Temperature in Canada

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Averages[edit]

Köppen climate classification types of Canada

The following tables show the average maximum and minimum temperatures of Canada of various cities across Canada, based on the climate period from 1981-2010 for the months of January and July (generally the lowest and highest average temperature months, but not in every case).

The major Canadian city that falls outside the continental climate schema is Vancouver, which experiences an oceanic climate with a marked summer dry season. Of the eight largest Canadian cities, Ottawa, Montreal and Toronto have the warmest summers, Winnipeg the coldest winters, while Vancouver's winters are far milder than any other large city in Canada.

Central Canada and northern Canada experiences subarctic and Arctic climates, much of them arid. Those areas are not heavily populated due to the severe climate, where it drops below −20 °C (−4 °F) on most winter days and has a very brief summer season.

The table can be reordered by clicking on the box in each column. Places in italics are provincial capitals, bold is the national capital.

Community Weather station Location Elevation January
(Avg. high °C (°F))
January
(Avg. low °C (°F))
July
(Avg. high °C (°F))
July
(Avg. low °C (°F))
Annual
(Avg. high °C (°F))
Annual
(Avg. low °C (°F))
Alberton, PE[1]   46°51′00″N 064°01′00″W / 46.85000°N 64.01667°W / 46.85000; -64.01667 (Alberton) 3 m (9.8 ft) −3.9 (25.0) −12.5 (9.5) 23.2 (73.8) 14.1 (57.4) 9.6 (49.3) 1.3 (34.3)
Baker Lake, NU[2] YBK 64°17′56″N 096°04′40″W / 64.29889°N 96.07778°W / 64.29889; -96.07778 (Baker Lake Airport) 18.6 metres (61 ft) −1.7 (28.9) −34.8 (−30.6) 17.0 (62.6) 6.1 (43.0) −7.3 (18.9) −15.2 (4.6)
Baie-Comeau, QC[3] YBC 49°08′00″N 068°12′00″W / 49.13333°N 68.20000°W / 49.13333; -68.20000 (Baie-Comeau) 22 m (72 ft) −8.7 (16.3) −19.9 (−3.8) 20.9 (69.6) 10.3 (50.5) 6.6 (43.9) −3.3 (26.1)
Calgary, AB[4] YYC 51°06′50″N 114°01′13″W / 51.11389°N 114.02028°W / 51.11389; -114.02028 (Calgary) 1,084 m (3,556 ft) −0.9 (30.4) −13.2 (8.2) 23.2 (73.8) 9.8 (49.6) 10.8 (51.4) −1.9 (28.6)
Charlottetown, PE[5] YYG 46°17′19″N 063°07′43″W / 46.28861°N 63.12861°W / 46.28861; -63.12861 (Charlottetown) 49 m (161 ft) −3.4 (25.9) −12.1 (10.2) 23.3 (73.9) 14.1 (57.4) 9.9 (49.8) 1.3 (34.3)
Churchill, MB[6] YYQ 58°44′21″N 094°03′59″W / 58.73917°N 94.06639°W / 58.73917; -94.06639 (Churchill) 29 m (95 ft) −21.9 (−7.4) −30.1 (−22.2) 18.0 (64.4) 7.3 (45.1) −2.3 (27.9) −10.7 (12.7)
Corner Brook, NL[7]   48°57′00″N 057°57′00″W / 48.95000°N 57.95000°W / 48.95000; -57.95000 (Corner Brook) 5 m (16 ft) −2.7 (27.1) −9.6 (14.7) 22.0 (71.6) 12.6 (54.7) 9.0 (48.2) 1.3 (34.3)
Dawson City, YT[8] YDA 64°02′35″N 139°07′40″W / 64.04306°N 139.12778°W / 64.04306; -139.12778 (Dawson City) 370 m (1,210 ft) −21.8 (−7.2) −30.1 (−22.2) 23.1 (73.6) 8.2 (46.8) 2.1 (35.8) −10.3 (13.5)
