Clinton, New Jersey
|Clinton, New Jersey|
|Town of Clinton|
The Historic Red Mill of Clinton, located at 56 Main Street
Map of Clinton in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Clinton, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 5, 1865|
|Named for||DeWitt Clinton|
|• Mayor||Janice Kovach (term ends December 31, 2015)|
|• Clerk||Cecilia Covino|
|• Total||1.417 sq mi (3.670 km2)|
|• Land||1.338 sq mi (3.465 km2)|
|• Water||0.079 sq mi (0.205 km2) 5.59%|
|Area rank||459th of 566 in state
18th of 26 in county
|Elevation||194 ft (59 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2014)||2,684|
|• Rank||459th of 566 in state
18th of 26 in county
|• Density||2,032.6/sq mi (784.8/km2)|
|• Density rank||290th of 566 in state
3rd of 26 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||908 exchanges: 238, 328, 713, 730, 735|
|GNIS feature ID||0885189|
Clinton is a town in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States, located on the South Branch of the Raritan River. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 2,719, reflecting an increase of 87 (+3.3%) from the 2,632 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 578 (+28.1%) from the 2,054 counted in the 1990 Census.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Arts and culture
- 6 Parks and recreation
- 7 Government
- 8 Education
- 9 Transportation
- 10 References in popular culture
- 11 Notable people
- 12 Gallery
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Clinton was incorporated as a town by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 5, 1865, within portions of Clinton, Franklin and Union Townships. Clinton gained full independence from its three parent townships in 1895.
The town is perhaps best known for its two mills which sit on opposite banks of the South Branch Raritan River. The Red Mill, with its historic village, dates back to 1810 with the development of a mill for wool processing. Across the river sits the Stone Mill, home of the Hunterdon Art Museum for Contemporary Craft and Design, located in a former gristmill that had been reconstructed in 1836 and operated continuously until 1936. In 1952, a group of local residents conceived of a plan to convert the historic building into an art museum, which is still in operation today.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 1.417 square miles (3.670 km2), including 1.338 square miles (3.465 km2) of land and 0.079 square miles (0.205 km2) of water (5.59%).
Clinton is considered an exurb of New York City, as Hunterdon County lies on the western fringe of the New York City Metropolitan Area, which is mainly rural with scattered housing developments and old farm homes. Clinton is part of the Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area of Middlesex, Somerset and Hunterdon counties in New Jersey. It serves as a "bedroom community" for many commuters working in and around Northern New Jersey and New York City, often younger residents who have supplanted long-time residents of Clinton.
|Climate data for Clinton, New Jersey|
|Record high °F (°C)||74.0
|Average high °F (°C)||36.8
|Average low °F (°C)||18.4
|Record low °F (°C)||−18.0
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.78
|Source: <Flemington 5 NNW Weather Station= >FLEMINGTON 5 NNW Weather station (2009). "Clinton, NJ Weather". Clinton, NJ Weather Data. Open Publishing. Retrieved December 1, 2009.|
Clinton falls under the 'Northern New Jersey' climate zone. According to the Office of the New Jersey State Climatologist at Rutgers University, the Northern climate zone covers about one-quarter of New Jersey and consists mainly of elevated highlands and valleys which are part of the Appalachian Uplands. Surrounded by land, this region can be characterized as having a continental climate with minimal influence from the Atlantic Ocean, except when the winds contain an easterly component. Prevailing winds are from the southwest in summer and from the northwest in winter. Being in the northernmost portion of the state, and with small mountains up to 1,800 feet (550 m) in elevation, the Northern Zone normally exhibits a colder temperature regime than other climate regions of the State of New Jersey. This difference is most dramatic in winter when average temperatures in the Northern Zone can be more than ten degrees Fahrenheit cooler than in the Coastal Zone. Annual snowfall averages 40 to 50 inches (1,300 mm) in the northern zone as compared with an average of 10-15 inches in the extreme south.
|Population sources: 1870-1920
1930-1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,719 people, 1,057 households, and 727.2 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,032.6 per square mile (784.8/km2). There were 1,098 housing units at an average density of 820.8 per square mile (316.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 89.52% (2,434) White, 1.32% (36) Black or African American, 0.22% (6) Native American, 6.66% (181) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.63% (17) from other races, and 1.66% (45) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.22% (169) of the population.
