Climate of Valencia

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Valencia
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
36
 
 
17
8
 
 
32
 
 
17
8
 
 
35
 
 
20
10
 
 
37
 
 
21
12
 
 
34
 
 
24
15
 
 
23
 
 
28
19
 
 
9
 
 
30
22
 
 
19
 
 
31
22
 
 
51
 
 
28
19
 
 
74
 
 
25
16
 
 
51
 
 
20
11
 
 
52
 
 
17
8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: WMO[1]

Valencia and its metropolitan area have a Mediterranean influenced steppe climate (Köppen climate classification: BSk)[2] with very mild winters and long warm to hot summers. According to Troll-Paffen climate classification, Valencia has a warm-temperate subtropical climate (Warmgemäßigt-subtropisches Zonenklima)[3] and according to Siegmund/Frankenberg climate classification, Valencia has subtropical climate.[4]

Temperature[edit]

General[edit]

Yearly max temp Yearly mean temp Yearly min temp
23.0 °C (73.4 °F) 18.4 °C (65.1 °F) 13.8 °C (56.8 °F)

Its average annual temperature is 23.0 °C (73.4 °F) during the day and 13.8 °C (56.8 °F) at night. In the coldest month – January, typically the temperature ranges from 14 to 20 °C (57 to 68 °F) during the day and 4 to 12 °C (39 to 54 °F) at night. In the warmest month – August, the typically temperature ranges from 28 to 34 °C (82 to 93 °F) during the day and about 22 °C (72 °F) at night. Large fluctuations in temperature are rare.[5]

Seasonal climate[edit]

Winter in Valencia: very mild temperatures and mostly green flora.

Winter[edit]

Winters in Valencia are very mild. December, January and February are the coldest months, with average temperatures around 17 °C (63 °F) during the day and 8 °C (46 °F) at night. From a few to a dozen days in the winter, the temperature exceeds 20 °C (68 °F). Because of the very mild temperatures in winter, most of the vegetation remains green throughout the year.

March is a transitional month, the temperature often exceeding 20 °C (68 °F), with average temperature of around 20 °C (68 °F) during the day and 10 °C (50 °F) at night.[5]

Summer[edit]

Summers in Valencia area are long and warm to hot (in the middle of summer). Generally the summer season lasts about eight months, from April to November. Regular temperatures above 20 °C (68 °F) begin as early as April, although in this month the sea temperature is still cool: about 15–16 °C (59–61 °F). The summer season ends in November, in this month sometimes occurring days with temperatures below 20 °C (68 °F). The sea temperature in November remains mild - about 18 °C (64 °F).

July and August are the warmest months, with average temperatures around 29 °C (84 °F) during the day and 22 °C (72 °F) at night. In June and September the average temperature is around 26–28 °C (79–82 °F) during the day and 18–20 °C (64–68 °F) at night. In May and October the average temperature is around 24 °C (75 °F) during the day and 15–16 °C (59–61 °F) at night and in April and November the average temperature is around 20–21 °C (68–70 °F) during the day and 12 °C (54 °F) at night.[5]

Sunshine[edit]

Sunshine duration is 2,660 hours per year, from 150 - average about 5 hours of sunshine at day in December to 314 - average above 10 hours of sunshine at day in July.[5] This is a bit above average for the southern half of Europe because in this part of the continent, sunshine duration varies from about 2,000 to about 3,000 hours per year. However, this is a 70% larger value than in the northern half of Europe, where sunshine duration is around 1500 hours per year.[citation needed] In winter Valencia has about three times more sun duration than in the northern half of Europe.[citation needed]

Climate data for Valencia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean monthly sunshine hours 169 169 212 229 256 271 314 285 237 201 167 150 2,660
Mean daily sunshine hours 5.45 5.63 6.83 7.63 8.25 9.03 10.1 9.19 7.90 6.48 5.56 4.83 7.24
Percent possible sunshine 52 54 51 56 59 61 69 68 61 54 51 50 58
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología (mean daily and monthly sunshine hours),[5] climatemps.com (percent possible sunshine)[6]

Precipitation[edit]

Valencia has on average only 44 precipitation days a year, averaging several rainy days per month (≥ 1 mm), ranging from 1 in July to 6 in October. The average annual precipitation is less than 454 mm (17.87 inches), ranging from 9 mm (0.35 inch) in July to 74 mm (2.91 inch) in October.[5]