Edmonton, AB[9] YXD 53°34′24″N 113°31′06″W / 53.57333°N 113.51833°W / 53.57333; -113.51833 (Edmonton) 671 m (2,201 ft) −6.0 (21.2) −14.8 (5.4) 23.1 (73.6) 12.3 (54.1) 9.3 (48.7) −1.0 (30.2)
Edmundston, NB[10]   47°20′47″N 068°11′16″W / 47.34639°N 68.18778°W / 47.34639; -68.18778 (Edmundston) 163 m (535 ft) −7.1 (19.2) −18.5 (−1.3) 24.7 (76.5) 11.5 (52.7) 9.5 (49.1) −2.3 (27.9)
Fort Nelson, BC[11] YYE 58°50′11″N 122°35′50″W / 58.83639°N 122.59722°W / 58.83639; -122.59722 (Fort Nelson) 382 m (1,253 ft) −16.1 (3.0) −24.6 (−12.3) 23.2 (73.8) 10.9 (51.6) 5.2 (41.4) −6.0 (21.2)
Fredericton, NB[12] YFC 45°52′20″N 066°31′40″W / 45.87222°N 66.52778°W / 45.87222; -66.52778 (Fredericton) 21 m (69 ft) −3.8 (25.2) −15.0 (5.0) 25.5 (77.9) 13.0 (55.4) 11.4 (52.5) −0.2 (31.6)
Halifax, NS[13] YHZ 44°52′48″N 063°30′00″W / 44.88000°N 63.50000°W / 44.88000; -63.50000 (Halifax) 145 m (476 ft) −1.3 (29.7) −10.4 (13.3) 23.8 (74.8) 13.7 (56.7) 11.3 (52.3) 1.9 (35.4)
High Level, AB[14] YOJ 58°37′17″N 117°09′53″W / 58.62139°N 117.16472°W / 58.62139; -117.16472 (High Level) 338 m (1,109 ft) −15.0 (5.0) −25.8 (−14.4) 23.0 (73.4) 9.9 (49.8) 5.2 (41.4) −7.2 (19.0)
Inuvik, NT[15] YEV 68°18′15″N 133°28′58″W / 68.30417°N 133.48278°W / 68.30417; -133.48278 (Inuvik) 68 m (223 ft) −22.8 (−9.0) −31.0 (−23.8) 19.5 (67.1) 8.6 (47.5) −3.5 (25.7) −12.9 (8.8)
Iqaluit, NU[16] YFB 63°45′00″N 068°33′00″W / 63.75000°N 68.55000°W / 63.75000; -68.55000 (Iqaluit) 34 m (112 ft) −22.8 (−9.0) −30.9 (−23.6) 12.3 (54.1) 4.1 (39.4) −5.6 (21.9) −13.1 (8.4)
Kugluktuk, NU[17] YCO 67°49′00″N 115°08′38″W / 67.81667°N 115.14389°W / 67.81667; -115.14389 (Kugluktuk) 23 m (75 ft) −23.2 (−9.8) −31.4 (−24.5) 15.6 (60.1) 6.1 (43.0) −6.1 (21.0) −14.4 (6.1)
La Ronge, SK[18] YVC 55°09′00″N 105°16′00″W / 55.15000°N 105.26667°W / 55.15000; -105.26667 (La Ronge) 379 m (1,243 ft) −13.4 (7.9) −24.2 (−11.6) 23.5 (74.3) 11.5 (52.7) 5.9 (42.6) −5.5 (22.1)
Mayo, YT[19] YMA 63°37′00″N 135°52′00″W / 63.61667°N 135.86667°W / 63.61667; -135.86667 (Mayo) 504 m (1,654 ft) −18.0 (−0.4) −28.2 (−18.8) 22.8 (73.0) 9.4 (48.9) 3.4 (38.1) −8.2 (17.2)
Moncton, NB[20] YQM 46°06′19″N 064°41′02″W / 46.10528°N 64.68389°W / 46.10528; -64.68389 (Moncton) 71 m (233 ft) −3.7 (25.3) −14.0 (6.8) 24.7 (76.5) 12.9 (55.2) 10.7 (51.3) 0.1 (32.2)
Montreal, QC[21] YUL 45°28′00″N 073°45′00″W / 45.46667°N 73.75000°W / 45.46667; -73.75000 (Montreal) 36 m (118 ft) −5.3 (22.5) −14.0 (6.8) 26.3 (79.3) 16.1 (61.0) 11.5 (52.7) 2.0 (35.6)
Nain, NL[22] YDP 56°33′00″N 061°41′00″W / 56.55000°N 61.68333°W / 56.55000; -61.68333 (Nain) 6 m (20 ft) −13.5 (7.7) −21.6 (−6.9) 14.9 (58.8) 5.3 (41.5) 1.7 (35.1) −6.6 (20.1)
Norman Wells, NT[23] YVQ 65°16′57″N 126°48′01″W / 65.28250°N 126.80028°W / 65.28250; -126.80028 (Norman Wells) 73 m (240 ft) −22.2 (−8.0) −29.9 (−21.8) 22.5 (72.5) 11.5 (52.7) −0.4 (31.3) −9.9 (14.2)
Ottawa, ON[24] YOW 45°19′21″N 075°40′09″W / 45.32250°N 75.66917°W / 45.32250; -75.66917 (Ottawa) 114 m (374 ft) −5.8 (21.6) −14.8 (5.4) 26.5 (79.7) 15.5 (59.9) 11.3 (52.3) 1.4 (34.5)
