Clonakilty

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Clonakilty
Cloich na Coillte
Town
Clonakilty
Clonakilty
Clonakilty is located in Ireland
Clonakilty
Clonakilty
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 51°37′19″N 8°53′11″W / 51.62194°N 8.88639°W / 51.62194; -8.88639Coordinates: 51°37′19″N 8°53′11″W / 51.62194°N 8.88639°W / 51.62194; -8.88639
CountryIreland
ProvinceMunster
CountyCounty Cork
Area
 • Total1.325 sq mi (3.433 km2)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total4,592
 • Density3,464/sq mi (1,337.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))
Irish Grid ReferenceW381417
Websitewww.clonakilty.ie

Clonakilty (/ˈklɔːnæˌkɪlt/; Irish: Cloich na Coillte, Clanna Chaoilte), sometimes shortened to Clon, is a town in County Cork, Ireland. The town is located at the head of the tidal Clonakilty Bay. The rural hinterland is used mainly for dairy farming.[7] The town's population as of 2016 was 4,592.[8] The town is a tourism hub in West Cork, and was recognised as the "Best Town in Europe" in 2017, and "Best Place of the Year" in 2017 by the Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland.[9][10] Clonakilty is in the Cork South-West (Dáil Éireann) constituency, which has three seats.

Clonakilty library.

History[edit]

The Clonakilty area has a number of ancient and pre-Celtic sites, including Lios na gCon ringfort.[11]

Normans settlers later built castles in the area, and a number of Norman surnames survive to the present day.[citation needed] In 1292, Thomas De Roach received a charter to hold a market every Monday at Kilgarriffe (then called Kyle Cofthy or Cowhig's Wood), close to where the present town now stands.[citation needed]

In the 14th century, a ten-mile strip of fallow woodland called Tuath na gCoillte (the land of the woods) divided the barony of Ibane (Ardfield) and Barryroe and reached the sea at Clonakilty Bay. Here a castle called Coyltes Castell was recorded in a 1378 plea roll. This was subsequently referred to as Cloghnykyltye, one of the many phonetic spellings for Cloch na gCoillte (meaning the castle of the woods, from ‘cloch’, the Irish for stone or stone building, and ‘coillte’ meaning woods).[12]

Clonakilty benefited from the patronage of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork ('the Great Earl'), who is sometimes regarded as its founder.[citation needed] It was this Lord Cork who obtained its charter from King James I of England in 1613 with the right to return members to the Irish House of Commons. The borough of Clonakilty returned two members from 1613 to 1801; it was disenfranchised when the Act of Union came into force in January 1801.

The lands at Clonakilty were later inherited by the Earls of Shannon, another branch of the Boyle dynasty. They remained the main landlords of the town from the eighteenth century through until the early twentieth century.[citation needed]

Shannonvale, near Clonakilty, is known as "the only place in all Munster where a blow of some sort had been struck during the Rising of '98" at the Battle of the Big Cross.[13] There is a commemorative statue celebrating the Battle of the Big Cross in Astna Square in the centre of Clonakilty.

Battle of the Big Cross statue, Clonakilty.

Michael Collins, who was the Director of Intelligence for the IRA, which sought independence from Britain in the 1920–1921 period, lived in Clonakilty and attended the local boys' national school. Collins later served as Chairman of the Provisional Government and was instrumental in the founding of the Irish Free State. Collins was killed in an Anti-Treaty ambush during the Civil War. He gave several orations from O'Donovan's Hotel on the Main Street of Clonakilty. A statue of Michael Collins by local artist Kevin Holland was erected and dedicated in 2002 at the junction of Bridge Street and Emmet Square.

In April 1943, a war plane, a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, was travelling from Morocco to England when it was forced to make an unscheduled stop at a marsh just outside Clonakilty. The soldiers thought they had been flying over German-occupied Norway but got disorientated in fog. The crew were uninjured in the landing and, once they had emerged from the bog, they met local man Eddie Collins who directed them into the town.[citation needed]

Kennedy Gardens at Emmet Square (formerly Shannon Square) in the centre of town is named after John F. Kennedy.

