Climate emergency declaration

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Countries where a climate emergency has been declared, either for the entire country (dark blue) or only for some subdivisions (light blue), as of October 2019.

A climate emergency declaration or declaring a climate emergency is an action taken by governments and scientists[1] to acknowledge humanity is in a climate emergency. The first such declaration was made in December 2016.[2] Since then over 1,400 local governments in 28 countries have made climate emergency declarations (as of 23 February 2020). [3]

Once a government makes a declaration the next step for the declaring government to set priorities to mitigate climate change, prior to ultimately entering a state of emergency or equivalent.[4]

In declaring a climate emergency, a government admits that global warming exists and that the measures taken up to this point are not enough to limit the changes brought by it. The decision stresses the need for the government and administration to devise measures that try and stop human-caused global warming.[5] [6]

The declarations can be made on different levels, for example at a national or local government level, and they can differ in depth and detail in their guidelines. The term climate emergency does not only describe formal decisions, but also includes actions to avert climate breakdown. This is supposed to justify and focus them. The specific term "emergency" is used to assign priority to the topic, and to generate a mindset of urgency.

The term “climate emergency” has been promoted by climate activists and pro-climate action politicians to add a sense of urgency for responding to a long-term problem.[7]

Term[edit]

Climate emergency as a term was used in protests against climate change before 2010 (e.g. the "Climate-Emergency-Rally" in Melbourne in June 2009[8]). In 2017 the city council of Darebin adopted multiple measures named "Darebin Climate Emergency Plan". On December 4th, 2018, the Club of Rome presented their "Climate Emergency Plan", which included 10 high-priority measures to limit global warming.[9] With the rise of movements like Extinction Rebellion[10] and Fridays For Future the concern has been picked up by various governments.

Multiple European cities and communities who declared a climate emergency are simultaneously members of the Klima-Bündnis (German for climate alliance), which obligates them to lower their CO2 emissions by 10% every five years.

Oxford Dictionary chose climate emergency as the word of the year 2019 and defines the term as "a situation in which urgent action is required to reduce or halt climate change and avoid potentially irreversible environmental damage resulting from it." Usage of the term soared more than 10,000% between September 2018 and September 2019.[11]

History[edit]

Australian climate activists demand the declaration of a climate emergency on 13 June 2009 at the "Climate Emergency Rally" during the annual Earth day in Melbourne, Australia
"Climate Emergency" declared on a banner on 22 April 2017 at the annual March for Science in Melbourne, Australia

Early stages[edit]

Encouraged by the campaigners behind a Climate Emergency Declaration petition, which had been launched in Australia in May 2016, the first governmental declaration of a climate emergency in the world was put forward by Trent McCarthy, an Australian Greens Councillor at the City of Darebin in Melbourne, Australia. The city declared a climate emergency on 5 December 2016.[12][13][14] In August 2017, Darebin decided upon a catalogue of actions in a "Darebin Climate Emergency Plan".[15][16] Darebin's declaration was followed by Hoboken in New Jersey and Berkeley, California.[13][14]

Hearing of these developments in 2018, UK Green Party politician Carla Denyer, then a member of Bristol City Council, took the lead role in bringing about Bristol City Council's declaration of a climate emergency.[17] This was the first such declaration by in Europe, and has been widely credited as a breakthrough moment for cities and national parliaments beginning to declare climate emergency.[18][19][13][14] Denyer's motion was described in the UK newspaper The Independent as 'the historic first motion' which by July 2019 had been 'copied by more than 400 local authorities and parliaments'.[20]

"Climate angel" with a poster "This is an emergency" at the "Extinction Rebellion" protests on 22 March 2019 in Melbourne, Australia
Demanding a "Klimanotstand" (English: Climate Emergency) at Helvetiaplatz [de] in Bern, Switzerland on 24 May 2019

On 28th April 2019, the Scottish Parliament declared a climate emergency, making Scotland the first country to do so. [21] This was quickly followed by the National Assembly for Wales on the 29th April [22] and then the Parliament of the United Kingdom for the UK as whole in 1st May.[23]

