Geography of French Polynesia

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This article describes the geography of French Polynesia.

Map of French Polynesia

French Polynesia is located in Oceania. It is an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between South America and Australia (Geographic coordinates: 15°00′S 140°00′W / 15.000°S 140.000°W / -15.000; -140.000). Its area is about 4,167 km² (around 130 islands),[1] of which 3,827 km&sup2 is land and 340 km&sup2 is (inland) water. It has a coastline of 2,525 km but no land borders with order countries.

Maritime claims
  • Territorial sea: 12 nautical mile
  • Exclusive economic zone: 200 nautical mile
Tropical, but moderate
Mixture of rugged high islands and low islands with reefs
Elevation extremes
Natural resources
Timber, fish, cobalt, hydropower
Land use
  • Arable land: 0.68%
  • Permanent crops: 6.28%
  • Other: 93.03% (2012)
Irrigated land
10 km2 (2003)
Natural hazards
Occasional cyclonic storms in January
Environment - current issues
Geography - note
Includes five archipelagoes: four volcanic islands and one coral; Makatea in French Polynesia is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Nauru

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kingfisher Geography Encyclopedia. ISBN 1-85613-582-9. Page 546