Clitheroe Castle August 2007
|OS grid reference|
|Designated||10 April 1915 |
|Designated||19 May 1950|
It has been suggested that Clitheroe Castle may have been first built before 1086 as there is reference to the "castellatu Rogerii pictaviensis" in the Domesday Book. However, it is likely the passage refers to another castle. One alternative is that it was built around 1186 by Robert de Lacy as an administrative centre for his estates in the area but later passed by inheritance to the Crown. It contains the second smallest stone keep in England. At one time it was surrounded by a curtain wall. It was anciently the seat of the Lords of Bowland.
A document from 1304 mentions ditches and moats surrounding the castle, however these have since been filled in.
There is a legend that the Devil threw a boulder from Pendle Hill and hit the castle creating the hole visible in its side today, but this hole was made in 1649 as ordered by the government. It was to be put in "such condition that in might neither be a charge to the Commonwealth to keep it, nor a danger to have it kept against them".
The medieval castle keep and some of the curtain wall remain above ground, and sub-surface remains of the castle gateway survive. Remains of the medieval buildings in the bailey have not survived, although sub-surface remains of other buildings, including the Chapel of St Michael de Castro dating from the 12th century, have survived.
The castle was listed an a Scheduled Monument on 10 April 1915 (and later, under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 law). It is one of 126 recorded examples of an enclosure castle in England (with no two being alike). It was Grade I listed on 19 May 1950. The keep was restored in 2009. It is located within 16 acres of parkland.
Clitheroe Castle Museum can be found in the Steward's House built in the 18th century. It is a museum of local history.
The Clitheroe Castle Museum underwent a £3.5-million refurbishment and redevelopment starting in 2007; it re-opened on 23 May 2009. It was named as a "Quality Assured Visitor Attraction" by VisitEngland in November 2009. The museum complex is owned by Ribble Valley Borough Council and operated by the Museum Service of Lancashire County Council. The museum is now located in the bailey, and It charges for admission, while the castle is freely open to the public.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clitheroe Castle.|
- Historic England. "Clitheroe Castle (1016196)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Clitheroe Castle (1071553)". National Heritage List for England.
- Harfield 1991, p. 386, citing Edwards 1984
- Scheduled Ancient Monument – Clitheroe Castle, Lancashire County Council, retrieved 2011-01-26
- "Clitheroe Castle Museum". Ribble Valley Borough Council. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "News : Quality Assurance for Clitheroe Castle Museum". Lancashire County Council. 9 November 2009. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
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- Edwards, B. J. N. (1984), "George Vertue’s engraving of Clitheroe Castle", Antiquaries Journal 64: 366–372, doi:10.1017/s0003581500080501
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- Jones, R.O. (1982), Clitheroe Castle
- Langshaw, A. (1940), A Guide to Clitheroe Castle