Subsequent developments[edit]

Pope Francis declared a climate emergency in June 2019.[24] The Pope also called for a "radical energy transition" away from fossil fuels towards renewable energy sources, and urged leaders to "hear the increasingly desperate cries of the earth and its poor."[24] He also argued against "the continued search for new fossil fuel reserves" and stated that "fossil fuels should remain underground."[24]

On 10 July 2019, networks representing more than 7,000 higher and further education institutions from six continents announced that they are declaring a Climate Emergency, and agreed to undertake a three-point plan to address the crisis through their work with students.[25] Some statements were criticized for not including specific measures.[26]

In June 2019, Councillor Trent McCarthy of the City of Darebin brought together councillors and parliamentarians in Australia and around the world for two online link-ups to connect the work of climate emergency-declared councils and governments. Following these link-ups and a successful motion at the National General Assembly of Local Government, McCarthy announced the formation of Climate Emergency Australia, a new network of Australian governments and councils advocating for a climate emergency response.

Representative Earl Blumenauer of Oregon believes the US government should declare a climate emergency.[27] Blumenauer's proposed legislation is supported by 2020 US Presidential candidate Bernie Sanders, as well as Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.[27]

In 2019, according to an eight-country poll, a majority of the public recognise the climate crisis as an “emergency” and say politicians are failing to tackle the problem, backing the interests of big oil over the wellbeing of ordinary people. The survey found that climate breakdown is viewed as the most important issue facing the world in seven out of the eight countries surveyed.[28]

In September 2013, the Australian Medical Association officially declared climate change a public health emergency.[29] The AMA noted that climate change will cause "higher mortality and morbidity from heat stress; injury and mortality from increasingly severe weather events; increases in the transmission of vector-borne diseases; food insecurity resulting from declines in agricultural outputs; [and] a higher incidence of mental-ill health."[29] The AMA has called on the Australian Government to adopt a carbon budget; reduce emissions; and transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy, among other proposals to mitigate the health impacts of climate change.[29]

The Australian Greens Party is calling on the federal Parliament to declare a climate emergency. Greens MP for Melbourne, Adam Bandt, welcomed the UK Parliament's declaration of a climate emergency and argued that Australia should follow their lead.[30] In October 2019, an official e-petition to the Australian Parliament calling for the declaration of a climate emergency, received more than 400,000 signatories (.[31][32][33] This is the single most popular online Parliamentary petition in Australia.[33] Former federal Liberal Party leader John Hewson has publicly urged for a conscience vote in the Parliament on the climate emergency, despite the Liberal Party's current position on climate change.[34] He also stated that "it was an emergency 30 years ago".[34]

In October 2019, the Australian Labor Party supported the Greens Party's policy to declare a climate emergency, however the proposition failed with the rejection of the Morrison Government.[35] The motion was supported by independent members Zali Steggall, Helen Haines and Andrew Wilkie, as well as Centre Alliance.[34]

On 5 November 2019 the journal BioScience published an article endorsed by further 11,000 scientists from 153 nations, that states Climate Emergency (“We declare clearly and unequivocally that planet Earth is facing a climate emergency”) and that the world's people face “untold suffering due to the climate crisis” unless there are major transformations to global society.[36][36]

In November 2019 the Oxford Dictionaries made the term climate emergency Word of the Year.

On 14-15 February 2020 the first National Climate Emergency Summit was held at the city hall in Melbourne, Australia. It was a sold out event with 2,000 attendees and 100 speakers.[37][38]

Recent development[edit]

Beginning in early 2019, Google trends data shows a growth in "climate emergency" searches (shown in red), concurrently with growth in searches for "climate crisis" (shown in blue).

Development in the EU[edit]

On 28 November 2019, the European Parliament declared a climate emergency.[39][40] The EU represents 27 member states.

Germany[edit]

The state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) started a campaign on 10 March 2019 called "NRW erklärt den Klimanotstand" (North-Rhine-Westphalia declares a climate emergency), where they urged local communities to do so. The first community to declare a climate emergency was Konstanz in Baden-Wurttemberg, on 2 May 2019.

