Climate of Pennsylvania

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Köppen climate types of Pennsylvania, using 1991-2020 climate normals.

The climate of Pennsylvania is diverse due to the multitude of geographic features found within the state. Straddling two major climate zones, the southeastern corner of Pennsylvania has the warmest climate. A portion of Greater Philadelphia lies at the southernmost tip of the humid continental climate zone, with the city proper being in the humid subtropical climate zone. Still, Philadelphia features colder, snowier winters than most locations with a humid subtropical climate. Moving west toward the mountainous interior of the state, the climate becomes markedly colder, the number of cloudy days increases,[1] and winter snowfall amounts are greater.

Using the January freezing isotherm, the humid subtropical climate (Cfa) only exists in parts of Greater Philadelphia and low-lying areas of the lower Susquehanna Valley from Harrisburg downriver. Pennsylvania's hardiness zone ranges from 5a in high-elevation areas to 7b in parts of Delaware and Philadelphia Counties.

Precipitation[edit]

Western areas of the state, particularly cities near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches (254 cm) of snowfall annually, and the entire state receives an average of 41 inches (1,041 mm) of rainfall every year. Floods are more common in March and April than other months of the year.[2]

Tropical cyclones[edit]

Tropical cyclones normally threaten the states during the summer and fall, with their main impact being rainfall.[3] Although Hurricane Agnes was barely a hurricane at landfall in Florida, its major impact was over the Mid-Atlantic region, where Agnes combined with a non-tropical low to produce widespread rains of 6 inches (150 mm) to 12 inches (300 mm) with local amounts up to 19 inches (480 mm) in western Schuylkill County in Pennsylvania.[4] These rains produced widespread severe flooding from Virginia northward to New York, with other flooding occurring over the western portions of the Carolinas.

Philadelphia has received sustained winds approaching hurricane-force from tropical cyclones in the past.[5]

Climate extremes[edit]

Temperature[edit]

The state record low is −42 °F (−41 °C), recorded at Smethport on January 5, 1904, while the state record high is 111 °F (44 °C), recorded at Phoenixville on July 9 and 10, 1936.

Climate data for Pennsylvania
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
(29)
83
(28)
92
(33)
98
(37)
102
(39)
107
(42)
111
(44)
108
(42)
106
(41)
100
(38)
88
(31)
82
(28)
111
(44)
Record low °F (°C) −42
(−41)
−39
(−39)
−31
(−35)
−5
(−21)
10
(−12)
20
(−7)
28
(−2)
23
(−5)
17
(−8)
7
(−14)
−15
(−26)
−29
(−34)
−42
(−41)
Source: http://climate.psu.edu/data/state/staterecords.php

Precipitation[edit]

Rain[edit]

Event[6] Measurement Date Location
Greatest 24-Hour Rainfall 13.50 inches (343 mm) June 22, 1972
(during Hurricane Agnes)
York

Note: While the official measured rainfall record is given above, the NCDC notes that an estimated 34.50 inches (876 mm) of rain fell in 12 hours near Smethport on July 17, 1942. The NCDC says this is "arguably the greatest 24-hour rainfall on record outside of the tropics".[6]

Snow[edit]

Event[6][7] Measurement Date Location
Greatest 24-hour snowfall 38.0 inches (97 cm) March 20, 1958 Morgantown
Greatest two-day snowfall 60.5 inches (154 cm) December 24–26, 2017 Erie
Greatest snow depth 60.0 inches (152 cm) March 22 & 23, 1958 Gouldsboro

Hurricanes[edit]

Event[8] Measurement Date Location
Wettest Tropical Cyclone 19.00 inches (483 mm) Agnes (1972) Western Schuylkill County