There were 1,057 households, of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the town, 26.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $83,850 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,019) and the median family income was $109,375 (+/- $19,698). Males had a median income of $62,697 (+/- $9,258) versus $67,014 (+/- $13,316) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $43,354 (+/- $4,395). About 2.6% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 2,632 people, 1,068 households, and 724 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,916.0 people per square mile (741.8/km2). There were 1,095 housing units at an average density of 797.1 per square mile (308.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 92.06% White, 1.33% African American, 0.46% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 1.37% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.10% of the population.
There were 1,068 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $78,121, and the median income for a family was $88,671. Males had a median income of $61,442 versus $46,397 for females. The per capita income for the town was $37,463. About 0.4% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.6% of those under age 18 and 1.6% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
- The Red Mill is located on the South Branch of the Raritan River in the town center of Clinton. Built in 1810, the Red Mill originally served as a woolen mill. Over the next 100 years, the Mill was used at different times to process grains, plaster, talc and graphite. The Mill was also used to produce peach baskets, as well as to generate electricity and pump water for the town. Every October, The mill is transformed into a haunted house given the title, the Haunted Mill. The Haunted Mill tends to attract visitors from all over the east coast to the small town. The Red Mill was featured on an episode of Ghost Hunters in 2008.
- The Hunterdon Art Museum (7 Lower Center Street) is located in a mill established in 1836, and offers exhibitions of contemporary art, craft and design, docent tours and over 200 education programs for adults and children.
Parks and recreation
- Landsdown Trail, a spur line constructed for the Lehigh Valley Railroad in 1881 that is now a graded rail trail starting about 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Clinton on Landsdown Road that enters Clinton town center near the lumber yard.
- Spruce Run Recreation Area (Van Syckel’s Road, Clinton, NJ): 1,961 acres (7.94 km2), picnicking, boating, fishing and seasonal camping. Open year-round.
- Round Valley Recreation Area (Lebanon-Stanton Road, Lebanon, NJ) offers wilderness camping, beaches, trails, fishing and boating.
Clinton is governed under the Town form of government with a mayor and a six-member Town Council. The Mayor is directly elected by the voters to a four-year term of office. Members of the Town Council are elected to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The governing body is chosen at-large in partisan elections held as part of the November general election. The primary responsibilities of the Council are to serve as the legislative body of the town, approve the annual budget presented by the Mayor, approve payment of bills and serve as Liaisons to several Boards and Committees.
As of 2015[update], the mayor of Clinton Town is Democrat Janice Kovach, whose term of office ends on December 31, 2015. Members of the Clinton Town Council are Ken Carberry (R, 2017), Al Rylak (R, 2016; appointed in September 2013 to fill the vacancy of Megan Jones-Holt, who in turn had been appointed in February 2013 to fill the vacancy of Rich Duffy), Marty Pendergast (R, 2017), Daniel Shea (R, 2015), Robert Smith (R, 2016) and Beth Sosidka (R, 2015).
