "CLIFTON -- ELECTION 2007: MUNICIPAL RESULTS", The Record (Bergen County), November 7, 2007. Accessed August 21, 2014. "Incumbent Matthew Ward won a special election Tuesday to complete an unexpired term on the City Council, beating three challengers."
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2015 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
- "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- Clerk-Freeholders, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Hector C. Lora, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Bruce James, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- John W. Bartlett, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Theodore O. Best Jr., Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Ronda Cotroneo, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Terry Duffy, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Pat Lepore, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Freeholders, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- 2014 County Data Sheet, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- County Clerk, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Richard H. Berdnik, Passaic County Sheriff's Office. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- County Surrogate, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Kleimann, James. "Passaic County general election results 2014", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, November 4, 2014. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- 2014 Passaic County Directory, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Voter Registration Summary - Passaic, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed January 16, 2013.
- GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 16, 2013.
- "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Passaic County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Passaic County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Passaic County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed January 16, 2013.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Passaic County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed January 16, 2013.
- "Governor - Passaic County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Passaic County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Passaic County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed January 16, 2013.
- District information for Clifton School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School Data for the Clifton Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School One, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School Two, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School Three, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School Four, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School Five, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School Eight, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School Nine, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School Eleven, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School 12, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School 12 Annex, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School Thirteen, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School Fourteen, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School Fifteen, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School Sixteen, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- School Seventeen, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Christopher Columbus Middle School, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Woodrow Wilson Middle School, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Clifton High School, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Clifton High School Annex, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Index of Schools, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Clifton Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Alex, Patricia. "Clifton High's hallway gridlock", The Record (Bergen County), December 6, 2006, backed up by the Internet Archive as of December 24, 2007. Accessed August 21, 2014. "Clifton High School, circa 1962, is the largest single high school in the state. Only Elizabeth High School has more students, but they are spread out over five campuses."
- Gicas, Tony. "Clifton High annex nearly ready", The Record (Bergen County), July 14, 2009. Accessed August 21, 2014. "The Clifton High School annex building, a lightning rod for controversy since its approval in 2004, is complete and almost ready to be occupied.... The $17 million school at 290 Brighton Road, in the renovated former Mayer Textile building, will hold about 540 of the total 850 freshmen expected to be enrolled for classes in September."
- Staff. "Classical Academy makes mathematics count", Clifton Journal, March 18, 2011. Accessed July 13, 2012. "Classical Academy Charter School of Clifton, a 2008 National Blue Ribbon School of Excellence, participated for the first time in the Mathcounts regional school competition."
- Passaic County Schools, Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson Catholic Schools Office. Accessed August 14, 2015.
- Passaic County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 24, 2014.
- Garden State Parkway Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 1997. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Clifton station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Delawanna station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Main/Bergen-Port Jervis Line, New Jersey Transit. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Newark Branch Timetable, Erie-Lackawanna Railroad, October 11, 1962, via KearneyAlumni.com. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Passaic County Bus / Rail Connections at the Wayback Machine (archived July 26, 2010), New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed July 13, 2012.
- Passaic County System Map, New Jersey Transit. Accessed August 13, 2015.
- DeCamp Schedules and Routes, DeCamp Bus Lines. Accessed April 6, 2015.
- King Of Comedy Script - Dialogue Transcript, accessed December 1, 2006.
- Beckerman, Jim. "ALL THE WORLD'S A SET: MOVIE MANIA HITS N.J.", The Record (Bergen County), May 18, 1996. Accessed December 10, 2008.
- Pezzano, Chuck. "Rizzuto enjoyed a big role in bowling; Sport attractive to baseball figures.", The Record (Bergen County), August 20, 2007. "Rizzuto-Berra Bowling Lanes in Clifton, originally owned by Rizzuto and fellow icon Yogi Berra, was a favorite bowling spot for more than 40 years before giving way to a bank of shopping center stores."
- Gicas, Tony. "Sybase golf classic is back on, it just won't be in Clifton", Clifton Journal, January 28, 2010. Accessed December 18, 2011. "The Sybase Classic, the premier women's professional golf tournament in the metropolitan area will return in time for the LPGA's 2010 season after it was pulled from the schedule in November, but not to Clifton where it was held the past three years. On Tuesday, Octagon and Sybase, Inc. announced the Sybase Match Play Championship will be held at Hamilton Farm Golf Club in Gladstone, from May 20 to 23."
- Model, Eric. "Paterson enjoys a rich baseball history ", NewJerseyNewsroom.com, May 25, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2012. "In fact, baseball great Honus Wagner is said to have started his pro baseball career in Paterson before reaching big leagues. Proof can be found in a place no less significant than the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, where a Honus Wagner 'Paterson' uniform is on display."
