Clonmel

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Clonmel

Cluain Meala
Town
The Quays, Clonmel.
The Quays, Clonmel.
Coat of arms of Clonmel
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Fidelis in Æternum  (Latin)
"Faithful Forever"
Clonmel is located in Ireland
Clonmel
Clonmel
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°21′14″N 7°42′42″W / 52.3539°N 7.7116°W / 52.3539; -7.7116Coordinates: 52°21′14″N 7°42′42″W / 52.3539°N 7.7116°W / 52.3539; -7.7116
CountryIreland
ProvinceMunster
CountyCounty Tipperary
Dáil ÉireannTipperary
EU ParliamentSouth
Area
 • Total10.5 km2 (4.1 sq mi)
Elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total17,140
 • Density1,636.4/km2 (4,238/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode
E91
Telephone area code052
Irish Grid ReferenceS199229

Clonmel (Irish: Cluain Meala, meaning "honey meadow") is the county town and largest settlement of County Tipperary, Ireland. The town is noted in Irish history for its resistance to the Cromwellian army which sacked the towns of Drogheda and Wexford. With the exception of the townland of Suir Island, most of the borough is situated in the civil parish of "St Mary's"[2] which is part of the ancient barony of Iffa and Offa East.

Population[edit]

The 2016 Census used a new boundary created by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) to define the town of Clonmel and Environs resulting in a population figure of 17,140. This new boundary omitted part of the Clonmel Borough Boundary which the CSO had defined as Legal Town for the 2011 census 11.55 km/sq. All of the 2011 census CSO environ in Co Waterford have been omitted as well as parts of CSO Environ of Clonmel in Co Tipperary. The CSO as part of the 11 May 2017 release of data compared their new 2016 CSO boundary with its population of 17,140 with the 2011 CSO Clonmel Environ boundary which is a larger area and had a resulting greater population of 17,908. The CSO are not comparing the same area and are incorrectly recorded a population decline of 768 (-4.3%).

Clonmel Borough (CSO Legal Town 2011, 11.55 km/sq) had a population of 15,793 in 2011, another 2115 people were in the rural environs of Clonmel comprising Marlfield, Ardgeeha Upper (Cashel Rd), Boherduff (Fethard Rd) in County Tipperary and in County Waterford the area between the Dungarvan Rd and Mountain Rd.[3]

Etymology[edit]

The name Clonmel is derived from the anglicisation of the Irish name Cluain Meala meaning honey meadow or honey vale. It is not clearly known when it got this name; many suppose that it came from the fertility of the soil and the richness of the country in which it is situated.[4]

History[edit]

Old St. Mary's Church

Town walls[edit]

Clonmel grew significantly in medieval times, and many remainders of this period can be found in the town. A small section of the town walls remain in place near Old St. Mary's Church . This building is one of the main architectural features of the town. It was originally built in the 14th century or earlier but has been reconstructed or renovated on numerous occasions. The church was fortified early in its history, the town being strategically important, initially for the Earls of Ormonde, and later the Earl of Kildare. Some fortified parts of the church were destroyed or damaged during the Cromwellian occupation. One of the former entry points into the town is now the site of the 'West Gate', a 19th-century reconstruction of an older structure. There were originally three gates in the walled town, North, East and West – with the South being protected by the river Suir and the Comeragh Mountains. The 'West Gate' is now an open arched entrance on to O'Connell street, the main street of the town.

Corporation regalia[edit]

Under a charter granted by James I of England, Clonmel became a Free Borough on 5 July 1608, and the Mayor and officers of the town were granted power to "name, elect and constitute one Swordbearer and three Sergeants-at-Mace". The present sword and two silver maces date only from Cromwellian times. The sword, of Toledo manufacture, was donated by Sir Thomas Stanley in 1656 and displays the Arms and motto of the town. The larger mace is stamped 1663.[5]

Cromwellian period[edit]

One of the remaining towers of Clonmel's defensive wall
Map of 17th-century Clonmel. Note "Irishtown" in the west.