Climate data for Valencia (precipitation days – 1 mm)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average precipitation mm (inches) 36
(1.42)
32
(1.26)
35
(1.38)
37
(1.46)
34
(1.34)
23
(0.91)
9
(0.35)
19
(0.75)
51
(2.01)
74
(2.91)
51
(2.01)
52
(2.05)
454
(17.87)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 4 3 4 5 5 3 1 2 4 5 4 5 44
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[5]
Climate data for Valencia (precipitation days – 0.1 mm)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6 6 6 7 8 5 2 4 6 7 6 7 70
Source: World Meteorological Organization[1]

Humidity[edit]

Average relative humidity is 65%, ranging from 60% in April to 68% in August.[5]

Climate data for Valencia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average relative humidity (%) 63 61 61 60 65 65 66 68 67 66 65 65 65
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[5]

Daylight[edit]

Valencia enjoys one of the most optimal number of hours of daylight in Europe. Days in winter are not as short as in the northern part of the continent. The average hours of daylight in December, January and February is 10 hours[7] (for comparison: London[8] or Moscow[9] or Warsaw[10] - about 8 hours).

Average hours of daylight[7]
Hours Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day 10 11 12 13 15 15 15 14 13 12 11 10
Twilight/Night 14 13 12 11 9 9 9 10 11 12 13 14

Mean maximums and minimums[edit]

Climate data for Valencia center (4km from sea, altitude: 11 m.a.s.l., 1981–2015, location)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean maximum °C (°F) 19.5
(67.1)
20.5
(68.9)
24.3
(75.7)
23.4
(74.1)
25.8
(78.4)
30.9
(87.6)
32.0
(89.6)
33.1
(91.6)
29.9
(85.8)
27.2
(81)
22.8
(73)
18.9
(66)
33.4
(92.1)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
5.1
(41.2)
7.0
(44.6)
9.8
(49.6)
11.0
(51.8)
15.8
(60.4)
19.0
(66.2)
20.0
(68)
17.2
(63)
13.1
(55.6)
8.5
(47.3)
5.8
(42.4)
4.3
(39.7)
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[11]

Temperature extremes[edit]

The highest temperature ever recorded during the day in the city centre is 43 °C (109 °F) on 27 August 2010. On May 14th, 2015 an all-time high of 43º C was again recorded. In the month of August 2003, the average reported daytime maximum temperature was a record 33.1 °C (91.6 °F) (similar to a typical temperature in August of tropical Miami). The coldest temperature ever recorded was −7.2 °C (19.0 °F) on the night of 11 February 1956. Generally, February 1956 was the coldest month in the history of the city (since temperature recording).[12]

Climate data for Valencia center (4km from sea, altitude: 11 m.a.s.l., 1981–2015, location)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.4
(77.7)
29.0
(84.2)
33.2
(91.8)
33.5
(92.3)
42.0
(107.6)
38.2
(100.8)
41.8
(107.2)
43.0
(109.4)
38.4
(101.1)
35.6
(96.1)
32.0
(89.6)
25.2
(77.4)
43.0
(109.4)
Record low °C (°F) −2.6
(27.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
1.2
(34.2)
3.0
(37.4)
6.0
(42.8)
10.6
(51.1)
16.0
(60.8)
16.2
(61.2)
11.6
(52.9)
6.3
(43.3)
1.6
(34.9)
−0.3
(31.5)
−2.6
(27.3)
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[13]
Climate data for Valencia center (4km from sea, altitude: 11 m.a.s.l., 1941–2010, location)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.2
(79.2)
29
(84)
33.2
(91.8)
35.2
(95.4)
42.0
(107.6)
38.2
(100.8)
41.8
(107.2)
43
(109)
38.4
(101.1)
35.8
(96.4)
32
(90)
25.2
(77.4)
43
(109)
Record low °C (°F) −6.5
(20.3)
−7.2
(19)
−0.4
(31.3)
1
(34)
5
(41)
8.5
(47.3)
11.6
(52.9)
12.5
(54.5)
8
(46)
4.1
(39.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
−2.8
(27)
−7.2
(19)
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[14]
Climate data for Valencia Airport - 8 km west of the city, inland, ~12km from the sea (elevation: 35 m) [1]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26
(79)
29.4
(84.9)
32.6
(90.7)
34.8
(94.6)
42.6
(108.7)
38.2
(100.8)
43.4
(110.1)
42.8
(109)
38
(100)
35.8
(96.4)
31.5
(88.7)
25
(77)
43.4
(110.1)
Record low °C (°F) −5.4
(22.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
0.2
(32.4)
4.8
(40.6)
8.7
(47.7)
12.2
(54)
11.6
(52.9)
8.2
(46.8)
3
(37)
−3.1
(26.4)
−4.8
(23.4)
−5.4
(22.3)
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[15]

