Clinton, Iowa

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Clinton, Iowa
Top row: Eagle Point Park, Clinton County Courthouse; Second row: Mark Morris Memorial Bridge, Third row: Clinton Riverfront, Clinton Area Showboat Theatre; Bottom row: Gateway Bridge behind the Clinton Railroad Bridge
Flag of Clinton, Iowa
So many things to do - With a river view!
Location in the State of Iowa
Location in the State of Iowa
Clinton, Iowa is located in the United States
Clinton, Iowa
Clinton, Iowa
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 41°50′49″N 90°12′26″W / 41.84694°N 90.20722°W / 41.84694; -90.20722Coordinates: 41°50′49″N 90°12′26″W / 41.84694°N 90.20722°W / 41.84694; -90.20722
Country United States
State Iowa
IncorporatedJanuary 26, 1857[1]
 • MayorScott Maddasion
 • Total38.46 sq mi (99.62 km2)
 • Land35.60 sq mi (92.20 km2)
 • Water2.86 sq mi (7.42 km2)
600 ft (185 m)
 • Total24,469
 • Rank18th in Iowa
 • Density687.33/sq mi (265.38/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
52732-52734, 52736, 52771
Area code563
FIPS code19-14430
GNIS feature ID0455480

Clinton is a city in and the county seat of Clinton County, Iowa, United States.[3] The population was 24,469 as of 2020.[4] Clinton, along with DeWitt (also located in Clinton County), was named in honor of the sixth governor of New York, DeWitt Clinton. Clinton is the principal city of the Clinton Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is coterminous with Clinton County.[5] Clinton was incorporated on January 26, 1857.[6]


View of Clinton on the left side of the Mississippi river and its neighbor, Fulton, Illinois on the right side of the river as seen from 35,000 feet

Among the first settlers of European origin in the Clinton area was Elijah Buell, who built a log cabin on July 25, 1835, and in 1837, established the town of Lyons, named after the French city of the same name. Buell partnered with a John Baker in a successful ferry service across the Mississippi River, at a location called "the Narrows," between Lyons and what would become the city of Fulton, Illinois.[7] Although Lyons grew rapidly and prospered, it eventually merged into the city of Clinton.

Clinton was platted as the town of New York in 1836 by Joseph Bartlett.[8] Bartlett believed that the region was rich with gold deposits, and he prepared for a boom town to develop. While waiting for the "gold boom" to materialize, Bartlett started a second ferry service across the Mississippi to the village of Albany, Illinois. However, his service was not as popular as Buell's in Lyons. Bartlett soon became discouraged, and sold his assets.[9] In March 1837, Noble and Sarah Gregory Perrin purchased 136 acres (0.55 km2) of land in what is now Clinton and raised their family in a cabin located approximately at the foot of the railroad bridge.[10] Eve Their oldest daughter, Valeria, married Dr. Augustus Lafayette Ankeny, who participated in the Blackhawk war and came to Lyons in April 1850.

Mary Perrin, born September 26, 1837, was the first female child of European ancestry born in Clinton County. In 1839, as in most early river towns, the town consisted of a sprinkling of cabins, two stores and a tavern. In 1855, the Chicago, Iowa, Nebraska Railroad announced it would cross the river at Little Rock Island adjacent to Bartlett's settlement. The Iowa Land Company was organized on May 26, 1855, and on July 4, bought Bartlett's tract and renamed it Clinton, in honor of DeWitt Clinton, two-time governor of New York and one of the driving forces behind the construction of the Erie Canal.