Oliver Cromwell laid siege to Clonmel in May 1650. The walls were eventually breached, but Hugh Dubh O'Neill, the commander of the town's garrison, inflicted heavy losses on the New Model Army when they tried to storm the breach. That night, O'Neill, deciding that further resistance was hopeless due to a lack of ammunition, led his soldiers and camp followers out of the town under cover of darkness. The story is told that Cromwell became suspicious of O'Neill's desperate situation when a silver bullet was discharged by the townspeople at his troops outside the walls.[6] The following morning, 18 May 1650, mayor John White was able to surrender the town on good terms as Cromwell was still unaware of the garrison's escape just hours before. Although feeling deceived, he did not put the inhabitants 'to the sword' as occurred elsewhere.

Young Irelanders stand trial before Justice Blackburne at Clonmel, 1848

19th century[edit]

A permanent military presence was established in the town with the completion of Kickham Barracks in 1805.[7]

Following the failed attempt at rebellion near Ballingarry in 1848, the captured leaders of the Young Irelanders were brought to Clonmel for trial.[8] The event was followed with great interest internationally and for its duration brought journalists from around the country and Britain to Clonmel Courthouse. Standing in the dock in the image opposite are Thomas Francis Meagher, Terence MacManus and Patrick O'Donoghue. Their co-defendant, William Smith O'Brien was also sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered, the last occasions such a sentence was handed down in Ireland. When delivering the guilty verdict, the foreman of the Grand Jury, R.M. Southcote Mansergh, great grandfather of the academic Nicholas Mansergh stated:

We earnestly recommend the prisoner to the merciful consideration of the Government, being unanimously of opinion that for many reasons his life should be spared.[9]

The sentences of O'Brien and other members of the Irish Confederation were eventually commuted to transportation for life to Van Diemen's Land. A conspiracy to rescue the prisoners on 8 November led by John O'Leary and Philip Gray was betrayed, and resulted in the arrest at 'The Wilderness' of seventeen armed rebels led by Gray.[10]

20th century[edit]

Clonmel was the location of the foundation of the Labour Party in 1912 by James Connolly, James Larkin and William O'Brien as the political wing of the Irish Trades Union Congress.[11]

21st century[edit]

In November 2015 the town was the location of Ireland's first marriage between two men.[12]

Politics and government[edit]

Clonmel had a Borough Council until 2014. It was one of five Borough Councils in Ireland. It had 12 elected representatives (councillors). John Hackett was the first Mayor and Pat English was the last Mayor of Clonmel Borough Council.

For local elections in 2014 the District of Cahir-Clonmel elected nine members to Tipperary County Council.

National[edit]

Clonmel belongs to the Tipperary constituency which elects five TDs to Dáil Éireann (the Irish Parliament).

In the 2016 General Election Mattie McGrath (Independent), Michael Lowry (Independent), Alan Kelly (Labour Party), Jackie Cahill (Fianna Fáil) and Séamus Healy (Workers and Unemployed Action) won the five seats.

The 2020 Irish General Election was supposed to be postponed due to the sudden death of Independent candidate Marese Skehan [1]. This was because it was a requirement under the 1992 Electoral Act Section 62. However, Attorney General Séamus Woulfe advised the Government that the entire general election could be open to a legal challenge if the Tipperary poll did not go ahead. So the election continued on Saturday 8 February along with the rest of the country. It was Michael Lowry (Independent) elected on the first count winning 18.1% of the first preference votes. Mattie McGrath (Independent) and Martin Browne (Sinn Féin) were elected on the 8th count. While Alan Kelly (Labour Party) and Jackie Cahill (Fianna Fáil) made it in on the 9th count.[2] This still gives Clonmel no sitting TD as town mayor Garret Ahern was not elected.

A street in Clonmel, Ireland

Geography[edit]

The town is built in the valley of the River Suir. It divides the town which is mainly located on the north bank. To the south the town is surround by the Comeragh Mountains and Slievenamon to the northeast. To the north, east and west is some of Irelands richest farmland known as the Golden Vale. The town covers a land area of approximately 11.59km2.