- Gates of Hell, accessed June 12, 2010.
- Bank, Irving A. "Orange embraces Alford, its NY Giant", The Star-Ledger, February 10, 2008. Accessed February 4, 2011. "Hope now takes the form of turkey sandwiches and strawberry-frosted doughnuts -- and whenever Alford makes the quick drive down the Parkway from his home in Clifton for some of his grandmother's home cooking."
- Blank, Matthew. "PLAYBILL.COM'S CUE & A: Born Yesterday Tony Nominee Nina Arianda", Playbill, June 7, 2011. Accessed November 14, 2012. "Name: Nina Arianda. Where you were born/where you were raised: Born in Manhattan. Raised in Clifton, NJ, and Heidelberg, Germany."
- Cowen, Richard. "Judge William Bate dies", The Record (Bergen County), January 30, 2011. Accessed September 16, 2015. "Mr. Bate, a lifelong Clifton resident who previously served in the state Legislature and on the Passaic County Board of Chosen Freeholders, was in the midst of his fifth term as surrogate."
- Americans Playing Abroad, Soccer Times, as of September 15, 2013. Accessed November 1, 2013. "Jonathan Borrajo - defender-midfielder - Mjøndalen IF - Clifton, N.J"
- Raab, Selwyn. "Hurricane Carter, Fearsome Boxer Wrongly Convicted of Murder, Dies at 76", The New York Times, April 20, 2014. Accessed April 20, 2014. "Rubin Carter was born on May 6, 1937, in Clifton, N.J., and grew up nearby in Passaic and Paterson."
- DeCaro, Frank. "No Longer the Punch-Line State; Lauryn Hill, the Sopranos and others are unapologetic New Jerseyans.", The New York Times, April 4, 1999. Accessed March 16, 2012. "Growing up in Clifton and North Caldwell, Mr. Chase said, New Jersey seemed very exciting and very mysterious, not dull and predictable as many New Yorkers like to believe."
- Barry, Dan. "Defying Time and Space; At 42, and 100 pounds heavier than when he began pitching in the major leagues 213 wins ago, Bartolo Colon continues to confound.", The New York Times, July 9, 2015. Accessed July 9, 2015. "With game time just minutes away, Colon throws his last warm-up pitch.... He is an American now, a naturalized citizen who lives with his wife, Rosanna, and their four sons in a brick house in Clifton, N.J."
- Dow Henry Drukker, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 16, 2007.
- "New on DVD this week", The Record (Bergen County), January 13, 2012. Accessed March 30, 2012. "Clifton native and former Irvington resident Vera Farmiga makes an astonishingly assured directorial debut with this engrossing study of Corinne (first played by Vera's sister Taissa Farmiga, and then by Vera), a woman who turns to Christianity after she and her family nearly die in a car accident."
- Kearnan, Scott. DJ Profiles: Hector Fonseca, Noizemag. Accessed March 16, 2012. "Well before he became one of the hottest (musically and physically) members of the global club scene, Fonseca grew up just eight miles west of New York City. He could see the Empire State Building from his window while growing up. Clifton, N.J., may be just across the Hudson River, but it's a world away from the Big City."
- Woolis, Chris. "Clifton's Garrett leads Kean football to Division III postseason", Clifton Journal, November 25, 2011. Accessed July 9, 2015. "Kean University head coach Dan Garrett is a 1992 graduate of Clifton High School.... 'I felt much more comfortable at linebacker than on the line,' said Garrett who grew up in Clifton's Athenia Section and attended School #13."
- Staff. "Clifton's Karcz joining Red Bulls", The Record (Bergen County), July 3, 2007. Accessed October 8, 2013. "Clifton native Chris Karcz, who played at Rutgers, has been signed by the Red Bulls.... The midfielder/forward was a three-time All-Big East Conference selection at Rutgers and was a first-team All-American in his senior year at Clifton High School."
- Ratish, Robert. "PHARMACY GRADUATE PLEDGES $5M SHOT IN ARM FOR RUTGERS -- SCHOOL TO BE RENAMED FOR FORMER CLIFTON MAN, The Record (Bergen County), December 16, 2001. Accessed May 13, 2007.
- Spiewak, Anna. "Convenience, location make Clifton the right spot", The Record (Bergen County), January 6, 2008. Accessed May 28, 2008. "Several personalities also hail from Clifton, including psychologist and author of numerous works on cognitive behavior therapy Michael Adams, Italian-American soccer player Giuseppe Rossi, former New York Jets lineman Dave Szott, movie director Ronald F. Maxwell and David Chase, creator of The Sopranos."