The government of NRW called the declaration of a climate emergency a "symbolic measure", which does not give any "special rights" to the declaring community.

List of countries and dependencies[edit]

Parliamentary or Government declaration[edit]

European Union member states[edit]


States and local administrations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ripple, William; Wolf, Christopher; Newsome, Thomas; Barnard, Phoebe; Moomaw, William (2019-11-05). "World Scientists' Warning of a Climate Emergency". BioScience, Biz088, American Institute of Biological Science (Oxford Academic; Oxford University Press). Retrieved 2019-12-14.
  2. ^ "History of Local Government Declarations". CACE. Council and Community Action in the Climate Emergency. Retrieved 2020-01-06.
  3. ^ "CEDAMIA list of global declarations". CEDAMIA. Climate Emergency Declaration and Mobilisation In Action. Retrieved 2020-02-23.
  4. ^ "How a council can enter into full emergency mode". CACE. Council and Community Action in the Climate Emergency. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  5. ^ Gorey, Colm (2019-05-10). "What Does Declaring a Climate Emergency Actually Mean?". Silicon Republic. Retrieved 2019-12-12.
  6. ^ Resolution, Climate Emergency. "What is a Climate Emergency Declaration". The Climate Mobilization. The Climate Mobilization. Retrieved 2019-12-12.
  7. ^ Freedman, Andrew (2019-11-05). "More than 11,000 scientists from around the world declare a 'climate emergency'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2019-11-06.
  8. ^ "National Climate Emergency Rally Melbourne June 2009". Greenlivingpedia. Greenlivingpedia. Retrieved 2019-12-12.
  9. ^ "The Club of Rome Climate Emergency Plan". The Club of Rome. Archived from the original on 2019-12-08. Retrieved 2019-12-12.
  10. ^ "Extinction Rebellion Home". Extinction Rebelion. Retrieved 2019-12-12.
  11. ^ Rice, Doyle (2019-11-21). "'Climate emergency' is Oxford Dictionary's word of the year". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2019-12-03.
  12. ^ "Darebin City Council | cedamia". www.cedamia.org. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  13. ^ a b c Julia Lagoutte, 'What next after declaring a climate emergency?', Big Green Politics Podcast (30 July 2019).
  14. ^ a b c 'Change starts here: Carla Denyer', Green World (9 August 2019).
  15. ^ a b "Minutes of the Council Meeting". Meetings. City of Darebin. 2017-08-24 [2017-08-21]. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  16. ^ a b "Darebin Climate Emergency Plan". Agendas and minutes of Council. City of Darebin. 2017-08-21. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  17. ^ Matthew Taylor, 'Bristol plans to become carbon neutral by 2030', The Guardian (14 November 2018).
  18. ^ Lindsay Brown, 'Climate change: What is a climate emergency?', BBC News (3 May 2019).
  19. ^ James Ellsmoor, 'Climate Emergency Declarations: How Cities Are Leading The Charge', Forbes (20 July 2019).
  20. ^ Alex Morss, 'If a city as green as Bristol will struggle to meet emissions targets, how can the rest of the country?', The Independent (July 19, 2019).
  21. ^ "Sturgeon declares 'climate emergency'". 2019-04-28 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  22. ^ "'Climate emergency' declared in Wales". 2019-04-29 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  23. ^ "UK Parliament declares climate emergency". 2019-05-01 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  24. ^ a b c d Pope Francis made a pledge for a climate emergency in June 2019, at a meeting with oil executives. "Pope Francis declares 'climate emergency' and urges action". BBC. 2019.
  25. ^ "Higher and Further Education Institutions across the globe declare Climate Emergency". UN Environment.
