Cover to My Dear Wilkinson (1976, trans. 2005), the first album that was released in English.
|Publisher||Lombard Editions (French)|
|No. of issues||21 (in French)|
6 (in English)
|Created by||Raymond Macherot|
|Written by||De Groot|
Clifton is a Franco-Belgian comics series in the humorous spy-genre, featuring the exploits of Colonel Sir Harold Wilberforce Clifton. It was created by Raymond Macherot in 1959, and has since passed on to other artists and writers. Over the fifty years of publication of the Clifton series, approximately twenty albums and twenty smaller stories have been published, totalling about 800 pages.
A British colonel, retired from MI5, though sometimes still active for the British government, Clifton functions as an amateur sleuth, and his phlegmatic approach to stress leads to humorous situations. Harold Clifton lives in Puddington, near London, supported by housekeeper Miss Partridge, who makes a prize-winning goulash. Clifton drives a red MG TD from the early fifties, which gets mangled in most stories, but is repaired regardless of cost. Clifton's hobbies include Boy Scouting (he's Boy Scoutmaster Singing Heron), cats, and collecting cigar wraps. He received a Knighthood in 1993 for saving a member of the Royal family.
Clifton's amateur sleuthing leads him to investigate many cases, often with the police or MI5. His main contact at MI5 is Colonel Donald Spruce who often calls on him to deal with delicate missions. Spruce is the sort of man who would be perfectly capable of handling the missions himself if not for a leg injury which has left him partly disabled.
It was originally Raymond Macherot who created the Colonel Clifton character, and the first story was published in the Franco-Belgian comics magazine Tintin on 16 December 1959. In preliminary studies, Macherot had used Colonel Horatio Amaory Crickett as a working name, but before the first story decided on Colonel Clifton instead. Clifton's first names Harold Wilberforce were not mentioned until the second story. After three stories, published in 1959-1960, Macherot went on to do other work, and eventually left Tintin for the competitor Spirou magazine, leaving behind his Tintin-owned work. Clifton was shelved for six years.
In 1969, artist Jo-El Azara and writer Greg revived the series with the short story Les lutins diaboliques. In 1972, writer Greg and new artist Turk did the story Le voleur qui rit. In 1974, artist Turk and new writer De Groot (who had collaborated on the Clifton short-story Le mystère de la voix qui court in 1970), started the story Alias Lord X, and that duo began a long-lasting collaboration on eight Clifton volumes.
In 1983, Bédu took over the artwork from Turk and worked with De Groot until the 1990s. In 1991, Bédu became responsible for both artwork and scenario with the story Le clan Mc Gregor, the last story serialised in French Tintin, and continued to work alone for the following two stories published directly to albums.
Timeline of major stories
|Artist||Scenarist||Year*||FR title||NL title||EN title|
|Raymond Macherot||Macherot||1959||Les enquêtes du colonel Clifton||De onderzoekingen van kolonel Clifton|
|Macherot||Macherot||1960||Clifton à New York||Clifton in New York|
|Macherot||Macherot||1960||Clifton et les espions||Clifton en de spionnen|
|Jo-El Azara||Greg||1969||Les lutins diaboliques [short story]||De duivelse dwergen|
|Turk||De Groot||1970||Le mystère de la voix qui court [short story]||Het geheim van de rennende stem|
|Turk||Greg||1972||Le voleur qui rit||De lachende dief||The laughing thief|
|Turk||De Groot||1974||Alias Lord X||Alias Lord X|
|Turk||De Groot||1975||Sir Jason||Sir Jason||Sir Jason|
|Turk||De Groot||1976||Ce cher Mr Wilkinson||Dear Mr Wilkinson||My Dear Wilkinson|
|Turk||De Groot||1978||7 jours pour mourir||7 dagen om te sterven||7 days to die|
|Turk||De Groot||1980||Une panthère pour le colonel||Een panter voor de kolonel|
|Turk||De Groot||1982||Weekend à tuer||Weekend om te doden|
|Bédu||De Groot||1984||Passé composé||Uit de oude doos|
|Bédu||De Groot||1986||La mémoire brisée||Geheugenverlies|
|Bédu||De Groot||1987||Dernière scéance||Laatste voorstelling|
|Bédu||Bédu||1991||Le clan Mc Gregor||De Mc Gregor clan|
|Bédu||Bédu||1992||Mortelle saison||Een fataal spel|
|Bédu||Bédu||1995||Le baiser du cobra||De kus van de cobra|
|Rodrigue||De Groot||2005||Lune noire||Zwarte maan||Black Moon|
|Rodrigue||De Groot||2006||Elementaire, mon cher Clifton||Elementary, my dear Clifton|
|Rodrigue||De Groot||2008||Ballade Irlandaise|
|Turk||Zidrou||2016||Clifton et les gauchers contrariés||Spookrijders onder invloed|
- *Denotes original year of publication until Tintin ceased to be published, and Clifton no longer serialised
Publications in magazines and other media
The cartoonists worked with original French language stories, whereas all were published simultaneously in French and Dutch, the two main Belgian languages, in the weekly magazines Tintin / Kuifje (French / Dutch edition of the same magazine), Junior (French) and Ons Volkske (Dutch), all published by Lombard Editions in Brussels. Clifton also ran in other magazines, across Europe such as the German publications Zack and YPS.
In 1984, a six minutes long Clifton theatrical animated short film was made by Belvision Studios as one of the studios' final productions in the 1980s, the film department of Lombard. The cartoon was based on the short story "Un pépin pour Clifton" (French) / "Onder Cliftons Paraplu" or "Pech voor Clifton" (Dutch) (Lit. "Bad luck for Clifton"/"Under Clifton's umbrella") by Turk and De Groot. The animation was produced by Michel Leloupe, with Anthony Hamilton voicing Clifton.
1. My Dear Wilkinson, 2005, ISBN 978-1-905460-06-9
2. The Laughing Thief, 2005, ISBN 978-1-905460-07-6
3. 7 days to die, 2006, ISBN 978-1-905460-08-3
4. The Black Moon, 2007, ISBN 978-1-905460-30-4
5. Jade, 2008, ISBN 978-1-905460-52-6
6. Kidnapping, 2009, ISBN 978-1-905460-87-8
7. Elementary, My Dear Clifton, 2014, ISBN 978-1-849181-98-3
8. Sir Jason, 2018, ISBN 978-1-84918-407-6