Climate of Tasmania

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Köppen climate types in Tasmania

Tasmania has a cool temperate climate with four distinct seasons. The highest recorded maximum temperature in Tasmania is 42.2 °C (108.0 °F) at Scamander on 30 January 2009, during the 2009 southeastern Australia heat wave. Tasmania's lowest recorded minimum temperature is −13.0 °C (8.6 °F) on 30 June 1983, at Butlers Gorge, Shannon, and Tarraleah.[1]

Rainfall in Tasmania is highly differentiated for a relatively compact island. It follows a complicated pattern rather analogous to that found on large continents at the same latitude in the northern hemisphere. Rainfall increases from around 506 millimetres (19.9 in) at Ouse in the centre to 2,690 millimetres (106 in) at Cradle Valley in the northwestern highlands.[2]

Sunshine is also highly differentiated, with average quotients ranging from around 4 hours a day (under 1500 hours a year) in the South West of the island, up to around 7 hours daily (2550 hours annually) in the North East around the Launceston area. It shares a similar climate to places like the United Kingdom, New Zealand, and the Pacific Northwest region of the United States, and Canada.

Climate data[edit]

Climate data for Tasmania
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 42.2
(108.0)
40.1
(104.2)
38.0
(100.4)
32.0
(89.6)
28.8
(83.8)
22.0
(71.6)
24.0
(75.2)
25.0
(77.0)
31.1
(88.0)
34.6
(94.3)
38.5
(101.3)
39.8
(103.6)
42.2
(108.0)
Record low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−4.0
(24.8)
−6.9
(19.6)
−7.7
(18.1)
−10.5
(13.1)
−13.0
(8.6)
−12.5
(9.5)
−11.1
(12.0)
−10.7
(12.7)
−8.5
(16.7)
−6.8
(19.8)
−5.0
(23.0)
−13.0
(8.6)
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[3]

Rainfall[edit]

Annual average rainfall for Tasmania (1961-1990)

In southern Australia (which includes Tasmania), most rain falls during the winter months and is normally associated with frontal systems. Elevation also has an important influence on rainfall, with the mountain areas of western Tasmania receiving higher rainfall totals.[4]

The wettest part of the State is the west coast, where there is a strong winter maximum in rainfall: January and February typically averages only one-third the rainfall of July and August, though even in the driest months rain usually falls on every second day and the number of rainy days per year is much greater than on any part of the Australian mainland. Further east in the Lake Country, annual rainfall declines to around 900 millimetres (35 in), whilst in the Midlands (i.e. further east again), annual rainfall is as low as 450 millimetres (18 in) at Ross and generally below 600 millimetres (24 in). The eastern part of Tasmania has rainfall more evenly distributed throughout the year than in the west, and most months receive very similar averages.

The densely populated northern coast is much drier than the western side, with annual rainfall ranging from 666 millimetres (26.2 in) in Launceston to 955 millimetres (37.6 in) in Burnie in the north west and 993 millimetres (39.1 in) in Scottsdale located further to the east.[5][6] Most rain falls in winter, and in summer the average can be as low as 31 millimetres (1.2 in) per month in Launceston. The east coast is wetter than the Midlands, with an average annual rainfall ranging from 775 millimetres (30.5 in) in St. Helens to around 640 millimetres (25 in) in Swansea.[7][8] Here the rainfall is evenly distributed over the year but can be very erratic as heavy rainfalls from the warm Tasman Sea are quite frequent. Whereas a three-day fall of 125 millimetres (4.9 in) occurs only once every fifty years on the north coast, it occurs on average once every four or five years around Swansea and Bicheno. On 7–8 June 1954, there were many falls as large as 230 millimetres (9.1 in) in two days in that area. The east coast is sometimes called the "sun coast" because of its sunny climate.[9]

In the south-east, including Hobart, Spring receives slightly more rainfall than Winter, and Spring also has slightly more rainy days than Winter.

Summer[edit]

Summer is from December to February when the average maximum sea temperature is 21 °C (70 °F). On land, maximum temperatures average 20 °C (68 °F) to 24 °C (75 °F) along the coast and in the lowlands, such as around Launceston. The hottest areas of the state are in the valleys west of Hobart, where summer temperatures regularly rise above 25 °C (77 °F). During heatwaves, temperatures in this region can rise above 40 °C (104 °F). The Tasmanian highlands are much cooler, with Liawenee, located on the Central Plateau, one of the coldest places in Australia with temperatures in February ranging between 4 °C (39 °F) to 17 °C (63 °F).[10]

Winter[edit]

Snow at Mount Wellington.