In June 2012, Clonakilty was damaged by flooding.[14]

Clonakilty was founded on 5 May 1613, and on 5 May 2013, President Michael D. Higgins and his wife visited the town to commemorate 400 years since it obtained its original charter.[15]

Churches[edit]

Kilgariffe Church (Church of Ireland) is a building of 1818 replacing an older church going back to 1613.[16][17]

The Church of the Immaculate Conception (Catholic) is a large building in Early French Gothic style, designed by George Ashlin and completed in 1880.[18][19] The old Presbyterian Church was built in 1861 and taken over and used since 1924 as a local Post Office.[20] The Methodist church is located in the town and recently became the first church in Ireland to win two Eco Congregation Ireland awards.[21]

Transport[edit]

The nearest airport to the town is Cork Airport, and Bus Éireann provides coach links from Clonakilty to Cork and Skibbereen.[22] During the summer months, there is a bus link to Killarney via the N71 road through Skibbereen, Bantry, Glengarriff and Kenmare.

Clonakilty was one of the destinations on the West Cork Railway, an Irish mainline railway from Cork City to various parts of West Cork, which shut down in 1961. Clonakilty railway station opened on 28 August 1886, but finally closed on 1 April 1961.[23]

Clonakility is home to ClonBike, the only Bicycle-sharing system in Ireland in a town of Clonakilty's size.[citation needed]

Culture and music[edit]

De Barra's

Clonakilty's bars host live music nights throughout the year,[citation needed] and a number of notable musicians have found a welcome and a home in the area.[citation needed] For example, Noel Redding made Clonakilty his home,[24] as has singer-songwriter Roy Harper.[25] English novelist David Mitchell also calls Clonakilty home. Monday Night Trad Sessions, O'Donovans Tuesday Trad and Shanley's Famous Music Bar are among the main music venues.[citation needed] Summer afternoon sessions in Scannells beer garden has attracted acts like Christy Moore, Sharon Shannon, and Frances Black.[citation needed]

An Súgán

The town hosts several festivals every year, among these are The Clonakilty International Guitar Festival in mid-September, The Motion festival and The Waterfront Festival in August. The 2010 Waterfront Festival featured Irish acts, The Dublin Gospel Choir, Mundy, Aslan, The Heathers, Setmaker and Spanish Singer Paula Gómez and her band.[citation needed]

Awards[edit]

The town won the Irish Tidy Towns Competition in 1999 and every year since has gained awards for its environmental efforts,[citation needed] including being named 'Ireland's Tidiest Small Town' in 2017.[26] In 2003, Clonakilty became Ireland's first ever official Fair Trade Town. In 2007 it was awarded the status of European Destination of Excellence by the European Commission at a ceremony in Portugal and is Ireland's first recipient of this title.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 census, ethnically Clonakilty was 80% white Irish, 14% "other white", 1.5% black, 1.5% Asian, and 2% other or not stated.[27] In terms of religion, the 2011 census captured a population that was 80.5% Catholic, 10% other stated religions, 8.5% with no religion, and 0.5% not stated.[27]

Notable persons[edit]

Born in Clonakilty[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Food[edit]

Clonakilty is known for its black pudding. Clonakilty Blackpudding originated in Twomey's butcher shop in Pearse Street. The secret spice recipe has been handed down through the generations since the 1880s, and is still only known to the Twomey family.[28]

Tourism[edit]

Model village

The Model Village in Clonakilty is a tourist destination in the area, and includes fully scaled models of Clonakilty and nearby towns - built on a miniature of the area's railway line.

Michael Collins House is a museum dedicated to Irish revolutionary leader Michael Collins. The museum is set out in a restored Georgian townhouse on Emmet Square, where Collins lived from 1903 to 1905. The museum tells the story of Collins' life and the history of Irish independence through tours, exhibits, interactive displays, and historical artifacts.[29]

Clonakilty is the home of the world's only "Random Acts of Kindness Festival" set up in 2012 by the local Clonakilty Macra na Feirme Club.[citation needed] The Festival is held each year on the third weekend in July, with the motto: "Cut the Misery and Spread the Positivity".[30]

Other historical attractions in the town include the Clonakilty Museum, the Georgian houses of Emmet Square and the Micheal Collins Centre which is located a few miles east of the town. A Farmers Market takes place at O'Donovans alley every Friday.

Education[edit]

There are two secondary schools located in the town. Clonakilty Community College is a mixed school and the Sacred Heart Secondary School which is an all girls school. There are 4 Primary Schools located in the town. Clonakilty Agricultural College is located 2 miles east of the town. It is known locally as Darrara College and mainly deals with Agricultural Education.