In 1840, the County of Clinton was officially organized; the village of Camanche, just downstream from Bartlett's "New York," became the first county seat. The settlement that would become Clinton did not change much in the 1840s, but Lyons continued to grow and prosper. By 1852, stagecoach lines ran from Lyons to Davenport, 30 mi (48 km) to the Southwest; to Iowa City, 71 mi (114 km) to the West; and to Dubuque, 51 mi (82 km) to the Northwest. That same year, the Lyons and Iowa Central Railroad Company was formed, led by an H.P. Adams. Work began on the railroad almost immediately, and progressed rapidly. However, the funds raised to construct the line were insufficient; some were misused. The venture eventually failed. The railroad was disparagingly known as "the Calico Line," after the large amount of calico fabric sold at the company store in Lyons. But the prospect of a railroad to Lyons, and a likely crossing of the Mississippi at the Narrows that would follow, sparked rapid growth in the community. Lyons' population grew from a mere 200 in 1852, to over 5,000 by 1858.

On November 10, 1855, the first plat of the city of Clinton was signed; the plat was surveyed under the direction of Charles B. Stuart, a civil engineer from New York, with the assistance of William Rumble, engineer, and C.I. Loring, draftsman. On January 26, 1857 the city was granted a charter and on March 7, the charter was adopted. On April 5, 1859, the amended charter of the city was adopted, which lasted until a general charter was adopted in 1867.

An announcement came in 1855 that a railroad was to cross the Mississippi, South of Lyons, at Little Rock Island. At the same time, the Iowa Land Company (ILC) was formed. The ILC purchased Bartlett's tract on the Iowa shore opposite Little Rock Island. Concurrently, the Chicago, Iowa, & Nebraska (C&IN) Railroad was formed, with the express intent of crossing the Mississippi River at Clinton. Construction on the railroad bridge began in 1856, and Clinton's population grew to over 1,000 as construction continued. In June 1859, the railroad line was completed to Cedar Rapids. The first train crossed from the Illinois shore to Little Rock Island at noon, January 9, 1860, and was ferried from there to the Iowa shore. In January 1864, construction was started on the span from Little Rock Island to the Iowa shore and was completed on January 6, 1865. The original single track railroad bridge was replaced by a double track bridge that was completed in 1909.

Also in 1864, the C&IN Railroad merged with the Galena & Chicago Union Railroad to form the Chicago & North Western Railroad (C&NW). In the north–south direction, railroad development continued as well. In 1868, the C&NW built a branch line connecting Lyons with the east–west railroad at Clinton. In 1870, the Iowa Midland Company built a railroad from Lyons to Anamosa, Iowa, 59 mi (95 km) to the Northwest. This railroad was later absorbed by the C&NW. In 1872, the Chicago, Clinton, & Dubuque Railroad (CC&D) was built North from Lyons. It became part of the Milwaukee Road; it extended another line South to Clinton. The last of the railroads in Clinton, the Davenport, Rock Island, and Northwestern, was completed from the Southwest along the Mississippi River to Clinton in 1901. An interurban passenger railroad (the Clinton, Davenport, and Muscatine Railway) operated along this trackage as late as 1940. This right-of-way, along with that of the former CC&D, is currently operated by Canadian National.

In 1869, due to its importance as a major transportation hub, the county seat was moved to Clinton; it has resided there ever since. The Clinton County Court House, located at 612 North 2nd Street, was designed by G. Stanley Mansfield, Architect, of Freeport, Illinois, and Josiah L. Rice, Supervising Architect, of Clinton. It was constructed between 1892 and 1897.

The first public school in Clinton was conducted in a log house near the W.J. Young upper mill. It was erected in the winter of 1855-56 and Isaac Baldwin was its first teacher. St. Irenaeus School was opened in 1852.

Wagon Bridge, 1891

The original Lyons-Fulton Bridge was constructed in 1891 (replaced by the Mark N. Morris Memorial Bridge in 1975), followed by the Clinton High Bridge in 1892 (replaced by the Gateway Bridge in 1956).

