|City||New York City|
|Community District||Brooklyn 2|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Area codes||718, 347, 929, and 917|
Clinton Hill is a neighborhood in north-central Brooklyn, a borough of New York City. It is bordered by the Brooklyn Navy Yard and Flushing Avenue to the north, Williamsburg to the northeast, Nostrand Avenue and Bedford–Stuyvesant to the east, St Marks Avenue and Prospect Heights to the south and southwest and Carlton Avenue and Fort Greene to the west.
"The Hill", as the general area was known – with a maximum elevation of 95 feet (29 m), the highest in the area – was believed to have health benefits because many people believed that disease was more prevalent in low-lying areas. The area is named after Clinton Avenue, which in turn was named in honor of New York Governor DeWitt Clinton (1769–1828). The main thoroughfare is DeKalb Avenue. The affluent neighborhood's mixture of apartment buildings, mansions, brownstone and brick rowhouses, and the Pratt Institute and St. Joseph's College, built at various times in a number of different styles, is a great part of its charm.
The area’s European history began in the 1640s, when Dutch colonists laid tobacco plantations near Wallabout Bay. Bedford Corners, situated just southeast of Clinton Hill, was incorporated in 1663, and the settlers (both Dutch and French Huguenot) purchased surrounding lands from the native Lenape in 1670.
On August 27, 1776, the "Road to Jamaica" (approximately Atlantic Avenue, the southern edge of today’s neighborhood) was used by the British army in a surprise overnight march to outflank the American army, which was forced to retreat toward Gowanus Creek, and two nights later, to Manhattan. After the war, the Dutch continued to build on the land, which sloped toward the East River and offered great views of the water and of Manhattan.
The tree-lined Clinton Avenue was laid out as a boulevard along the crest of the hill in 1832, and by the 1840s, Clinton Hill and neighboring Fort Greene had become fashionable neighborhoods for the wealthy of Brooklyn, who could commute to Manhattan by way of stagecoach to the Fulton Ferry. The area was originally devised as a rural get-away for those "determined to escape from the closeness of city life", as Walt Whitman, editor of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, put it in 1846. George Washington Pine had bought up the land in the area and broke it into lots, selling them to those who wanted to lead a quiet life not too far from the conveniences of the Navy Yard. Whitman, a 28-year resident of Brooklyn, had lived for less than a year in the area in 1855, where he completed his masterpiece Leaves of Grass. The 1995 New Yorker article "Walt Whitman’s Ghost” identified the address as 99 Ryerson Street, which still stands.
The area's development continued after Charles Pratt, an oil executive, built a mansion at 232 Clinton Avenue, which is now part of the Brooklyn campus of St. Joseph's College's. Pratt also built houses there for his sons, which he gave to them as wedding gifts; other mansions followed, part of the general migration of merchants from New York City (Manhattan) to Brooklyn, and the area became known as Brooklyn's "Gold Coast". Pratt founded the Pratt Institute in 1887, and its campus remains a focus of the neighborhood.
After the late 1870s, Clinton Hill was one of the stops on the Brooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island Railway (BF&CI, now part of the Brighton subway line), an excursion line which would bring families from the neighborhood to Brighton Beach for a day of recreation, and allow them to be home "at a reasonable hour". Entire families would use the BF&CI to relocate to the newly built Brighton Beach Hotel – owned by the same men who built the railroad – for the summer months, while the paterfamilias commuted to New York via ferry to work.
By 1900, apartment buildings were being built on Clinton Avenue, which replaced the mansions there and on Washington Avenue by the 1920s and 40s. In addition some of the remaining mansions were converted into rooming houses in the following decades, and urban renewal, part of Robert Moses' relentless rebuilding of the city, cleared five blocks south of the Pratt Institute, destroying the brownstones there. This was followed in the 1970s by the brownstone revival, in which many of the remaining brownstones were restored. In the 2000s, the neighborhood became somewhat gentrified, with generally wealthier people moving into the area. New construction included an apartment building of passive house design at 283 Greene Avenue.
The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 44.8% White, 26.4% Black, 9.5% Asian, 5.7% from two or more races, and 1.5% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.1% of the population.