Sport[edit]

Clonakilty has a GAA club (Clonakilty GAA), two soccer clubs (Clonakilty A.F.C, Clonakilty Town), a rugby club and a Martial Arts club (Warrior Tae Kwon Do). The teams have been successful in recent years winning the Cork Senior Football Championship in 2009, 1996, and being runners up in the 2003 competition. Clonakilty RFC also became a senior rugby club in 2001 and spent 12 years in the All Ireland Rugby League until they were relegated to Division 1 of the Munster junior league. Clonakilty won their first adult hurling county title when they won the Cork Minor B Hurling Championship in 2007. Clonakilty A.F.C. have won the Beamish Cup in 2008 & 1995 and in 2014 featured Australian international, Alex Swift. Students of the Clonakilty "Warrior Tae Kwon Do" club compete in Tae Kwon Do, Kickboxing and Freestyle tournaments and the club has produced 4 World Champions[31] in various martial arts disciplines.

Beaches[edit]

The Blue Flag beach at Inchydoney Island.

About 15 minutes from Clonakilty and looking out over the Galley Head lighthouse is Long Strand - a mile and a half of sand bounded by waves of dunes. The top end is used by surfers but the rest of the beach is unsafe for bathing due to a dangerous undertow.[citation needed]

Duneen Beach is across the bay from the right-hand side of Inchydoney beach.[32]

International relations[edit]

Clonakilty is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2016 - Small Area Population Statistics (SAPMAP Area) - Settlements - Clonakilty". Census 2016. Central Statistics Office. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Server Error 404 - CSO - Central Statistics Office". www.cso.ie. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  3. ^ http://www.histpop.org Archived 7 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-24.
  5. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "Pre-famine". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  6. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  7. ^ Clonakilty Agricultural College Archived 6 May 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "Population Distribution - CSO - Central Statistics Office". www.cso.ie. Retrieved 2017-07-24.
  9. ^ "Clonakilty prepares to welcome 5,000 for street feast and fun". Southern Star. 15 June 2017.
  10. ^ Editor. "Clonakilty wins RIAI 'Best Place of the Year 2017'". westcorktimes.com. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
  11. ^ Name (required). "Lios-na-gCon, Restored Ancient Fort - Discovering Cork". Discoveringcork.ie. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
  12. ^ "Cloich na Coillte/Clonakilty". Logainm.ie. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
  13. ^ "The Battle of the Big Cross where one hundred Irish died". C.O. Ruairc
  14. ^ Community pulls together to ensure it’s business as usual in Clonakilty Irish Examiner. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  15. ^ Public service acknowledged by President at Clonakilty Town Council civic reception Archived 13 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Southern Star Retrieved 20 May 2013
  16. ^ "Church of Ireland - A Member of the Anglican Communion". ireland.anglican.org. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Kilgarriffe - Imprints of Light". imprintsoflight.wordpress.com. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  18. ^ "CO. CORK, CLONAKILTY, CHURCH OF THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION (RC) Dictionary of Irish Architects -". www.dia.ie. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  19. ^ "Prior Park Additional Images: Buildings of Ireland: National Inventory of Architectural Heritage". www.buildingsofireland.ie. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  20. ^ "1861 - Post Office, Clonakilty, Co. Cork - Architecture of Cork - Archiseek - Irish Architecture". archiseek.com. 12 July 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  21. ^ "Clonakilty Methodist Church, Co Cork « Eco Congregation Ireland". Ecocongregationireland.com. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 3 August 2007.
  23. ^ "Clonakilty station" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 17 September 2007.
  24. ^ "Bassist for Jimi Hendrix Experience dies". USA Today, 13 May 2003
  25. ^ Phelan, Eugene (24 February 2012). "Press 22 snapper wins portrait award at AIB Press Photographers event". Limerick Leader. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  26. ^ "Ireland's Tidiest Town for 2017 has been revealed". BreakingNews.ie. 25 September 2017.
  27. ^ a b "Census Mapping Module: Cork County". Clonakilty Urban and Rural.
  28. ^ "History - Clonakilty Food Co". Clonakiltyblackpudding.ie. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
  29. ^ "Michael Collins House - Museum". michaelcollinshouse.ie. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  30. ^ 'Irish Central news web site' Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  31. ^ "Warrior Tae Kwon Do Hall of Fame". Warrior Tae Kwon Do Official Website. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
  32. ^ "10 Hidden Gems of West Cork". Visit West Cork.

Further reading[edit]

  • The Battle of the Big Cross / Cath Béal a' Mhuighe Shalaigh, compiled by Tim Crowley & Traolach Ó Donnabháin; Clonakilty, Clonakilty District 1798 Bi-Centenary Commemoration Committee, 1998.
  • Walks of Clonakilty town and country by Damien Enright. Timoleague, Co. Cork : Merlin Press, 2000. ISBN 1902631021.

External links[edit]