Between the 1850s and 1900, the cities of Lyons and Clinton quickly became centers of the lumber industry and were regarded as the "Lumber Capital of the World." Huge log rafts were floated down the river from Wisconsin and Minnesota, cut into lumber at Clinton, then shipped to the growing communities via the river and the railroads. Companies owned by the W.J. Young, Chancy Lamb, George M. and Charles F. Curtis (Curtis Bros. & Co), David Joyce, Silas W. Gardiner Lyons, and Friedrich Weyerhäuser families soon became among the largest in the nation. In the 1880s and 1890s Clinton boasted 13 resident millionaires, more millionaires per capita than any other town or city in the nation.

In 1877 the noted pianist Carl Lachmund founded the German Conservatorium of Music in Clinton.

The largest, most elaborate party ever held in Clinton celebrated the debut of Emma Lamb and the twentieth wedding anniversary of her parents, Artemus and Henrietta Sabrina Smith Lamb on October 13, 1885. Fellow lumber baron F.C. Weyerhauser, his wife and daughter attended together with several hundred guests all attired in formal wear.[11]

In 1895, Lyons officially merged with the City of Clinton.

The era of opulence came to an end by 1900, as the northern forests were depleted. The sawmills closed, but the railroad and river, providing economical transportation in all directions, attracted manufacturing and heavy industry. The city still boasts a number of magnificent Victorian mansions, including the Curtis Mansion, now the home of the Clinton Women's Club.

The American Protective Association (APA) was founded in Clinton on March 13, 1887 by Attorney Henry Francis Bowers.

In 1941, with Howard Judd as coach, Clinton High School won the first of its 11 state championships in swimming.[12] This string included five straight championships between 1954 and 1958 and produced 39 individual All Americans and 14 Individual All American Relay Teams (The Howard Judd Story Reception Program June 5, 1966). Clinton's athletic successes were added to in 1953 when St. Mary's won the state basketball championship.

View of downtown Clinton looking north

Other great athletic triumphs were achieved by the 1964 Clinton High School boys’ baseball team winning the State Championship, the 1991 Clinton Giants winning the Midwest League baseball championship and by the 1992 Clinton High School boys’ basketball team (referred to as the '92 Crew) winning the State Championship.

On April 27, 1951, the Mississippi crested at 20.7 feet (6.3 m); then on April 26, 1952, it crested again at 20.9 feet (6.4 m). All of that was an exercise compared with the crest on April 28, 1965, which at 24.85 feet (7.57 m) was the highest ever recorded.[13]

Construction of the Gateway Bridge (Illinois-Iowa) was started in August 1954, was finished in May 1956. It opened on July 1, 1956.

In 2005, Clinton, along with Coon Rapids, Iowa and Sioux City, was awarded one of the inaugural Iowa Great Places designations.[14] This award brought to Clinton a $1 million state budget allocation for cultural and landscape improvements along the city's riverfront.

In 2009, the Archer Daniels Midland began construction of a new cogeneration plant to provide for its electrical needs, which burns coal and leftover corn for the energy. The new cogeneration plant went online in 2010.[15][16]


Clinton is located at 41°50′49″N 90°12′26″W / 41.84694°N 90.20722°W / 41.84694; -90.20722 (41.846863, -90.207330).[17]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.01 square miles (98.45 km2), of which 35.15 square miles (91.04 km2) is land and 2.86 square miles (7.41 km2) is water.[18]

Clinton is on the western shore of the Mississippi River and is the easternmost city in Iowa. The Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge passes through Clinton along the river.

The pool of the Mississippi River above Lock and Dam No. 13 is the widest section of the river at 1.8 miles (2.9 km) across.[19]


Climate data for Clinton, Iowa (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1893–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69
Average high °F (°C) 29.4
Daily mean °F (°C) 21.9
Average low °F (°C) 14.3
Record low °F (°C) −29
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.45
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.2
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.9 8.1 9.9 11.4 12.7 11.9 9.4 9.5 8.2 9.0 8.5 9.8 118.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.7 5.2 2.8 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.3 5.8 22.6
Source: NOAA[20][21]


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[22][4]
The population of Clinton, Iowa from US census data
The population of Clinton, Iowa from US census data

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[23] of 2010, there were 26,885 people, 11,246 households, and 6,889 families residing in the city. The population density was 764.9 inhabitants per square mile (295.3/km2). There were 12,202 housing units at an average density of 347.1 per square mile (134.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.0% White, 4.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.3% of the population.