Clinton Fire Department (CFD) is located on the corner of New Street / Old Route 22 in Clinton. About 15% of the department's calls annually involve actual fire, while the rest of the CFD's calls are roughly broken down to 15% motor vehicle accidents, 15% hazardous conditions, 5% service calls, 25% good intent calls with no fire found and 25% alarm activations/false alarms, averaging about 190 calls annually. The department offers three types of membership namely Active firefighter, Junior firefighter and Associate membership to prospective members. The department runs mutual aid calls with Annandale Hose Company, High Bridge Fire Department, Quakertown Fire Company, Lebanon Fire Company and Pattenburg Fire Company and other fire departments in Hunterdon Country, which have become an invaluable resource for large incidents. The Division of Fire is a municipal fire department and is responsible for all fire related incidents in the Township. The personnel are provided by the all-volunteer Annandale Hose Company #1. There are two fire stations. One is located at 68 Beaver Avenue and the second is located at 1215 Route 31 South. Our apparatus consists of four engines, two command vehicles, one tower ladder, one tanker, and two brush trucks. The department covers an area of over 30 square miles and respond to around 500 incidents each year. The department has 45 active members who respond to calls. Each new member is trained to State Firefighter standards, and equipped to meet national standards. Our members put in hundreds of hours each year in classes, training and drills. They are always seeking volunteers not only for firefighting but also for other administrative duties.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2014-2015 Session, the 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director. As of 2015[update], Hunterdon County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director John King (R; Raritan Township, 2015), Freeholder Deputy Director Suzanne Lagay (R; Holland Township, 2016), J. Matthew Holt (R; Clinton Town, 2015), John E. Lanza (R; Flemington, 2016) and Robert G. Walton (R; Hampton, 2017). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (R; Flemington, 2017), Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (R; Alexandria Township, 2016) and Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (R; Kingwood Township, 2018).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,671 registered voters in Clinton, of which 439 (26.3%) were registered as Democrats, 529 (31.7%) were registered as Republicans and 700 (41.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 52.0% of the vote (693 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 46.7% (623 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (17 votes), among the 1,351 ballots cast by the town's 1,780 registered voters (18 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 75.9%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 49.4% of the vote (704 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 48.7% (694 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (17 votes), among the 1,426 ballots cast by the town's 1,732 registered voters, for a turnout of 82.3%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 54.8% of the vote (761 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 44.0% (611 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (12 votes), among the 1,389 ballots cast by the town's 1,671 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 83.1.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 69.2% of the vote (577 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 28.1% (234 votes), and other candidates with 2.8% (23 votes), among the 840 ballots cast by the town's 1,757 registered voters (6 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 47.8%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 60.5% of the vote (620 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 27.7% (284 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 9.5% (97 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (7 votes), among the 1,025 ballots cast by the town's 1,711 registered voters, yielding a 59.9% turnout.
Clinton-Glen Gardner School District is school district based in the Town of Clinton, that serves students from Clinton Town and Glen Gardner Borough in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade at Clinton Public School. Before Glen Gardner, a non-operating district, was consolidated into the district, students from the borough had attended the district's school as part of a sending/receiving relationship. Other students attend the school on a tuition basis. Formerly known as the Town of Clinton School District, the district's board of education voted in November 2009 to revise the name to Clinton-Glen Gardner School District to reflect the merger. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 496 students and 41.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.84:1.
Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend North Hunterdon High School in Annandale together with students from Bethlehem Township, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough and Union Township. The school is part of the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District, which also includes students from Califon, Glen Gardner, Hampton, High Bridge, Lebanon Township and Tewksbury Township, who attend Voorhees High School in Lebanon Township.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the town had a total of 12.21 miles (19.65 km) of roadways, of which 8.72 miles (14.03 km) were maintained by the municipality, 0.00 miles (0 km) by Hunterdon County and 3.49 miles (5.62 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
The Town of Clinton is situated off Route 31, which is in turn off of Interstate 78/U.S. Route 22 via Exits 16 and 17. Route 173 and County Road 513 run through the center of town. Convenient access to Interstate 78 provides Clinton with a convenient route to and from New York City and the Lehigh Valley in Pennsylvania. Philadelphia can also be easily accessed from Clinton via NJ Route 31 to Interstate 95 South.
Trans-Bridge Lines offers buses on a route that provides service from Allentown and Bethlehem, Pennsylvania to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan and New York City-area airports at a stop at the park-and-ride on Route 31 in Clinton. Limited NJ Transit Rail is also accessible at the Annandale station on the Raritan Valley Line.
Public transportation is very limited. The LINK, which serves Hunterdon County is the only traditional, publicly funded mode of transportation. Fares range from about $2.00 to $10.00. Funding for operation of the Hunterdon County LINK System is provided by Hunterdon County, New Jersey Transit and the Federal Transit Administration.
References in popular culture
- Several movies have used the town as a backdrop, including In and Out with Kevin Kline, One True Thing with Renée Zellweger and Meryl Streep, My Giant with Billy Crystal, and Turbulence with Ray Liotta.
- The town was featured on The Daily Show, which interviewed a local resident who was campaigning to have the town's name changed to Reagan after the Republican President of the United States Ronald Reagan, during the Clinton Administration.
- The CBS-TV daytime drama As the World Turns taped scenes at businesses along Main Street in 2008 and 2009.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Clinton include:
- John T. Bird (1829–1911), represented New Jersey's 3rd congressional district from 1869 to 1873.
