Clopenthixol

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Clopenthixol
Clopenthixol structure.svg
Clinical data
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administration
Oral
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ECHA InfoCard 100.012.333 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
Formula C22H25ClN2OS
Molar mass 400.965 g/mol
3D model (JSmol)
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Clopenthixol (Sordinol), also known as clopentixol, is a typical antipsychotic drug of the thioxanthene class. It was introduced by Lundbeck in 1961.[1]

Clopenthixol is a mixture of cis and trans isomers. Zuclopenthixol, the pure cis isomer, was later introduced by Lundbeck in 1962,[2] and has been much more widely used. Both drugs are equally effective as antipsychotics and have similar adverse effect profiles, but clopenthixol is half as active on a milligram-to-milligram basis and appears to produce more sedation in comparison.[3]

Clopenthixol is not approved for use in the United States.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Sneader, Walter (2005). Drug discovery: a history. New York: Wiley. p. 410. ISBN 0-471-89980-1. 
  2. ^ José Miguel Vela; Helmut Buschmann; Jörg Holenz; Antonio Párraga; Antoni Torrens (2007). Antidepressants, Antipsychotics, Anxiolytics: From Chemistry and Pharmacology to Clinical Application. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. p. 516. ISBN 3-527-31058-4. 
  3. ^ Gravem A, Engstrand E, Guleng RJ (November 1978). "Cis(Z)-clopenthixol and clopenthixol (Sordinol) in chronic psychotic patients. A double-blind clinical investigation". Acta Psychiatr Scand. 58 (5): 384–8. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0447.1978.tb03570.x. PMID 362830. 

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