Quebec City, QC[25] YQB 46°48′00″N 071°23′00″W / 46.80000°N 71.38333°W / 46.80000; -71.38333 (Quebec City) 74 m (243 ft) −7.9 (17.8) −17.7 (0.1) 25.0 (77.0) 13.5 (56.3) 9.2 (48.6) −0.8 (30.6)
Regina, SK[26] YQR 50°26′00″N 104°40′00″W / 50.43333°N 104.66667°W / 50.43333; -104.66667 (Regina) 578 m (1,896 ft) −9.3 (15.3) −20.1 (−4.2) 25.8 (78.4) 11.9 (53.4) 9.3 (48.7) −3.2 (26.2)
Resolute, NU[27] YRB 74°43′01″N 094°58′10″W / 74.71694°N 94.96944°W / 74.71694; -94.96944 (Resolute) 68 m (223 ft) −28.6 (−19.5) −35.3 (−31.5) 7.3 (45.1) 1.7 (35.1) −12.7 (9.1) −18.6 (−1.5)
Saskatoon, SK[28] YXE 52°10′00″N 106°43′00″W / 52.16667°N 106.71667°W / 52.16667; -106.71667 (Saskatoon) 504 m (1,654 ft) −10.1 (13.8) −20.7 (−5.3) 25.3 (77.5) 11.6 (52.9) 8.6 (47.5) −3.5 (25.7)
St. John's, NL[29] YYT 47°37′20″N 052°44′34″W / 47.62222°N 52.74278°W / 47.62222; -52.74278 (St. John's) 141 m (463 ft) −0.8 (30.6) −8.2 (17.2) 20.7 (69.3) 10.9 (51.6) 9.0 (48.2) 1.0 (33.8)
Summerside, PE[30] YSU 46°26′20″N 063°49′54″W / 46.43889°N 63.83167°W / 46.43889; -63.83167 (Summerside) 20 m (66 ft) −3.2 (26.2) −12.1 (10.2) 23.8 (74.8) 14.6 (58.3) 9.9 (49.8) 1.6 (34.9)
Sydney, NS[31] YQY 46°10′00″N 060°02′53″W / 46.16667°N 60.04806°W / 46.16667; -60.04806 (Sydney) 62 m (203 ft) −1.1 (30.0) −9.6 (14.7) 23.1 (73.6) 12.6 (54.7) 10.3 (50.5) 1.4 (34.5)
Thompson, MB[32] YTH 55°48′12″N 097°51′45″W / 55.80333°N 97.86250°W / 55.80333; -97.86250 (Thompson) 224 m (735 ft) −18.3 (−0.9) −29.3 (−20.7) 23.1 (73.6) 9.1 (48.4) 3.4 (38.1) −9.1 (15.6)
Timmins, ON[33] YTS 48°34′11″N 081°22′36″W / 48.56972°N 81.37667°W / 48.56972; -81.37667 (Timmins) 295 m (968 ft) −10.6 (12.9) −23.0 (−9.4) 24.2 (75.6) 10.7 (51.3) 7.9 (46.2) −4.3 (24.3)
Toronto, ON[34] YYZ 43°40′38″N 079°37′50″W / 43.67722°N 79.63056°W / 43.67722; -79.63056 (Toronto) 173 m (568 ft) −1.5 (29.3) −9.4 (15.1) 27.1 (80.8) 15.8 (60.4) 13.0 (55.4) 3.3 (37.9)
Vancouver, BC[35] YVR 49°11′42″N 123°10′55″W / 49.19500°N 123.18194°W / 49.19500; -123.18194 (Vancouver) 4 m (13 ft) 6.9 (44.4) 1.4 (34.5) 22.2 (72.0) 13.7 (56.7) 13.9 (57.0) 6.8 (44.2)
Victoria, BC[36] YYJ 48°38′50″N 123°25′33″W / 48.64722°N 123.42583°W / 48.64722; -123.42583 (Victoria) 20 m (66 ft) 7.6 (45.7) 1.5 (34.7) 22.4 (72.3) 11.3 (52.3) 14.4 (57.9) 5.6 (42.1)
Whitehorse, YT[37] YXY 60°42′34″N 135°04′08″W / 60.70944°N 135.06889°W / 60.70944; -135.06889 (Whitehorse) 706 m (2,316 ft) −11.0 (12.2) −19.2 (−2.6) 20.6 (69.1) 8.0 (46.4) 5.1 (41.2) −5.2 (22.6)
Winnipeg, MB[38] YWG 49°55′00″N 097°14′00″W / 49.91667°N 97.23333°W / 49.91667; -97.23333 (Winnipeg) 239 m (784 ft) −11.3 (11.7) −21.4 (−6.5) 25.9 (78.6) 13.5 (56.3) 8.7 (47.7) −2.7 (27.1)
Yarmouth, NS[39] YQI 43°49′51″N 066°05′19″W / 43.83083°N 66.08861°W / 43.83083; -66.08861 (Yarmouth) 43 m (141 ft) 0.8 (33.4) −6.9 (19.6) 20.9 (69.6) 12.7 (54.9) 11.1 (52.0) 3.2 (37.8)
Yellowknife, NT[40] YZF 62°27′46″N 114°26′25″W / 62.46278°N 114.44028°W / 62.46278; -114.44028 (Yellowknife) 206 m (676 ft) −21.6 (−6.9) −29.5 (−21.1) 21.3 (70.3) 12.6 (54.7) 0.0 (32.0) −8.6 (16.5)