Climate statistics for selected cities[edit]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
(22)
81
(27)
87
(31)
93
(34)
97
(36)
100
(38)
105
(41)
100
(38)
99
(37)
93
(34)
81
(27)
72
(22)
105
(41)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 60
(16)
61
(16)
71
(22)
83
(28)
89
(32)
93
(34)
95
(35)
93
(34)
89
(32)
80
(27)
71
(22)
62
(17)
96
(36)
Average high °F (°C) 38.4
(3.6)
41.6
(5.3)
50.8
(10.4)
63.4
(17.4)
73.5
(23.1)
81.9
(27.7)
86.4
(30.2)
84.3
(29.1)
77.4
(25.2)
65.5
(18.6)
53.8
(12.1)
43.1
(6.2)
63.3
(17.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 30.1
(−1.1)
32.4
(0.2)
40.7
(4.8)
51.8
(11.0)
62.0
(16.7)
70.9
(21.6)
75.6
(24.2)
73.6
(23.1)
66.3
(19.1)
54.6
(12.6)
43.9
(6.6)
35.0
(1.7)
53.1
(11.7)
Average low °F (°C) 21.8
(−5.7)
23.2
(−4.9)
30.5
(−0.8)
40.3
(4.6)
50.6
(10.3)
59.9
(15.5)
64.7
(18.2)
62.8
(17.1)
55.2
(12.9)
43.8
(6.6)
34.1
(1.2)
26.8
(−2.9)
42.8
(6.0)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 4
(−16)
6
(−14)
14
(−10)
26
(−3)
35
(2)
47
(8)
54
(12)
51
(11)
40
(4)
29
(−2)
19
(−7)
12
(−11)
2
(−17)
Record low °F (°C) −15
(−26)
−12
(−24)
−5
(−21)
12
(−11)
28
(−2)
39
(4)
46
(8)
41
(5)
30
(−1)
21
(−6)
3
(−16)
−8
(−22)
−15
(−26)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.30
(84)
2.77
(70)
3.63
(92)
3.67
(93)
3.65
(93)
4.40
(112)
5.30
(135)
4.56
(116)
4.84
(123)
4.14
(105)
3.24
(82)
3.86
(98)
47.36
(1,203)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.8
(25)
10.8
(27)
6.3
(16)
0.5
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.9
(2.3)
4.6
(12)
33.1
(84)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.4 10.1 10.9 11.8 12.4 11.4 11.0 10.2 9.6 9.9 8.9 11.5 129.1
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.1 4.3 2.6 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 2.9 15.7
Average relative humidity (%) 70 66 62 61 66 68 70 72 74 72 70 71 69
Percent possible sunshine 43 48 53 47 54 63 57 56 54 53 45 42 51
Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1981–2010)[9][10][11]
Climate data for Erie, Pennsylvania (Erie International Airport), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1873–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 73
(23)
77
(25)
82
(28)
89
(32)
91
(33)
100
(38)
99
(37)
96
(36)
99
(37)
89
(32)
82
(28)
75
(24)
100
(38)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 59
(15)
59
(15)
69
(21)
80
(27)
85
(29)
90
(32)
91
(33)
90
(32)
87
(31)
79
(26)
68
(20)
60
(16)
92
(33)
Average high °F (°C) 35.2
(1.8)
36.5
(2.5)
44.3
(6.8)
56.8
(13.8)
68.3
(20.2)
77.1
(25.1)
81.1
(27.3)
79.9
(26.6)
73.7
(23.2)
62.3
(16.8)
50.5
(10.3)
40.2
(4.6)
58.8
(14.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 28.2
(−2.1)
28.9
(−1.7)
36.1
(2.3)
47.4
(8.6)
58.8
(14.9)
68.2
(20.1)
72.7
(22.6)
71.5
(21.9)
65.2
(18.4)
54.3
(12.4)
43.6
(6.4)
34.1
(1.2)
50.8
(10.4)
Average low °F (°C) 21.3
(−5.9)
21.4
(−5.9)
27.9
(−2.3)
38.0
(3.3)
49.3
(9.6)
59.4
(15.2)
64.2
(17.9)
63.2
(17.3)
56.7
(13.7)
46.3
(7.9)
36.7
(2.6)
28.0
(−2.2)
42.7
(5.9)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 4
(−16)
4
(−16)
11
(−12)
26
(−3)
35
(2)
46
(8)
54
(12)
53
(12)
44
(7)
34
(1)
24
(−4)
13
(−11)
0
(−18)
Record low °F (°C) −18
(−28)
−18
(−28)
−9
(−23)
7
(−14)
26
(−3)
32
(0)
44
(7)
37
(3)
33
(1)
23
(−5)
6
(−14)
−11
(−24)
−18
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.41
(87)