Climate[edit]

Climate Table
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average daily maximum temperature (°C) 8 8 10 13 16 18 20 20 18 14 10 8 14
Average daily minimum temperature (°C) 3 3 4 5 7 10 12 12 10 7 5 4 7
Mean total rainfall (inches) 5.34 4.29 3.84 3.98 3.40 3.72 3.38 4.22 4.33 6.35 5.07 5.03 52.95
Source: MSN Weather

Flood defences[edit]

The River Suir floods the local area after very heavy rainfalls in the up-river catchment area of 2,173 km2. The Office of Public Works (OPW) completed and installed a Flood Forecasting System which has been used since 2007. The flood of 2015 had a flow of 390m3/s, 2004 had a flow of 354m3/s with the flood of 2000 having a flow of 353m3/s. The 2015 flood was the worst since that of 1946, which had seen a flow of 479m3/s. Phase 1 of the Clonmel Flood Defence (planned to cope with a 100-year flood) started in 2007. It was scheduled to be completed by late 2009. Phases two and three were completion by 2012. Property omitted from Phase 1 along the convent road were protected in 2014 and the access to the river for the workmen's boat club was also raised. Flooding of October 2014 was less than a 1–5 flood with a flow of 300m3/s. As part of a media exercise by the OPW the barrier were all put up.[13]

The flood defence consists of demountable barriers, walls and earth banks. Flooding occurred at the Gashouse Bridge, Coleville Road, Davis Road, the Quays and the Old Bridge area before the flood defences. Clonmel is not tidal as the tide turns above the Miloko chocolate crumb factory in Carrick-on-Suir. Flood waters spill onto the land above Miloko on the County Waterford side of the river.

Economy[edit]

Retail[edit]

Clonmel's main shopping streets are Gladstone Street and O'Connell Street which are home to many national and international retailers such as Elverys Sports, Penneys, River Island, Easons and Lifestyle Sports to name a few. More local retailers can be found along the streets branching off from those streets.

The Showgrounds Shopping Centre built during the Celtic Tiger can be found only 1 km from the town centre. This modern shopping centre built on the towns original show ground, houses retailers such as M&S, TKMaxx, Argos and Golden Discs.

The Poppyfield Retail Park is located on the outskirts of the town. It has many stores such as DID Electrical, Supervalue, Maxi Zoo, Woodie's and World of Wonder. The retail park has food vendors being KFC, Costa Coffee, the Red Herring and Esquires Coffee. There is also a hotel on the site.

Industry[edit]

Bulmers cider factory

In recent times,[when?] Clonmel has become home to many large multi-national companies, particularly in the medical area. The two biggest medical companies in the town are Abbott and Boston Scientific, both of which manufacture implantable devices. Two other multi-national pharmaceutical companies are Merck & Co. and Pinewood Healthcare found less than twenty minutes away.

The town produces many beverages both alcoholic and non-alcoholic. Bulmers cider, also known as Magners outside Ireland, was founded in the town and is still brewed in a new complex 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) east of the town with orchards surrounding it. The original brewery in the town is set to turn in to a new visitor attraction. Glenpatrick Spring Water bottles still, carbonated and flavoured water from the limestone rocks beneath Slievenamon for many big supermarket chains in Ireland and the UK such as Tesco and M&S.

Clonmel is home to international engineering and construction groups such as Kentz and Sepam who were both founded in the town. Sepam has helped in the construction of huge infrastructure projects around the world such as the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in London, Disneyland Shanghai and some of the terminals at Heathrow Airport to name a few.

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

Tipp FM is a local radio station for the county of Tipperary. It has its main office in Clonmel. In 2019, Tippfm had over 69,000 listeners tuning in every week, increasing its marketshare to 35% [3]. It broadcasts on FM, on 95.3, 97.1, 103.3 and 103.9. The Clonmel transmitter broadcasts on 97.1 MHz.

Print[edit]

Clonmel is home to three newspapers: two broadsheets and one tabloid free sheet. The Nationalist, founded in 1890, is a Clonmel-based broadsheet newspaper that appears weekly, covering both Clonmel town and South Tipperary. It has a circulation of 14,375.[14] It was formed to represent the views of the nationalist community in Tipperary, which led to the first editor being jailed under the Coercion Act on charges that he had intimidated a cattle dealer for taking a farm from which tenants had been evicted.[15] It is now run by Johnston Press.