Residents include many "artists, architects, photographers, and craftspeople". In the 21st century, the neighborhood has experienced a significant increase in population, with increased gentrification and a growing upper-middle-class population.
As according to the 2020 census data from New York City Department of City Planning, there were between 10,000 to 19,999 White residents and 5,000 to 9,999 Black residents, meanwhile each the Hispanic and Asian populations were each less than 5,000 residents.
The Clinton Hill Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985. The district includes the mansions of Clinton Avenue, built in the 1870s and 1880s. The most prominent of these are linked to Charles Pratt, who built a mansion for himself at 232 Clinton Avenue in 1874, the year his Charles Pratt & Company was acquired by Standard Oil, and one each as wedding presents for three of his four sons. These four mansions can be seen on Clinton Avenue between DeKalb and Willoughby. The rest of the historic district is noted for its prominent Italianate and Beaux-Arts rowhouses. The Clinton Hill South Historic District was listed in 1986. James William Elwell built the wood-framed Italianate villa at 70 Lefferts Place that is in the Clinton Hill district. The house is one of the two oldest houses on Lefferts Place and became designated a landmark by the Landmarks Preservation Commission on December 12, 2006.
St. Mary's Episcopal Church at 220 Classon Avenue in Clinton Hill, built c. 1859, and the Mechanics Temple, which was built at 67 Putnam Avenue as the Lincoln Club in 1889, are both part of the historic district. Other buildings in the Historic District include a Gothic Revival wooden house at 284 Clinton Avenue, built c.1854; an Italianate brick and stone villa dating from c. 1850 at 447 Clinton Avenue, intact runs of mid-19th century rowhouses on Grand Avenue, St. James Place and Cambridge Place as well as on DeKalb Avenue and Waverly Avenue; mansions from the "Gold Coast" era in the 200 to 400 blocks of Clinton Avenue;[note 1] and at 367 Washington Avenue; and apartment houses on Clinton Avenue.
On Lafayette Avenue are both the Emmanuel Baptist Church, completed in 1887, and the Joseph Steele or Steele-Skinner House of 1812. Clinton Avenue contains the Church of St. Luke and St. Matthew, completed in 1891, and the Royal Castle Apartments, completed in 1912. All are individually landmarked.
Many of the buildings of the Pratt Institute are landmarked, or of architectural interest, and St. Joseph's College utilizes several of the former Pratt family mansions on Clinton Avenue.
The brick building at 275 Park Avenue was built in the 1890s as a chocolate factory that produced and distributed Tootsie Rolls throughout the United States. In 2002, the building was converted into loft apartments.
Pratt Institute, founded by Charles Pratt in 1887, is in Clinton Hill. Pratt began as an engineering school, designed to train immigrants in then-novel sciences. Today the school has programs in architecture, graphic design, interior design, and industrial design.
By 2021 the interim location of the German School of Brooklyn (GSB) was the former Coop School in the Bedford Stuyvesant and Clinton Hill area. In 2021 the school moved all levels to its permanent site at 9 Hanover Place in Downtown Brooklyn.
Clinton Hill is served by the New York City Subway's IND Fulton Street Line (A and C trains), with a stop at Clinton–Washington Avenues station, as well as the IND Crosstown Line (G train), with stops at Classon Avenue and Clinton–Washington Avenues. Several New York City Transit local bus routes provide service to the neighborhood, including the B25, B26, B38, B45, B48, B52, B54, B57, B62, B69. Starting in the 1880s, the Myrtle Avenue and Lexington Avenue elevated lines served the area. The Lexington Avenue line followed Grand Avenue south from Myrtle. The last train on the Lexington Avenue line ran on October 13, 1950; dismantling of the elevated tracks began on November 1.
Notable residents over the years have included:
- Asa Akira (born 1986), pornographic actress and adult film director
- Ted Allen (born 1965), writer and television personality
- Lester Bowie (1941–1999), avant-garde jazz (trumpet) musician owned Victorian-style home at 207 Washington Avenue for 20 years until his death in 1999
- Jay Critch (born 1997), rapper
- Charles F. Erhart (1821–1891), businessman who co-founded Chas. Pfizer & Co., Inc.
