Clinton, South Carolina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Clinton, South Carolina
City
Flag of Clinton, South Carolina
Flag
Clinton is located in South Carolina
Clinton
Clinton
Location in South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°28′17″N 81°52′30″W / 34.47139°N 81.87500°W / 34.47139; -81.87500Coordinates: 34°28′17″N 81°52′30″W / 34.47139°N 81.87500°W / 34.47139; -81.87500
Country United States United States
State South Carolina South Carolina
County Laurens
Government
 • Type Council–Manager[1]
 • Mayor Robert McLean
 • City Manager Dale Satterfield (Interim)
 • City Council Danny Cook
Shirley Jenkins
Robbie Neal
Gary Kuykendall
Ronnie Roth
Jimmy Young
Area
 • Total 9.1 sq mi (23.7 km2)
 • Land 9.1 sq mi (23.6 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 676 ft (206 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,490
 • Density 889.7/sq mi (343.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 29325
Area code(s) 864
FIPS code 45-15295[2]
GNIS feature ID 1247319[3]
Website www.cityofclintonsc.com

Clinton is a city in Laurens County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 8,490 as of the 2010 census. It is part of the GreenvilleMauldinEasley Metropolitan Statistical Area. Clinton is the home of Presbyterian College.

History[edit]

The Cherokee Indians were Clinton's original inhabitants. The first settler to inhabit the area was John Duncan, a native of Aberdeen, Scotland, who arrived in 1752 from Pennsylvania and settled along a creek between the present-day towns of Clinton and Whitmire.[4]

Scots-Irish immigrants out of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia became the predominant settlers in the area in the two decades before the American Revolutionary War and took active part in a Revolutionary War battle in 1780 at nearby Musgrove Mill.[5]

As late as 1852, the town was called Five Points because it arose at the intersection of four major roads and the railroad.[6] It was named Clinton after Henry Clinton Young,[7] a lawyer from the county seat of Laurens, who planned the first roads in the area.[6]

As the railroad began to grow, so did the town, and more plots of land were developed around the railroad. With the population's growth came the establishment of the First Presbyterian Church in 1855.[8]

In 1895, "factory fever" had struck the town of Clinton. This came with the establishment of the Clinton Cotton Mill in 1896 [9] by Mercer Silas Bailey, owner of the town's leading dry goods store. Lydia Cotton Mill, also owned by the Baileys and their descendants, followed in 1902.[10]

The mills continued to be a vital source of prosperity for Clinton until their closure in 2001[11] brought years of economic hardship from which the area is still struggling to emerge.

The Clinton Commercial Historic District, Duncan's Creek Presbyterian Church, and Thornwell-Presbyterian College Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Place[12]s.[13]

Geography[edit]

Clinton is located at 34°28′17″N 81°52′30″W / 34.47139°N 81.87500°W / 34.47139; -81.87500 (34.471257, -81.875023).[14]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.1 square miles (24 km2), of which 9.1 square miles (24 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.55%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 197
1880 459
1890 1,021 122.4%
1900 1,869 83.1%
1910 3,272 75.1%
1920 3,767 15.1%
1930 5,643 49.8%
1940 5,704 1.1%
1950 7,168 25.7%
1960 7,937 10.7%
1970 8,138 2.5%
1980 8,596 5.6%
1990 7,987 −7.1%
2000 8,091 1.3%
2010 8,490 4.9%
Est. 2016 8,453 [15] −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

As of the census taken in 2014, there were 8,619 people residing in Clinton, South Carolina. 96% of people live in urban areas, while the other 4% reside in rural areas. The population has grown 6.5% since 2000. 51.8% of the population is males (4,460) and 48.2% are females (4,159). The racial makeup of the Clinton in 2015 was 58.9% White, 36.8% African American, 2.2% Hispanic, 0.6% Asian, and 0.2% American Indian. In 2015, the median age of all people in Clinton was 29.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29.4, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 33.1. For the population 15 years and over in Clinton 48.5% have never been married, 27.8% are now married, 4.1% are separated, 9.4% are widowed, and 10.1% are divorced.[12]

