Little Italy Festival Town
|• Mayor||Jack Gilfoy (D)|
|• Total||2.28 sq mi (5.90 km2)|
|• Land||2.25 sq mi (5.83 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.06 km2)|
|Elevation||495 ft (151 m)|
|• Density||2,145.20/sq mi (828.41/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||432671|
The city was established in 1829 and is named for DeWitt Clinton, governor of New York from 1817 to 1823. Many of Clinton's original settlers were immigrants working in coal mines, many from Italy. According to Vermillion County naturalization records, "...from 1856 to 1952... Vermillion County received almost 3,550 new citizens of foreign birth, the largest number coming during the first twelve years of [the 20th] century. Italians accounted for one-third, or 1,178, of the total number who filed Declarations, with Austrians the next largest group (675) and then Scots. At least 77 percent of the Italians were from the northern regions of Italy." This was in contrast to the majority of Italian immigrants to America during this same time period that hailed from southern Italy. Over time, the coal mining industry in Clinton ended but many of the Italian settlers stayed at Clinton.
The Clinton post office has been in operation since 1823.
The Clinton Paving and Building Brick Company was established in 1893, at which time it was producing 40,000 bricks per day.
Clinton is located in the southern part of the county along the Wabash River, near the intersection of State Road 63 (which passes just west of the city) and State Road 163 (which passes through the city). U.S. Route 41 lies just to the east of the city, across the river in neighboring Parke County. The smaller town of Fairview Park is adjacent to Clinton on the north side of the city.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Clinton has a total area of 2.259 square miles (5.85 km2), of which 2.24 square miles (5.80 km2) (or 99.16%) is land and 0.019 square miles (0.05 km2) (or 0.84%) is water.
Indiana State Road 163 is a highway that runs through Clinton, and follows Walnut, Main, Elm, 9th, and Western streets, and Hazel Bluff Rd.
|US Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,893 people, 1,988 households, and 1,232 families in the city. The population density was 2,184.4 inhabitants per square mile (843.4/km2). There were 2,332 housing units at an average density of 1,041.1 per square mile (402.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.
There were 1,988 households, of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.0% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96.
The median age in the city was 38.8 years. 24.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.4% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 17.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 5,126 people, 2,124 households, and 1,319 families in the city. The population density was 2,284.5/sqmi (883.6/km2). There were 2,379 housing units at an average density of 1,060.3/sqmi (410.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.15% White, 0.35% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.
There were 2,124 households, out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.93.
The city population contained 22.9% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,330, and the median income for a family was $36,692. Males had a median income of $28,294 versus $22,927 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,601. About 7.4% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.
Situated along the Wabash River and between Interstate 70 and Interstate 74, Clinton offers a wide variety of resources and transportation options for companies looking for new locations. Two-thirds of the U.S. population can be reached within a one-day drive from Clinton.
The two largest and most visible companies in Clinton are Elanco, which produces animal health and food safety drugs, and White Construction Inc., a subsidiary of Infrastructure & Energy Alternatives (IEA) specializing in building energy infrastructure throughout North America. Both parent companies are headquartered in Indianapolis. Other local employers include Duke Energy, MSI Construction Inc, International Paper and National Gypsum Company which are located to the north of the city. The launch of the Vermillion Rise Mega Park is creating new opportunities for business expansion at the site of the former Newport Chemical Depot.
The city is served by Union Hospital – Clinton.
Law and government
Clinton city government consists of a mayor and a city council.
The current mayor is Jack Gilfoy Jr.
City Council members
- Bart Mooney -R- Ward 4
- H. Dean Strohm -D- Ward 3
- John D. Moore -D- Ward 2
- Stephen L. Hose -D- Ward 1
- Marty Shortridge -R- At Large
Billy J. MacLaren is the current Chief of Police.
The fire department is a combination career/volunteer organization. Its current chief is Chris Strohm.
Clinton, Indiana and the southern half of Vermillion County are served by the South Vermillion Community School Corporation which has three primary elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school.
Glendale Elementary and Matthew's South Elementary schools, which were both located in Clinton City limits, consolidated with Central Elementary in the mid 1980s. The school district's residents could fit into one main elementary school, but because of the rural area around Clinton the decision was made to group the students into three smaller schools.
Middle and high schools
The middle school and high school are both located north of the city, in an unincorporated area of the county.
The high school was formerly known as Clinton High School before the current school was constructed in 1977. However, the mascot has remained the same, the Wildcat.
