Clinton County, Illinois

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Not to be confused with Clinton, Illinois.
Clinton County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Clinton County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1824
Named for DeWitt Clinton
Seat Carlyle
Largest city Breese
Area
 • Total 503 sq mi (1,303 km2)
 • Land 474 sq mi (1,228 km2)
 • Water 29 sq mi (75 km2), 5.8%
Population
 • (2010) 37,762
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.clintonco.illinois.gov

Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,762.[1] Its county seat is Carlyle.[2]

In 1960, the U.S. Census Bureau placed the mean center of U.S. population in Clinton County.[3]

Clinton County is part of the St. Louis, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

In 1805, prior to the establishment of the county, the territorial government established a post road from its capital (Vincennes, Indiana) to St. Louis, Missouri, passing through the county.[4] In 1808 a wagon road was laid out through what is now Clinton County. The road extended from the Goshen Settlement to the Ohio salt works and crossed the Kaskaskia River at Carlyle.[5]

Clinton County was organized in 1824 out of Washington, Fayette, and Bond Counties. It was named in honor of the seventh Governor of New York, DeWitt Clinton, who helped build the Erie Canal.[6]

Crossing the Kaskaskia became much easier when the bridge now known as the General Dean Suspension Bridge was built in 1859, at a cost of $40,000.[7] Before the bridge was constructed travelers had been forced to cross by ferry or over a mud bridge.[8][9] The Illinois General Assembly set aside $20,000 for bridge restoration in 1951 and in 1953 the bridge was named after William F. Dean.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 503 square miles (1,300 km2), of which 474 square miles (1,230 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (5.8%) is water.[10] Eldon Hazlet State Recreation Area and South Shore State Park are in Clinton County. Its southern border is the Kaskaskia River.

Climate and weather[edit]

Carlyle, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.2
 
 
36
19
 
 
2.4
 
 
43
23
 
 
3.8
 
 
54
33
 
 
3.9
 
 
65
43
 
 
4.2
 
 
75
53
 
 
4.4
 
 
84
62
 
 
3.7
 
 
88
67
 
 
2.8
 
 
86
65
 
 
3.1
 
 
79
57
 
 
3
 
 
68
45
 
 
3.8
 
 
54
35
 
 
3.2
 
 
42
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[11]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Carlyle have ranged from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1980. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.17 inches (55 mm) in January to 4.44 inches (113 mm) in June.[11]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,330
1840 3,718 59.6%
1850 5,139 38.2%
1860 10,941 112.9%
1870 16,285 48.8%
1880 18,714 14.9%
1890 17,411 −7.0%
1900 19,824 13.9%
1910 22,832 15.2%
1920 22,947 0.5%
1930 21,369 −6.9%
1940 22,912 7.2%
1950 22,594 −1.4%
1960 24,029 6.4%
1970 28,315 17.8%
1980 32,617 15.2%
1990 33,944 4.1%
2000 35,535 4.7%
2010 37,762 6.3%
Est. 2014 37,857 [12] 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2013[1]
2000 census age pyramid for Clinton County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,762 people, 14,005 households, and 9,760 families residing in the county.[17] The population density was 79.7 inhabitants per square mile (30.8/km2). There were 15,311 housing units at an average density of 32.3 per square mile (12.5/km2).[10] The racial makeup of the county was 93.4% white, 3.5% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.8% of the population.[17] In terms of ancestry, 54.8% were German, 9.8% were Irish, 5.8% were English, and 5.6% were American.[18]

Of the 14,005 households, 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.3% were non-families, and 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age was 39.3 years.[17]

The median income for a household in the county was $55,278 and the median income for a family was $66,682. Males had a median income of $45,119 versus $34,051 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,392. About 5.2% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Education[edit]

  • Carlyle Community Unit School District 1
  • Patoka Community Unit School District 100
  • Sandoval Community Unit School District 501
  • Wesclin Community Unit School District 3
  • Central Community High School, Breese
  • Mater Dei Catholic High School, Breese

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Clinton County is divided into fifteen townships:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General references
Specific references
  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Mean Center of Population for the United States: 1790 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  4. ^ Douglas K. Meyer (2000). Making the Heartland Quilt. SIU Press. p. 58. ISBN 0-8093-2289-7. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  5. ^ "" 1913 Commercial History of Clinton County, Illinois from clinton.ilgenweb.net. Retrieved 10 NOV 2010
  6. ^ Allan H. Keith, Historical Stories: About Greenville and Bond County, IL. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
  7. ^ a b Attractions & Outdoor Recreation, City of Carlyle, Official site
  8. ^ "Suspension Bridge, Spanning Kaskaskia River, Carlyle, Clinton, IL". Historic American Buildings Survey. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  9. ^ Plaque on site, Photograph of plaque at Bridgemeister.
  10. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  11. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Carlyle, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°37′N 89°25′W / 38.61°N 89.42°W / 38.61; -89.42