- Anna Case (1888–1984), soprano who recorded with Thomas Edison.
- James Valenti (born 1977), operatic tenor.
- Sharon van Etten (born 1981), singer, songwriter.
- Foster McGowan Voorhees (1856-1927), Governor of New Jersey from 1899 to 1902.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clinton, New Jersey.|
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- Clinton Town School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 13, 2015. "Clinton Public School is a Pre-Kindergarten through Grade Eight school located in the historic Town of Clinton in Hunterdon County. The school serves approximately 500 students from the Town of Clinton and the Borough of Glen Gardner."
- Letter dated November 30, 2009, Clinton Public School. Accessed May 23, 2013. "Previously named the Town of Clinton Board of Education and Town of Clinton School District, the passing of the by-law changed the names to be The Clinton-Glen Gardner Board of Education and The Clinton-Glen Gardner School District.... This change occurred as a result of the State government's June 30, 2009 passing of PL 2009 c. 78 which required the elimination of non-operating school districts and the creation of a merged district between the non-operating and receiving school."
- District information for Clinton Town - Glen Gardner School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 25, 2014.
- About the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District, North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. Accessed February 15, 2015. "North Hunterdon High School educates students from: Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough, Union Township; Voorhees High School educates students from: Califon, Glen Gardner, Hampton, High Bridge, Lebanon Township, Tewksbury Township"
- Information Regarding Choice of District School, North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. Accessed February 15, 2015. "In the past, parents and students of the North Hunterdon High School sending districts were able to select either North Hunterdon High School or Voorhees High School as their school of choice.... As our student population continued to grow and our two high schools reached, and exceeded, 90% capacity, the option of choosing Voorhees was eliminated in the 2005-2006 school year for the North Hunterdon sending districts (Bethlehem Township, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough and Union Township – Clinton Town students still have choice as they are classmates at Clinton Public School with Glen Gardner students, who attend Voorhees)."
- About the District North Hunterdoon-Voorhees Regional High School District. Accessed February 15, 2015. "North Hunterdon High School educates students from: Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough, Union Township; Voorhees High School educates students from: Califon, Glen Gardner, Hampton, High Bridge, Lebanon Township, Tewksbury Township"
- Voorhees High School 2014 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed February 15, 2015. "Voorhees High School has consistently ranked among the top high schools in New Jersey. With an enrollment of 1,097 students in grades 9-12, the school serves the communities of Califon, Glen Gardner, Hampton, High Bridge, Lebanon Township, and Tewksbury Township."
- Hunterdon County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Schedule From Allentown/Easton/NJ to New York, Trans-Bridge Lines. Accessed July 21, 2011.
- Hunterdon County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed July 21, 2011.
- Raritan Valley Line, New Jersey Transit. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- LINK Hunterdon County Transportation, Hunterdon County Transportation. Accessed December 1, 2009.
- Slusher, Jon. "Clinton Towne Restaurant celebrates 30th anniversary", Hunterdon Review, June 4, 2009. Accessed September 2, 2013. "Last year, the soap opera As the World Turns filmed in downtown Clinton and used a section of the restaurant as an area for the actors to get dressed and put on their make-up."
- John Taylor Bird, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 17, 2007.
- Reich, Ronni. "NJ tenor James Valenti sings at the Richard Tucker Gala", The Star-Ledger, November 15, 2010. Accessed February 18, 2011. "Originally from Summit, Valenti grew up primarily in Clinton. (He now lives in Palm Beach, Fla.)"
- Proctor, Owen. "Nutley native Sharon Van Etten releases third album, gets national attention", The Nutley Sun, July 9, 2012. Accessed June 19, 2014. "Like her parents, the Nutley community was supportive of her early music education, she said. Her family later moved to Clinton."
- New Jersey Governor Foster McGowan Voorhees, National Governors Association. Accessed August 27, 2013.
- Clinton Town website
- Town information from Hunterdon County web site
- Clinton Public School website
- Clinton Public School's 2012–13 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Clinton Public School, National Center for Education Statistics
- North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District
- Clinton Fire Department
- Clinton Guild website
- Hunterdon Land Trust Alliance