There were 11,246 households, of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.7% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 23.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[24] of 2000, there were 27,772 people, 11,427 households, and 7,358 families residing in the city. The population density was 780.9 inhabitants per square mile (301.5/km2). There were 12,412 housing units at an average density of 349.0 per square mile (134.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.80% White, 3.22% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.68% of the population.

There were 11,427 households, out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.93.

Age spread: 24.6% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

In the 2000 census 37.7% of the population reported they were of German ancestry, 15.3% of Irish ancestry, 11.4% of British (English, Scottish, Welsh or Scots-Irish) ancestry, 7.8% of Scandinavian ancestry and 5.8% of Dutch ancestry.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,159, and the median income for a family was $43,157. Males had a median income of $34,210 versus $20,882 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,320. About 10.0% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Panoramic view of the Mississippi River from Eagle Point Park
  • The most notable parks are Eagle Point Park and Riverview Park.
  • Other parks are Dewitt Park, Root Park, Southside Park, Edwin P Neubauer Park, River View Stadium, and Four Square Park.
  • Clinton has the First White Settler in Clinton County Historical Marker.
Tourist attractions
  • The Bickelhaupt Arboretum is a non-profit arboretum with one of North America's largest collections of dwarf conifers.[25]
  • Felix Adler Children's Discovery Center a non-profit children's center to explore science, the arts and culture.[26]


Balloons in June

U.S. Route 30 (Lincoln Highway), U.S. Route 67 (Great River Road), and Iowa Highway 136 pass through Clinton.

For air travel, the Quad City International Airport, which is about 40 miles away in Moline, Illinois, is the closest commercial airport and can be reached in less than one hour by car. Chicago's O'Hare International Airport is about 140 miles east, and can typically be reached in less than three hours by car.

Clinton has a municipal airport (Clinton Municipal Airport, KCWI) that serves the general aviation community. There are two runways, 3-21 which is 5,200' long, and 14-32 which is 3700' long. Numerous instrument approaches are available.

Major railroads include the Union Pacific Railroad and the Canadian Pacific.

A national U.S. recreation trail, the Mississippi River Trail passes through Clinton.[27]

Clinton, Iowa MTA Bus 1048. Used for showing new buses bought using federal aid money after 2008 financial crisis Posted on their facebook page.

For intracity transit, residents can rely on the MTA's (Municipal Transit Authority) 6 bus routes that run throughout the city. Disabled residents can rely on the MTA's para-transit service.


Clinton Community College is in the community.

Clinton Community School District operates public schools, including Clinton High School.

Clinton Public Library is the local public library system.

Culture and institutions[edit]

Castle at Eagle Point Park


The community has a single Roman Catholic church, Jesus Christ Prince of Peace Parish, which opened in March 2009, consolidating the membership of five previous churches: Sacred Heart, St. Boniface, St. Irenaeus, St. Mary's, and St. Patrick's.[29] Prince of Peace Catholic Academy and College Preparatory, as of 2011, uses the Sacred Heart property.[29]


The Clinton County Courthouse, National Register of Historic Places
The Clinton Public Library, National Register of Historic Places