  26. ^ Beaumont, Hilary; Visser, Josh; Gaviola, Anne (2019-05-29). "Declaring a 'Climate Emergency' Is Meaningless Without Strong Policy".
  27. ^ a b Meagan Day (2019-07-10). "The US Government Should Declare Climate Emergency". jacobinmag.com. Retrieved 2019-10-11.
  28. ^ Taylor, Matthew (2019-09-18). "Climate crisis seen as 'most important issue' by public, poll shows". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-12-03.
  29. ^ a b c "Climate change is a health emergency". Australian Medical Association. 2019-09-03. Retrieved 2019-10-22.
  30. ^ "Greens will move to declare 'climate emergency' in next Parliament following UK Parliament climate emergency declaration". AdamBandt.com. Retrieved 2019-10-04.
  31. ^ "Final Tally is in". Twitter (@AboutTheHouse). 2019-10-17. Retrieved 2020-01-01.
  32. ^ "Climate emergency e-petition secures parliamentary record". SBS News. 2019-09-30. Retrieved 2019-10-04.
  33. ^ a b McCormack, Ange (2019-10-10). "'Climate emergency' petition to Parliament reaches 300K signatures. Will it do anything?". triple j. Retrieved 2019-10-11.
  34. ^ a b c "John Hewson urges Liberal conscience vote on climate emergency". SBS News. Retrieved 2019-10-04. dated 11/09/2019
  35. ^ "Labor's attempt to declare a climate emergency rejected by the Morrison government". SBS News. Retrieved 2019-11-29.
  36. ^ a b editor, Damian Carrington Environment (2019-11-05). "Climate crisis: 11,000 scientists warn of 'untold suffering'" – via www.theguardian.com.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  37. ^ https://climateemergencydeclaration.org/australia-first-national-climate-emergency-summit/
  38. ^ https://www.climateemergencysummit.org/
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "The European Parliament declares climate emergency | News | European Parliament". www.europarl.europa.eu. 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2019-11-28.
  40. ^ Rankin, Jennifer (2019-11-28). "'Our house is on fire': EU parliament declares climate emergency". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-11-29.
  41. ^ "Nicola Sturgeon declares 'climate emergency' at SNP conference". BBC.com. 2019-04-28. Retrieved 2019-11-29.
  42. ^ "'Climate emergency' declared by Welsh Government". BBC.com. 2019-04-29. Retrieved 2019-11-19.
  43. ^ "UK Parliament declares climate change emergency". BBC.com. 2019-05-01. Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  44. ^ "Climate emergency declared in Jersey". ITV.com. 2019-05-02. Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  45. ^ "Irish parliament declares climate emergency". The Guardian. 2019-05-10. Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  46. ^ "This is a climate change emergency". IOMToday. 2019-05-10. Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  47. ^ "Parliament votes for government to declare "state of climate emergency"". Portugal Resident. 2019-06-07. Archived from the original on 2019-06-29. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
  48. ^ "Portuguese parliament declared climate emergency – and made sure it meant nothing". climaximo.pt. 2019-06-08. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
  49. ^ "VOTE NO. 1365, 42ND PARLIAMENT, 1ST SESSION". ourcommons.ca. 2019-06-17.
  50. ^ "Canada's House of Commons has declared a national climate emergency". ctvnews.ca.
  51. ^ "National climate emergency declared by House of Commons". globalnews.ca. 2019-06-17.
  52. ^ "L'Assemblée nationale vote "l'urgence écologique et climatique"". FIGARO (in French). 2019-06-27.
  53. ^ Himitian, Evangelina (2019-07-18). "La Argentina declaró la emergencia climática y ecológica". La Nación (in Spanish).
