Cloris Leachman

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Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman 1970.JPG
Leachman in a publicity photo in July 1970
Born(1926-04-30)April 30, 1926
DiedJanuary 27, 2021(2021-01-27) (aged 94)
Alma materNorthwestern University
Occupation
  • Actress
  • model
  • comedienne
Years active1942–2021
Spouse(s)
(m. 1953; div. 1979)
Children5
RelativesClaiborne Cary (sister)
Anabel Englund (granddaughter)

Cloris Leachman (April 30, 1926 – January 27, 2021) was an American actress and comedienne whose career spanned more than seven decades. She won many accolades, including eight Primetime Emmy Awards from 22 nominations, making her the most nominated and, along with Julia Louis-Dreyfus, most awarded actress in Emmy history. She won an Academy Award, a British Academy Film Award, a Golden Globe Award, and a Daytime Emmy Award.

Born and raised in Des Moines, Iowa, Leachman attended Northwestern University and began appearing in local plays as a teenager. After competing in the 1946 Miss America pageant, she secured a scholarship to study under Elia Kazan at the Actors Studio in New York City, making her professional debut in 1948. In film, she appeared in Peter Bogdanovich's The Last Picture Show (1971) as the jaded wife of a closeted schoolteacher in the 1950s; she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress and the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role for her performance, and the film is widely considered to be one of the greatest of all time. Additionally, she was part of Mel Brooks's ensemble cast, appearing in roles such as Frau Blücher in Young Frankenstein (1974) and Madame Defarge in History of the World, Part I (1981).

Leachman won additional Emmys for her role on The Mary Tyler Moore Show; television film A Brand New Life (1973); the variety sketch show Cher (1975); the ABC Afterschool Special production The Woman Who Willed a Miracle (1983); and the television shows Promised Land (1998) and Malcolm in the Middle (2001–06). Her other notable film and television credits include Gunsmoke (1961), The Twilight Zone (1961; 2003), Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969), WUSA (1970), Yesterday (1981), the English-language dub of the Studio Ghibli's Castle in the Sky (1998), Spanglish (2004), Mrs. Harris (2005), and Raising Hope (2010–2014). Leachman released her autobiography in 2009, and continued to act in occasional roles.

Early life[edit]

Leachman was born on April 30, 1926, in Des Moines, Iowa,[1] the eldest of three daughters. Her parents were Cloris (née Wallace) and Berkeley Claiborne "Buck" Leachman. Her father worked at the family-owned Leachman Lumber Company.[2][3][4] Youngest sister Claiborne Cary was an actress and singer. Her younger sister, Mary, was not in show business.[5] Their maternal grandmother was of Bohemian (Czech) descent.[6] She attended Theodore Roosevelt High School.

As a teenager, Leachman appeared in plays by local youth on weekends at Drake University in Des Moines.[7] After graduating from high school, she enrolled at Northwestern University in the School of Education.[8]

At Northwestern, she became a member of Gamma Phi Beta and was a classmate of future comic actors Paul Lynde and Charlotte Rae. She began appearing on television and in films shortly after competing in Miss America in 1946 as Miss Chicago.[9][10]

Career[edit]

Early career[edit]

After winning a scholarship in the Miss America pageant, placing in the top 16, Leachman studied acting under Elia Kazan at the Actors Studio in New York City. She had been cast as a replacement for the role of Nellie Forbush during the original run of Rodgers and Hammerstein's South Pacific. A few years later, she appeared in the Broadway-bound production of William Inge's Come Back, Little Sheba, but left the show before it reached Broadway when Katharine Hepburn asked her to co-star in a production of William Shakespeare's As You Like It.[11] Leachman was slated to play the role of Abigail Williams in the original Broadway cast of Arthur Miller's seminal drama The Crucible. The production played four preview performances at the Playhouse Theatre in Wilmington, Delaware, from January 15–17, 1953, prior to opening on Broadway on January 22. However, Leachman left the production the day before opening night in Wilmington, with Madeleine Sherwood assuming the role. Leachman's name was heavily publicized prior to the production's opening, and her name still appeared in the printed program; a sign appeared at the box office in Wilmington noting the change.[12]

Jon Shepodd, Jon Provost, and Cloris Leachman in Lassie (1957)

Leachman appeared in many live television broadcasts in the 1950s, including such programs as Suspense and Studio One.[13] She also briefly held the role of the mother of "Lassie's" second master Timmy (Jon Provost) until she was replaced late in her only season with the cast by June Lockhart due to contract disputes. She made her feature-film debut as an extra in Carnegie Hall (1947), but her first real role was in Robert Aldrich's film noir Kiss Me Deadly,[14] released in 1955. Leachman was several months pregnant during the filming, and appears in one scene running down a darkened highway wearing only a trench coat. A year later, she appeared opposite Paul Newman and Lee Marvin in The Rack (1956). She appeared with Newman again in a brief role in Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969).