Also owned by Johnston Press is South Tipp Today, a free tabloid newspaper with a circulation of 20,500 founded in 1995. It is delivered door-to-door in some areas, and available in local shops across South Tipperary. It is popular, fondly referred to as the 'small paper' by its readers, and covers news, entertainment, local notes and lifestyle.

The Sporting Press is published and printed in Clonmel, it covers news related to the greyhound community in Ireland. It has a circulation of 7,500.[16]

The short-lived Premier People was launched in Clonmel in October 2010. It was a weekly (tabloid) freesheet with a focus on news, local notes and sports and was published on Tuesday evenings. It was delivered door-to-door in Clonmel and to all shops in South Tipperary. It was founded by Ann Commins, who co-founded South Tipp Today. Premier People ceased publishing in 2011.[17]

The Tipperary Free Press was established in 1826 by the future first catholic Lord Mayor of Clonmel, John Hackett, following a meeting of the Clonmel Corporation. It was proposed that a Liberal and Independent newspaper should be in circulation in the district and Councillor Hackett, having been a printer and bookbinder in the town for some years, stepped forward to take on the task. The successful newspaper with a circulation of 45,650 in 1829 was an influential and popular voice in supporting liberal causes, yet it was labelled as radical.[18] Its primary intention was to be 'The voice of the common people' and played a highly prominent role in the quest for Catholic Emancipation as advocated by Daniel O'Connell. Hackett was sued for libel on multiple occasions for his caricatures of political rivals. Printed on O'Connell Street bi-weekly, it circulated counties Tipperary, Waterford, Kilkenny, Cork and Limerick. In its later years it assumed a Catholic-Whig political leaning. Printing ceased when it was acquired by the Tipperary Independent (1882–1906) in 1883.[citation needed]

Culture[edit]

Museums and Galleries[edit]

Tipperary County Museum tells the history of County Tipperary from the Stone Age to the present. It is also host to many special exhibitions each year. It is the first custom built county museum in Ireland.[19]

The Main Guard was a civic building until 1810 when it was converted to shops. During recent restoration, some of its sandstone columns were found to have been 'reclaimed' from the now demolished abbey of Inislounaght at Marlfield. It has been used in the past as a Tholsel or office to collect tolls, duties and customs dues, a place for civic gatherings and as a court. It now houses an exhibition showing the historic development of Clonmel, including a model of the town as it appeared in the 13th century.

The South Tipperary Arts Centre opened in 1996. The Arts Centre hosts around 12 exhibitions per year and a variety of art classes for adults and children. As well as presenting a range of visual arts exhibitions in the main gallery space, the centre also host events such as music, performance, poetry readings and dance. The centre has a spacious upstairs studio which is used for short term exhibitions & screenings, as well as for a variety of classes and workshops. It is also a rehearsal space for theatre, dance, music, and is available for meetings and seminars.

Theatre and cinema[edit]

The White Memorial Theatre building is a former Weslyan/Methodist Chapel and was designed and built by local architect William Tinsley in 1843.[20] The building was purchased in 1975 by St. Mary's Choral Society,[21] who put on an average of 2 shows a year in the building. The building also hosts shows by the Stage Craft Youth Theatre group and special event during the year.

Clonmel has a vibrant youth arts sector. Stagecraft Youth Theatre was founded in 1998 by current Artistic Director Shane Dempsey. Stagecraft provides training for young actors in all aspects of theatre practise. Stagecraft is renowned for producing vibrant work in a fun child centred environment. Stagecraft is one of Ireland's largest youth theatre's and is affiliated to NAYD. They have recently staged works by Alex Jones, Enda Walsh, Hannah Burke, Jack Thorne and Moira Buffini.

In 2011 Shane Dempsey founded The Hub, a 45-seat studio theatre in Albert Street. The Hub is home to Stagecraft.