Post-secondary education is served through Indiana State University, Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology and Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana in nearby Terre Haute.
The town has a lending library, the Clinton Public Library, which is located at 314 South Fourth Street.
Clinton hosts the annual Little Italy Festival, a four-day Labor Day Weekend celebration of the area's Italian and coal mining heritage. Begun in 1966, the event draws over 75,000 visitors annually, featuring Italian and carnival-style food, grapevine-roofed wine garden, and grape stomping. The festival provides free stage entertainment, flea market and the largest Italian-theme parade in the Midwest. The festival hosts the Indiana Bocce Ball championship, boasts one of the few coal mining museums in the nation, and owns one of fewer than 400 genuine gondolas in the United States. The 2023 Queen of Grapes for the Little Italy Festival is Hannah Helt. The Re and Regina for 2023 are Mr. & Mrs. Bob & Kathy Walls.
- Armando Frigo, second American-born soccer player to ever play in Serie A, Italy's top league.
- Lawrence J. Giacoletto, known for his work in the field of semiconductor circuit technology.
- Margaret Gisolo, baseball pioneer, attended high school in Clinton.
- Charles Edward Jones, astronaut killed in the September 11 attacks.
- Ken Kercheval, actor, best known for his role on the television series Dallas.
- Jill Marie Landis, award-winning romance writer.
- Serial killer Orville Lynn Majors was a licensed practical nurse at the Vermillion County Hospital, now known as Union Hospital, in Spencer, and was convicted in October 1999 of six counts of first-degree murder. Although convicted of killing six, the exact number is unknown and may be as high as 130. He was sentenced to 360 years in prison.
- Claude Matthews, former Governor of Indiana.
- Sister Esther Newport, painter, art educator and founder of the Catholic Art Association.
- Carrie Parker, the first African-American to graduate from any Vermillion County school and most likely in 1897 the first to attend Indiana University.[a]
- Danny Polo, musician proclaimed by Benny Goodman as "the world's greatest clarinet player."
- Bobby Sturgeon, baseball player of 1940s.
- Henry Dana Washburn, Civil War general, US Congressman, explorer. As surveyor-general of the Montana Territory he led first government survey of Yellowstone Park.
- Clarine Nardi Riddle, the first female attorney general of Connecticut.
- To see the newspaper clippings and other information that Dina Williams, Indiana University archivist, posted about Carrie Parker can be found in her university blog under her 24 July 2015 entry.
- "Election Information - Vermillion County".
- "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
- "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Clinton, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
- Baker, Ronald L.; Marvin Carmony (1975). Indiana Place Names. Indiana University Press. p. 31. ISBN 0-253-14167-2.
- Vermillion County, Indiana History and Families, Vol. 1
- "Vermillion County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
- Bowen 1913, p. 379.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- Victoria T. Davis (October 20, 2016). "Did city of Clinton, Indiana really try to change its name because of Hillary?". The Indy Channel. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
- "Geographic Identifiers – 2010 Census Summary File 1". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 28, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
- "Indiana public library directory" (PDF). Indiana State Library. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 18, 2017. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
- Orville Lynn Majors v. State (Indiana) (Supreme Court of Indiana 14 August 2002).Text
- Flowers, Ronald B.; Flowers, H.L. (2001). Murders in the United States: Crimes, Killers and Victims of the Twentieth Century. Jefferson NC: McFarland & Co. p. 100.
- Dedman, Bill (October 18, 1999). "Nurse Guilty Of Killing Six Of His Patients". The New York Times. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- Creps, Marcela (August 16, 2015). "Forgotten Pioneer: Archivist tracks down family of student who was likely the first black woman to attend IU". The Herald-Times. Vol. 15, no. 33. Bloomington IN. pp. A1, A6. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
An 1897 newspaper article recounted the obstacles that Parker had to overcome to graduate from high school. A student at Clinton High School in Clinton, she was the first black person to graduate from any Vermillion County school. 'Clinton like other towns, is permeated with race, prejudice, and, while a majority of the people wanted to see Miss Parker receive fair play, yet there were many very deeply prejudiced, and their children lost no opportunity in heaping insult and humiliation upon the object of their wrath,' the newspaper article stated.
- History of Parke and Vermillion Counties, Indiana. Indianapolis: B. F. Bowen & Co. 1913. pp. 376–385. Retrieved December 10, 2010.