National Historic Landmark

Buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Clinton County Courthouse, constructed from 1892 to 1897 by architects Stanley Mansfield and Josiah Rice in Romanesque Revival style. Exterior walls are of red sandstone and granite and the tower is of copper which has weathered to a bright green color. Noted architect Claire Allen from Jackson, Michigan also worked on this building.[30]
  • Clinton Public Library, financed by Andrew Carnegie and built 1903-1904 from the design of the Chicago architectural firm of Patton & Miller. Beaux Arts Neoclassica; style with a monumental entry with processional steps and flanking paired columns. Symmetry of design and borrowings of Greek and Roman inspired elements complete the composition. Exterior walls of cut and dressed limestone.
  • Lafayette Lamb House (YWCA), constructed in 1877 by architect W.W. Sanborn and rebuilt in 1906. Originally built in the Second Empire style, the 1906 'modernization' converted it to more of the Georgian Revival style.
  • City National Bank (First National Bank), designed by John Morrell & Son in the Neoclassical style and constructed in 1911-1912
  • Howes Building, constructed in 1900 for Edward Madison Howes by architect Josiah Rice in Renaissance Revival style, featuring engaged pilasters with Ionic capitals. The exterior street facades of the building are of red face brick with decorative accents of red terracotta. The fourth floor added in 1905 by architect John Morrell.
  • Ankeny Building, constructed in 1930, designed by Chicago architect Harold Holmes in "Moderne" or Art Deco style. The building street facades are clad with cream-colored terracotta panels. Upper story windows are steel and glass in a stylized "Chicago window" expression. The Clinton Herald Monday December 8, 1930 p. 8, The Clinton Herald Saturday December 13, 1930 p. 5, The Clinton Herald Monday December 15, 1930 p. 16, The Clinton Herald Tuesday December 30, 1930 p. 5, The Clinton Herald Tuesday, January 6, 1931 p. 5, The Clinton Herald Thursday, January 8, 1931 p. 5, The Clinton Herald Thursday May 21, 1931 p. 11.
  • Moeszinger-Marquis (Armstrong) Building, designed by Josiah Rice and constructed in 1891 by William Bentley for the Clinton Produce Company. In 1907 the Baldwin Bros. acquired the building for its wholesale hardware business, which in turn passed to its successor company, the Moeszinger-Marquis Hardware Company in 1912. In 1941 the building was acquired by R.W. Armstrong, who also conducted a wholesale hardware business from the premises.
  • George M. Curtis Mansion (Women's Club), constructed in Queen Anne style in 1883-1884
  • Castle Terrace Historic District, Originally platted in 1892. The project was a promotional effort to show developers, architects, and builders the application and products of the Curtis Company. The architectural design is highly eclectic, with Tudor Gothic the primary style utilized. Castle Terrace Historic District
  • Cherry Bank, Built 1870–1871, the Dr. A.L. Ankeny/Lindmeier/Cottral house is two stories high with walls of red brick with buff-colored brick used for quoins at the corners and for the window arches. A cornice, hip roof, and widow's walk cap the building
  • Saint Irenaeus Church, was designed by W.W. Sanborn and was constructed from 1864 to 1871. The parish was found in 1852 in Lyons. It merged with the other four Clinton parishes in 1990 to form Jesus Christ, Prince of Peace Parish. The parish continued to use the St. Irenaeus Church building until 2008 when a new church was built near the Mill Creek Parkway.[31]

Notable people[edit]

Notable businesses, past and present[edit]