- Stanmyre, Matthew. "NJ's Matt Miazga, Red Bulls rookie, living dream from mom and dad's at 19", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, August 28, 2014. Accessed March 23, 2015. "Miazga, 19, is half-teenager, half-pro athlete. He lives at home in Clifton with his parents, surrounded by lifelong friends who are starting college, and he also juggles a budding pro career with the Red Bulls — one heaped with enormous responsibilities for the 6-3, 185-pound defensive back."
- Chris Opperman: Present-Day Composer, Oppymusic.com 4.2. Accessed July 23, 2007. "Pianist/composer Chris Opperman grew up in Clifton, New Jersey and attended Berklee."
- Honan, William H. "Morris Pashman, 87, Champion of Free Speech on New Jersey's Highest Court", The New York Times, October 10, 1999. Accessed October 8, 2013. "Former Justice Morris Pashman of the New Jersey Supreme Court, whose opinions touched on areas from freedom of the press to the rights of the mentally handicapped, died on Oct. 3 at a hospital in New York City. He was 87 and lived in Clifton, N.J."
- Georgetown Football: 1940 Roster, The Georgetown Football History Project. Accessed March 16, 2012.
- Norman M. Robertson at the Wayback Machine (archived February 25, 1998), New Jersey Legislature, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 22, 1998. Accessed May 29, 2010.
- My Country, 'Tis of Thee, ESPN, November 30, 2005. "Flying under the radar of most is 18-year-old Giuseppe Rossi, a striker born in New Jersey, whose parents are from Italy. Rossi was brought up in the soccer hotbed of Clifton, N.J., where his father coached soccer."
- Richardson, Kara L. "NJ actor eager to share WWII hero's story", Daily Record (Morristown), September 18, 2007. Accessed February 4, 2011. "Seda, who grew up in Clifton and now lives in the Los Angeles area with his family, is on a break from filming The Pacific, a 10-hour HBO miniseries.
- Martino, Andy. "Police: Driver isn't gunman in Giants' Steve Smith robbery", Daily News (New York), December 3, 2008. Accessed February 4, 2011. "At about 4 a.m. on Nov. 25, Smith was returning to his home in Clifton, N.J., when a man accosted him in front of his house, according to Detective Captain Robert Rowan of the Clifton Police Department."
- Blouse, Michael. "'Superfly' Jimmy Snuka could be coming to a wrestling match near you?", The Express-Times, January 23, 2010. Accessed May 31, 2014. "The premise: Snuka, 66 years old and a resident of Clifton, N.J., will be working random jobs with the cameras rolling and the footage will be made into a reality show. Got it, Brotha!?!?"
- Yardley, William. "William Staub, Engineer Who Built an Affordable Treadmill, Dies at 96", The New York Times, July 28, 2012. Accessed August 21, 2014. "Mr. Staub died on July 19 at his home in Clifton. He was 96. His sons say he was walking on one of his treadmills as recently as two months ago."
- "WALT SZOT". profootballarchives.com. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
- Szott tears ACL in non-contact drill, New York Jets press release dated May 29, 2002.
- 15-Year NFL Veteran Dave Szott Joins Local Advisory Board, press release dated October 8, 2004.
- Pedulla, Tom. "Tynes never lost confidence in his kicking or his family", USA Today, January 29, 2008. Accessed February 7, 2008. "Tynes' wife, watching by herself at their Clifton, N.J., home after putting the twins to bed, held a muted celebration."
- Gambuti, Steve. "Award Winning Author is a North Jersey Teacher", North Jersey Teacher, August 4, 2014. Accessed August 21, 2014. "[Q] Were you educated in the Clifton school system? [A] Indeed. I grew up in Clifton and am happy to still be teaching in district."
- Jacobs, Andrew. "A Caped Crusader For Peace (and Fun); Rich and Famous for His Fame, He's Shooting for Techno Stardom", The New York Times, October 9, 2004. Accessed October 16, 2011. "As a child growing up in Clifton, N.J., Ivan was often encouraged by both parents to sing impromptu renditions of Moon River in hotel lobbies."
- Assemblyman Gerald H. Zecker at the Wayback Machine (archived February 25, 1998), New Jersey Legislature, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 25, 1998. Accessed June 14, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clifton, New Jersey.|
- City of Clifton website
- Clifton Public Schools
- Clifton Public Schools's 2012–13 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Clifton Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Clifton National Little League Website