She continued to work mainly in television, with appearances on Rawhide and in The Twilight Zone episode "It's a Good Life", as well as the sequel "It's Still a Good Life" in the 2002–2003 UPN series revival. During this period, Leachman appeared opposite John Forsythe on the anthology Alfred Hitchcock Presents in an episode titled "Premonition" (1955). She later appeared as Ruth Martin, Timmy Martin's adoptive mother, in the last half of season four (1957) of Lassie. Jon Provost, who played Timmy, said, "Cloris did not feel particularly challenged by the role. Basically, when she realized that all she'd be doing was baking cookies, she wanted out."[15] She was replaced by June Lockhart in 1958.

That same year, she appeared in an episode of One Step Beyond titled "The Dark Room", in which she portrayed an American photographer living in Paris. In 1960, she played Marilyn Parker, the roommate of Janice Rule's character, Elena Nardos, in the Checkmate episode "The Mask of Vengeance".

In 1961, she starred as Bonita, a cold hearted ruthless woman simply out to get money in the TV Western Gunsmoke (S6E36 - “For The Love of Money). In 1962, she co-starred in "Trial by Fire", an episode of "Laramie". In 1966, she guest-starred on Perry Mason as Gloria Shine in "The Case of the Crafty Kidnapper". In late 1970, Leachman starred in one episode of That Girl as Don Hollinger's sister, Sandy.

Later career[edit]

In The Last Picture Show (1971),[16] based on the bestselling book by Larry McMurtry, Leachman played Ruth Popper, the high-school gym teacher's neglected wife, with whom Timothy Bottoms' character has an affair. The part was originally offered to Ellen Burstyn, but Burstyn wanted another role in the film.[17] Director Peter Bogdanovich correctly predicted during production that Leachman would win an Oscar for her performance; she won for Best Supporting Actress.

Betty White (left) and Leachman (right) as Sue Ann Nivens and Phyllis Lindstrom on The Mary Tyler Moore Show (August 1973)

Leachman played Phyllis Lindstrom on The Mary Tyler Moore Show. Lindstrom was a recurring character on the program for five years, and was subsequently featured in a spinoff series, Phyllis (1975–1977), for which Leachman won a Golden Globe Award.[18] The series ran for two seasons.

Cloris Leachman as Phyllis Lindstrom (1974)

In 1977, she guest-starred on The Muppet Show, episode 2.24.[19] In 1978, she won the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theater. In 1987, she hosted the VHS releases of Schoolhouse Rock![20] and portrayed the evil witch Griselda for Disney's Cannon Tales production of Hansel and Gretel. In 1986, she returned to television, replacing Charlotte Rae's character Edna Garrett as the den mother in The Facts of Life. Leachman's role as Edna's sister, Beverly Ann Stickle, could not save the long-running series, and it was cancelled two years later.

She was a voice actor in numerous animated films, including My Little Pony: The Movie (as the evil witch mother from the Volcano of Gloom), A Troll in Central Park (as Queen Gnorga), The Iron Giant, Gen¹³, and most notably as the voice of the cantankerous sky pirate Dola in Hayao Miyazaki's 1986 feature Castle in the Sky. Dubbed by Disney in 1998, Leachman's performance in this film received nearly unanimous praise.[citation needed] Leachman played embittered, greedy, Slavic Canadian "Grandma Ida" on the Fox sitcom Malcolm in the Middle, for which she won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series (2006).[21] She was nominated for playing the character for six consecutive years.

Leachman's later television credits include the Lifetime Television miniseries Beach Girls with Rob Lowe and Julia Ormond.[22] Leachman was nominated for a SAG Award for her role as the wine-soaked former jazz singer and grandmother Evelyn in the Sony feature Spanglish opposite Adam Sandler and Téa Leoni.[23] She had replaced an ailing Anne Bancroft in the role. The film reunited her with the Mary Tyler Moore Show writer, producer, and director James L. Brooks. That same year, she appeared with Sandler again in the remake of The Longest Yard. She also appeared in the Kurt Russell comedy Sky High as a school nurse with X-ray vision. In 2005, she guest-starred as Charlie Harper's neighbor Norma in an episode ("Madame and Her Special Friend") of Two and a Half Men.