  1. ^ "List of Incorporated Cities" (PDF). Iowa Secretary of State. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  2. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ a b "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". United states Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  5. ^ Micropolitan Statistical Areas and Components, Office of Management and Budget, November 2007. Posted by the United States Census Bureau on June 24, 2008. Accessed 2009-02-04.
  6. ^ a b "City Data website". Scroll search. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
  7. ^ Schmitt, Ronald (1980). Clinton Iowa: An Architectural Heritage. Clinton, Iowa: Department of Community Development, City of Clinton, Iowa. pp. 5–11.
  8. ^ "Clinton, Iowa - Our Community". Archived from the original on 8 May 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  9. ^ Schmitt, Ronald (1980). Clinton Iowa: An Architectural Heritage. Clinton, Iowa: Department of Community Development, City of Clinton. pp. 5–11.
  10. ^ The Clinton Herald, Monday, January 21, 1924 p.6
  11. ^ The Clinton Morning News, Wednesday, October 15, 1885
  12. ^ "Clinton High School, Clinton, Iowa, USA". Archived from the original on 3 February 2007. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  13. ^ "The Great Flood of 1965 At Clinton, Iowa: A Pictorial Review", KROS Radio News Department
  14. ^ "Iowa Great Places". Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  15. ^ "Archer Daniels Midland | ADM". ADM. ADM. 2018-01-22. Retrieved 2018-01-22.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  16. ^ "Archer Daniels Midland | ADM". ADM. ADM. 2018-01-22. Retrieved 2018-01-22.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  17. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  18. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 1, 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  19. ^ "US Army Corps of Engineers". Upper Mississippi River Navigation Charts. Archived from the original on May 26, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2010.
  20. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  21. ^ "Station: Clinton, IA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  22. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  23. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  24. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  25. ^ "Bickelhaupt Arboretum website". Fourteen acres and forty years of experience. Archived from the original on November 20, 2010. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
  26. ^ "Felix Adler Children's Discovery Center website". A Childs World. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
  27. ^ "Mississippi River Trail". Retrieved December 2, 2010.
  28. ^ Reichard, Kevin (January 13, 2021). "Clinton LumberKings join Prospect League". Ballpark Digest. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  29. ^ a b Luna, Kay (2011-02-08). "Left behind, 2 Catholic churches get new lives". Quad City Times. Retrieved 2019-01-18.
  30. ^ Abbott, Mary (14 November 1996). The wondrous works of Claire Allen, architect. City of Jackson Historic Destrict Commission. OL 485525M. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  31. ^ Smith, Jeniece. "St. Irenaeus: A legacy in danger". Clinton Herald (September 17, 2009). Retrieved September 30, 2010.
  32. ^ Jacobs, Jennifer (September 12, 2010). "Iowan downplays Medal of Honor designation". The Des Moines Register. Archived from the original on September 13, 2010.
  33. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1993-1994,' Biographical Sketch of George Shadid, pg. 111
  34. ^ "George Stone Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  35. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1953-1954,' Biographical Sketch of William G. Thon, pg. 228-229
  36. ^ a b c d _____ (1906) American Lumbermen: The Personal History and Public and Business Achievements of Eminent Lumbermen of the United States, Volume 2, Chicago:The American Lumberman, p. 21-24, see [1], accessed June 30, 2014.
  37. ^ a b c d P.B. Wolfe (1911) Wolfe's History of Clinton County, Iowa, v. 1, B. F. Bowen (publisher), p. 685, see [2], accessed June 30, 2014.
  38. ^ a b BJ Kleven (1946) The Mississippi River Logging Company, in Minnesota History (magazine), Sept, pp. 190-202, see [3], accessed June 30, 2014.
  39. ^ Carolyn Pitts (July 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Van Allen and Son Department Store / John D. Van Allen and Son Dry-Goods Store" (pdf). National Park Service. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)Accompanying 3 photos, exterior and architectural details, undated. (830 KB)
  40. ^ "Van Allen and Company Department Store". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved October 3, 2007."National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
  41. ^ Clinton County Historical Society (Author), 2003, Clinton Iowa (Images of America series), Arcadia Publishing (ISBN 0738523496), e.g. [4], accessed February 27, 2014.

Further reading[edit]

  • The Clinton Daily Herald Saturday September 5, 1891 page 6
  • The Biographical Record of Clinton County Iowa S.J. Clarke Publishing Company Chicago 1901
  • Wolfe's History of Clinton County Iowa B.F. Bowen & Company Indianapolis, Indiana 1911
  • History of Clinton County Iowa Clinton County Historical Society 1976
  • The Clinton Herald, February 5, 2007, "Why Have Odor Complaints Declined?" by Scott T. Holland.

External links[edit]