Heat, cold and frost averages[edit]

Yearly temperature averages for selected locations in Canada[41]
Location Region Days >30° Days >20° Frosts Max temp <0° Days <-10° Days <–20° First frost Last frost Frost-free
Baker Lake NU 0.21 13.1 270.5 225.5 206.3 158.2 Aug 30 Jun 25 65 days
Brandon MB 15.9 109.8 202.3 110.0 108.6 52.6 Sep 14 May 24 112 days
Calgary AB 5.1 87.2 194.4 59.3 71.3 21.7 Sep 16 May 21 117 days
Charlottetown PEI 0.9 79.3 160.2 72.6 54.6 6.5 Oct 17 May 16 153 days
Churchill MB 1.1 28.0 247.5 193.7 171.0 117.2 Sep 15 Jun 19 87 days
Corner Brook NL 0.7 58.5 159.3 79.0 43.0 3.4 Oct 13 May 19 146 days
Dawson Creek NT 2.6 62.1 243.7 156.9 162.4 104.1 Aug 13 Jun 3 70 days
Edmonton AB 4.0 88.4 179.7 82.6 75.3 24.6 Sep 22 May 9 135 days
Fort Frances ON 6.9 100.4 195.4 106.6 90.8 44.2 Sep 17 May 27 108 days
Fort McMurray AB 5.9 84.2 212.1 115.8 119.5 57.5 Sep 6 May 30 97 days
Fort Nelson BC 3.3 78.1 214.2 133.6 139.1 79.8 Sep 11 May 16 117 days
Fort Simpson NT 4.2 73.8 224.3 159.3 157.3 101.1 Sep 1 May 26 97 days
Fredericton NB 9.0 104.4 172.9 69.1 72.6 20.0 Sep 25 May 17 130 days
Halifax (city) NS 1.0 78.2 131.0 47.0 29.8 0.8 Oct 31 May 1 182 days
Hamilton ON 18.5 119.8 129.0 48.6 32.6 2.5 Oct 16 Apr 21 177 days
High Level AB 2.7 76.5 224.8 136.3 138.9 79.9 Sep 1 Jun 1 91 days
Iqaluit NU 0.0 2.1 265.8 212.2 182.4 130.6 Sep 3 Jun 20 74 days
Kamloops BC 32.8 132.0 119.2 34.5 19.9 3.4 Oct 10 Apr 24 169 days
Kuujjuaq QC 0.3 21.7 244.0 177.1 155.6 104.5 Sep 9 Jun 18 82 days
Labrador City NL 0.4 33.1 232.8 155.3 144.5 90.6 Sep 14 Jun 9 95 days
Liverpool NS 3.3 102.7 146.8 42.0 34.6 3.6 Oct 5 May 15 142 days
Medicine Hat AB 26.5 120.4 174.6 58.4 64.4 22.8 Sep 25 May 13 134 days
Moose Jaw SK 21.7 115.1 188.7 86.7 87.7 37.7 Sep 17 May 17 121 days
Moncton NB 6.8 99.1 166.9 70.0 58.9 14.0 Oct 2 May 23 131 days
Montreal QC 9.3 117.1 147.7 74.0 62.9 14.3 Oct 12 Apr 29 165 days
Moosonee ON 6.1 66.3 224.9 129.1 125.6 78.4 Aug 25 Jun 26 58 days
Nain NL 0.5 16.4 230.1 148.1 126.7 62.4 Sep 24 Jun 18 96 days
Nanaimo BC 6.7 96.9 71.5 2.6 1.8 0.0 Oct 26 Apr 14 194 days
Osoyoos (west) BC 36.0 142.4 105.5 25.3 10.7 0.3 Oct 9 Apr 22 169 days
Ottawa ON 13.0 116.4 154.9 77.5 67.9 16.3 Oct 7 Apr 30 157 days
Quebec City QC 5.1 94.1 170.7 94.9 84.8 31.1 Oct 4 May 11 145 days
Regina SK 16.2 108.1 201.2 103.0 102.3 43.1 Sep 12 May 20 115 days
Saguenay QC 7.7 86.8 189.7 104.9 99.2 46.6 Sep 23 May 22 123 days
Saint John NB 0.9 74.3 167.2 60.7 65.7 14.1 Oct 2 May 16 138 days
Saskatoon SK 13.1 103.1 200.4 108.0 105.6 47.1 Sep 15 May 21 117 days
St. John's NL 0.1 52.6 166.6 65.9 34.9 0.6 Oct 17 May 30 139 days
Sydney NS 2.3 74.9 160.8 60.0 43.2 2.7 Oct 17 May 21 149 days
Thompson MB 3.8 66.9 238.6 152.5 150.0 100.0 Aug 27 Jun 14 74 days
Toronto ON 11.5 117.2 100.8 45.9 21.9 1.2 Nov 3 Apr 13 203 days
Toronto Airport ON 15.8 122.3 136.5 52.8 38.9 3.9 Oct 16 Apr 30 168 days
Vancouver BC 0.3 76.5 40.9 3.4 1.6 0.0 Nov 10 Mar 18 237 days
Victoria BC 2.1 78.9 46.0 2.0 0.4 0.0 Nov 5 Apr 7 211 days
Windsor ON 23.5 138.9 116.3 44.3 24.1 1.2 Oct 30 Apr 17 195 days
Winnipeg MB 13.3 109.7 193.7 113.0 102.2 50.0 Sep 22 May 23 121 days
Whitehorse YT 0.9 41.5 221.3 118.7 106.4 48.7 Aug 25 Jun 5 80 days
Yarmouth NS 0.0 56.7 126.1 36.0 21.7 0.1 Oct 21 Apr 27 176 days
Yellowknife NT 0.4 42.8 224.5 175.2 160.9 105.2 Sep 18 May 25 115 days

