|Birth name||Clora Larea Bryant|
|Born||May 30, 1927|
Denison, Texas, U.S.
|Died||August 25, 2019 (aged 92)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Clora Larea Bryant (May 30, 1927 – August 25, 2019) was an American jazz trumpeter. She was the only female trumpeter to perform with Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker and was a member of the International Sweethearts of Rhythm.
Bryant was born in Denison, Texas to Charles and Eulila Bryant, the youngest of three children. Her father was a day laborer and her mother was a homemaker who died when Clora was only 3 years old. When Bryant was a young child, she learned to play piano with her brother Mel. As a child, Bryant was a member of the choir in a Baptist church. When her brother Fred joined the military, he left his trumpet, which she learned how to play. In high school she played trumpet in the marching band.
Bryant turned down scholarships from Oberlin Conservatory and Bennett College to attend Prairie View College in Houston starting in 1943, where she was a member of the Prairie View Co-eds jazz band. The band toured in Texas and performed at the Apollo Theater in New York City in 1944. Her father got a job in Los Angeles, and she transferred to UCLA in 1945. Bryant heard bebop for the first time on Central Avenue.
In 1946 she became a member of the International Sweethearts of Rhythm, an all-female jazz band, earned her union card and dropped out of school. Dizzy Gillespie became her mentor and provided her with work. She joined the black female jazz band the Queens of Swing as a drummer, and went on tour with the band.
The Queens of Swing performed on television in 1951 as The Hollywood Sepia Tones, in a half-hour variety program on KTLA. They were the first women's jazz group to appear on television. After six weeks the show was dropped due to lack of a sponsor. During filming Bryant was about seven months pregnant. After her daughter's birth she was called onto Ada Leonard's all-girl orchestra show; however, she only stayed for a week after calls demanding to "get that nigger off there". In 1954 she briefly moved to New York because she had lost inspiration from playing in bands.
Bryant recorded her first and only album, Gal with a Horn, in 1957 before returning to the life of a traveling musician. She worked often at clubs in Chicago and Denver. In Las Vegas she performed with Louis Armstrong and Harry James. She toured with singer Billy Williams and accompanied him on The Ed Sullivan Show. During the 1960s and 1970s, she toured around the world with her brother Mel, who was a singer, and they had a TV show in Australia. In 1989 Bryant became the first female jazz musician to tour in the Soviet Union after writing to Mikhail Gorbachev.
After a heart attack and quadruple bypass surgery in 1996, Bryant was forced to give up the trumpet but she continued to sing. She also began to give lectures on college campuses about the history of jazz, co-edited a book on jazz history in Los Angeles titled Central Avenue Sounds: Jazz in Los Angeles, and worked with children in Los Angeles elementary schools. In 2002, she received a lifetime achievement award (the Mary Lou Williams Women in Jazz Award) from the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C. Two years later a documentary about her was released.
In an interview with JazzTimes, Bryant said, "Nobody ever told me, 'You can't play the trumpet, you're a girl.' Not when I got started in high school and not when I came out to L.A. My father told me, 'It's going to be a challenge, but if you're going to do it, I'm behind you all the way.' And he was."
Personal life and death
Bryant married bassist Joe Stone in the 1940s and the couple had two children, April and Charles Stone. That marriage ended in divorce. Bryant had two additional children from her relationship with drummer Leslie Milton; Kevin and Darrin Milton.
Bryant died at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles on August 25, 2019, after suffering a heart attack at home. At the time of her death, she had nine grandchildren and five great-grandchildren.
- Gal with a Horn (1957)
- 1968: The Rosey Grier Show (TV show) season 1, episode 18 "Clora Bryant, Sam Fletcher" includes a featured guest appearance by Bryant
- 2000: Mysteries and Scandals (TV show) season 3, episode 25 "Humphrey Bogart" includes a segment with Bryant
- 2005: Trumpetistically, Clora Bryant (video short directed by Zeinabu Irene Davis) with Bryant as featured subject
- 2010: Leimert Park Voices (documentary film co-directed by Paul Calderon and Alan Swyer) includes interview segment with Bryant
- 2011: The Girls in the Band (documentary film directed by Judy Chaikin) includes Bryant as a featured musician
- 2014: Sound of Redemption: The Frank Morgan Story (documentary film directed by N.C. Heiken) includes appearance by Bryant
- Russonello, Giovanni (September 1, 2019). "Clora Bryant, Trumpeter and Pillar of L.A. Jazz Scene, Dies at 92". The New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
- Ankeny, Jason. "Clora Bryant". AllMusic. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
- Central Avenue sounds : jazz in Los Angeles. Clora Bryant. Berkeley. 1998. ISBN 0-520-21189-8. OCLC 37361632.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Bryant, Clora; Central Avenue Sounds Editorial Committee, eds. (1998). Central Avenue Sounds: Jazz in Los Angeles. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. p. 362. ISBN 9780520220980. OCLC 37361632.
- Price III, Emmett G.; Kernodle, Tammy L.; Maxile, Jr., Horace J., eds. (2011). Encyclopedia of African American Music (1st ed.). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. p. 563. ISBN 9780313341991. OCLC 664451052.
- "Hot Violinist is TV Hit in Los Angeles". Google Books. Jet magazine/Johnson Publishing Company. April 24, 1952. p. 62. Retrieved June 3, 2013.
- Staff of The New York Times (June 5, 2003). The New York Times Television Reviews 2000. Taylor & Francis. pp. 372–. ISBN 978-0-203-50830-5. Retrieved June 3, 2013.
- Heckman, Don (May 1, 2007). "Clora Bryant: Trumpetiste Extraordinaire". JazzTimes. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
- "Clora Bryant | Album Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
- "The Girls in the Band: Featured Musicians". The Girls in the Band. 2020. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
- Enstice, Wayne; Stockhouse, Janis (2004). Jazzwomen: Conversations with Twenty-One Musicians. Bloomington, IN: University of Indiana Press. pp. 33–46. ISBN 978-0-253-01014-8. OCLC 301489382.
- Placksin, Sally (1982). American Women in Jazz: 1900 to the Present: Their Words, Lives, and Music (1st ed.). New York: Wideview Books. ISBN 9780872237605. OCLC 8280710.
- Stein, Danica L. (1998). "Clora Bryant: Gender Issues in the Career of a West Coast Jazz Musician". In DjeDje, Jacqueline Cogdell; Meadows, Eddie S. (eds.). California Soul: Music of African Americans in the West. University of California Press. pp. 277–293. ISBN 978-0-520-20628-1. OCLC 42855007.
- Tucker, Sherrie (2000). Swing Shift: All-Girl Bands of the 1940s. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. ISBN 9780822324850. OCLC 42397506.
- Central Avenue Sounds: Clora Bryant. Interviewed by Stephen L. Isoardi, Department of Special Collections, University of California, Los Angeles.
- Interview with Clora Bryant, part of Central Avenue Sounds Oral History Project, Center for Oral History Research, UCLA Library Special Collections, University of California, Los Angeles.
- Clora Bryant Interview NAMM Oral History Library (2003)
- Clora Bryant at The Girls in the Band – The Official Site of the Music Documentary
- Los Angeles Times article on Bryant (1992)