The IMC, with five screens and located on Kickham Street, is the town's only remaining cinema.[22] Several other cinemas formerly operated in the town including the Ritz, which opened in 1940[23] and was located on the site of the present Credit Union. The first cinema in the town opened in January 1913 as the Clonmel Cinema Theatre, soon to be renamed the Clonmel Electric Picture Palace. It was located at the rear of No. 35 Gladstone Street. It was soon followed by John Magner's Theatre at the Mall, which burned to the ground in 1919, to be re-built in 1921 with an increased capacity of over a thousand seats. It was eventually named the Regal Theatre and remodelled as an 850-seat theatre, which finally closed in 2001.[24] It was in the Regal Theatre where the tenor Frank Patterson made his stage debut.[25] The Oisin, in O'Connell Street, was of a similar scale and was also built in 1921. It was on the site of the present day Heatons but burned to the ground in 1965. The last film to be shown there was A Patch of Blue.[26]

Festivals[edit]

Street Performance
Street Performance at Clonmel Junction Festival 2004
Mitchell Street, during the Busking Festival in 2014

For nine days from the first week-end of July, the town hosts the annual Clonmel Junction Festival. It consists of a mix of street theatre, rock, traditional and world music. Several international acts visit the festival each year. In the last few years, young local bands have also had an opportunity to showcase their talents. Children from local schools and community groups are encouraged to participate with support from local artists.

Clonmel is home to the International Film Festival Ireland, which focuses on independent films. Its inaugural event was during September 2009[27] and ran for five days. It has become an annual event, occurring every September.[28] The 2010 event expanded to include a Youth Film Festival, that showcased locally made short films.[29]

The Clonmel Busking festival runs for four days every August. It provides free music events during the day in Clonmel town centre, while at night a number a concerts take place in various venues throughout the town.[30]

Music[edit]

Banna Chluain Meala (literally translating as 'Clonmel band') was founded in 1971. Originally a brass band, Banna Chluain Meala later developed as a brass and reed band, which included concert, marching and fieldshow performances. The band also has a colour guard section which enhances marching and fieldshow performances. The total complement of the band has ranged from 100 to 150 members throughout the years. The band has travelled widely abroad to the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, France, Italy and Chicago in the United States of America and represented Ireland at an International Festival in Cheb in the Czech Republic in 2004 to celebrate the new entrants to the European Union.

Banna Chluain Meala is one of Ireland's most honoured bands. They hold concert band championship titles on national and international levels. As a marching band they have had unparalleled success nationally, being crowned IMBA Irish champions in the highest division on twelve occasions (1991, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2015). They have also had success abroad, including as Open Class champions at the British Youth Band Championships at Wembley in 1994.[citation needed]

Clonmel has hosted the Irish traditional music festival, the Fleadh Cheoil, on five occasions from 1992–94 inclusive, and again in 2003 and 2004.

One of the better-known songs concerning Clonmel is "The Gaol of Cluain Meala," a translation from the turn of the 19th century by a Cork man, Jeremiah Joseph Callanan, of the traditional Irish-language song "Príosún Chluain Meala".[31] It was revived by the celebrated balladeer Luke Kelly in the 1960s. The narrator in the Irish republican song "Galtee Mountain Boy" farewells Clonmel in the song. The song was written by Patsy Halloran from Clonmel.[32]

Music venues in Clonmel include The Piper Inn, famous[according to whom?] for hosting a show by Irish rock band Thin Lizzy.

Clonmel in literature[edit]

Vertue rewarded, or The Irish princess (1693), one of the earliest romance novels written in the English language, tells the story of "Merinda" from High Street, Clonmel and a Williamite officer stationed in the town during the Jacobite war.[33]

Raymond Chandler's 1939 novel The Big Sleep features Rusty Regan as a main character: "A big curly-headed Irishman from Clonmel, with sad eyes and a smile as wide as Wilshire Boulevard."[34]

Charles Kickham's 1873 novel Knocknagow had two main characters modeled off Clonmel locals. These were his cousins, Dr T.J Crean Sr as "Arthur O'Conner" and his wife Clara Crean (née Kickham) as "Mary Kearney", who both lived on Queen Street at the time.[35]

Sport[edit]

Association Football[edit]

Clonmel is home to Clonmel Celtic, Old Bridge, Wilderness Rovers, Redmondstown and Clonmel Town who play in the TSDL League.

Athletics[edit]

Clonmel is home to Clonmel Athletic Club.