- James William Elwell (1820-1899), shipping merchant and philanthropist who founded James W. Elwell & Co., and built the historic house at 70 Lefferts Place.
- KOTA the Friend (born 1992), hip hop artist and producer who mentions Clinton Hill in some of his songs
- Adrian Grenier (born 1976), actor
- Lev Grossman (born 1969), novelist and journalist
- Heems (stage name of Himanshu Suri), rapper
- Tehching Hsieh (born 1950), performance artist
- Talib Kweli (born 1975), rapper
- Mos Def (born 1973), rapper/actor
- The Notorious B.I.G. (1972–1997), rapper, grew up on 226 St. James Place, near the Bedford–Stuyvesant border; the address was then regarded as part of Bedford–Stuyvesant
- David Paterson (born 1954), former New York Governor
- Rosie Perez (born 1964), actress
- Mary Pinkett (c. 1931–2003), first black New York City councilwoman, she served 28 years from 1974 until 2001 when she was term-limited out of office
- Letitia James (born 1958), incumbent Attorney General of New York
- Antoni Porowski (born 1984), chef, actor, and television personality, lived in a studio with former partner, Joey Krietemeyer, that has been featured in interior design magazines
- Susan Sarandon (born 1946), actress, lives in a home described as "aesthetically ironic"
- Danny Simmons, artist
- Patti Smith and Robert Mapplethorpe shared an apartment on Hall Street in 1967, after they first met
- Barbara Stanwyck (1907–1990), actress, model and dancer, was born at 246 Classon Avenue
- Jason Sudeikis (born 1975), actor and comedian
- Conrad Tillard (born 1964), politician, Baptist minister, radio host, author, and civil rights activist
- John Thomas Underwood (1857–1937), entrepreneur and inventor who founded the Underwood Typewriter Company
- Walt Whitman (1819–1892), poet and editor of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle from 1846 to 1848, formerly lived at 99 Ryerson Street while working on Leaves of Grass
- Olivia Wilde (born 1984), actress. Lived in Clinton Hill from 2014 to 2019.
- Jessica Williams (born 1989), actress and comedian
- Jeffrey Wright (born 1965), actor
- Bowen Yang (born 1990), comedian on Saturday Night Live
- Malik Yoba (born 1967), actor
200 Lafayette Avenue, Joseph Steel or Steele-Skinner House
447 Clinton Avenue, originally the David Burdette House, later the Galilee Baptist Church
William W. Crane House, 284 Clinton Avenue
(Field & Correja, c. 1854)
St. Mary's Episcopal Church
(Richard T. Auchmuty, c. 1859)
Emmanuel Baptist Church
Church of St. Luke and St. Matthew
(John Welch, 1891)
Royal Castle Apartments, 20 Gates Avenue
(Wortmann & Braun, 1912)
- At 229, 232, 241, 245, 278, 284, 300, 315, 321, 356, 380, 384, 404 & 406, 405, 410, 415, 443, 447, 457, 463 and 487 Clinton Avenue
- "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
- Rawson, Elizabeth Reich. "Clinton Hill" in Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (2010). The Encyclopedia of New York City (2nd ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-11465-2., p.272
- Jackson, Kenneth T.; Manbeck, John B., eds. (2004). The Neighborhoods of Brooklyn (2nd ed.). New Haven, Connecticut: Citizens for NYC and Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-10310-7., p.xxxi
- Williams, Keith. "Clinton Hill: suburban retreat". The Weekly Nabe. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Dolkart, Andrew S.; Postal, Matthew A. (2009). Postal, Matthew A. (ed.). Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 242–245. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1.
- Berman, Paul. "Walt Whitman's Ghost" Archived March 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine The New Yorker (June 12, 1995)
- "Clinton Hill History Honored". The New York Times. United Press International. August 15, 1985. Retrieved August 22, 2009.
- Burrows, Edwin G. and Wallace, Mike (1999). Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-195-11634-8., p.972
- Burrows, Edwin G. and Wallace, Mike (1999). Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-195-11634-8., p.1135
- Besonen, Julie (December 2, 2015). "Clinton Hill, Brooklyn, a Neighborhood in Transition". The New York Times. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
- "Features". Frame Home. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
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- "Key Population & Housing Characteristics; 2020 Census Results for New York City" (PDF). New York City Department of City Planning. August 2021. pp. 21, 25, 29, 33. Retrieved November 7, 2021.
