Clinton County, Indiana

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Clinton County, Indiana
Clinton County Indiana Courthouse.jpg
Clinton County Courthouse in Frankfort, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Clinton County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1830
Named for DeWitt Clinton
Seat Frankfort
Largest city Frankfort
Area
 • Total 405.25 sq mi (1,050 km2)
 • Land 405.07 sq mi (1,049 km2)
 • Water 0.18 sq mi (0 km2), 0.04%
Population
 • (2010) 33,224
 • Density 82/sq mi (31.67/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Footnotes: Indiana county number 12

Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 33,224.[1] The county seat is Frankfort.[2]

History[edit]

Clinton County officially came into existence on March 1, 1830, and was named in honor of DeWitt Clinton,[3] the seventh Governor of New York State and architect of the Erie Canal. The act forming the county was approved by the Indiana General Assembly on January 29, 1830, and created Clinton from the eastern parts of neighboring Tippecanoe County.

Lieutenant General James F. Record was born and raised in Clinton County; Gen Record was awarded 3x Distinguished Service Crosses for his gallantry during the Vietnam War.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 405.25 square miles (1,049.6 km2), of which 405.07 square miles (1,049.1 km2) (or 99.96%) is land and 0.18 square miles (0.47 km2) (or 0.04%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Extinct towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Frankfort, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.1
 
 
32
16
 
 
2
 
 
38
20
 
 
3.2
 
 
49
30
 
 
3.6
 
 
61
39
 
 
4.1
 
 
72
50
 
 
4.5
 
 
81
59
 
 
4.1
 
 
84
63
 
 
4
 
 
82
61
 
 
3
 
 
76
53
 
 
2.9
 
 
64
42
 
 
3.4
 
 
50
33
 
 
2.9
 
 
37
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in Frankfort have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in December 1983 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1980. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.03 inches (52 mm) in February to 4.51 inches (115 mm) in June.[6]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[7][8]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[7][8]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state-level circuit court.[8]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare a party affiliation and to be residents of the county.[8]

Clinton County is part of Indiana's 4th congressional district; Indiana Senate districts 7 and 23;[9] and Indiana House of Representatives district 38.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,423
1840 7,508 427.6%
1850 11,869 58.1%
1860 14,505 22.2%
1870 17,330 19.5%
1880 23,472 35.4%
1890 27,370 16.6%
1900 28,202 3.0%
1910 26,674 −5.4%
1920 27,737 4.0%
1930 27,329 −1.5%
1940 28,411 4.0%
1950 29,734 4.7%
1960 30,765 3.5%
1970 30,547 −0.7%
1980 31,545 3.3%
1990 30,974 −1.8%
2000 33,866 9.3%
2010 33,224 −1.9%
Est. 2013 32,916 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 33,224 people, 12,105 households, and 8,754 families residing in the county.[15] The population density was 82.0 inhabitants per square mile (31.7/km2). There were 13,321 housing units at an average density of 32.9 per square mile (12.7/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 91.0% white, 0.4% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 6.8% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 13.2% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 22.4% were German, 11.1% were American, 10.3% were Irish, and 9.6% were English.[16]

Of the 12,105 households, 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.7% were non-families, and 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.13. The median age was 37.5 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $57,445. Males had a median income of $42,009 versus $29,086 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,131. About 7.5% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.[17]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • History of Clinton County, Indiana: Together with Sketches of Its Cities, Villages and Towns, Educational, Religious, Civil, Military, and Political ... Citizens. Charleston: Nabu Press (2010). ISBN 1-149-98613-1

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Clinton County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Claybaugh, Joseph (1913). History of Clinton County, Indiana. Indianapolis: A. W. Bowen & Company. p. 31. 
  4. ^ http://www.af.mil/AboutUs/Biographies/Display/tabid/225/Article/105852/lieutenant-general-james-f-record.aspx
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Frankfort, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  8. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  9. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  10. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°18′N 86°29′W / 40.30°N 86.48°W / 40.30; -86.48