The winter months are June, July, and August, and are generally the wettest and coolest months in the state, with most elevated areas receiving considerable snowfall. Winter maximums range from 12 °C (54 °F) along the coast, to 3 °C (37 °F) on the Central Plateau, thanks to frequent cold fronts from the Southern Ocean. Minimum temperatures however are warmer than mainland Australia, most of coastal Tasmania rarely drops below freezing and daily temperature variation is often very narrow. Elevated, inland areas can however drop below −10 °C (14 °F) during clear nights between fronts, while during snowy weather the maximum temperature may not rise above 0 °C (32 °F).[11]

Spring[edit]

The Spring months are September, October, and November. It is a season of frequent changes, as winter weather patterns begin to take the shape of summer patterns, although snowfall is still common in mountainous areas until October. Spring is the windiest time of the year with afternoon sea breezes starting to take effect on the coast.

Autumn[edit]

Autumn is from March to May and is a season of transition, as summer weather patterns gradually take on the shape of winter patterns.

Locations[edit]

Hobart[edit]

Hobart has a mild temperate oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification), with four distinct seasons. The highest temperature recorded was 41.8°C on 4 January 2013 and the lowest was −2.8°C on 25 June 1972. Compared to other major Australia cities Hobart has the second least daily average hours of sunshine, with 5.9 hours. (Melbourne has the least) [12] The city rarely receives snow in winter; however, the adjacent Mount Wellington is often seen with a covering in winter, and it has received unseasonal snowfalls in all seasons, including summer. Though snow is unusual in general at sea level in Australia, Hobart has most probably had the most sea level snowfalls out of any State Capital.

Climate data for Ellerslie Road (Battery Point)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 41.8
(107.2)
40.1
(104.2)
39.1
(102.4)
31.0
(87.8)
25.7
(78.3)
20.6
(69.1)
22.1
(71.8)
24.5
(76.1)
31.0
(87.8)
34.6
(94.3)
36.8
(98.2)
40.6
(105.1)
41.8
(107.2)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 33.4
(92.1)
32.5
(90.5)
30.0
(86.0)
25.1
(77.2)
20.4
(68.7)
16.8
(62.2)
16.3
(61.3)
18.4
(65.1)
22.3
(72.1)
26.2
(79.2)
29.3
(84.7)
31.2
(88.2)
35.8
(96.4)
Average high °C (°F) 22.2
(72.0)
22.1
(71.8)
20.3
(68.5)
17.8
(64.0)
15.1
(59.2)
12.4
(54.3)
12.3
(54.1)
13.7
(56.7)
15.4
(59.7)
17.3
(63.1)
18.9
(66.0)
20.4
(68.7)
17.3
(63.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
17.4
(63.3)
15.9
(60.6)
13.6
(56.5)
11.4
(52.5)
8.9
(48.0)
8.6
(47.5)
9.7
(49.5)
11.2
(52.2)
12.8
(55.0)
14.4
(57.9)
15.9
(60.6)
13.1
(55.6)
Average low °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
12.6
(54.7)
11.4
(52.5)
9.4
(48.9)
7.6
(45.7)
5.3
(41.5)
4.9
(40.8)
5.7
(42.3)
6.9
(44.4)
8.3
(46.9)
9.9
(49.8)
11.3
(52.3)
8.8
(47.8)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
7.3
(45.1)
5.8
(42.4)
3.9
(39.0)
2.1
(35.8)
0.6
(33.1)
0.4
(32.7)
1.0
(33.8)
1.9
(35.4)
3.0
(37.4)
4.6
(40.3)
6.1
(43.0)
−0.3
(31.5)
Record low °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
3.4
(38.1)
1.8
(35.2)
0.7
(33.3)
−1.6
(29.1)
−2.8
(27.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−1.8
(28.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
0.0
(32.0)
0.3
(32.5)
3.3
(37.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 44.4
(1.75)
36.3
(1.43)
39.3
(1.55)
43.4
(1.71)
36.0
(1.42)
42.9
(1.69)
47.3
(1.86)
60.5
(2.38)
58.7
(2.31)
56.1
(2.21)
47.7
(1.88)
56.2
(2.21)
568.7
(22.39)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 10.1 8.6 11.0 11.4 11.5 11.9 13.8 14.1 15.5 15.1 12.6 12.1 147.7
Average afternoon relative humidity (%) 51 51 54 57 60 64 62 56 54 52 53 51 55
Mean monthly sunshine hours 257.3 226.0 210.8 177.0 148.8 132.0 151.9 179.8 195.0 232.5 234.0 248.0 2,393.1
Percent possible sunshine 59 62 57 59 53 49 53 58 59 58 56 53 56
Source #1: Bureau of Meteorology (1981–2010 averages;[13] extremes 1882–present)[14][15][16]
Source #2: Bureau of Meteorology, Hobart Airport (sunshine hours)[17]