2.52
(64)
3.08
(78)
3.47
(88)
3.50
(89)
3.70
(94)
3.33
(85)
3.35
(85)
4.32
(110)
4.38
(111)
3.75
(95)
4.17
(106)
42.98
(1,092)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 31.8
(81)
19.4
(49)
14.5
(37)
2.6
(6.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
9.6
(24)
26.3
(67)
104.3
(265)
Average extreme snow depth inches (cm) 10
(25)
9
(23)
7
(18)
2
(5.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
4
(10)
7
(18)
14
(36)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 19.7 15.4 14.3 14.0 13.5 11.5 10.5 10.2 10.1 14.3 14.9 18.5 166.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 16.3 12.3 7.8 2.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 4.8 11.5 55.2
Average relative humidity (%) 74.5 75.4 71.9 67.9 68.9 71.3 71.7 74.0 74.5 71.1 72.3 75.0 72.4
Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1961–1990)[12][13][14]
Climate data for Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (Harrisburg Int'l), 1991–2020 normals,[c] extremes 1888–present[d]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 73
(23)
79
(26)
87
(31)
93
(34)
97
(36)
100
(38)
107
(42)
104
(40)
102
(39)
97
(36)
84
(29)
75
(24)
107
(42)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 60
(16)
61
(16)
73
(23)
83
(28)
89
(32)
93
(34)
96
(36)
94
(34)
90
(32)
81
(27)
71
(22)
62
(17)
96
(36)
Average high °F (°C) 38.6
(3.7)
42.0
(5.6)
51.3
(10.7)
63.8
(17.7)
73.7
(23.2)
82.4
(28.0)
86.8
(30.4)
84.7
(29.3)
77.6
(25.3)
65.7
(18.7)
53.9
(12.2)
43.3
(6.3)
63.6
(17.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) 30.8
(−0.7)
33.4
(0.8)
41.8
(5.4)
53.2
(11.8)
63.4
(17.4)
72.5
(22.5)
77.3
(25.2)
75.2
(24.0)
67.9
(19.9)
55.8
(13.2)
44.8
(7.1)
35.8
(2.1)
54.3
(12.4)
Average low °F (°C) 23.0
(−5.0)
24.7
(−4.1)
32.3
(0.2)
42.5
(5.8)
53.1
(11.7)
62.7
(17.1)
67.8
(19.9)
65.8
(18.8)
58.2
(14.6)
46.0
(7.8)
35.8
(2.1)
28.2
(−2.1)
45.0
(7.2)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 7
(−14)
10
(−12)
18
(−8)
29
(−2)
40
(4)
51
(11)
58
(14)
56
(13)
45
(7)
33
(1)
23
(−5)
15
(−9)
5
(−15)
Record low °F (°C) −22
(−30)
−13
(−25)
−1
(−18)
11
(−12)
30
(−1)
40
(4)
49
(9)
45
(7)
30
(−1)
23
(−5)
10
(−12)
−8
(−22)
−22
(−30)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.03
(77)
2.59
(66)
3.70
(94)
3.55
(90)
3.83
(97)
3.98
(101)
4.74
(120)
3.77
(96)
4.83
(123)
3.81
(97)
2.97
(75)
3.43
(87)
44.23
(1,123)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.1
(23)
9.4
(24)
5.6
(14)
0.4
(1.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.8
(2.0)
4.4
(11)
29.9
(76)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.9 10.4 11.0 11.4 13.0 11.5 10.9 10.0 9.2 9.2 8.5 10.3 126.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.1 4.8 2.7 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 2.7 16.3
Average ultraviolet index 2 3 4 6 8 9 9 8 6 4 2 2 5
Source 1: NOAA[16][17]
Source 2: Weather Atlas (UV data)[18]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23)
79
(26)
87
(31)
95
(35)
97
(36)
102
(39)
104
(40)
106
(41)
102
(39)
96
(36)
84
(29)
73
(23)
106
(41)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 63.3
(17.4)
63.5
(17.5)
73.8
(23.2)
84.3
(29.1)
90.2
(32.3)
94.8
(34.9)
97.1
(36.2)
94.8
(34.9)
90.6
(32.6)
82.6
(28.1)
72.4
(22.4)
64.2
(17.9)
98.1
(36.7)
Average high °F (°C) 41.3
(5.2)
44.3
(6.8)
52.8
(11.6)
64.7
(18.2)
74.4
(23.6)
83.2
(28.4)
87.8