In 2006, Leachman's performance alongside Sir Ben Kingsley and Annette Bening in the HBO special Mrs. Harris earned her an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or TV Movie, as well as a SAG Award nomination for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Television Movie or Miniseries. On May 14, 2006, she was awarded an honorary doctorate in fine arts from Drake University.[24] In 2008, Leachman was a contestant on the seventh season of Dancing with the Stars, paired with Corky Ballas, the oldest of the professionals and father of two-time champion Mark Ballas. Leachman is the oldest person to have competed on the show to date. She placed seventh in the competition.[25] In 2009, Leachman played alongside Jack Black in the "Stress Relief" episode of Season 5 of The Office, where the two actors appeared as love interests in a fictional movie titled Mrs. Albert Hannaday.[26]

Also in 2006, she appeared in the American buddy beer comedy film Beerfest as Great Gam Gam Wolfhouse.

From 2010 to 2014, she starred as Maw Maw, the matriarch of the family on Raising Hope, for which she was nominated for an Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series. Leachman won a record-setting eight Primetime and one Daytime Emmy Awards, in addition to having been nominated more than 20 times, including for her role on The Mary Tyler Moore Show.

In May 2015, Leachman appeared as a special guest star on the Disney Channel's Girl Meets World in an episode entitled Girl Meets Gravity (Season 2, Episode 1).

Leachman played the role of Memaw in the film I Can Only Imagine (2018), which is about the story behind the song of the same name by MercyMe.[27]

One of Leachman's final roles was as Zorya Vechernyaya, one of the "old gods" who represented the evening star, in season two (2019) of the Showtime series American Gods.

Leachman appears in the film Not To Forget (2021) in her final role. The movie, directed by Valerio Zanoli, stars Karen Grassle and 5 Academy Award winners: Cloris Leachman, Louis Gossett Jr, Tatum O’Neal, George Chakiris, and Olympia Dukakis.[28][29][30]

Work with Mel Brooks[edit]

Leachman in 1975

Leachman appeared in three Mel Brooks films, Young Frankenstein (1974), in which the mere mention of the name of her character, Frau Blücher, elicits the loud neighing of horses (an homage to a cinematic villain stereotype),[31] High Anxiety (1977) as the demented villainess and psychiatric nurse Charlotte Diesel, and Madame Defarge in History of the World: Part I.

In 1989, Leachman starred on Brooks' short-lived NBC sitcom The Nutt House in dual roles as head hotel housekeeper Mrs. Frick (a variation of the Frau Blücher character) and Mrs. Nutt, the senile owner of the hotel.[32]

She auditioned to revive her role from Young Frankenstein in the 2007 Broadway production opposite Megan Mullally (who replaced Kristin Chenoweth) and Roger Bart. Andrea Martin was cast instead. Brooks was quoted as saying that Leachman, then 81, was too old for the role. "We don't want her to die on stage," Brooks (also 81, at the time) told columnist Army Archerd, a statement to which Leachman took umbrage.[33] However, due to Leachman's success on Dancing with the Stars, Brooks then doing a U-turn reportedly asked her to reprise her role as Frau Blücher in the Broadway production of Young Frankenstein after the departure of Beth Leavel, who had succeeded Martin.[34][35] The Broadway production closed before this could happen.

Publication[edit]

Leachman's autobiography, Cloris: My Autobiography,[36] was published in March 2009. She co-authored the bestselling book with her ex-husband George Englund.

Acting credits and awards[edit]

Personal life[edit]

From 1953 to 1979, Leachman was married to Hollywood impresario George Englund. Her former mother-in-law was character actress Mabel Albertson. The marriage produced four sons and one daughter: Bryan (died 1986), Morgan, Adam, Dinah, and George. Some of them are in show business. Her son Morgan played Dylan on Guiding Light for several years.

