Climate of Serbia

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Köppen climate classification map of Serbia (excluding Kosovo).

The Serbian climate is between a continental climate in the north, with cold winters, and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall patterns, and a more Adriatic climate in the south with hot, dry summers and autumns and rank daily average relatively cold winters with heavy inland snowfall. Differences in elevation, proximity to the Adriatic Sea and large river basins, as well as exposure to the winds account for climate differences.[1] Northern Serbia possesses typical continental climate, with air masses from northern and western Europe which shape its climatic profile. South and South-west Serbia is subject to Mediterranean influences. However, the Dinaric Alps and other mountain ranges contribute to the cooling down of most of the warm air masses. Winters are quite harsh in Raška (region) because of the mountains which encircle the plateau.[2] Mediterranean micro-regions exist throughout southern Serbia,[3] in Zlatibor[4] and the Pčinja District around valley and river Pčinja.[5] The average annual air temperature for the period 1961–90 for the area with an altitude of up to 300 m (984 ft) is 10.9 °C (51.6 °F). The areas with an altitude of 300 to 500 m (984 to 1,640 ft) have an average annual temperature of around 10.0 °C (50.0 °F), and over 1,000 m (3,281 ft) of altitude around 6.0 °C (42.8 °F).[6] The lowest recorded temperature in Serbia was −39.5 °C (−39.1 °F) (January 13, 1985, Karajukića Bunari in Pešter), and the highest was 44.9 °C or 112.8 °F (July 24, 2007, Smederevska Palanka).[6]


  1. ^ "Serbia :: Climate". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2007. pp. 5 of 71.
  2. ^ Radovanović, M and Dučić, V, 2002, Variability of Climate in Serbia in the Second Half of the 20th century, EGS XXVII General Assembly, Nice, 21 April to 26 April 2002, abstract #2283, 27:2283–, provided by the Smithsonian / NASA Astrophysics Data System
  3. ^ "The World Factbook". Retrieved 2016-04-14.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 15, 2012. Retrieved November 30, 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 18, 2009. Retrieved February 10, 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ a b "Basic Climate Characteristics for the Territory of Serbia". Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia.