In Roman mythology, Cloacina, "The Cleanser" (from the Latin verb cluo, "to cleanse", from which also cloaca, "sewer, drain") was the goddess who presided over the Cloaca Maxima ("Greatest Drain"), the main trunk of the system of sewers in Rome. She was originally derived from Etruscan mythology. The Cloaca Maxima was said to have been begun by Tarquinius Priscus, one of Rome's Etruscan kings, and finished by another, Tarquinius Superbus.
Titus Tatius, who reigned with Romulus, erected a statue to Cloacina as the spirit of the Cloaca Maxima. As well as controlling sewers, she was also a protector of sexual intercourse in marriage (in animal anatomy, a cloaca is the posterior orifice that serves as the only opening for the digestive, reproductive, and urinary tracts (if present) of certain animals, opening at the vent). Despite her Etruscan origins, she later became identified with Venus.
Cloacina, from the Latin verb cluo, to cleanse, was one of the surnames of the goddess Venus, signifying "Venus the Cleanser". It derived from a statue of Venus which stood at the place where the Romans and Sabines were reconciled after the Rape of the Sabines, and where they purified themselves with myrtle boughs.
A short poem to Cloacina is typically attributed to Lord Byron:
O Cloacina, Goddess of this place,
Look on thy suppliants with a smiling face.
Soft, yet cohesive let their offerings flow,
Not rashly swift nor insolently slow.
In Horrible Histories, season 1, episode 9, Cloacina works at the "Roman Gods Direct."
- Marchant, James Robert Vernam; Charles, Joseph Fletcher (1904). Cassell's Latin dictionary : Latin-English and English-Latin. London: Cassell and Company. p. 103.
- "B.P.R.D. Plague of Frogs - Volume 1". DarkHorse.com. p. 152.
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