  54. ^ "Argentine senate approves historic climate change bill". bnamericas.com. 2019-07-18. Retrieved 2019-10-07.
  55. ^ dice, Chorche (2019-09-17). "El Congreso apoya la declaración de emergencia climática en España". lamarea.com.
  56. ^ http://www.congreso.es/portal/page/portal/Congreso/Congreso/Iniciativas?_piref73_2148295_73_1335437_1335437.next_page=/wc/servidorCGI&CMD=VERLST&BASE=IW13&PIECE=IWC3&FMT=INITXD1S.fmt&FORM1=INITXLUS.fmt&QUERY=%28I%29.ACIN1.+%26+%28EMERGENCIA+CLIMATICA%29.ALL.&DOCS=4-4 Congress of Deputies
  57. ^ https://m.eldiario.es/sociedad/emergencia-climatica_0_987251422.html
  58. ^ tagesschau.de. "Österreich ruft Klimanotstand aus". tagesschau.de (in German). Retrieved 2019-09-26.
  59. ^ "Government, Opposition declare climate emergency - TVM News".
  60. ^ "Bangladesh declares climate change a "planetary emergency" - World". ReliefWeb.
  61. ^ https://www.sostenible.cat/noticia/andorra-declara-lestat-demergencia-ecologica
  62. ^ https://en.sun.mv/58222
  63. ^ https://www.businessgreen.com/news/4020801/south-korea-national-assembly-declares-climate-emergency
  64. ^ Clarke, Renfrey (2019-09-28). "Liberals squirm as South Australia's parliament declares climate emergency". Green Left Weekly. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  65. ^ "Melbourne Declares Climate Emergency, Vows To Listen To The Rightfully Pissed-Off Youth". 2019-07-17.
  66. ^ "The City of Sydney has officially declared a climate emergency". SBS News.
  67. ^ Bloch, Michael (2019-08-28). "City Of Adelaide (Council) Declares Climate Emergency". Solar Quotes Blog.
  68. ^ Redacción T21. "El cambio climático desencadena un movimiento social sin precedentes". Tendencias 21. Ciencia, tecnología, sociedad y cultura (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  69. ^ "Council of Vincent, Western Australia, passes a climate emergency motion". CACEonline.org. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  70. ^ "Global | cedamia". www.cedamia.org.
  71. ^ Alexander C. Kaufman (2019-06-26). "New York City Declares A Climate Emergency". HuffPost.
  72. ^ "San Francisco and Chico declare a Climate Emergency". The Climate Mobilization. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  73. ^ a b c Aidt, Mik (2019-05-09). "Climate emergency declarations in 528 councils cover 52 million citizens". Climate Emergency Declaration. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  74. ^ "Paris se déclare en "état d'urgence climatique"". 20minutes.fr (in French).
  75. ^ Maltas, Mar Rocabert (2019-05-14). "El Govern declara la emergencia climática sin medidas concretas para abordarla". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  76. ^ "Gobierno Vasco declara la emergencia climática para una Euskadi neutra en carbono con acciones "urgentes y ambiciosas"". eldiario.es. 2019-07-30. Retrieved 2019-08-27.
  77. ^ https://cadenaser.com/emisora/2019/08/30/radio_club_tenerife/1567169615_815466.html Cadena SER
  78. ^ Ibiza, Diario de. "El Govern declara Baleares en "emergencia climática"". www.diariodeibiza.es.
  79. ^ https://cadenaser.com/emisora/2019/07/17/radio_club_tenerife/1563383792_308381.html Cadena SER
  80. ^ "Sevilla es la primera ciudad en España declarada en estado de emergencia climática y ecológica". eldiario.es. 2019-07-25. Retrieved 2019-08-27.
  81. ^ "El Pleno Da Un Nuevo Paso Para La Regularización Urbanística De Montesolmar • Castro Punto Radio". Castropuntoradio.es. 2019-08-23. Retrieved 2019-08-27.
  82. ^ https://www.eldiario.es/canariasahora/tenerifeahora/sociedad/Puerto-Cruz-declara-emergencia-climatica_0_935806769.html eldiario.es
  83. ^ http://www.aytosagunto.es/es-es/actualidad/Paginas/mocion-declaracion-emergencia-climatica.aspx Aytosagunto.es
  84. ^ http://www.icalnews.com/Mostrar.cfm/noticias/I/pleno/ayuntamiento/zamora/aprueba/unanimidad/declaracion/emergencia/climatica/466754 icalNews.com
  85. ^ https://www.eldiario.es/madrid/Ayuntamiento-Madrid-emergencia-climatica-Vox_0_945955912.html eldiario.es
  86. ^ https://www.eldiario.es/catalunya/barcelona/Barcelona-emergencia-climatica-pacificacion-kilometros_0_985152181.html
  87. ^ https://entomelloso.com/tomelloso/aprobada-la-declaracion-de-emergencia-climatica-del-municipio-de-tomelloso/
  88. ^ "Acri prima città italiana a dichiarare lo stato di emergenza climatica". ilmattino.it. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  89. ^ "Milano fa la storia: primo Comune in Italia a dichiarare l'emergenza climatica e ambientale". Pressenza. 2019-05-21.
  90. ^ Redazione (2019-05-24). "La Giunta approva delibera con dichiarazione simbolica di stato di Emergenza climatica e ambientale". Napoli Village – Quotidiano di Informazioni Online (in Italian).
  91. ^ "Giunta Comunale". Citta de Lucca. 2019-06-04. Retrieved 2019-06-27.
  92. ^ Aidt, Mik (2019-09-04). "Climate emergency declarations in 990 jurisdictions and local governments cover 212 million citizens". Climate Emergency Declaration. Retrieved 2019-09-11.
  93. ^ "Stadt Konstanz ruft Klimanotstand aus – Stadt Konstanz" (in German). 2019. Retrieved 2019-05-10.
  94. ^ "Constance becomes first German city to declare 'climate emergency'". Deutsche Welle. 2019-05-02. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  95. ^ Gerdener, Angelina Kuhlmann,Jan-Henrik. "Herford ruft als vierte Stadt in Deutschland den Klimanotstand aus". Herford (in German). Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  96. ^ ""Klimanotstand" – Aachen folgt weiteren deutschen Städten". Deutschlandfunk (in German). 2019-06-19. Archived from the original on 2019-06-22. Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  97. ^ "Schleswig-Holstein: Kiel verkündet "Klimanotstand"". Spiegel Online. 2019-05-16. Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  98. ^ "Nach Schüler-Demos: Wie L.A. und London: Erste Großstadt in NRW ruft Klima-Notstand aus". Express.de (in German). 2019-05-23. Retrieved 2019-05-23.
  99. ^ "Telgte und Drensteinfurt rufen Klimanotstand aus". radiowaf.de (in German). Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  100. ^ Erlangen, Stadt (2019-05-30). "Erlangen erklärt den Klimanotstand". erlangen.de (in German). Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  101. ^ "Auch die Städte Bochum, Marl und Gladbeck haben den Klimanotstand ausgerufen". www1.wdr.de (in German). 2019-06-07. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
  102. ^ Gombert, Sarah Lena. "Zustimmung im Stadtrat: Stadt Aachen ruft Klimanotstand aus". Aachener Nachrichten (in German). Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  103. ^ "Brachttal ruft Klimanotstand aus". gnz.de (in German). Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  104. ^ Rundfunk, Saarländischer (2019-06-19). "Saarbrücken ruft Klimanotstand aus". SR.de (in German). Archived from the original on 2019-07-02. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  105. ^ VRM GmbH & Co KG. "Rot-Grün-Rot erklärt in Wiesbaden den Klimanotstand – Wiesbadener Kurier". wiesbadener-kurier.de (in German). Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  106. ^ Hauser, Ludmilla. "Beschluss im Stadtrat: Leverkusen ruft den Klimanotstand aus". RP Online (in German). Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  107. ^ "Auch Köln ruft den Klimanotstand aus". www1.wdr.de (in German). 2019-07-09. Retrieved 2019-07-17.
  108. ^ "Marburg ruft Klimanotstand aus". op-marburg.de / Oberhessische Presse / Zeitung für Marburg – Biedenkopf (in German). Retrieved 2019-07-17.