- "Map: Race and ethnicity across the US". CNN. August 14, 2021. Retrieved November 7, 2021.
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- Maurer, Mark. "Clinton Hill chocolate factory-turned-rentals sells for $68M; HK Organization closes on 184K sf site, which was converted in 2002" Archived June 18, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Real Deal (magazine), September 12, 2014. Accessed May 21, 2016. "The 123-unit, seven-story brick property at 255-275 Park Avenue was constructed as a Tootsie Roll factory in 1890s and later converted into lofts in 2002."
- "Academics". www.pratt.edu. Pratt Institute. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
- Clinton Hill Campus Archived June 30, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, St. Joseph's College (New York). Accessed May 21, 2016. "St. Joseph’s Brooklyn Campus is in the heart of the historic Clinton Hill section of Brooklyn, one of the trendiest fusion neighborhoods outside of Manhattan."
- "Home". German School Brooklyn. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
- "Clinton Hill Library". Brooklyn Public Library. August 19, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- "Routes and Schedules: Astoria". NYC Ferry.
- Plitt, Amy (May 20, 2019). "NYC Ferry's Brooklyn Navy Yard stop debuts today". Curbed NY. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
- "NYC Ferry adds Brooklyn Navy Yard stop to route". News 12 Brooklyn. May 20, 2019. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
- Cohen, Susannah. "From prep-school kid to millionaire porn star" Archived December 25, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, New York Post, April 26, 2014. Accessed May 21, 2016. "Akira was 13 when her family moved back stateside to Downtown Brooklyn and later Clinton Hill."
- Staff. "Queer Eye's Ted Allen Buys Clinton Hill Brownstone" Archived October 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, McBrooklyn, April 11, 2007. Accessed August 16, 2015.
- Pierre, Alphonse. "Jay Critch is the new New York; The Brooklyn rapper has become the sound of the city without even dropping a project." Archived October 29, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, The Fader, March 2, 2018. Accessed September 22, 2019. "In the last year, the Clinton Hill native has graduated from a local phenomenon into a rapper that has graced the MSG stage at Yams Day, had a casual name drop on SportsCenter, and had a song featured in the first episode of Atlanta: Robbin' Season. We recently chatted with Jay Critch about the missing New York feeling, Brooklyn birthing his love for music, and how he became the hottest rapper in rap’s most historic city."
- Lasky, Julie (June 8, 2018). "Clinton Hill Mansion With a Rock 'n' Roll History". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
- Blint-Welsh, Tyler. "KOTA the Friend Loves ‘Ramy,’ Jay Z and Hanging in the Park", The Wall Street Journal, June 29, 2020. Accessed January 16, 2023. "His do-it-yourself mindset, KOTA said, stems in large part from his childhood as a Jehovah’s Witness in Clinton Hill, Brooklyn."
- Schuster, Dana. "Wanna be in my gang?" Archived February 9, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, New York Post, January 27, 2013. Accessed August 16, 2015. "Before you enter Entourage star Adrian Grenier’s Clinton Hill Victorian townhouse, toss your junk food to the curb."
- Hartocollis, Anemona. "An Enclave of Artists, Reluctant to Leave", The New York Times, November 21, 2011. Accessed December 6, 2022. "Asked if he had apartment envy, one visiting writer, Lev Grossman, said, 'I’m trying to keep it under control.' His neighborhood in Clinton Hill, Brooklyn, is filled with artists, but, he said, 'we hide in our houses, so it’s not like this.'"
- Tempey, Nathan. "Smoke this book" Archived May 14, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Brooklyn Paper, November 11, 2013. Accessed May 21, 2016. "Clinton Hill rapper Heems of the defunct group Das Racist will also perform."
- Sontag, Deborah. "A Caged Man Breaks Out at Last " Archived February 17, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, February 25, 2009. Accessed August 16, 2015. "Afterward he sold his Williamsburg building, bought and renovated the loft in Clinton Hill, traveled with more frequency to China, married Ms. Li and eventually worked with the curators interested in shaping his legacy."