Rugby[edit]

Clonmel Rugby Club plays in the All Ireland League, Division 2C. The rugby club was founded in 1892. In 1990 the club opened their new club House coinciding with the first ever Soviet Union rugby team visit to Ireland. In their centenary year, 1992, they hosted London Irish RFC against Shannon RFC in a memorable game played at the club grounds. Clonmel won the Munster Junior Cup for the first time in its 122-year history in 2014 and followed that up with a Munster Junior League (Division 1) title and the Munster Junior Challenge Cup in the 2015 season.

Cricket[edit]

Clonmel's cricket club plays teams in the Munster Cricket Union Senior 2 and Senior 3 leagues. The cricket club currently fields 1 adult teams and 2 youth teams. All play their home games in the Presentation Convent Field.

Horse Racing and Coursing[edit]

Clonmel is noted in greyhound circles for being the home of the annual National Hare Coursing meeting in early February at Clonmel Racecourse located in the Powerstown area of the town. Also Included in this event is the Ladies' International Open Meeting and the coursing derby. At this time each year, Clonmel's population is swollen by a large influx of sports people from Ireland, the UK, and from as far afield as Australia, New Zealand, the United States and the Middle East.

Rowing and boat building[edit]

Clonmel has two clubs associated with recreational activity on the river Suir, both of which are based in Irishtown.

Clonmel Rowing Club (CRC)[edit]

Clonmel Rowing Club (CRC), was founded in 1869 and is one of the oldest sporting clubs in the town. It is located on Moor's Island, on the Suir, about 500 meters west of the town centre. The club colours are Royal Blue and White. Sporting success in the early 1900s culminated in the winning of the Senior Men's 'eight' championships in 1920. The club is affectionately known locally as "The Island". In winter, training takes place on a 4-mile stretch of the river to the west of the town, from the clubhouse to Knocklofty bridge. In the summer months this stretch is reduced to 2 miles as far as Sandybanks, near Marlfield village.

Flooding has become a perennial problem, especially noticeable in recent[when?] years. The flow becomes so fast that rowing in January is not possible on this part of the Suir. Within a 25-mile radius there are two locations where the club can still train satisfactorily, Cappoquin and Fiddown.

CRC has a newly constructed, purpose built boat house since 1979, with boat storage on the ground floor. Upstairs are two squash courts, a function hall and dressing rooms. Currently one squash court is being used as the gym.

Workmen's Boat Club[edit]

The Workmen's Boat Club was established in 1883. The property was leased from the Bagwell estate until 1999, when it was finally purchased by the club. One of the major undertakings of the club in recent years has been the restoration of the historic racing craft Cruiskeen, which was built in the 1840s by GAA founder member Maurice Davin.[36] The project, outsourced to 'Conservation | Letterfrack', took several years of meticulous cleaning, treatment and repair and the 38 ft./11.6m timber boat is now on permanent display in the County Museum, Clonmel.[37]

GAA Clubs[edit]

Clonmel is home to several Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) clubs. Clonmel Óg the most recently established GAA club in the town was set up in 1984 and it competes in the senior division only 31 years after being formed.[38] Moyle Rovers GAA club is just outside the town and has been a dominant force in recent decades.

Clonmel Commercials, the 2016 Munster Football Club champions, are based in the town, on the Western Road. They reached the semi-finals of the 2015-16 All Ireland Football Club championships, losing out to Ballyboden St. Endas, who would go on to win the championship. Sister club, St. Mary's Hurling Club, are also located on Western Road.

Education[edit]

Primary schools[edit]

St. Mary's Parochial School
  • Gaelscoil Chluain Meala has around 200[39] students. Located at Irishtown and originally the Free School, the building was designed by two pupils of the renowned architect John Nash.[40] It was for a number of years the offices of South Tipperary County Council.
  • St Mary's Parochial School, Clonmel, also known as the Model School, traces its roots to the Incorporated Society School of 1832. It is located on the Western Road. (Church of Ireland)
  • St Oliver's national school was founded in 1982.[41] It is situated at Heywood Road.
  • St.Mary's CBS is located in Irishtown directly beside the Gaelscoil.
  • St.Peter and Paul's CBS.
  • Sisters of Charity Girls School.
  • Presentation Primary School.