Launceston[edit]

Launceston has a mild, temperate climate,[18] with four distinct seasons. The city is located in the Tamar Valley and is surrounded by many large hills and mountains. With this type of topography, Launceston's weather patterns can change in a short period of time.[19]

Climate data for Launceston (Ti Tree Bend)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39.0
(102.2)
34.4
(93.9)
33.0
(91.4)
27.7
(81.9)
22.0
(71.6)
18.4
(65.1)
18.4
(65.1)
20.3
(68.5)
24.8
(76.6)
28.7
(83.7)
30.7
(87.3)
33.8
(92.8)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
24.5
(76.1)
22.5
(72.5)
18.8
(65.8)
15.8
(60.4)
13.1
(55.6)
12.6
(54.7)
13.7
(56.7)
15.5
(59.9)
18.0
(64.4)
20.4
(68.7)
22.4
(72.3)
18.5
(65.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
18.3
(64.9)
16.3
(61.3)
13.2
(55.8)
10.4
(50.7)
8.0
(46.4)
7.4
(45.3)
8.7
(47.7)
10.3
(50.5)
12.3
(54.1)
14.7
(58.5)
16.5
(61.7)
12.9
(55.2)
Average low °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
12.1
(53.8)
10.1
(50.2)
7.5
(45.5)
5.0
(41.0)
2.9
(37.2)
2.2
(36.0)
3.6
(38.5)
5.1
(41.2)
6.9
(44.4)
8.9
(48.0)
10.6
(51.1)
7.3
(45.1)
Record low °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
3.4
(38.1)
0.5
(32.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
−3
(27)
−4.9
(23.2)
−5.2
(22.6)
−3.5
(25.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
−1.4
(29.5)
−2
(28)
2.0
(35.6)
−5.2
(22.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 46.3
(1.82)
31.3
(1.23)
34.9
(1.37)
53.2
(2.09)
62.4
(2.46)
67.8
(2.67)
76.5
(3.01)
85.9
(3.38)
66.5
(2.62)
51.6
(2.03)
49.7
(1.96)
47.2
(1.86)
673.3
(26.51)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 7.7 6.3 6.4 9.0 10.7 12.6 14.5 15.1 14.0 11.7 9.9 8.7 126.6
Average afternoon relative humidity (%) 48 49 48 56 63 69 69 63 59 54 52 49 57
Mean monthly sunshine hours 285.2 256.9 241.8 198.0 155.0 135.0 142.6 170.5 201.0 254.2 267.0 282.1 2,589.3
Source #1: Bureau of Meteorology (1981–2010 averages;[20] extremes 1980–present)[21]
Source #2: Bureau of Meteorology, Launceston Airport (1981–2004 sunshine hours)[22]

Ouse[edit]

Due to its inland location, Ouse has relatively warm summers and cool winters with a high diurnal range and low precipitation throughout the months. Frost is common in the winter.

Climate data for Ouse Fire Station
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.7
(105.3)
39.0
(102.2)
36.4
(97.5)
30.5
(86.9)
26.0
(78.8)
19.3
(66.7)
19.6
(67.3)
22.5
(72.5)
27.1
(80.8)
30.8
(87.4)
33.6
(92.5)
38.0
(100.4)
40.7
(105.3)
Average high °C (°F) 25.4
(77.7)
25.3
(77.5)
22.3
(72.1)
18.3
(64.9)
14.8
(58.6)
11.9
(53.4)
11.7
(53.1)
13.6
(56.5)
15.8
(60.4)
17.9
(64.2)
21.0
(69.8)
23.0
(73.4)
18.4
(65.1)
Average low °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
10.0
(50.0)
7.9
(46.2)
4.9
(40.8)
3.6
(38.5)
1.4
(34.5)
1.0
(33.8)
2.0
(35.6)
3.9
(39.0)
5.3
(41.5)
7.2
(45.0)
8.7
(47.7)
5.5
(41.9)
Record low °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
0.2
(32.4)
−3.2
(26.2)
−5.6
(21.9)
−6.3
(20.7)
−7.8
(18.0)
−6.8
(19.8)
−6.7
(19.9)
−4.3
(24.3)
−3.5
(25.7)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.0
(32.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 26.3
(1.04)
31.3
(1.23)
31.1
(1.22)
29.7
(1.17)
34.0
(1.34)
41.8
(1.65)
48.1
(1.89)
64.2
(2.53)
67.8
(2.67)
51.8
(2.04)
38.7
(1.52)
33.9
(1.33)
506.3
(19.93)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1mm) 8.5 8.0 9.6 10.2 13.3 14.6 16.6 16.8 15.8 15.4 12.2 11.2 152.2
Average relative humidity (%) 39 41 47 55 63 71 68 61 57 54 49 43 54
Source: [23]