(31.0)
85.8
(29.9)
78.9
(26.1)
67.2
(19.6)
55.9
(13.3)
46.0
(7.8)
65.2
(18.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 33.7
(0.9)
35.9
(2.2)
43.6
(6.4)
54.5
(12.5)
64.3
(17.9)
73.5
(23.1)
78.7
(25.9)
76.8
(24.9)
69.9
(21.1)
58.2
(14.6)
47.4
(8.6)
38.6
(3.7)
56.3
(13.5)
Average low °F (°C) 26.0
(−3.3)
27.5
(−2.5)
34.3
(1.3)
44.3
(6.8)
54.2
(12.3)
63.9
(17.7)
69.6
(20.9)
67.9
(19.9)
60.9
(16.1)
49.2
(9.6)
38.8
(3.8)
31.2
(−0.4)
47.3
(8.5)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 10.7
(−11.8)
13.7
(−10.2)
20.8
(−6.2)
33.0
(0.6)
43.1
(6.2)
53.2
(11.8)
62.2
(16.8)
60.3
(15.7)
49.5
(9.7)
37.1
(2.8)
26.4
(−3.1)
19.0
(−7.2)
8.6
(−13.0)
Record low °F (°C) −7
(−22)
−11
(−24)
5
(−15)
14
(−10)
28
(−2)
44
(7)
51
(11)
44
(7)
35
(2)
25
(−4)
8
(−13)
−5
(−21)
−11
(−24)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.13
(80)
2.75
(70)
3.96
(101)
3.47
(88)
3.34
(85)
4.04
(103)
4.38
(111)
4.29
(109)
4.40
(112)
3.47
(88)
2.91
(74)
3.97
(101)
44.11
(1,120)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.1
(18)
8.4
(21)
3.6
(9.1)
0.3
(0.76)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
3.5
(8.9)
23.1
(59)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.0 9.7 10.9 10.9 11.0 10.3 10.1 8.9 9.3 9.1 8.6 11.0 120.8
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.1 3.8 2.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.8 12.0
Average relative humidity (%) 66.2 63.6 61.7 60.4 65.4 67.8 69.6 70.4 71.6 70.8 68.4 67.7 67.0
Average dew point °F (°C) 19.8
(−6.8)
21.0
(−6.1)
28.6
(−1.9)
37.0
(2.8)
49.5
(9.7)
59.2
(15.1)
64.6
(18.1)
63.7
(17.6)
57.2
(14.0)
45.7
(7.6)
35.6
(2.0)
25.5
(−3.6)
42.3
(5.7)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 155.7 154.7 202.8 217.0 245.1 271.2 275.6 260.1 219.3 204.5 154.7 137.7 2,498.4
Percent possible sunshine 52 52 55 55 55 61 61 61 59 59 52 47 56
Average ultraviolet index 2 3 4 6 8 9 9 8 6 4 2 2 5
Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity, dew point and sun 1961–1990)[22][23][20]
Source 2: Weather Atlas (UV index)[24]
Climate data for Philadelphia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average sea temperature °F (°C) 41.8
(5.5)
39.9
(4.4)
41.2
(5.1)
46.7
(8.2)
53.9
(12.2)
66.3
(19.0)
74.0
(23.3)
75.9
(24.4)
71.4
(21.9)
64.2
(17.9)
55.1
(12.8)
47.7
(8.8)
56.5
(13.6)
Mean daily daylight hours 10.0 11.0 12.0 13.0 14.0 15.0 15.0 14.0 12.0 11.0 10.0 9.0 12.2
Source: Weather Atlas [24]
Climate data for Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh International Airport), 1991–2020 normals,[g] extremes 1871–present[h]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 75
(24)
78
(26)
84
(29)
90
(32)
95
(35)
98
(37)
103
(39)
103
(39)
102
(39)
91
(33)
82
(28)
74
(23)
103
(39)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 61.5
(16.4)
63.2
(17.3)
73.5
(23.1)
81.5
(27.5)
86.8
(30.4)
90.4
(32.4)
91.3
(32.9)
90.3
(32.4)
88.2
(31.2)
79.9
(26.6)
70.8
(21.6)
62.6
(17.0)
92.6
(33.7)
Average high °F (°C) 36.3
(2.4)
39.6
(4.2)
49.1
(9.5)
62.4
(16.9)
71.9
(22.2)
79.4
(26.3)
82.9
(28.3)
81.7
(27.6)
75.1
(23.9)
63.1
(17.3)
50.9
(10.5)
40.6
(4.8)
61.1
(16.2)
Daily mean °F (°C) 28.8
(−1.8)
31.4
(−0.3)
39.7
(4.3)
51.5
(10.8)
61.2
(16.2)
69.4
(20.8)
73.2
(22.9)
71.8
(22.1)
64.9
(18.3)
53.4
(11.9)
42.6
(5.9)
33.7
(0.9)
51.8
(11.0)
Average low °F (°C) 21.4
(−5.9)
23.2
(−4.9)
30.3