- Franklin, Marcus via Associated Press. "Much change in Biggie Smalls' neighborhood" Archived October 18, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, mlive.com, January 17, 2009. Accessed August 16, 2015. "Current residents include actor Jeffrey Wright and his wife, actress Carmen Ejogo; actor Malik Yoba; actress Rosie Perez; rapper-actor Mos Def; and rapper Talib Kweli."
- Franklin, Marcus (January 18, 2009). "Much change in Biggie Smalls' neighborhood". The Times Herald. Associated Press. Archived from the original on March 5, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2009.
- Morris, C. Zawadi, Biggie's 'One-Room Shack' in Bed-Stuy Now up for Sale, in Bed-Stuy Patch, April 3, 2013, 12:26 p.m. Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, as accessed December 10, 2013.
- "Back in the U-S-S-Yards". Curbed.com. March 11, 2010. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- Tavernise, Sabrina. "Mary Pinkett, First Black Councilwoman, 72" Archived December 26, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, December 5, 2003. Accessed October 25, 2017. "Mrs. Pinkett, whose maiden name was Glover, lived her entire life in Brooklyn. She spent her childhood in Crown Heights, attended Brooklyn College and later moved to Clinton Hill."
- Hayles Newton, Liana (December 13, 2015). "Joey and Antoni's Brooklyn Charmer". Apartment Therapy. Retrieved March 7, 2018.
- Musiwa, Elaine (May 21, 2015). "Rich Timber and Warm Metals Transform a Brooklyn Apartment". Houzz. Retrieved March 7, 2018.
- Hogarty, Dave. "Third Home's a Hideous Charm for Susan Sarandon in Brooklyn" Archived June 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Curbed, January 31, 2012. Accessed August 16, 2015. "Try not to let the exterior fool you; Susan Sarandon's third and most recent real estate purchase in the last seven months does not mean she has lost her mind in a buying binge. The rather hideous front of 334 Grand Avenue in Clinton Hill conceals a considerably nicer interior."
- "Rush Arts Corridor Gallery". Archived from the original on February 8, 2012. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
- "Patti Smith Remembers Life With Mapplethorpe". NPR.org. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
- Callahan, Dan (February 3, 2012). Barbara Stanwyck: The Miracle Woman. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 5. ISBN 9781617031847.
barbara stanwyck 246 classon.
- Chen, Joyce. "Olivia Wilde and Jason Sudeikis’s Former Home Is Now Up for Rent at $13,500 per Month", Architectural Digest, March 22, 2018. Accessed July 23, 2023. "Olivia Wilde and Jason Sudeikis, who got engaged in January 2013 and share two young children together, upgraded in early 2016 to a more spacious 6,300-square-foot mansion in Brooklyn’s Clinton Hill neighborhood, with plenty of room for their little ones to play and explore."
- Underwood Park Archived June 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed May 21, 2016. "This park, located in the Clinton Hill Historic District, was the site of the mansion of typewriter manufacturer John Thomas Underwood (1857-1937)."
- Rubinstein, Dana (March 10, 2007). "Putting Walt in a time vault". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved August 22, 2009.
- Mooney, Kate. "Jessica Williams on dating: 'There's no wrong way to eat a Reese's'; The 27-year-old comedian talks her starring role in the film "The Incredible Jessica James," out this Friday on Netflix." Archived January 4, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, Metro, July 25, 2017. Accessed September 22, 2019. "The Clinton Hill resident talks joking with Robinson about dating white baes, that time she got to kick it with J. K. Rowling, and how there’s always room for another Brooklyn story."
- Dowd, Maureen. "Bowen Yang of S.N.L. Is a Smash. And a Mensch.", The New York Times, January 25, 2020. Accessed December 6, 2022. "I asked Matt Rogers, a comedian who is Mr. Yang’s co-host on their podcast, Las Culturistas, if success has spoiled his friend, who has moved into a one-bedroom apartment in a doorman building in the Clinton Hill neighborhood of Brooklyn."
- Media related to Clinton Hill, Brooklyn at Wikimedia Commons