Secondary schools[edit]

Third level[edit]

Clonmel is home to one third-level college, LIT. The Clonmel Campus of LIT offers courses in Business, Creative Multimedia, Digital Animation Production and Marketing with Languages. The Creative Multimedia & Digital Animation Production degrees are operated under the LIT Limerick School of Art and Design. The LIT Clonmel campus is located along the Clonmel Inner Relief Road, but it is proposed that it will move to a new location within the town centre in the future.

Training[edit]

Clonmel Youth Training Entreprises Limited was established in 1984 by voluntary and business people, who saw the need to tackle the growing issue of unemployment and the related consequences of early school leavers in Clonmel.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

Roads[edit]

Clonmel is located on the N24, the national primary roadway that links the cities of Limerick and Waterford. The N24 westbound connects Clonmel to junction 10 of the Cork to Dublin M8 motorway, while eastbound it links the town with Kilkenny via the N76.

Charles Bianconi, onetime mayor of the town, ran his pioneering public transport system of horse-drawn carriages from Clonmel.

Rail[edit]

Clonmel railway station opened on 1 May 1852.[48] Today there are two trains daily to Waterford via Carrick on Suir, and two to Limerick Junction via Cahir and Tipperary which has main-line connections to Dublin. There is no Sunday service.

Waterways[edit]

The River Suir had been made navigable to Clonmel from 1760 when completion of the River Suir Navigation in the 19th century allowed large vessels to reach the town's quays.

People associated with Clonmel[edit]

Sister towns[edit]

Clonmel is twinned with several places:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sapmap Area - Settlements - Clonmel". Census 2016. CSO. 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  2. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland - St Mary's, Clonmel civil parish
  3. ^ C.S.O. Census 2011 Archived 22 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ History of Clonmel (1907)
  5. ^ Burke, William P. (1907). History of Clonmel. N. Harvey & co. for the Clonmel Library Committee. pp. 235–237.
  6. ^ Curry, William (1853). The Dublin University Magazine. v. 42. William Curry, Jun., and Co. Retrieved 27 June 2009.
  7. ^ "The Kickham Army Barracks Development Proposal" (PDF). University College Cork. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  8. ^ McConville, Seán (2003). Irish political prisoners, 1848–1922: theatres of war. Routledge. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-415-21991-4. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
  9. ^ Mansergh, Nicholas (1997). Diana Mansergh (ed.). Nationalism and independence: selected Irish papers Irish History Series. Cork University Press. ISBN 978-1-85918-106-5. Retrieved 15 August 2009.
  10. ^ O'Donnell, Sean : Clonmel – 1840–1900 Anatomy of an Irish Town 1999 ISBN 978-0-906602-51-5 p153
  11. ^ labour.ie
  12. ^ Dalby, James (19 November 2015). "First Same-Sex Marriage Ceremoney Held in Ireland". New York Times.
  13. ^ OPW. "Office of Public Works – Flood Defence Management". Archived from the original on 2 November 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  14. ^ ilevel.ie|Irish Regional Newspaper Circulation Jan June 2010
  15. ^ regionalnewspapers.ie Archived 14 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Greyhound Press Journal subscription required medialive.ie Archived 11 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ clonmelonline.com
  18. ^ "Article IV - The Leeds Mercury; The Manchester Guardian". The Westminster Review. 12: 82. 1830.
  19. ^ "South Tipperary Co Museum". South Tipperary Heritage – S.Tipp. County Council. Retrieved 28 June 2009.[dead link]
  20. ^ Shee, Elizabeth; Sydney John Watson (1975). Clonmel: An Architectural Guide. An Taisce. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-903693-02-8. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  21. ^ stmaryschoralsociety.com Archived 30 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ "Clonmel | Omniplex Cinemas, Ireland – Book Movie Tickets Now". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
  23. ^ "1939 – Ritz Cinema, Athlone, Co. Westmeath". Archiseek. 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
  24. ^ cinematreasures.org
  25. ^ rte.ie Archived 2 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ O'Donnell, Sean (2009). Clonmel 1900–1932: A History. BPR Publishers. pp. 139 to 146. ISBN 978-0-9562139-0-7. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
  27. ^ Clonmel to host international film festival| The Nationalist, 4 July 2009
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