(−0.9)
40.7
(4.8)
50.6
(10.3)
59.3
(15.2)
63.4
(17.4)
62.0
(16.7)
54.8
(12.7)
43.7
(6.5)
34.3
(1.3)
26.7
(−2.9)
42.5
(5.8)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 1.0
(−17.2)
5.0
(−15.0)
11.7
(−11.3)
25.4
(−3.7)
35.6
(2.0)
45.2
(7.3)
52.5
(11.4)
51.1
(10.6)
41.2
(5.1)
29.5
(−1.4)
19.3
(−7.1)
9.7
(−12.4)
−1.5
(−18.6)
Record low °F (°C) −22
(−30)
−20
(−29)
−5
(−21)
11
(−12)
26
(−3)
34
(1)
42
(6)
39
(4)
31
(−1)
16
(−9)
−1
(−18)
−12
(−24)
−22
(−30)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.96
(75)
2.62
(67)
3.15
(80)
3.32
(84)
3.83
(97)
4.12
(105)
4.26
(108)
3.52
(89)
3.30
(84)
2.83
(72)
2.86
(73)
2.84
(72)
39.61
(1,006)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 13.3
(34)
11.7
(30)
7.6
(19)
1.0
(2.5)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(1.0)
2.4
(6.1)
7.7
(20)
44.1
(112)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 16.8 13.9 14.0 13.9 13.5 12.4 11.2 10.5 9.8 11.1 12.0 14.6 153.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 12.2 9.3 5.9 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.3 7.6 40.2
Average relative humidity (%) 69.9 67.3 64.1 59.8 63.4 66.2 68.8 71.2 72.0 68.3 70.2 71.9 67.8
Average dew point °F (°C) 17.2
(−8.2)
18.9
(−7.3)
26.8
(−2.9)
34.5
(1.4)
45.9
(7.7)
55.2
(12.9)
60.1
(15.6)
59.5
(15.3)
53.4
(11.9)
40.8
(4.9)
32.4
(0.2)
23.2
(−4.9)
39.0
(3.9)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 93.9 108.5 155.4 182.8 217.4 242.2 254.9 228.4 196.7 167.3 99.4 74.4 2,021.3
Percent possible sunshine 31 36 42 46 49 54 56 54 53 48 33 26 45
Average ultraviolet index 2 3 4 6 8 9 9 8 6 4 2 2 5
Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity, dew point and sun 1961–1990)[25][26][27][28]
Source 2: Weather Atlas (UV)[29]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69
(21)
76
(24)
85
(29)
93
(34)
93
(34)
99
(37)
103
(39)
102
(39)
100
(38)
91
(33)
81
(27)
71
(22)
103
(39)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 58
(14)
57
(14)
68
(20)
81
(27)
88
(31)
90
(32)
93
(34)
91
(33)
88
(31)
79
(26)
69
(21)
60
(16)
94
(34)
Average high °F (°C) 35.7
(2.1)
38.8
(3.8)
47.6
(8.7)
61.1
(16.2)
72.2
(22.3)
79.9
(26.6)
84.6
(29.2)
82.4
(28.0)
75.1
(23.9)
63.1
(17.3)
51.2
(10.7)
40.3
(4.6)
61.0
(16.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 28.0
(−2.2)
30.3
(−0.9)
38.3
(3.5)
50.2
(10.1)
60.9
(16.1)
69.0
(20.6)
73.7
(23.2)
71.8
(22.1)
64.6
(18.1)
53.2
(11.8)
42.7
(5.9)
33.3
(0.7)
51.3
(10.7)
Average low °F (°C) 20.3
(−6.5)
21.9
(−5.6)
28.9
(−1.7)
39.3
(4.1)
49.6
(9.8)
58.1
(14.5)
62.7
(17.1)
61.1
(16.2)
54.0
(12.2)
43.3
(6.3)
34.3
(1.3)
26.3
(−3.2)
41.7
(5.4)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 1
(−17)
4
(−16)
11
(−12)
25
(−4)
35
(2)
44
(7)
51
(11)
49
(9)
39
(4)
29
(−2)
18
(−8)
9
(−13)
−2
(−19)
Record low °F (°C) −21
(−29)
−19
(−28)
−4
(−20)
8
(−13)
27
(−3)
34
(1)
43
(6)
38
(3)
29
(−2)
19
(−7)
5
(−15)
−13
(−25)
−21
(−29)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.59
(66)
2.07
(53)
2.77
(70)
3.26
(83)
3.26
(83)
3.80
(97)
3.61
(92)
3.85
(98)
4.15
(105)
3.71
(94)
2.85
(72)
2.80
(71)
38.72
(983)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 11.7
(30)
10.9
(28)
10.1
(26)
0.8
(2.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.7
(1.8)
3.2
(8.1)
7.7
(20)
45.1
(115)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 12.6 11.4 11.8 12.2 12.9 12.9 11.1 11.1 10.0 10.7 10.3 12.1 139.1