Burnie[edit]

The average temperature in summer ranges from 12.5 to 21 °C with drier non-sea breeze days as warm as 27 °C, with around 16 hours of sunshine per day. In winter, temperature ranges from 6 to 13 °C, and only 8 hours of sunshine. Relative humidity averages over 60% for the year in the afternoon.

Burnie averages 994 mm of rainfall per year. Most of the rain is in the second half of the year from July to December.

Climate data for Burnie
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.8
(92.8)
31.0
(87.8)
28.9
(84.0)
26.2
(79.2)
24.0
(75.2)
18.8
(65.8)
18.2
(64.8)
18.9
(66.0)
22.4
(72.3)
27.6
(81.7)
31.5
(88.7)
31.2
(88.2)
33.8
(92.8)
Average high °C (°F) 21.1
(70.0)
21.3
(70.3)
20.1
(68.2)
17.7
(63.9)
15.3
(59.5)
13.5
(56.3)
12.7
(54.9)
13.1
(55.6)
14.3
(57.7)
15.9
(60.6)
17.8
(64.0)
19.5
(67.1)
16.9
(62.4)
Average low °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
13.3
(55.9)
12.0
(53.6)
10.0
(50.0)
8.4
(47.1)
6.7
(44.1)
5.9
(42.6)
6.1
(43.0)
6.8
(44.2)
8.0
(46.4)
9.7
(49.5)
11.1
(52.0)
9.2
(48.6)
Record low °C (°F) 2.8
(37.0)
3.9
(39.0)
3.5
(38.3)
0.5
(32.9)
0.0
(32.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
−1.7
(28.9)
−2.0
(28.4)
0.0
(32.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
1.0
(33.8)
2.9
(37.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44.1
(1.74)
43.7
(1.72)
51.5
(2.03)
74.4
(2.93)
92.8
(3.65)
102.0
(4.02)
123.2
(4.85)
112.3
(4.42)
88.9
(3.50)
84.8
(3.34)
69.2
(2.72)
63.9
(2.52)
950.2
(37.41)
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[24]

Queenstown[edit]

Queenstown has a very wet climate, and is one of the wettest locations in Tasmania with an annual average rainfall of 2408.2 mm (94.8 in), spread throughout the year.

Climate data for Queenstown
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.3
(99.1)
36.3
(97.3)
35.9
(96.6)
29.5
(85.1)
25.0
(77.0)
19.5
(67.1)
19.5
(67.1)
21.0
(69.8)
26.4
(79.5)
29.0
(84.2)
33.3
(91.9)
35.3
(95.5)
37.3
(99.1)
Average high °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
22.0
(71.6)
19.9
(67.8)
16.6
(61.9)
14.4
(57.9)
12.2
(54.0)
11.6
(52.9)
12.4
(54.3)
13.5
(56.3)
15.9
(60.6)
17.6
(63.7)
19.3
(66.7)
16.4
(61.5)
Average low °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
8.6
(47.5)
7.6
(45.7)
6.5
(43.7)
4.5
(40.1)
2.7
(36.9)
2.4
(36.3)
3.1
(37.6)
4.0
(39.2)
5.1
(41.2)
6.4
(43.5)
7.9
(46.2)
5.6
(42.1)
Record low °C (°F) 0.0
(32.0)
0.0
(32.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
−2.6
(27.3)
−6.0
(21.2)
−6.2
(20.8)
−6.7
(19.9)
−5.5
(22.1)
−3.9
(25.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
−1.5
(29.3)
−0.6
(30.9)
−6.7
(19.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 149.9
(5.90)
98.8
(3.89)
147.2
(5.80)
211.3
(8.32)
241.4
(9.50)
212.7
(8.37)
268.6
(10.57)
267.5
(10.53)
248.5
(9.78)
209.9
(8.26)
183.7
(7.23)
168.7
(6.64)
2,408.2
(94.79)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 17.2 12.9 17.3 20.6 21.2 19.9 23.7 24.6 23.1 21.7 19.7 18.6 240.5
Average relative humidity (%) 60 60 65 72 76 77 77 73 71 64 63 63 68
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[25]