Sea temperature[edit]

The average annual temperature of the sea is about 18.5 °C (65.3 °F). In February, the average sea temperature is 13 °C (55 °F). In August, the average sea temperature is 26 °C (79 °F). From June to October, average temperature of sea exceed 21 °C (70 °F).[7][16]

Average sea temperature, according to weather2travel.com:[7]
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
14 °C (57 °F) 13 °C (55 °F) 13 °C (55 °F) 15 °C (59 °F) 17 °C (63 °F) 21 °C (70 °F) 24 °C (75 °F) 26 °C (79 °F) 24 °C (75 °F) 21 °C (70 °F) 18 °C (64 °F) 15 °C (59 °F) 18.5 °C (65.3 °F)
Average sea temperature, according to seatemperature.org:[16]
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
14.2 °C (57.6 °F) 13.8 °C (56.8 °F) 14.1 °C (57.4 °F) 16.1 °C (61.0 °F) 18.8 °C (65.8 °F) 22.5 °C (72.5 °F) 24.8 °C (76.6 °F) 25.8 °C (78.4 °F) 24.6 °C (76.3 °F) 22.1 °C (71.8 °F) 19.1 °C (66.4 °F) 16.1 °C (61.0 °F) 19.3 °C (66.7 °F)

Climatic data for Valencia area[edit]

Climate data for Valencia center (4km from sea, altitude: 11 m.a.s.l., 1981–2010, location)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean maximum °C (°F) 19.5
(67.1)
20.5
(68.9)
24.3
(75.7)
23.4
(74.1)
25.8
(78.4)
30.9
(87.6)
32.0
(89.6)
33.1
(91.6)
29.9
(85.8)
27.2
(81)
22.8
(73)
18.9
(66)
33.4
(92.1)
Average high °C (°F) 16.4
(61.5)
17.1
(62.8)
19.3
(66.7)
20.8
(69.4)
23.4
(74.1)
27.1
(80.8)
29.7
(85.5)
30.2
(86.4)
27.9
(82.2)
24.3
(75.7)
19.8
(67.6)
17.0
(62.6)
22.8
(73)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.8
(53.2)
12.5
(54.5)
14.4
(57.9)
16.2
(61.2)
19.0
(66.2)
22.9
(73.2)
25.6
(78.1)
26.1
(79)
23.5
(74.3)
19.7
(67.5)
15.3
(59.5)
12.6
(54.7)
18.3
(64.9)
Average low °C (°F) 7.1
(44.8)
7.8
(46)
9.6
(49.3)
11.5
(52.7)
14.6
(58.3)
18.6
(65.5)
21.5
(70.7)
21.9
(71.4)
19.1
(66.4)
15.2
(59.4)
10.8
(51.4)
8.1
(46.6)
13.8
(56.8)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
5.1
(41.2)
7.0
(44.6)
9.8
(49.6)
11.0
(51.8)
15.8
(60.4)
19.0
(66.2)
20.0
(68)
17.2
(63)
13.1
(55.6)
8.5
(47.3)
5.8
(42.4)
4.3
(39.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37.0
(1.457)
36.0
(1.417)
33.0
(1.299)
38.0
(1.496)
39.0
(1.535)
22.0
(0.866)
8.0
(0.315)
20.0
(0.787)
70.0
(2.756)
77.0
(3.031)
47.0
(1.85)
48.0
(1.89)
475.0
(18.701)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 4 4 4 5 4 3 1 2 5 5 4 5 46
Mean monthly sunshine hours 171 171 215 234 259 276 315 288 235 202 167 155 2,696
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[17][18]
Climate data for Valencia center (4km from sea, altitude: 11 m.a.s.l., 1971–2000, location)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.1
(61)
17.2
(63)
18.7
(65.7)
20.2
(68.4)
22.8
(73)
26.2
(79.2)
29.1
(84.4)
29.6
(85.3)
27.6
(81.7)
23.6
(74.5)
19.5
(67.1)
16.8
(62.2)
22.3
(72.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
12.6
(54.7)
13.9
(57)
15.5
(59.9)
18.4
(65.1)
22.1
(71.8)
24.9
(76.8)
25.5
(77.9)
23.1
(73.6)
19.1
(66.4)
14.9
(58.8)
12.4
(54.3)
17.8
(64)
Average low °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
7.9
(46.2)
9.0
(48.2)
10.8
(51.4)
14.1
(57.4)
17.9
(64.2)
20.8
(69.4)
21.4
(70.5)
18.6
(65.5)
14.5
(58.1)
10.4
(50.7)
8.1
(46.6)
13.4
(56.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 36
(1.42)
32
(1.26)
35
(1.38)
37
(1.46)
34
(1.34)
23
(0.91)
9
(0.35)
19
(0.75)
51
(2.01)
74
(2.91)
51
(2.01)
52
(2.05)
454
(17.87)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 4 3 4 5 5 3 1 2 4 5 4 5 44
Mean monthly sunshine hours 169 169 212 229 256 271 314 285 237 201 167 150 2,660
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[5]
Climate data for Valencia center (4km from sea, altitude: 11 m.a.s.l., 2001–2010, location)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.76
(62.17)
16.88
(62.38)
19.57
(67.23)
21.10
(69.98)
23.89
(75)
28.11
(82.6)
30.02
(86.04)
30.53
(86.95)
27.72
(81.9)
24.66
(76.39)
19.96
(67.93)
16.72
(62.1)
23.0
(73.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.16
(53.89)
12.41
(54.34)
14.89
(58.8)
16.58
(61.84)
19.51
(67.12)
23.78
(74.8)
26.13
(79.03)
26.41
(79.54)
23.54
(74.37)
20.24
(68.43)
15.27
(59.49)
12.27
(54.09)
18.6
(65.5)
Average low °C (°F) 7.57
(45.63)
7.94
(46.29)
10.22
(50.4)
12.07
(53.73)
15.13
(59.23)
19.46
(67.03)
22.24
(72.03)
22.30
(72.14)
19.36
(66.85)
15.83
(60.49)
10.59
(51.06)
7.83
(46.09)
14.2
(57.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 34.6
(1.362)
40.1
(1.579)
42.5
(1.673)
40.5
(1.594)
63.9
(2.516)
30.2
(1.189)
7.0
(0.276)
17.5
(0.689)
93.5
(3.681)
85.2
(3.354)
36.4
(1.433)
46.7
(1.839)
538.3
(21.193)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 3.3 5.0 3.9 5.4 5.4 2.5 1.0 2.6 5.2 5.3 3.6 5.2 48.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 171 171 215 234 258 276 314 288 234 202 167 155 2,696
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[19]