Leachman in November 2015

The Englunds were Bel Air neighbors of Judy Garland, Sid Luft and their children, Lorna and Joey Luft, during the early 1960s. Lorna Luft stated in her memoir Me and My Shadows: A Family Memoir that Leachman was "the kind of mom I'd only seen on TV". Knowing of the turmoil at the Luft home, but never mentioning it, Leachman prepared meals for the children and made them feel welcome when they needed a place to stay.[41]

Leachman was also a friend of Marlon Brando. The two met while studying under Elia Kazan in the 1950s. She introduced him to her husband, who became close to Brando, as well, directing him in The Ugly American (1963) and writing a memoir about their friendship called Marlon Brando: The Way It's Never Been Done Before (2005).[42]

Leachman was a vegetarian and an animal rights activist. In 1997, she appeared on the cover of Alternative Medicine Digest, posing nude while body-painted with images of fruit in a parody of Demi Moore's 1991 Vanity Fair cover photo. She also posed clad in a dress made of lettuce for a 2009 PETA advertisement.[43] In 2013, she starred in a comedic PETA ad on spay and neuter in which she opened a condom wrapper with her teeth.[44]

Leachman's granddaughter, Anabel Englund, is a singer.[45] In addition to Anabel, Leachman had other grandchildren, and one great-grandson, Braden.[46]

Leachman was an atheist.[47]

