Climate of Rajasthan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
View of Indira Gandhi Canal
Indira Gandhi Canal was necessitated by water scarcity in Thar Desert, covering western part of Rajasthan.
Mount Abu in Sirohi district
Mount Abu is one of the coolest places in Rajasthan.
Aerial view Udaipur and Aravali hills.

The Climate of Rajasthan in northwestern India is generally arid or semi-arid and features fairly hot temperatures over the year with extreme temperatures in both summer and winter.

History[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification the greater part of Rajasthan falls under Hot Desert(BWh) and remaining portions of the state falls under Hot Semi Arid(BSh); the climate of the state ranges from arid to semi-arid. Rajasthan receives low and variable rainfalls and thereby is prone to droughts.

Seasons[edit]

Summer[edit]

Due to the Desert Geography, Temperatures frequently climb above 40 to 45 degrees Celsius in most places.

Due to its location, summers are the longest season in Rajasthan.

In this time tourist activities are very low.

Winter[edit]

The cold weather commences early in October and comes to an end in the middle of January.

Monsoon[edit]

The state has two distinct periods of rainfall: rainfall due to the South-West Monsoon after summer and rainfall due to Western Disturbances.

Temperature[edit]

Average temperatures in various cities of Rajasthan(°C)
Winter
(Jan - Feb)
Summer
(Mar – May)
Monsoon
(Jun – Sep)
Post-monsoon
(Oct – Dec)
Year-round
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Avg
Jaipur(Highest)[1] 22.4 25.0 31.0 37.1 40.3 39.3 34.1 32.4 33.8 33.6 29.2 24.4 31.9
Jaipur(Lowest)[1] 08.4 10.8 16.0 21.8 25.9 27.4 25.8 24.7 23.2 19.4 13.8 9.2 18.8

Precipitation[edit]

Average precipitation in various cities of Rajasthan(mm)
Winter
(Jan – Feb)
Summer
(Mar – May)
Monsoon 1
(Jun – Sep)
Monsoon 2
(Oct – Dec)
Year-round
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Jaipur[1] 7.0 10.6 3.1 4.9 17.9 63.4 223.3 205.9 66.3 25.0 3.9 4.2 637.4
Udaipur ..
Jaisalmer ..

Disasters[edit]

Drought and famine[edit]

Rajasthan receives low and variable rainfalls and thereby is prone to droughts. Availability of water is less due to the absence of rivers and lakes.

Floods[edit]

Occasional floods in cities due to improper drainage occurs. Sometimes floods also occur in western Rajasthan due to impervious base rocks.

Pollution[edit]

In some industrial and urban centers pollution has been reported occasionally.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Jaipur Climatological Table Period: 1971–2000". India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2017.