The estimated median household income in 2015 was $29,342, but the average male’s salary was $15,124 more than the average female’s salary. Black or African American is the most likely racial or ethnic group to be impoverished in Clinton, SC. The mostly highly paid racial group is Asians who made 1.25 time what White workers made. The average median household in South Carolina in 2015 was $47,238. The estimated per capita income in 2015 was $15,108. 75.6% have acquired a High School diploma, 20.0% have acquired a Bachelor’s degree, and 8.9% have acquired a graduate or professional degree. 11.3% of the population in Clinton is unemployed. The mean travel time to work is 18.3 minutes. From 2014 to 2015, employment in Clinton, SC grew at a rate of 6.08%, from 3,025 employees to 3,209 employees. The median property value in Clinton grew to $92,100 from the previous year's value of $81,800. In Clinton 42.5% of housing units are owner-occupied, lower than the national average of 63.9%. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 41.9%.[17]

A few of the employees in the Clinton Mills, going home from work. December 1908. Photographed by Lewis Hine.

Education[edit]

South Carolina School District 56 covers the southern part of Laurens County, including the town of Clinton. Eastside Elementary, Clinton Elementary, Joanna-Woodson Elementary, Clinton Middle School, and Clinton High School serve the town's students.

Both Clinton Middle School (formerly Bell Street Middle School) and Clinton High School have gained statewide and national attention for their Science Olympiad programs, with the middle school winning 17 of the 32 South Carolina Science Olympiad Division B competitions, including two in 1986-1987 and all 15 competitions since 2003. The high school has won eight of the last nine State tournaments, from 2009–14 and 2016-17.

Clinton is also home of Presbyterian College and Thornwell Orphanage. Both institutions were founded by Presbyterian minister and philanthropist William Plumer Jacobs while he was the pastor at First Presbyterian Church of Clinton.

Media[edit]

The city of Clinton is host to two media outlets that serve the community as well as surrounding Laurens County. The Clinton Chronicle is the local newspaper and only print media source in town; it publishes new editions weekly. Founded in 1900, the Chronicle is now run by publisher Patricia M. Edwards who was selected for the position in October 2017.[18] Breaking news is published to www.clintonchronicle.com as well as www.myclintonnews.com, both operated by The Clinton Chronicle staff and updated regularly between editions.

The second form of media found in Clinton is the local radio station WPCC, 96.5 FM and 1410 AM. This radio station plays beach and easy listening music and offers sports broadcasts through a partnership with ESPN Radio and Motor Racing Network. WPCC is also affiliated with the Atlanta Braves radio network.

Notable people[edit]

Government[edit]

According to Clinton's official website, the city "operates under the council–manager form of government". The incumbent Mayor is Robert T. "Bob" McLean; he was re-elected to a second term in March 2015. The City Manager is Dale Satterfield, who was appointed to the position by the Mayor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cityofclintonsc.com/index.asp?SEC=0813F20C-8C8D-428B-B07E-ECDB6B6C22A2&Type=B_BASIC
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "History of Laurens County". Laurens County, South Carolina. Retrieved November 30, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Musgrove Mill | South Carolina Parks Official Site". southcarolinaparks.com. Retrieved 2017-11-29. 
  6. ^ a b Griffith, Nancy (2010). Clinton a Brief History. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press. pp. 13–15. ISBN 9781596296473. 
  7. ^ "Communities". Laurens County Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 13 January 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "First Presbyterian Church - Clinton, SC: About Us". www.fpcclinton.org. Retrieved 2017-11-30. 
  9. ^ Griffith, Nancy (2010). Clinton a Brief History. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press. pp. 52–53. ISBN 9781596296473. 
  10. ^ "Records, 1895-1981, of the Clinton and Lydia Cotton Mills founded by Mercer Silas Bailey". University of South Carolina Libraries. 2004. 
  11. ^ Griffith, Nancy (2010). Clinton a Brief History. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press. pp. 129–134. ISBN 9781596296473. 
  12. ^ a b "Clinton, SC". Data USA. Retrieved 2017-12-01. 
  13. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Clinton, South Carolina (SC 29325) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". www.city-data.com. Retrieved 2017-12-01. 
  18. ^ "The Clinton Chronicle's New Publisher | My Clinton News". www.clintonchronicle.com. Retrieved 2017-11-29. 

External links[edit]