On January 27, 2021, Leachman died in her sleep at her home in Encinitas, California, at the age of 94.[Note 1] The cause of death was a stroke with COVID-19 as a contributing factor.[53][54]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Leachman's manager, Juliet Green, confirmed to People magazine that she had died on Wednesday, January 27, 2021. Leachman's son also confirmed this date to The New York Times.[48][49][50] However, some sources cited a death date of January 26.[51][52]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Berkvist, Robert (January 27, 2021). "Cloris Leachman, Oscar Winner and TV Comedy Star, Is Dead at 94". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  2. ^ "Cloris Leachman Biography". FilmReference. 2008. Retrieved April 4, 2008.
  3. ^ Longden, Tom. "Famous Iowans". The Des Moines Register. Archived from the original on September 7, 2012. Retrieved June 18, 2009.
  4. ^ "West Bancorporation Inc". SEC Info. Retrieved April 22, 2010.
  5. ^ Dore, Shalini (March 29, 2010). "Claiborne Cary dies at 78, Actress was also a cabaret performer". Variety. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  6. ^ "Cloris Leachman Drives Fast, Dances Well, Adores Her Grandkids". grandparents.com. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
  7. ^ Marie, Denise (August 20, 2014). "Cloris Leachman Interview". Distinctive Style (Interview). Interviewed by Cloris Leachman. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  8. ^ "Cloris Leachman". Northwestern University Archives. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
  9. ^ "Actor Cloris Leachman Dies At Age 94". BuzzFeed News. January 27, 2021. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  10. ^ "Miss America 1946 Candidates". Miss America Organization. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
  11. ^ Wolf, Buck (September 20, 2005). "Would America Miss Miss America?". ABC News. Retrieved September 12, 2006.
  12. ^ "17 Jan 1953, Page 12 - The News Journal at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved January 5, 2021.
  13. ^ Muhammad, Latifah. "Cloris Leachman, 'Mary Tyler Moore Show' Star, Dead at 94". Entertainment Tonight. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  14. ^ Nelson, Valerie J. (April 15, 2009). "Maxine Cooper Gomberg dies at 84; actress in the film noir classic 'Kiss Me Deadly'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 16, 2009.
  15. ^ Provost, Jon. "Recollections". Retrieved August 5, 2010.
  16. ^ Pedersen, Erik (January 27, 2021). "Cloris Leachman Dies: Eight-Time Emmy Winner & 'Last Picture Show' Oscar Winner Was 94". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  17. ^ Hebron, Sandra (November 5, 2000). "Ellen Burstyn". The Guardian. London. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  18. ^ Memmott, Carol (January 27, 2021). "Cloris Leachman, beloved as TV's 'Mary Tyler Moore Show' neighbor Phyllis, dies at 94". USA Today. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  19. ^ Garlen, Jennifer C.; Graham, Anissa M. (2009). Kermit Culture: Critical Perspectives on Jim Henson's Muppets. McFarland & Company. p. 218. ISBN 978-0786442591.
  20. ^ "History of Schoolhouse Rock". Archived from the original on June 28, 2008.
  21. ^ Cheng, Cheryl (January 27, 2021). "Cloris Leachman Dead: 'Phyllis' Star, Oscar Winner Was 94". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  22. ^ Frey, Jennifer (July 31, 2005). "Look Who's Washed Up On This 'Beach'". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  23. ^ "The 11th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards". Screen Actors Guild. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  24. ^ Lacher, Lisa (May 10, 2006). "Drake to Present Honorary Degrees to Actress and Composer". Drake University. Retrieved May 16, 2014.
  25. ^ Abramowitz, Rachel (April 1, 2009). "Leachman is dishing with the stars". Los Angeles Times.
  26. ^ "The Office's Fake Jack Black/Cloris Leachman Movie Explained". ScreenRant. September 28, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  27. ^ "About The Cast". I Can Only Imagine. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  28. ^ Thursday, The Interior Journal Email the author Published 11:49 am; October 24; 2019 (October 24, 2019). "Famous actors seen throughout community while filming 'Not to Forget'". The Interior Journal. Retrieved February 1, 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  29. ^ Zanoli, Valerio, Not To Forget (Drama), Karen Grassle, Kevin Hardesty, Tate Dewey, Taylor Hook, Film Services [I], retrieved February 1, 2021
  30. ^ "Let's Make A Difference".
  31. ^ "Elmer's Gantry". Snopes.com. August 12, 2007. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
  32. ^ Uncle John's Bathroom Reader Tunes into TV. Simon and Schuster. 2012. ISBN 978-1-60710-653-1.
  33. ^ World Entertainment News Network (June 14, 2007). "Cloris Leachman Challenges Mel Brooks To A Duel To Win 'Young Frankenstein' Role High there". Starpulse Entertainment News. Retrieved April 4, 2008.
  34. ^ "Axed 'Dancing' star Cloris Leachman may reprise 'Frankenstein' role". Realitytvworld.com. October 29, 2008. Retrieved April 22, 2010.
  35. ^ BWW News Desk. "Leachman to Go 'Dancing' with YOUNG FRANK?". BroadwayWorld.com.
  36. ^ Cloris: My Autobiography. Kensington. March 2009. ISBN 978-0-7582-2963-2.
  37. ^ Funniest Women on TV. July 3, 2011. TV Guide Network.
  38. ^ "World-Renowned Conductor to Address Class of 2014: Northwestern University News". Northwestern.edu. April 4, 2014. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  39. ^ Huver, Scott (June 12, 2017). "Cloris Leachman Honored With PETA's Lifetime Achievement Award". The Hollywood Reporter.
  40. ^ "Cloris Leachman". Hollywood Walk of Fame. October 25, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  41. ^ Lorna Luft, Me and My Shadows: A Family Memoir, Simon & Schuster, 1998
  42. ^ Petit, Chris (December 31, 2005). "Bad old boys". Guardian Unlimited. London. Retrieved August 17, 2007.
  43. ^ "Cloris Leachman's Salad Days". PETA. March 31, 2009.
  44. ^ "Cloris Leachman Reminds You That Cats Can't Use Condoms". TheaterMania. February 20, 2013.
  45. ^ "About". Anabel Englund. Archived from the original on April 21, 2014.
  46. ^ Charaipotra, Sona (March 30, 2009). "America's Dirtiest Dancer". The Daily Beast. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  47. ^ Ollivier, Debra (June 20, 2012). "Cloris Leachman: 'I Don't Believe In God And I'm Very Relieved I Don't'". Huffington Post.
  48. ^ Quinn, Dave. "Cloris Leachman, Oscar Winner and Mary Tyler Moore Show Star, Dies at 94". People. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  49. ^ Berkvist, Robert (January 27, 2021). "Cloris Leachman, Oscar Winner and TV Comedy Star, Is Dead at 94" – via NYTimes.com.
  50. ^ Bernstein, Adam. "Cloris Leachman, Oscar-winning actress who played Frau Blücher (neighhh!) in 'Young Frankenstein,' dies at 94" – via www.washingtonpost.com.
  51. ^ Carmel Dagan (January 27, 2021). "Cloris Leachman, Emmy and Oscar Winner, Dies at 94". Variety. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
  52. ^ "Cloris Leachman, Oscar-winning actress and prolific TV star, dies at 94". Los Angeles Times. January 27, 2021.
  53. ^ "Cloris Leachman Died of a Stroke: Medical Examiner". People. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
  54. ^ "Cloris Leachman's Cause of Death Was Stroke". Entertainment Online. Retrieved February 19, 2021.

External links[edit]