  109. ^ "Potsdam ruft Klimanotstand aus". klimareporter° (in German). Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  110. ^ "Berlin beschließt "Klimanotlage"". www.rbb24.de (in German). 2019-12-10. Retrieved 2019-12-11.
  111. ^ Wetzel, Jakob. "München: Der Stadtrat ruft den "Klimanotstand" aus". Süddeutsche.de (in German). Retrieved 2019-12-19.
  112. ^ "Environment Canterbury declares climate emergency". Environment Canterbury.
  113. ^ Bohny, Skara (2019-05-16). "Nelson declares climate emergency". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 2019-06-24.
  114. ^ Niall, Todd (2019-06-11). "Auckland Council declares climate change emergency". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2019-06-24.
  115. ^ Woolf, Amber-Leigh; Desmarais, Felix (2019-06-20). "Wellington City Council declares climate emergency, but councillors remain divided". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 2019-06-24.
  116. ^ "Amsterdam becomes the first Dutch municipality to recognise the climate crisis". kinder.world.
  117. ^ Burgsteiner, Dorit (2019-06-13). "Als erste Gemeinde Österreichs: Michaelerberg-Pruggern hat den "Klimanotstand" ausgerufen". kleinezeitung.at (in German).
  118. ^ (in German) https://m.perchtoldsdorf.at/images/stories/gemeinde/2019-06-18/06_01_00_Dringlichkeitsantraege.pdf
  119. ^ "Umwelt: Traiskirchen ruft Klimanotstand aus". noe.ORF.at (in German). 2019-06-25.
  120. ^ "Bürger. Service. Politik – Aktuelles – Steyregg". steyregg.at (in German).
  121. ^ "Politik: Vorarlberg ruft Klimanotstand aus". vorarlberg.ORF.at (in German). 2019-07-05.
  122. ^ "Radnice Prahy 6 vyhlásila stav klimatického ohrožení". ekolist.cz (in Czech). 2019-06-14. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
  123. ^ "Praha 7 vyhlásila stav klimatické nouze". praha7.cz (in Czech). 2019-12-22. Retrieved 2019-12-22.
  124. ^ "Bacolod first city in PH to declare climate emergency". Sunstar. 2019-07-20. Retrieved 2019-08-27.
  125. ^ "Onet – Jesteś na bieżąco" (in Polish). Onet.pl. Retrieved 2019-08-27.
  126. ^ "Kraków przyjął rezolucję o klimatycznym stanie wyjątkowym" (in Polish). Smoglab.pl. Retrieved 2019-08-27.
  127. ^ "Poza školu v Zlatých Moravciach vedie pocitový chodník". Pravda (in Slovak). 2019-10-11. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
  128. ^ "Brussels-City declares climate emergency". FlandersToday. 2019-09-25. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
  129. ^ The Japan Times, December 6, 2019: Nagano is first prefecture in Japan to declare a climate emergency, retrieved December 7, 2019.
  130. ^ https://english.kyodonews.net/news/2019/09/3bbf737d8f5e-southwestern-japan-city-declares-climate-emergency-1st-in-country.html KyodoNews.net
  131. ^ "気候非常事態宣言" (PDF). 壱岐市長 白川博一. 2019-09-05. Retrieved 2019-11-08.
  132. ^ "気候非常事態宣言に関する決議について" (PDF). 鎌倉市議会. 2019-10-04. Retrieved 2019-11-08.
  133. ^ http://piensachile.com/2019/10/hualpen-primera-comuna-de-chile-en-declarar-emergencia-climatica-y-ecologica PiensaChile.com
  134. ^ Morgan, Sam (2019-11-07). "Budapest declares climate emergency, teases carbon-neutrality".
  135. ^ http://www2.recife.pe.gov.br/node/290225
  136. ^ http://www.chungnam.go.kr/cnnet/board.do?mnu_url=/cnbbs/view.do?board_seq=308686&mnu_cd=CNNMENU00148&searchCnd=0&searchWrd=%ED%83%88%EC%84%9D%ED%83%84&pageNo=1&pageGNo=0&showSplitNo=10&code=36
  137. ^ http://www.kmaeil.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=219908
  138. ^ https://news.v.daum.net/v/20200605164514767
  139. ^ http://kjdaily.com/article.php?aid=1597835141521378002
  140. ^ http://www.greenpostkorea.co.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=117961

External links[edit]