Clintonia uniflora

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Clintonia uniflora
Clintonia uniflora 9062.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Clintonia
C. uniflora
Binomial name
Clintonia uniflora
  • Smilacina borealis var. uniflora Menzies ex Schult. & Schult.f.
  • Smilacina uniflora (Menzies ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Hook.

Clintonia uniflora is a species of flowering plant in the lily family known by several common names, including bead lily, bride's bonnet, and queen's cup. It is native to the mountains of northwestern North America (Alaska, British Columbia, Alberta, Idaho, Montana, Washington, Oregon, California).[2][1]

The fruit is a single round blue berry up to a centimeter wide.

Clintonia uniflora is a rhizomatous perennial, a member of the bead lily genus, It grows in the understory of coniferous forests. This flower has only two or three leaves located at the base of its stem, but they are several centimeters wide and can be much longer. It bears flowers singly or in inflorescences of two or three. The small simple flower has six white tepals and six protruding white stamens with pollen-dusted anthers. The flower is replaced atop the stem by a round blue berry up to a centimeter wide.[3][4][5][6][7]


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Biota of North America Program
  3. ^ Schultes, Josef August. 1829. Systema Vegetabilium 7(1): 307, as Smilacina borealis var. uniflora
  4. ^ Kunth, Karl Sigismund. 1850. Enumeratio Plantarum Omnium Hucusque Cognitarum 5: 159, as Clintonia uniflora
  5. ^ Moss, E. H. 1983. Flora of Alberta (ed. 2) i–xii, 1–687. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
  6. ^ Hultén, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska i–xxi, 1–1008. Stanford University Press, Stanford.
  7. ^ Hitchcock, C. H., A.J. Cronquist, F. M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular Cryptogams, Gymnosperms, and Monocotyledons. 1: 1–914. In C. L. Hitchcock Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

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