Extremes[edit]

The table can be reordered by clicking on the box in each column. Places in italics are provincial capital, bold is the national capital.

Community Weather station Location Elevation January
(Record high °C (°F))
January
(Record low °C (°F))
July
(Record high °C (°F))
July
(Record low °C (°F))
Annual
(Extreme high °C (°F))
Annual
(Extreme low °C (°F))
Alberton, PE[1]   46°51′00″N 064°01′00″W / 46.85000°N 64.01667°W / 46.85000; -64.01667 (Alberton) 3 m (9.8 ft) 13.2 (55.8) −31.7 (−25.1) 33.0 (91.4) 3.0 (37.4) 33.3 (91.9) −33.0 (−27.4)
Alert, NU[43][44] YLT 82°30′05″N 62°20′20″W / 82.50139°N 62.33889°W / 82.50139; -62.33889 (Alert) 30.5 m (100 ft) 0.0 (32.0) −50.0 (−58.0) 20.0 (68.0) −6.3 (20.7) 20.0 (68.0) −50.0 (−58.0)
Baker Lake, NU YBK 64°17′56″N 096°04′40″W / 64.29889°N 96.07778°W / 64.29889; -96.07778 (Baker Lake Airport) 18.6 m (61 ft) −27.7 (−17.9) −50.6 (−59.1) 33.6 (92.5) −1.7 (28.9) 33.6 (92.5) −50.6 (−59.1)
Baie-Comeau, QC[3] YBC 49°08′00″N 068°12′00″W / 49.13333°N 68.20000°W / 49.13333; -68.20000 (Baie-Comeau) 22 m (72 ft) 11.4 (52.5) −47.2 (−53.0) 32.8 (91.0) 0.6 (33.1) 32.8 (91.0) −47.2 (−53.0)
Calgary, AB[4] YYC 51°06′50″N 114°01′13″W / 51.11389°N 114.02028°W / 51.11389; -114.02028 (Calgary) 1,084 m (3,556 ft) 17.6 (63.7) −44.4 (−47.9) 36.1 (97.0) 0.6 (33.1) 36.1 (97.0) −45.0 (−49.0)
Charlottetown, PE[5] YYG 46°17′19″N 063°07′43″W / 46.28861°N 63.12861°W / 46.28861; -63.12861 (Charlottetown) 49 m (161 ft) 15.1 (59.2) −30.5 (−22.9) 33.9 (93.0) 3.3 (37.9) 34.4 (93.9) −30.5 (−22.9)
Churchill, MB[6][44] YYQ 58°44′21″N 094°03′59″W / 58.73917°N 94.06639°W / 58.73917; -94.06639 (Churchill) 29 m (95 ft) 1.7 (35.1) −45.0 (−49.0) 34.0 (93.2) 1.1 (34.0) 36.9 (98.4) −45.4 (−49.7)
Corner Brook, NL[7]   48°57′00″N 057°57′00″W / 48.95000°N 57.95000°W / 48.95000; -57.95000 (Corner Brook) 5 m (16 ft) 16.5 (61.7) −31.7 (−25.1) 34.4 (93.9) 1.1 (34.0) 35.0 (95.0) −31.7 (−25.1)
Dawson City, YT[8] YDA 64°02′35″N 139°07′40″W / 64.04306°N 139.12778°W / 64.04306; -139.12778 (Dawson City) 370 m (1,210 ft) 9.7 (49.5) −53.8 (−64.8) 33.5 (92.3) −2.0 (28.4) 34.7 (94.5) −55.8 (−68.4)
Edmonton, AB[9][44] YXD 53°34′24″N 113°31′06″W / 53.57333°N 113.51833°W / 53.57333; -113.51833 (Edmonton) 671 m (2,201 ft) 13.8 (56.8) −49.4 (−56.9) 36.7 (98.1) −1.7 (28.9) 37.2 (99.0) −49.4 (−56.9)
Edmundston, NB[10]   47°20′47″N 068°11′16″W / 47.34639°N 68.18778°W / 47.34639; -68.18778 (Edmundston) 163 m (535 ft) 13.0 (55.4) −41.0 (−41.8) 36.0 (96.8) 2.0 (35.6) 36.0 (96.8) −41.0 (−41.8)
Fort Nelson, BC[11] YYE 58°50′11″N 122°35′50″W / 58.83639°N 122.59722°W / 58.83639; -122.59722 (Fort Nelson) 382 m (1,253 ft) 10.7 (51.3) −51.7 (−61.1) 36.7 (98.1) 1.1 (34.0) 36.7 (98.1) −51.7 (−61.1)
