Geography of Montserrat

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Nickname: The Emerald Isle of the Caribbean
Montserrat-CIA WFB Map.png
Map of Montserrat
Location Caribbean Sea
Coordinates 16°45′N 62°12′W / 16.750°N 62.200°W / 16.750; -62.200
Archipelago Leeward Islands
Area 102 km2 (39 sq mi)
Coastline 40 km (25 mi)
Highest elevation 914.2 m (2,999.3 ft)
Highest point Chances Peak (in the Soufrière Hills)
United Kingdom
British Overseas Territory Montserrat
Largest settlement Brades (pop. 1,000)
Population 4,488
Density 44.88 /km2 (116.24 /sq mi)

Montserrat is an island in the Caribbean Sea, in the Leeward Islands. Its nearest neighbours in the island chain include Guadeloupe to the south-east, Antigua to the north-east and Nevis to the north-west. The island is 16 km (9.9 mi) long and 11 km (6.8 mi) wide, with a coastline of about 40 km.

The island is volcanic and largely mountainous. The Soufrière Hills volcano became active in 1995, causing widespread devastation, including the destruction of the capital and formerly largest settlement on the island, Plymouth. The southern part of the island is now uninhabitable and human settlement is constrained to the north,

Montserrat has two islets, Little Redonda and Virgin, as well as Statue Rock.


Montserrat has a tropical climate, with little daily or seasonal temperature variation.


Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, about 500 km south-east of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates: 16°45′N 62°12′W / 16.750°N 62.200°W / 16.750; -62.200

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

total: 102 km²
land: 102 km²
water: 0 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 40 km

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 3 nmi (5.556 km; 3.452 mi)
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)

Terrain: volcanic islands, mostly mountainous, with small coastal lowland

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Prior to 1995, the highest point was Chances Peak (in the Soufrière Hills) at 915m. Ongoing volcanic activity has created a lava dome estimated at 1050m in 2013.[1]

Natural resources: Negligible

Land use:
arable land: 20%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 80% (2011)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Natural hazards: severe hurricanes (June to November); volcanic eruptions

Environment - current issues: Land erosion occurs on slopes that have been cleared for cultivation.


  1. ^ "The CIA World Factbook - Montserrat". Retrieved 2015-07-11.