Clorgiline

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Clorgiline
Clorgiline.svg
Clinical data
ATC code
  • none
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: uncontrolled
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
ChEMBL
Chemical and physical data
Formula C13H15Cl2NO
Molar mass 272.17 g/mol
3D model (Jmol)
 NYesY (what is this?)  (verify)

Clorgiline (INN), or clorgyline (BAN), is a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) structurally related to pargyline which is described as an antidepressant.[1][2] Specifically, it is an irreversible and selective inhibitor of monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A).[3] Clorgiline was never marketed,[1] but it has found use in scientific research.[4] In addition to its actions as an MAOI, clorgiline has been found to bind with high affinity to the σ1 receptor (Ki = 3.2 nM)[3][5] and with very high affinity to the I2 imidazoline receptor (an allosteric site on the monoamine oxidase enzyme) (Ki = 40 pM).[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b J. Elks (14 November 2014). The Dictionary of Drugs: Chemical Data: Chemical Data, Structures and Bibliographies. Springer. pp. 304–. ISBN 978-1-4757-2085-3. 
  2. ^ I.K. Morton; Judith M. Hall (6 December 2012). Concise Dictionary of Pharmacological Agents: Properties and Synonyms. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 80–. ISBN 978-94-011-4439-1. 
  3. ^ a b T. W. Stone (January 1993). Acetylcholine, Sigma Receptors, CCK and Eicosanoids, Neurotoxins. Taylor & Francis. pp. 124–. ISBN 978-0-7484-0063-8. 
  4. ^ Murphy, D. L.; Karoum, F.; Pickar, D.; Cohen, R. M.; Lipper, S.; Mellow, A. M.; Tariot, P. N.; Sunderland, T. (1998). "Differential trace amine alterations in individuals receiving acetylenic inhibitors of MAO-A (clorgyline) or MAO-B (selegiline and pargyline)". J. Neural Transm. Suppl. 52: 39–48. doi:10.1007/978-3-7091-6499-0_5. ISSN 0303-6995. PMID 9564606. 
  5. ^ Yossef Itzhak (1994). Sigma Receptors. Academic Press. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-12-376350-1. 
  6. ^ Critical Reviews in Neurobiology. CRC Press. 1995. p. 43.