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 8.7 8.4 4.8 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.7 6.3 31.2
Average relative humidity (%) 70.1 67.5 63.3 60.4 64.6 70.5 71.1 73.8 75.2 71.6 71.8 72.5 69.4
Average dew point °F (°C) 16.2
(−8.8)
17.2
(−8.2)
24.4
(−4.2)
33.1
(0.6)
45.3
(7.4)
55.9
(13.3)
60.4
(15.8)
59.9
(15.5)
53.4
(11.9)
41.4
(5.2)
32.2
(0.1)
22.3
(−5.4)
38.5
(3.6)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 130.3 143.7 185.7 210.5 246.9 269.7 285.7 257.2 200.2 173.3 104.3 95.9 2,303.4
Percent possible sunshine 44 48 50 53 55 60 62 60 54 50 35 33 52
Source: NOAA (relative humidity and dew point 1964–1990, sun 1961–1990)[31][32][33]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  2. ^ Official records for Allentown were kept at Allentown Gas Company from March 1922 to December 1943, and at Lehigh Valley Int'l since January 1944. For more information, see ThreadEx.
  3. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  4. ^ Official records for Harrisburg kept at downtown from July 1888 to December 1938, Capital City Airport from January 1939 to September 1991, and at Harrisburg Int'l in Middletown since October 1991.[15]
  5. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  6. ^ Official temperature and precipitation measurements for Philadelphia were taken at the Weather Bureau Office in downtown from January 1872 to 19 June 1940, and at Philadelphia Int'l from 20 June 1940 to the present.[19] Snowfall and snow depth records date to 1 January 1884 and 1 October 1948, respectively.[20] In 2006, snowfall measurements were moved to National Park, New Jersey directly across the Delaware River from the airport.[21]
  7. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  8. ^ Records kept January 1871 to June 1935 at the Weather Bureau Office across the Allegheny River from downtown, at Allegheny County Airport from July 1935 to 14 September 1952, and at Pittsburgh Int'l (KPIT) since 15 September 1952. Due to its river valley and urban location as well as elevation, many of the summertime warm minima temperature records set at the WBO have not even come close to being matched at KPIT, which is at-elevation and located in the western suburbs. For more information, see Threadex
  9. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2010.
  10. ^ Official records for Avoca/Wilkes-Barre–Scranton kept at downtown Scranton from January 1901 to 17 April 1955 and at Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport since 18 April 1955.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Pennsylvania State Climatologist. Annual Average Number of Cloudy Days In Pennsylvania. Archived 2008-08-05 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 2008-01-28.
  2. ^ The Pennsylvania State Climatologist. Climate of Pennsylvania. Archived February 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 2008-01-28.
  3. ^ Roth, David M; Weather Prediction Center (2012). "Tropical Cyclone Rainfall in the Mid-Atlantic United States". Tropical Cyclone Rainfall Point Maxima. United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
  4. ^ Roth, David M. (October 18, 2017). "Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima". Tropical Cyclone Rainfall Data. United States Weather Prediction Center. Retrieved November 26, 2017.