Fredericton, NB[12] YFC 45°52′20″N 066°31′40″W / 45.87222°N 66.52778°W / 45.87222; -66.52778 (Fredericton) 21 m (69 ft) 14.6 (58.3) −35.6 (−32.1) 36.7 (98.1) 1.7 (35.1) 37.2 (99.0) −37.2 (−35.0)
Halifax, NS[13] YHZ 44°52′48″N 063°30′00″W / 44.88000°N 63.50000°W / 44.88000; -63.50000 (Halifax) 145 m (476 ft) 14.8 (58.6) −28.5 (−19.3) 33.9 (93.0) 6.1 (43.0) 35.0 (95.0) −28.5 (−19.3)
High Level, AB[14] YOJ 58°37′17″N 117°09′53″W / 58.62139°N 117.16472°W / 58.62139; -117.16472 (High Level) 338 m (1,109 ft) 11.3 (52.3) −50.6 (−59.1) 34.4 (93.9) −0.2 (31.6) 35.2 (95.4) −50.6 (−59.1)
Inuvik, NT[15] YEV 68°18′15″N 133°28′58″W / 68.30417°N 133.48278°W / 68.30417; -133.48278 (Inuvik) 68 m (223 ft) 5.4 (41.7) −54.4 (−65.9) 32.8 (91.0) −3.3 (26.1) 32.8 (91.0) −56.7 (−70.1)
Iqaluit, NU[16] YFB 63°45′00″N 068°33′00″W / 63.75000°N 68.55000°W / 63.75000; -68.55000 (Iqaluit) 34 m (112 ft) 3.9 (39.0) −45.0 (−49.0) 26.1 (79.0) −2.8 (27.0) 26.1 (79.0) −45.6 (−50.1)
Kugluktuk, NU[17] YCO 67°49′00″N 115°08′38″W / 67.81667°N 115.14389°W / 67.81667; -115.14389 (Kugluktuk) 23 m (75 ft) 0.8 (33.4) −47.3 (−53.1) 34.9 (94.8) −0.8 (30.6) 34.9 (94.8) −47.3 (−53.1)
La Ronge, SK[18] YVC 55°09′00″N 105°16′00″W / 55.15000°N 105.26667°W / 55.15000; -105.26667 (La Ronge) 379 m (1,243 ft) 12.5 (54.5) −48.3 (−54.9) 35.5 (95.9) 1.1 (34.0) 36.1 (97.0) −48.3 (−54.9)
Mayo, YT[19] YMA 63°37′00″N 135°52′00″W / 63.61667°N 135.86667°W / 63.61667; -135.86667 (Mayo) 504 m (1,654 ft) 10.1 (50.2) −58.3 (−72.9) 35.6 (96.1) −2.8 (27.0) 36.1 (97.0) −62.2 (−80.0)
Moncton, NB[20] YQM 46°06′19″N 064°41′02″W / 46.10528°N 64.68389°W / 46.10528; -64.68389 (Moncton) 71 m (233 ft) 16.1 (61.0) −32.2 (−26.0) 35.6 (96.1) 1.2 (34.2) 37.2 (99.0) −32.2 (−26.0)
Montreal, QC[21] YUL 45°28′00″N 073°45′00″W / 45.46667°N 73.75000°W / 45.46667; -73.75000 (Montreal) 36 m (118 ft) 13.9 (57.0) −37.8 (−36.0) 35.6 (96.1) 6.1 (43.0) 37.6 (99.7) −37.8 (−36.0)
Nain, NL[22] YDP 56°33′00″N 061°41′00″W / 56.55000°N 61.68333°W / 56.55000; -61.68333 (Nain) 6 m (20 ft) 10.5 (50.9) −39.4 (−38.9) 33.3 (91.9) −2.8 (27.0) 33.3 (91.9) −41.5 (−42.7)
Norman Wells, NT[23] YVQ 65°16′57″N 126°48′01″W / 65.28250°N 126.80028°W / 65.28250; -126.80028 (Norman Wells) 73 m (240 ft) 12.4 (54.3) −52.2 (−62.0) 35.0 (95.0) −1.1 (30.0) 35.0 (95.0) −54.4 (−65.9)
Ottawa, ON[24] YOW 45°19′21″N 075°40′09″W / 45.32250°N 75.66917°W / 45.32250; -75.66917 (Ottawa) 114 m (374 ft) 12.9 (55.2) −35.6 (−32.1) 36.7 (98.1) 5.0 (41.0) 37.8 (100.0) −36.1 (−33.0)
Quebec City, QC[25] YQB 46°48′00″N 071°23′00″W / 46.80000°N 71.38333°W / 46.80000; -71.38333 (Quebec City) 74 m (243 ft) 10.0 (50.0) −35.4 (−31.7) 35.6 (96.1) 3.9 (39.0) 35.6 (96.1) −36.1 (−33.0)
Regina, SK[26] YQR 50°26′00″N 104°40′00″W / 50.43333°N 104.66667°W / 50.43333; -104.66667 (Regina) 578 m (1,896 ft) 10.4 (50.7) −50.0 (−58.0) 43.3 (109.9) −2.2 (28.0) 43.3 (109.9) −50.0 (−58.0)
