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Entobia Modern.jpg
Modern clionaid borings in an oyster shell
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Class: Demospongiae
Subclass: Tetractinomorpha
Order: Hadromerida
Family: Clionaidae
d’Orbigny, 1851

See text

Clionaidae is a family of demosponges which are found worldwide.[1] This family is known for parasitically boring holes in calcareous material such as mollusc shells and corals, using both chemical and mechanical processes.[2][3]


Genera within this family include:[1]


  1. ^ a b van Soest, R. (2013). "Clionaidae d'Orbigny, 1851". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  2. ^ Brusca, R.C. & Brusca, G.J. 2002. Invertebrates Second Edition Sinauer Associates. ISBN 0-87893-097-3
  3. ^ Hooper J.N & van Soest R.W.M.(eds). 2002. Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York