Curio[edit]

Valencia has a similar latitude to Madrid. However, the climate of these Spanish cities is different. Valencia is located at the seaside; Madrid is located in the approximate middle of the inland plateau. Valencia has much warmer winters (data from January, the coldest month):

  • Valencia: 16 °C (61 °F) during the day and 7 °C (45 °F) at night
  • Madrid: 10 °C (50 °F) during the day and 2 °C (36 °F) at night[22]

and also Valencia has longer summers and milder temperatures in the middle of summer during the day.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Weather Information for Valencia". 
  2. ^ M. Kottek; J. Grieser; C. Beck; B. Rudolf; F. Rubel (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated". Meteorol. Z. 15: 259–263. Bibcode:2006MetZe..15..259K. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  3. ^ Climatic map by Istituto Geografico De Agostini, according to Troll-Paffen climate classification Archived October 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Die Klimatypen der Erde - Pädagogische Hochschule in Heidelberg
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Standard Climate Values. Valencia". 
  6. ^ Sunshine & Daylight Hours in Valencia, Spain - climatemps.com
  7. ^ a b c d "Weather2Travel.com: Valencia Climate Guide". 
  8. ^ http://www.weather2travel.com/climate-guides/united-kingdom/london.php
  9. ^ http://www.weather2travel.com/climate-guides/russia-europe/moscow.php
  10. ^ http://www.weather2travel.com/climate-guides/poland/warsaw.php
  11. ^ Guía resumida del clima en España (1981-2010) Archived May 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. - Agencia Estatal de Meteorología
  12. ^ Extreme Values. Valencia - Extreme Values. Valencia.
  13. ^ Guía resumida del clima en España (1981-2010) Archived May 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. - Agencia Estatal de Meteorología
  14. ^ Valores climatológicos extremos - Agencia Estatal de Meteorología
  15. ^ Valores climatológicos extremos - Agencia Estatal de Meteorología
  16. ^ a b Valencia average sea temperature - seatemperature.org
  17. ^ Valores climatológicos normales y estadísticos de estaciones principales - Agencia Estatal de Meteorología
  18. ^ Valores climatológicos extremos - Agencia Estatal de Meteorología
  19. ^ Valores climatológicos normales y estadísticos de estaciones principales - Agencia Estatal de Meteorología
  20. ^ "Standard Climate Values. Valencia Aeropuerto". 
  21. ^ "ESP VALENCIA - ALMACERA". 
  22. ^ Standard Climate Values. Madrid - Agencia Estatal de Meteorología