Resolute, NU[27] YRB 74°43′01″N 094°58′10″W / 74.71694°N 94.96944°W / 74.71694; -94.96944 (Resolute) 68 m (223 ft) −0.8 (30.6) −52.2 (−62.0) 18.5 (65.3) −3.1 (26.4) 18.5 (65.3) −52.2 (−62.0)
Saskatoon, SK[28] YXE 52°10′00″N 106°43′00″W / 52.16667°N 106.71667°W / 52.16667; -106.71667 (Saskatoon) 504 m (1,654 ft) 10.0 (50.0) −48.9 (−56.0) 40.6 (105.1) −3.3 (26.1) 40.6 (105.1) −50.0 (−58.0)
St. John's, NL[29] YYT 47°37′20″N 052°44′34″W / 47.62222°N 52.74278°W / 47.62222; -52.74278 (St. John's) 141 m (463 ft) 15.7 (60.3) −23.3 (−9.9) 31.5 (88.7) −1.1 (30.0) 31.5 (88.7) −23.8 (−10.8)
Summerside, PE[30] YSU 46°26′20″N 063°49′54″W / 46.43889°N 63.83167°W / 46.43889; -63.83167 (Summerside) 20 m (66 ft) 12.1 (53.8) −29.9 (−21.8) 33.3 (91.9) 6.7 (44.1) 33.3 (91.9) −29.9 (−21.8)
Sydney, NS[31] YQY 46°10′00″N 060°02′53″W / 46.16667°N 60.04806°W / 46.16667; -60.04806 (Sydney) 62 m (203 ft) 16.9 (62.4) −26.2 (−15.2) 33.9 (93.0) 2.2 (36.0) 35.5 (95.9) −27.3 (−17.1)
Thompson, MB[32] YTH 55°48′12″N 097°51′45″W / 55.80333°N 97.86250°W / 55.80333; -97.86250 (Thompson) 224 m (735 ft) 8.1 (46.6) −48.9 (−56.0) 35.9 (96.6) −1.1 (30.0) 37.4 (99.3) −48.9 (−56.0)
Timmins, ON[33] YTS 48°34′11″N 081°22′36″W / 48.56972°N 81.37667°W / 48.56972; -81.37667 (Timmins) 295 m (968 ft) 7.6 (45.7) −44.2 (−47.6) 38.9 (102.0) −0.5 (31.1) 38.9 (102.0) −45.6 (−50.1)
Toronto, ON[34] YYZ 43°40′38″N 079°37′50″W / 43.67722°N 79.63056°W / 43.67722; -79.63056 (Toronto) 173 m (568 ft) 17.6 (63.7) −31.3 (−24.3) 37.6 (99.7) 3.9 (39.0) 38.3 (100.9) −31.3 (−24.3)
Vancouver, BC[35] YVR 49°11′42″N 123°10′55″W / 49.19500°N 123.18194°W / 49.19500; -123.18194 (Vancouver) 4 m (13 ft) 15.3 (59.5) −17.8 (0.0) 34.4 (93.9) 6.7 (44.1) 34.4 (93.9) −17.8 (0.0)
Victoria, BC[36] YYJ 48°38′50″N 123°25′33″W / 48.64722°N 123.42583°W / 48.64722; -123.42583 (Victoria) 20 m (66 ft) 16.1 (61.0) −15.6 (3.9) 36.3 (97.3) 4.1 (39.4) 36.3 (97.3) −15.6 (3.9)
Whitehorse, YT[37] YXY 60°42′34″N 135°04′08″W / 60.70944°N 135.06889°W / 60.70944; -135.06889 (Whitehorse) 706 m (2,316 ft) 9.0 (48.2) −52.2 (−62.0) 32.8 (91.0) −0.5 (31.1) 34.4 (93.9) −52.2 (−62.0)
Winnipeg, MB[38] YWG 49°55′00″N 097°14′00″W / 49.91667°N 97.23333°W / 49.91667; -97.23333 (Winnipeg) 239 m (784 ft) 7.8 (46.0) −42.2 (−44.0) 37.8 (100.0) 1.1 (34.0) 40.6 (105.1) −45.0 (−49.0)
Yarmouth, NS[39] YQI 43°49′51″N 066°05′19″W / 43.83083°N 66.08861°W / 43.83083; -66.08861 (Yarmouth) 43 m (141 ft) 14.0 (57.2) −21.3 (−6.3) 30.0 (86.0) 5.8 (42.4) 30.3 (86.5) −23.6 (−10.5)
Yellowknife, NT[40] YZF 62°27′46″N 114°26′25″W / 62.46278°N 114.44028°W / 62.46278; -114.44028 (Yellowknife) 206 m (676 ft) 3.4 (38.1) −51.2 (−60.2) 32.5 (90.5) 0.6 (33.1) 32.5 (90.5) −51.2 (−60.2)