  5. ^ David M. Roth and Hugh D. Cobb III. RE-ANALYSIS OF THE GALE OF '78 - STORM 9 OF THE 1878 HURRICANE SEASON. Retrieved on 2008-03-05.
  6. ^ a b c "State Climate Extremes Committee". National Climatic Data Center. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  7. ^ Williams, Ashley (27 December 2017). "Record-breaking snowfall blankets Erie, Pennsylvania, with over 60 inches of snow". AccuWeather. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  8. ^ David M. Roth (October 15, 2010). "Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima". National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
  9. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  10. ^ "Station: Allentown INTL AP, PA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  11. ^ "Local Climatological Data Annual Summary with Comparative Data for Allentown, Pennsylvania (KABE)" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 9, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  12. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  13. ^ "Station: Erie INTL AP, PA". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  14. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for Erie/INT'L ARPT, PA 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  15. ^ ThreadEx
  16. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  17. ^ "Station: Middletown Harrisburg INTL AP, PA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  18. ^ "Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA - Monthly weather forecast and Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  19. ^ ThreadEx; search for location= "PA - Philadelphia", variable= "Station thread"
  20. ^ a b "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
  21. ^ Wood, Anthony R. "Snow total at airport gets a boost A new measuring station and technique likely contributed to two 8-inch-plus readings". Philly.com. The Inquirer. Archived from the original on 2014-07-28. Retrieved 2014-06-10.
  22. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  23. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for PHILADELPHIA/INT'L ARPT PA 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
  24. ^ a b "Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA - Monthly weather forecast and Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  25. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 10, 2021.
  26. ^ "Station: Pittsburgh INTL AP, PA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 10, 2021.
  27. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for PITTSBURGH/GR PITTSBURGH INTL,PA 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  28. ^ "Average Percent Sunshine through 2009". National Climatic Data Center. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  29. ^ "Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA - Monthly weather forecast and Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  30. ^ ThreadEx
  31. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  32. ^ "Station: Wilkes-Barre INTL AP, PA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  33. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for WILKES-BARRE-SCRANTON, PA 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 24, 2021.