Liawenee[edit]

Owing to its high altitude location on the Central Plateau of Tasmania, Liawenee is one of the few places in Australia with a subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen Cfc).

Climate data for Liawenee
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.0
(95.0)
31.6
(88.9)
29.5
(85.1)
24.0
(75.2)
19.8
(67.6)
14.5
(58.1)
12.1
(53.8)
16.8
(62.2)
19.2
(66.6)
25.4
(77.7)
29.5
(85.1)
32.0
(89.6)
35.0
(95.0)
Average high °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
18.7
(65.7)
16.2
(61.2)
12.7
(54.9)
9.2
(48.6)
6.2
(43.2)
5.5
(41.9)
6.4
(43.5)
9.1
(48.4)
11.9
(53.4)
14.7
(58.5)
17.0
(62.6)
12.2
(54.0)
Average low °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
5.5
(41.9)
3.7
(38.7)
2.0
(35.6)
0.3
(32.5)
−1.1
(30.0)
−1.5
(29.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
0.7
(33.3)
2.1
(35.8)
3.9
(39.0)
1.6
(34.9)
Record low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
−5.0
(23.0)
−6.5
(20.3)
−8.9
(16.0)
−10.4
(13.3)
−12.2
(10.0)
−11.1
(12.0)
−7.7
(18.1)
−6.4
(20.5)
−5.6
(21.9)
−4.3
(24.3)
−12.2
(10.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.6
(2.66)
48.7
(1.92)
53.9
(2.12)
78.9
(3.11)
89.7
(3.53)
99.7
(3.93)
128.6
(5.06)
122.1
(4.81)
111.9
(4.41)
91.8
(3.61)
75.0
(2.95)
75.8
(2.98)
1,042.1
(41.03)
Average rainy days 12.9 10.2 13.4 17.1 18.8 20.3 23.0 22.5 19.9 18.4 15.8 14.3 206.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 269.7 243.0 235.6 177.0 145.7 108.0 108.5 161.2 180.0 238.7 255.0 275.9 2,398.3
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rainfall and Temperature Records: National" (PDF). Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
  2. ^ "Cradle Valley Climate". Australian Government Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  3. ^ "Official records for Australia in January". Daily Extremes. Bureau of Meteorology. 31 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  4. ^ "Average annual, seasonal and monthly rainfall [Tasmania]". bom.gov.au. Commonwealth of Australia, Bureau of Meteorology. November 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  5. ^ "Burnie Climate". Australian Government Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  6. ^ "Scottsdale Climate". Australian Government Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  7. ^ "St Helens Climate". Australian Government Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  8. ^ "Swansea Climate". Australian Government Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  9. ^ "Climate of Tasmania". T Change. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  10. ^ "Climate of Launceston". Australian BOM. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  11. ^ "Tasmania Climate". World 66. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  12. ^ http://www.bom.gov.au
  13. ^ "Climate Statistics: Hobart (Ellerslie Road 1981–2010 normals)". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  14. ^ "Climate statistics: Hobart (Ellerslie Road)". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  15. ^ "Highest Temperature - 094029". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  16. ^ "Lowest Temperature - 094029". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  17. ^ "Climate statistics: Hobart Airport". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  18. ^ "Supervising Scientist Report" (PDF). Australian Government. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. p. 4. Archived from the original (pdf) on 18 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
  19. ^ "Geography of Launceston". Asia Rooms. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
  20. ^ "Climate Statistics for Launceston". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  21. ^ "Climate Statistics for Launceston". Australian Government. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  22. ^ "Climate Statistics for Launceston". Australian Government. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  23. ^ "Climate statistics for Ouse". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  24. ^ "Summary statistics BURNIE (ROUND HILL)". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  25. ^ "QUEENSTOWN (7XS)". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. March 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
  26. ^ "Climate statistics for Liawenee". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 22 April 2016.

External links[edit]