Maps[edit]

Weather Stations locations in Canada.

Temperature in Canada is located in Canada
Alberton
Alberton
YLT
YLT
YBC
YBC
YBK
YBK
YYC
YYC
YYG
YYG
YYQ
YYQ
Corner Brook
Corner Brook
YDA
YDA
YXD
YXD
YES
YES
YYE
YYE
YFC
YFC
YHZ
YHZ
YOJ
YOJ
YEV
YEV
YFB
YFB
YCO
YCO
YVC
YVC
YMA
YMA
YQM
YQM
YUL
YUL
YDP
YDP
YVQ
YVQ
YOW
YOW
YQB
YQB
YQR
YQR
YRB
YRB
YXE
YXE
YYT
YYT
YSU
YSU
YQY
YQY
YTH
YTH
YTS
YTS
YYZ
YYZ
YVR
YVR
YYJ
YYJ
YXY
YXY
YWG
YWG
YQI
YQI
YZF
YZF
Weather Stations

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Alberton". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  2. ^ "1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data". Environment Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Baie-Comeau A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  4. ^ a b "Calgary Int'l A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  5. ^ a b "Charlottetown A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  6. ^ a b "Churchill A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  7. ^ a b "Corner Brook". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  8. ^ a b "Dawson City A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  9. ^ a b "Edmonton City Centre A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  10. ^ a b "Edmundston". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  11. ^ a b "Fort Nelson A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  12. ^ a b "Fredericton A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  13. ^ a b "Halifax Stanfield Int'l A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  14. ^ a b "High Level A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  15. ^ a b "Inuvik A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  16. ^ a b "Iqaluit A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  17. ^ a b "Kugluktuk A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  18. ^ a b "La Ronge A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  19. ^ a b "Mayo A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  20. ^ a b "Moncton A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  21. ^ a b "Montreal/Pierre Elliott Trudeau Intl A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  22. ^ a b "Nain A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  23. ^ a b "Norman Wells A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  24. ^ a b "OttawaMacdonald-Cartier Int'l A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  25. ^ a b "Quebec City/Jean Lesage Intl A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  26. ^ a b "Regina Int'l A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  27. ^ a b "Resolute CARS". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  28. ^ a b "Saskatoon Diefenbaker Int'l A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  29. ^ a b "St. John's A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  30. ^ a b "Summerside A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  31. ^ a b "Sydney A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  32. ^ a b "Thompson A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  33. ^ a b "Timmins Victor Power A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  34. ^ a b "Toronto Lester B. Pearson Int'l A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  35. ^ a b "Vancouver Int'l A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  36. ^ a b "Victoria Int'l A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  37. ^ a b "Whitehorse A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  38. ^ a b "Winnipeg Richardson Int'l A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  39. ^ a b "Yarmouth A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  40. ^ a b "Yellowknife A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  41. ^ "National Climate Data and Information Archive". Environment Canada. Retrieved April 30, 2016. 
  42. ^ a b "Weather records". www.statcan.gc.ca. Government of Canada. 1999. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  43. ^ "Alert A" (CSV (4222 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2400300. Retrieved March 26, 2016. 
  44. ^ a b c "Climate Data Almanac Index of /pub/Normals/". Climate Data Almanac. Environment Canada. Retrieved March 26, 2016. 

External links[edit]